About this book
The writer of this book is a man called Moses. God chose him to lead the Israelites out of the country called Egypt. We can read about how God chose Moses in the book of Exodus chapters 2, 3 and 4. Moses knew God and he loved God’s Law. God talked to him like a friend. In Deuteronomy, Moses explains God’s Law many times to the Israelites. He also tells them how much God loves them. Moses wants the Israelites to obey God. If they obey him, they will be happy. But if they do not obey God, many bad things will happen to them.
The Israelites have now arrived at the Jordan river. On the other side of the river is the country called Canaan. God has promised to give this country to the Israelites. But these men and women are the children of those who left Egypt. They were born during the journey of 40 years from Egypt to Canaan. So Moses teaches them what God is like. He tells them again about the love of God. Deuteronomy is a book about remembering.
Plan of the book
Chapters 1-4 Remembering the journey
Chapters 5-26 Moses repeats the Law of God, to love and obey him
Chapters 27-30 Rules for life in Canaan
Chapters 31-34 Moses says ‘Goodbye’
1 These are the words that Moses spoke to the Israelites. They were in the desert on the east side of the Jordan river. This is the Jordan valley from where you can see Suph. It is between the towns called Paran, Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth and Dizahab. 2 (It is a journey of 11 days from Horeb to Kadesh-Barnea, past Mount Seir.) 3 Moses spoke on the first day of the 11th month, in the 40th year. He repeated to the Israelites all the words that the LORD had spoken about them.
These people are the children of the Israelites who left Egypt. They were born in the desert. They have now arrived on the east side of the River Jordan. They need to hear the Law of God before they cross the river. It will teach them how to live in Canaan.
4 This happened after Moses had beaten Sihon, king of the Amorites. Sihon ruled in the town called Heshbon. Moses had also beaten Og, the king of Bashan, at the town called Edrei. Og ruled in the town called Ashtaroth. 5 Moses began to speak on the east side of the Jordan river, in the country called Moab. He explained the Law of God. He said, 6 ‘The LORD our God said to us at Mount Horeb, “You have stayed for a long time at this mountain. 7 Pack up your tents and begin to travel. Go to the hills of the Amorites and to all the countries near to them. Go to the Jordan valley and to the hills and into the valleys. Go towards the south and to the Mediterranean coast. Go to the country called Canaan, to Lebanon and as far as the great river Euphrates. 8 Look! I have given you all this country. Go in and take it. The LORD promised to give this country to your fathers. He promised to give it to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and their children.”
Moses chose leaders.
9 At that time I, Moses, said these words to you. “I
alone cannot lead you and help you with all your troubles. 10 The LORD your God has made you as many people as the stars in the sky. 11 I pray that the LORD, the God of your fathers, will make you a thousand times as many people. And I know that he will cause many good things to happen to you. He has promised to do that. 12 But I alone cannot help you with all your
troubles and quarrels. 13 You must choose some wise men who understand you, from each of your tribes. Then I will give them authority over you.”
14 You answered me, “That is a good idea!”
15 So I chose the leaders of your tribes who were wise and good men. I gave them authority over you and made them leaders. They were leaders of 1000’s, leaders of 100’s, leaders of 50’s and leaders of 10’s. I also chose officers for each tribe. 16 And I said to your leaders at that time, “Listen to the quarrels between Israelites. Decide what is right. Do that when the quarrel is between two Israelites. Do the same thing when the quarrel is between an Israelite and a person from a foreign country. 17
Do not make a difference between important people and poor people. Listen to
both of them in a careful way. Do not be afraid of anyone. God always decides
what is right. If you cannot answer a question, bring it to me. I will listen
to you. Then I will decide what is right.” 18 So, at that time, I told
you everything that you must do.
Moses sent out men to explore.
19 Then the LORD our God told us to start our journey from Mount Horeb. So we went towards the hills of the Amorites. We walked through all that large and frightening desert that you have seen. And so we reached Kadesh-Barnea. 20 Then I said to you, “You have reached the hills of the Amorites. The LORD our God is giving this to us. 21 Look! The LORD your God has given you this country. Go in and make it your country. The LORD God of your fathers has told you to do this. Do not be afraid. Do not run away.”
22 Then all of you came to me. You said, “Let us send
some men in front of us. They can explore the country. Then they can bring back
a report to us. They can tell us the best road to travel. They can tell us
about the towns that we will come to.”
23 I thought that this was a good idea. I chose 12 men, one from each of your tribes. 24 They left and went up into the hills.
They came to the valley of Eshcol and they explored it. 25 They took some of the fruit that they found. They brought it back to us. And they reported, “The LORD our God is giving us a good country.”
The people refuse to obey the LORD.
26 But you did not want to go into the country. You refused to obey the LORD your God. 27 You spoke bad words in your tents. You said, “The LORD hates us. He led us out of Egypt to give us to the Amorites. He wanted to kill us. 28 We do not know where to go. Our friends have made us afraid. They say, ‘These people are taller and stronger than we are. The cities are large. They have walls that reach up to the sky. We even saw some descendants of Anak there.’ ”
The Israelites did not believe that God would fight for them. They were afraid, so they would not obey his words. That happened many times during the journey.
29 Then I said to you, “Do not be so frightened. Do not
be afraid of these people. 30 The LORD your God is going in front of you. He will fight for you, as he fought for you in Egypt. You watched him do it. 31 And he was with you in the desert. He carried you as a father carries his son. You saw how he carried you all the way. He carried you until you reached this place.”
32 But you did not believe in the LORD your God. 33 But he went in front of you, on your journey. He was there in a fire by night and in a cloud by day. He found places for you to put your tents. He showed you the way that you should go.
34 When the LORD heard what you said, he was angry. He made a serious promise. 35 “None of you bad men will see the good
country. I promised to give this country to your fathers. 36 Only Caleb, the son of Jephunneh will see it. I will give to him and to his family the land that he walks on. This is because he obeyed the LORD completely.”
37 The LORD became angry with me also, because of you. He said to me, “And you will not go into this country.”
Moses and his brother Aaron became angry with the people. We can read about this in Numbers 20:7-12. Moses called them rebels because they quarrelled with him. He hit the rock twice with his stick to bring water. But God had said, “Speak to the rock and water will come out of it.” So God said that Moses and Aaron could not go into the country. They had not obeyed him and the Israelites were watching.
38 “But your servant Joshua, the son of Nun, will go into
the country. You must make him strong by good words. He will lead Israel’s
people into the country. It will become their country. 39 Your
children, too, will go into the country. These children do not yet know the
difference between good and bad. You said that they would become slaves. I say
that they will go into the country. I will give it to them and it will become
their country. 40 But as for you, turn round. Begin your journey towards the desert. Travel along the road to the Red Sea.”
41 Then you answered, “We have done wrong things against the LORD. We will go and fight. We will obey the LORD our God.” So every one of you picked up his arms. You thought that you could go easily into the hills.
42 But the LORD said, “Do not go up the hill to fight. I will not be with you. Your enemies will beat you.”
43 So I repeated the LORD’s words to you, but you would not listen. You did not obey the LORD’s words. You were proud and so you marched up into the hills. 44 The Amorite people lived in those hills and they came out against you. They ran after you like a large group of bees. They attacked you and you ran down from Seir, all the way to Hormah.
Bees are insects that fly. They hurt us when they attack our
45 You came back and you wept. But the LORD did not change what he was saying. He would not listen to you. 46 And so you
stayed in Kadesh for many days. You remained there for a long time.
40 years in the desert
1 Then we turned back. We began to walk towards the desert. We went along the road to the Red Sea, as the LORD had said. For many days, we walked round the hills in Seir.
2 Then the LORD said to me, 3 “You have walked
round this hill for a long time. Now turn to the north. 4 These are my words to the Israelites, ‘You will soon go through the country that belongs to the descendants of Esau. They have the same ancestors that you have. And they live in Seir. They will be afraid of you, so be very careful.’
Esau was the brother of Jacob. They were the sons of Isaac and the grandsons of Abraham. The Israelites were the descendants of Jacob. So they must not fight the descendants of Esau. We can read about the birth of Jacob and Esau in Genesis 25:19‑27.
5 ‘Do not make them angry so that they fight against you.
I will not give any of their country to you, not even enough to put your foot
on. I have given the hills in Seir to Esau. 6 You must pay money to his descendants for the food and water that you eat and drink.
7 The LORD your God has helped you in everything that you have done. He has travelled with you through this very large desert. The LORD your God has remained with you for 40 years. He has given you everything that you needed.’ ”
Moses speaks here about the love of God for his people. He speaks many times in this book God’s love. He also teaches the Israelites to love God. If they do this, they will obey God.
8 So we went on. We passed the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir. They have the same ancestors that we have. We left the road through Arabah. This road is from Elath and Ezion-Geber. We travelled through the desert along the road to Moab.
9 Then the LORD said to me, “Do not make the men in Moab angry. Do not make them fight against you. I will not give you any part of their country. I have given Ar city to the descendants of Lot.”
Lot was another relative of Abraham. So the Israelites must not fight against his descendants. We can read about Lot in Genesis 12:4, 5.
10 Some people called the Emites once lived there. There were many of them and they were as strong and tall as the descendants of Anak. 11 Many people called the Emites and the Anakites, ‘Rephaites’. But the
people from Moab called them Emites. 12 Before this time, the people called the Horites lived in Seir, but the descendants of Esau sent them away. They killed the Horites and they lived in their country. The Israelites did the same thing to their enemies, when the LORD gave the country to them.
13 And the LORD said, “Get up now and cross the Zered Valley.” So we crossed the valley.
14 38 years had passed since we left Kadesh-Barnea. All the fighting men of that generation had died. The LORD had said that this would happen.
We can read the words of the LORD in Deuteronomy 1:35. The LORD was angry with the Israelites because they did not believe in him. They did not believe that he would beat all their enemies. They were afraid to obey him and go into Canaan.
15 The LORD himself was against them until they had all died.
16 When the last one of these fighting men had died, the LORD spoke to me. 17 This is what he said: 18 “Today you will pass
by the country called Moab at Ar. 19 You will meet the people from Ammon. Do not make them angry so that they fight against you. I will not give you any of their country. I have given it to the descendants of Lot.”
20 (This country also belonged to the Rephaites, who had lived there. But the descendants of Ammon called them Zamzummites. 21 There were many Zamzummites and they were as tall and strong as the descendants of Anak. The LORD killed them when the descendants of Ammon sent them away. Then the descendants of Ammon lived in their country. 22 The LORD had done the same thing for the descendants of Esau. They lived in Seir. The LORD killed the Horites when the descendants of Esau sent them away. The descendants of Esau still live in their country today. 23 Also, people from the island called Crete came. And they killed the Avvites. The Avvites had lived in villages as far as Gaza. But the people from Crete killed them and they lived in their country.)
24 And God said, “Now go! Cross the River Arnon. Look, I have given the country of Sihon the Amorite to you. He is the king of Heshbon and you must fight against him. You must begin to take his country. 25
Today I will begin to make all the people in the world afraid of you. They will
hear reports about you and they will be very frightened. You will cause them
The Israelites beat Sihon, king of Heshbon.
26 We were in the desert called Kedemoth when I sent a message to Sihon, king of Heshbon. We did not want to fight him. This is what I said to him: 27 “Please let us travel through your country. We will
walk along your widest road. We will not turn to the right or to the left. 28 Please sell us food to eat and water to drink. We will pay you with silver coins. Please let us walk through your country. 29 The descendants of Esau, who live in Seir, let us do this. So did the descendants of Moab who live in Ar. Then we will cross the River Jordan. We will go into the country that the LORD our God is giving to us.” 30 But Sihon, king of Heshbon, refused to let us travel through his country. He was angry with us and he would not listen. The LORD your God caused that to happen. He wanted to give the country of Sihon to you. And he has now done that.
31 The LORD said to me, “Look! I have begun to give Sihon and his country to you. Now you must begin to fight him and to take his country.”
32 Then Sihon and all his army came out to fight against
us at Jahaz. 33 The LORD our God gave him to us and we beat him in the fight. We killed Sihon and his sons and his whole army. 34 At that time
we took all his towns and destroyed them completely. We killed men, women and
children. We left no one alive. 35 But we kept the animals and the good
things from every town for ourselves. 36 The LORD our God gave us every town. He gave us all the towns from Aroer, on the edge of the Arnon Valley, all the way to Gilead. He gave us the town in the middle of the Arnon Valley. No town was too strong for us. 37 But you obeyed the word of the LORD our God. You did not go near the country called Ammon. You did not go near the land by the River Jabbok. Neither did you go near the land round any of the towns in the hills.
The Israelites beat Og, king of Bashan.
1 Then we turned and went up, along the road towards
Bashan. Og, king of Bashan, marched out to fight against us. He brought his
whole army with him to Edrei. 2 But the LORD said to me, “Do not be afraid of him. I have given him to you with his whole army and his country. You must do to Og as you did to Sihon. Sihon was king of the Amorites and he lived in Heshbon.”
3 So the LORD our God also gave Og, king of Bashan, and all his army to us. We killed them and we left no one alive. 4 At that
time, we marched into all of his cities. He had 60 cities and we marched into
all of them. This was all the land called Argob in Bashan, where King Og ruled.
5 Every city had high walls and gates, which the people locked. There
were also very many villages without walls. 6 We destroyed them
completely, as we had done to the cities of Sihon, king of Heshbon. We
destroyed every city and killed all the men, women and children. 7 But
we kept all the animals and the good things from the cities for ourselves.
8 So, at that time, we marched into the countries of these two kings of the Amorites. This country was east of the River Jordan, from the River Arnon to Mount Hermon. 9 (The people from Sidon call Mount Hermon, Sirion. The Amorites call it Senir.) 10 We marched into
all of the towns in the high, flat land and the whole of Gilead. We marched
into all of Bashan, as far as Salecah and Edrei. These are towns in the country
of Og, in Bashan. 11 (Only Og, king of Bashan, from the descendants of the Rephaites was still alive. He had an iron bed. It was more than 4 metres long and 2 metres wide. This bed is still in Rabbah, a town that belongs to the people from Ammon.)
Moses divides the country.
12 When we marched into the country, I gave certain parts to the tribes of Reuben and Gad. I gave them the land north of Aroer by the River Arnon. This included one half of the hills and the towns in Gilead. 13 The other half of Gilead I gave to one half of the tribe of Manasseh. I also gave to them Bashan, the country that Og had ruled. (All the country of Argob in Bashan had been called the country of the Rephaites.) 14 A man called Jair, of the tribe of Manasseh, marched into all the land round Argob. He reached the edges of Geshur and Maacah. Then he gave his own name to that land. To this day, Bashan is called Havvoth-Jair. 15 And I gave Gilead to Machir, from the tribe of Manasseh. 16 But to the tribes of Reuben and Gad, I gave land from Gilead to the middle of the River Arnon. Their land is as far as the River Jabbok, where the country of the people from Ammon begins. 17 The edge of their land on the west was the River Jordan. This is from Arabah and Chinnereth to the Salt Sea, below Mount Pisgah.
18 At that time I said to you, “The LORD your God has given this land to you, for you to live in it. But all your fighting men, with their arms, must cross the River Jordan. You must go over before the other descendants of Israel. 19 But your wives, your children and your animals can stay
in your towns. (I know that you have many animals.) 20 You must travel with the other Israelites until the LORD gives them rest. He has already given rest to you. The other Israelites must march into the country which the LORD your God is giving to them. This is the country across the Jordan. Then you can return to the land that I have given to you.”
The countries of Og and Bashan were not in Canaan. But the tribes of Reuben, Gad and Manasseh returned to live there, many years after this.
God tells Moses that he cannot cross the River Jordan.
21 At that time, I commanded Joshua, “You have seen with your own eyes everything that the LORD your God has done to these two kings. The LORD will do the same thing to the countries of all the kings where you are going. 22 Do not be afraid of them. The LORD your God himself will fight for you.”
23 At that time, I asked the LORD, again and again: 24 “LORD my God! I am your servant. You are showing me how great and how strong you are. There is no other god in heaven or on earth as great as you are. No other god can do the great things that you do. 25 Please let me go over
the River Jordan! Please let me see the good country, the hills, the mountains
26 But the LORD was angry with me, because of you. He would not listen to me. He said, “That is enough! Do not speak to me any more about this thing. 27 Go up to the top of Mount Pisgah. Look west and north and south and east. Look at the country with your own eyes, because you will not cross this River Jordan. 28 Now you must tell Joshua what to
do. Give him help. Teach him to be brave. He will lead Israel’s people over the
river. He will be the leader in the fight against their enemies. Together they
will march into the country that you are going to look at.” 29 So we
stayed in the valley near Beth-Peor.
Moses tells the Israelites to remember God’s Rules.
1 Listen, Israel’s people, to the rules and decrees that I am going to teach you. If you obey them, you will live. You will march into the country and then it will belong to you. This is the country that the LORD, the God of your fathers, is giving to you. 2 Do not put anything new into these rules and do not remove anything from them. But obey the rules of the LORD your God that I am giving to you.
3 You saw with your own eyes what the LORD did at Baal-Peor. The LORD your God killed every one of you who obeyed Baal there.
At Shittim in the country called Moab, the men of Israel had sex with the women from Moab. These women taught the Israelites to kill animals for their own gods. The Israelites ate meals with the people from Moab and they obeyed Baal, the god of Peor. God was very angry. He told Moses to kill all the leaders of the Israelites. They had taught the Israelites to do bad things. We can read about this in Numbers 25:1-9.
4 But every one of you who obeyed the rules of the LORD your God is still alive today.
5 Look! I have taught you the decrees and rules as the LORD my God told me to. Now you must obey them when you go into your country.
Every time that Moses says ‘your country’, he is speaking about Canaan. God had promised to give that country to the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. We can read about this promise in Genesis 15:18.
6 Obey them carefully. They will show people in other
countries that you understand right and good ways. These people will hear about
all your rules. Then they will say, “These great people really do understand
right and good ways.” 7 But the LORD our God is always near to us when we pray to him. It is not like that for the people in other countries. 8 And people from other countries do not have the good rules that you have in this Law. This is the Law that I am putting in front of you today.
9 But be careful. Always think about what you do. Do not
forget the things that your eyes have seen. Remember these things for as long
as you live. Tell your children and your grandchildren about the things that
God has done. 10 Remember when you stood in front of the LORD your God at Mount Horeb. He said to me, “Bring all the people to me to hear what I say. Then they will learn to think and speak well about me. They will do this as long as they live in their country. And they will teach my words to their children.” 11 You came and stood at the edge of the mountain. You saw
that it was on fire. The sky was full of black clouds and there was no light. 12 Then from the fire, the LORD spoke to you. You heard him speak but you did not see any shape. There was only a voice. 13 He explained to you his 10 special rules and he wrote them on two flat pieces of stone. He commanded you to obey them. 14 At that time, the LORD told me to teach you all his rules. When you cross the River Jordan, you must obey his rules in your new country.
God says that the Israelites must not have false gods
15 You did not see any shape at all when the LORD spoke to you from the fire. So you must be very careful about everything that you do. 16 Do not change to do very bad things. Do not make a false god for
yourselves, because that is wrong. Do not copy the shape of a man or a woman, 17
or the shape of any animal or bird.
18 Do not copy the shape of anything that moves along the
ground. Do not copy the shape of any fish that swims in the water. 19 When you look up at the sky, you see the sun, the moon and the stars. They are all shining in the sky. But do not worship them. They are things that the LORD your God has given to everyone on the earth. 20 But you are different. The LORD took you out of Egypt, which was like a place of fire. He took you out, to be his own people. Now you belong to him because he has chosen you.
21 The LORD was angry with me, because of you. He told me again and again that I would not cross the River Jordan. I cannot go into the good country that the LORD your God is giving to you. 22 I will
die in this country. I will not cross the River Jordan. But you will soon cross
over and God will give to you that good country. 23 Be careful! Do not forget the covenant that the LORD your God made with you. Do not make for yourselves a false god in any shape. The LORD says that you must never do that. 24 That is because the love of the LORD your God is like a burning fire. He cannot let you go away from him. He cannot let you love another god.
25 Even when you have lived in the country for many years, be careful. Do not start to do wrong things. When you have children and grandchildren, do not make a false god in any shape. This would make the LORD your God angry. 26 I want everyone on earth and in heaven to hear what I am saying against you today. If you do not obey me, you will soon die. You will not live long in your country across the River Jordan. The LORD will let people from other countries kill you. 27 He will send you away to live in other countries. Only a few of you will stay alive in the countries where the LORD sends you. 28 There you will obey gods that men have made out
of wood and stone. These gods cannot see or hear. They cannot use their mouths
or their noses. 29 But even then, if you look for the LORD your God, you will find him. You must really want to find him. If you do, you will certainly find him. 30 When trouble happens to you in future days, you
will return to him. When all these bad things have happened to you, you will
obey him again.
31 This is because the LORD your God is kind and good. He will not leave you or kill you. He will not forget the promise that he made to your ancestors This is a serious promise and God will not forget it.
The LORD is God.
32 Ask me now about the things that happened many years
ago. Ask about the days before you were alive. Ask how God made men and women
on the earth. Ask people from every country in the world. Nothing as great as
this has ever happened. People have never heard of anything like this. 33 Only you, the Israelites, have heard the voice of God and have not died. You have heard him speaking to you from the fire. And you have still lived! 34 No other god has tried to take one special nation for himself out of another country. The LORD your God did this for you in Egypt. You saw how he used his powerful authority there. He brought bad troubles and war. He did great and frightening things in Egypt.
35 The LORD has shown you all these things. They show you that he is the only God. There is no other God. 36 God let you hear
his voice. He spoke to you so that he could teach you. Here on earth he let you
see his great fire. He spoke to you from that fire. 37 He brought you out of Egypt because he loved your ancestors. He chose you, their descendants, and he brought you out of Egypt. He did this by himself. He is great and powerful. 38 He sent away the people of other countries who are greater
and stronger than you. He sent them away in front of you. He did this to give
you their country. This country now belongs to you.
39 Remember today and never forget that the LORD is God. He is God in the sky above you and on the earth below it. There is no other God. 40 Obey his decrees and his rules that I am giving you today. If you do that, everything will be well for you and for your children after you. You will continue to live in your country. The LORD your God is giving it to you for all time.’
41 Then Moses chose three special cities to the east of
the River Jordan. 42 These were safe places for any person who killed
another person. But only if he did not want to kill him. If the killer was not
the enemy of the man, the killer could run into one of the cities. There he
would be safe from death. 43 Moses chose Bezer, in the flat desert, for the tribe of Reuben. He chose Ramoth, in Gilead, for the tribe of Gad. And he chose Golan, in Bashan, for the tribe of Manasseh.
Moses teaches the Law to the Israelites.
44 This is the Law that Moses explained to the Israelites. 45 These are the rules, the decrees and the commands. Moses explained them to the Israelites when they left Egypt. 46 At that time they were in the valley, near to Beth-Peor. That is east of the River Jordan. This was the country of Sihon, king of the Amorites. He ruled in Heshbon. Moses and the Israelites beat him when they came out of Egypt. 47 They marched into his country, which then became their own country. They also marched into the country of Og, king of Bashan. These two kings of the Amorites lived east of the River Jordan. 48 This country was from Aroer, on the edge of the River Arnon, to Mount Sion (that is Mount Hermon). 49 This country included all the land east of the River Jordan. To the south, it was to the Dead Sea and to Mount Pisgah.
Chapters 5 6 and 7 - Moses teaches and explains again the 10 special rules
that God gave him.
God’s 10 special rules
1 Moses called all the Israelites together and said, ‘Listen, Israelites, to the rules that I explain to you today. You can hear what I am saying. Learn the rules and obey them. 2 The LORD our God made a special promise to us at Horeb. 3 He did not make this promise
to our fathers. He made it to us, to all of us who are alive here today. 4 The LORD turned his face toward your faces and he spoke to you. He spoke out of the fire on the mountain. 5 (At that time, I stood between the LORD and you. I repeated the LORD’s words to you. You were afraid of the fire, so you did not go up the mountain.) And God said:
6 “I am the LORD your God. I brought you out of Egypt, the country where you were slaves.
7 You will have no other gods except Me.
8 You will not make a false god for yourself. Do not make
the shape of anything that is in the sky above nor on the earth beneath. Do not
make the shape of anything that lives in the water. 9 You must not bend down to them or obey them. I, the LORD your God, love you with a powerful love. I cannot let you love any other god. I punish children because of the bad things that their fathers have done. I do this to the grandchildren and to their children of everyone who hates me. 10 But I show my love to
thousands (1000s) of families who love me. These families will obey me.
11 You must not use the name of the LORD your God in a wrong way. The LORD will not excuse anyone who does this.
12 Always make the Sabbath day a special day, as the LORD your God has told you. 13 Work hard for 6 days and do all the necessary
work. 14 But the 7th day is a day for rest which the LORD your God has given to you. On that day, you must not do any work. Neither will your children work, nor your servants, nor your animals, nor people from other countries who live with you. Your servants must rest in the same way as you rest. 15 You must remember that you were slaves in Egypt. But I, the LORD your God, brought you out by my powerful authority. So the LORD your God has told you to make the Sabbath day a special day.
16 Always be very kind to your father and mother, as the LORD your God has told you. If you do that, you will have a long life. Also, your life will be good and happy in the country that God is giving to you.
17 You must not kill anyone because you are angry with
him. That is murder.
18 You must not have sex with the wife or husband of
19 You must not take another person’s things.
20 You must not say things that are not true about
21 You must not want another man’s wife. You must not
want the house or the field of another person. You must not want his slaves or
his animals or anything that is his.”
22 These are the rules that the LORD spoke in a loud voice to you. You were all there. He spoke from the mountain, from the middle of a great fire. There was a cloud, but there was no light. He spoke only these words. Then he wrote them on two flat stones and he gave them to me.
23 There was no light when you heard the voice of God.
The mountain burned with fire. Then your leaders and your older men came to me.
24 And they said, “The LORD our God has shown us how powerful and how special he is. We have seen how great he is and we have heard his voice from the fire. This is what we have seen today: A man can live, even if God speaks to him. 25 But now, we do not want to die. This great fire will kill
us. We will die if we continue to hear the voice of our God. 26 No
other person has ever heard the voice of God and lived. We heard him speak out
of the fire. And we are still alive! 27 Please go near to the LORD our God. Listen to all that he says. Then tell us what he tells you. We will listen and obey.”
28 The LORD heard what you said to me. He answered, “I have heard what these Israelites said to you. All that they said was good. 29
I really want them to obey me and to love my rules always! If they do that,
everything will always be well for them and for their children. 30 Now tell them to return to their tents. 31 But I want you to stay here with me. I will give you all the rules and decrees that you must teach to the people. I will give this country to them so that they can keep it. But they must obey all these rules when they are living in that country.”
32 So you must be careful to obey the LORD your God. You must not refuse any of his rules.
33 You must live as the LORD your God says. If you do that, you will live for many years in your own country. You will enjoy all your good work.
Love the LORD your God!
1 These are all the rules. The LORD your God told me to teach them to you. You must obey them when you live in your own country across the River Jordan. 2 You and your children and your grandchildren must be afraid to make the LORD your God angry. You must obey all his rules as long as you live. If you do that, you will enjoy a long life. 3 Listen, Israelites! Be careful to obey God’s rules. If you do that, everything will be well for you. Your groups of families will become very large, in a country full of good food and drink. The LORD, the God of your fathers, promised that this will happen.
4 Listen, Israelites! The LORD our God is one LORD. 5 Love the LORD your God with all of your mind and your thoughts. Make him the most important person in your lives. Think about him every day. 6
Remember with love all these rules that I give to you today. 7 Teach
them and explain them every day to your children. Talk about them when you sit
at home. Talk about them when you walk along the road. Repeat them when you lie
down. Repeat them when you get up. 8 Tie them like signs on your hands
and round your heads. 9 Write them over the doors of your houses and on
The parents must teach their children to love God. If they do
that, the children will learn to obey him.
10 The LORD your God is bringing you into the country that he promised to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. This country has large, busy cities that you did not build. 11 There are houses there full of good things that you did not put into them. There are wells of water that you did not dig. There are fields of grapes and olives that you did not plant. You can eat as much as you want. 12 But be careful that you do not forget the LORD. He brought you out of Egypt where you were slaves.
13 You must be afraid to make the LORD your God angry. And you must obey him only. Make all your promises by his authority. 14
Do not obey the other gods of the people who live round you. 15 The LORD your God lives among you. It is very important to him that you love only him. You must not love other gods. If you do love them, you will make him very angry with you. And then he will kill you. That will happen if you obey other gods. 16 Do not make the LORD your God angry with you as you did at Massah. 17 Be careful! Obey the rules of the LORD your God. Obey all that he says to you. 18 Do what is right and good. And give pleasure to the LORD. If you do that, all will be well with you. And you will be able to go into the good country. The LORD promised this country to your ancestors. 19 He will
help you to beat all your enemies, as he has said.
20 Some day your son may say to you, “The LORD our God has given you all these rules and decrees. But what do they mean?” 21 Then you must tell him this: “We were slaves of Pharaoh in Egypt. But the LORD is very powerful and he brought us out of Egypt. 22 We watched him do
great and powerful things to Egypt. And he did them to Pharaoh and to the
people who lived in his house. 23 But the LORD brought us out of Egypt. He led us into this country and he gave it to us. He did this because he made a serious promise to our ancestors. 24 The LORD told us that we should obey all these rules. If you do that, we will always do well. And we will continue to live. This is happening to us today. 25 We must be careful to obey all the rules of the LORD our God. When we do this, we become good people. Everything that we do will be right.”
What they should do when God brings them into the country
1 The LORD your God is bringing you into the country that will be your country. He will send away many people from other countries, in front of you. There are seven nations that are larger and stronger than you are. They are the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites. 2 When the LORD your God has given them to you, you will beat them. Then you must kill them completely. Make no promises to them and do not be kind to them. 3 You must not marry any of these
people. Do not let your daughters marry their sons. Do not take their daughters
to marry your sons. 4 This is because they will turn your sons away from God’s rules. Then your sons will begin to obey other gods. The LORD will be very angry with you and he will quickly kill you. 5 This is what you must do to the people of these countries. Break the stone tables where they offer animals to their gods. Cut down the very tall sticks there that they have used to worship their gods. Burn their false gods in a fire. 6 Do this because you are special people. You belong to the LORD your God. He has chosen you out of everyone who lives on the earth. You are his own people and he loves you very much.
7 The LORD loved you and chose you. This was not because you were the largest nation on the earth. No, you were only a few people, the smallest nation on the earth. 8 But it was because the LORD loved you. And he wanted his promise to your ancestors to become true. So he saved you by his powerful authority and he brought you out of Egypt. Then he made you free from the power of Pharaoh, when you were Pharaoh’s slaves. 9 Remember that the LORD your God is the only God. You can always believe in him. He has made a promise to all those who love him.
If they obey him, he will love them and all their children for
thousands (1000s) of years. 10 But,
he will kill those who hate him;
he will not be slow to punish them.
11 So be careful! Obey all the rules that I am teaching
12 Listen to these rules and obey them. If you do that, the LORD your God will continue to love you. He promised your ancestors that he would do this. 13 He will love you and he will stay with you always. He will give you many children and he will be with your babies. He will make good food grow in your fields. He will give you plenty of food and drink. He will be with all your animals and give you many cows and sheep. He will do this in the country that he is giving to you. He made this promise to your ancestors. 14 God will make you greater than anyone else on the earth.
You will all have children and none of your animals will be without young
animals. 15 The LORD will give you good health. He will not send to you any of the bad illnesses from Egypt that you knew about. He will send these illnesses to people who hate you. 16 You must kill the people in every nation that the LORD your God gives to you. Do not be kind to them and do not obey their gods. They will only make you rebel against your God.
17 Perhaps you will say to each other, “The people in these nations are stronger than we are. We cannot send them away.” 18 But do not be afraid of them. You must remember what the LORD your God did to Pharaoh and to all the people from Egypt. 19 You saw it all with your own eyes. You saw the great troubles, the strange and powerful things that happened there. And you saw the LORD your God bring you out with great authority. He will do this again to all the people that make you afraid. 20 Also, the LORD your God will send cruel insects among these people. Even those people who hide from you will die. 21 Do not let anyone frighten you. The LORD your God is among you. He is a great and powerful God. 22 The LORD your God will send away the people from those nations, one at a time. He will not let you kill them immediately. If he did that, wild animals would soon fill the country round you. 23 But the LORD your God will give all the people in these nations to you. He will confuse them completely and he will kill them. 24 He will give their kings to you and no one will remember
them any more. No one will be able to beat you. You will kill them all. 25 You must burn their false gods in a fire. You must not want to keep the silver and gold on the gods. The LORD your God hates it. So do not take it for yourselves because it will cause trouble for you. 26 Do not bring
anything that God hates into your house. If you do, he will put a mark on you,
to destroy both you and the bad thing. God has said that he will destroy it. So
you must hate it also.
Moses talks about the careful love of God during 40 years.
1 Be careful! Obey every rule that I am giving to you today. If you do that, you will live. And you will have many children. You will be able to go into the country. It will become your country. This is the country that the LORD your God promised to your ancestors. 2 Remember how the LORD your God led you all the way in the desert. He led you for 40 years and he sent many troubles to you. He did that for three reasons. He wanted to make you humble. He wanted to know whether you would obey him. And he wanted to know whether you would believe all his words. 3 He caused you to be hungry and then he fed you with special food called manna. Neither you nor your fathers had eaten this food before. By this, he taught you that a man does not live only on bread. A man also needs every word that God speaks to him. These words will teach him how to live a good life.
In Exodus 16:4, 5 we can read how God sent the manna. This was special bread from God’s home that fell like rain on to the desert for 6 mornings every week. On the 6th morning, the Israelites picked up twice as much. This was because God sent no manna on the Sabbath day.
4 Your clothes did not become too old to wear. Your feet
did not become too painful to walk on during all those 40 years. 5 So you can certainly know that the LORD your God is teaching you. And he is punishing you when you do the wrong things. He is doing that in the same way that a man teaches his son to do the right things.
6 Obey the rules of the LORD your God. Always do the things that will give him pleasure. Think about him all the time. 7 Do this because the LORD your God is bringing you into a good country. It is a country with many streams and pools of water. There is water that runs in the valleys and in the hills. 8 It is a country full of good food that
grows in the fields. A lot of fruit is hanging on the trees. 9 It is a
country where there is enough bread for everyone. You will have everything that
you need. It is a country where the stones are full of iron. You can dig other
metals out of the hills.
10 You can eat all the food that you want. Then remember to thank the LORD your God. He has given you this good country. 11 Be careful that you do not forget the LORD your God. Always remember to obey all his rules and decrees. I am giving them to you today. 12 In a future
time, you will have all the food that you can eat. You will build beautiful
houses to live in. 13 You will have many cows and sheep and a lot of gold and silver. You will have more and more things that are yours. 14 Then be careful! You may begin to think too well about yourselves. Then you will forget the LORD your God. He brought you out of Egypt, where you were slaves. 15 He led you through the large and frightening desert. There was no water to drink. The desert was full of dangerous snakes and insects. He made water rise out of a hard rock for you. 16 He gave manna to you to eat in the desert. That was something that your fathers never saw. He sent difficulties to you. He did that for two reasons. He wanted to make you humble. And he wanted to know whether you would obey him. He did those things because he wants to do good things for you in the end. 17 Perhaps you
will say to yourself, “I have got all these good things by myself because I am
strong!” 18 But you must always remember the LORD your God. It is he who is helping you to get many good things. He wants to do the good things that he promised to your ancestors. And that is what is happening today. 19 Do not ever forget the LORD your God. Do not look at other gods. Do not give things to them and do not worship them. If you do that, God will certainly kill you. That is what I am telling you today. 20 As the LORD killed the people in other nations, because of you, so he will kill you. This will happen if you do not obey the LORD your God.’
Moses remembers the bad things about Israel’s people.
1 Moses said, ‘Listen, Israelites! You will soon cross the River Jordan. You will march into your country. You will send away people in many nations who are stronger than you are. They are more powerful and they have large cities with very high walls. 2 The people there are strong
and tall. They are called Anakites! You know about them. You have heard people
say, “No one can beat the Anakites.” 3 But you can be sure today that the LORD your God goes across in front of you. He is like a burning fire. He will destroy your enemies. He will make them do what he says. And you will send them away and remove them quickly. The LORD has promised that this will happen.
4 After the LORD your God has driven them away in front of you, be careful! Do not say to yourself, “The LORD has brought me into this country because I am doing right things.” No, it is because these people are doing wrong things. That is why the LORD will send them away from you. 5 It is not because you are doing right things. It is not because you always obey God. This is not the reason that God will give their country to you. The LORD your God will send them away from you because they are doing wrong things. So he will do what he promised to your ancestors, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. 6 You must understand this. The LORD your God is not giving you this good country because you are doing right things. No, you really think too well about yourselves. You do not like to obey God. You want to do things that give you pleasure.
The young cow that the people made from gold
7 You must never forget how you made the LORD your God angry in the desert. You have failed to obey the LORD. From the day when you left Egypt, until today, you have not obeyed him. 8 When you were at Mount Horeb you made the LORD angry. He was angry enough to kill you. 9 I climbed the mountain to receive the two flat stones from the LORD. On these stones the LORD had written the promise that he had made with you. I stayed with him for 40 days and nights. During those days, I did not eat or drink anything. 10 Then the LORD gave the two flat stones to me. He had written all his rules on the stones with his own finger. The LORD told you these rules, when he spoke from the fire. This was on the day when you all came together to the mountain.
11 After the 40 days and nights, the LORD gave to me the stones with the promise. 12 Then the LORD said to me, “Go down the mountain immediately! The people that you led out of Egypt have become very bad. They have already refused to obey my rules and they have made a false god for themselves.”
13 And the LORD said to me, “I know that these people do not like to obey me. They want to do things that give them pleasure. 14 Do not try to stop me. I will kill them and no one on the earth will remember them. Then I will make you into a nation that is stronger and larger than they are.”
15 So I turned and I went down the mountain. It was
burning with fire and the two stones with the promise were in my hands. 16 I looked at you. I saw that you had sinned. You had made a false god for yourselves in the shape of a young cow. You had already refused to obey the LORD. 17 So I threw the two flat stones on the ground. They broke in
pieces in front of you.
18 Then again I fell down on my face, in front of the LORD, for 40 days and nights. I did not eat or drink anything. You had sinned. You had refused to obey the LORD. You had made him very angry. 19 I was afraid because the LORD was so angry. He was angry enough with you to kill you. But again the LORD listened to me. 20 The LORD was also angry enough with my brother Aaron, to kill him. But at that time, I prayed for Aaron also.
21 Then I took that sinful thing that you had made. I took that young cow made from gold. I burned it in the fire and I broke it in pieces. Then I broke it into powder and threw the powder into a stream from the mountain.
22 You also made the LORD angry at Taberah, at Massah and at Kibroth-Hattaavah.
23 Then, when the LORD sent you out from Kadesh-Barnea, he said, “March into the country that I have given you.” But you refused to obey the words of the LORD your God. You did not believe in him or obey him. 24 You have refused to obey the LORD ever since I have known you.
25 So I lay on my face in front of the LORD for those 40 days and nights. He had said that he would kill you. 26 So I prayed to the LORD. I said, “LORD our King, do not kill your people! They are really your people, because you saved them by your powerful authority. You are so strong that you brought them out of Egypt. 27 Remember your servants, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Please forgive your people who have not obeyed you. 28 For if you do not forgive them, the people in Egypt will say, ‘The LORD was not strong enough to take them into their country. He had promised to do this. But he took them into the desert to kill them. He did this because he hated them!’ 29 But they are your people and they belong to you. You are so
strong and powerful that you brought them out.”
The new stones
1 At that time, the LORD said to me, “Cut out two new flat stones. Also, make a box from wood and then come up to me, on the mountain. 2 I will write on these stones the words that I wrote on the
first stones. You broke the first stones, but you must put the new stones into
3 So I made an ark from special wood and I cut two new flat stones. Then I went up the mountain. I was carrying the stones. 4 The LORD wrote on the stones the words that he had written before. He wrote the same 10 special rules that he gave you before. He did this on the mountain, when he spoke from the fire. This happened on the day when you came together to the mountain. And the LORD gave the stones to me. 5 Then I came down from the mountain. I put the stones into the special box, the ark that I had made. The LORD told me to do that. And they are still there now.’
6 (The Israelites travelled to Moserah from the wells that belonged to the descendants of Jaakan. Aaron died there and they buried him. Then Eleazar, his son, became priest instead. 7 Then they
travelled on to Gudgodah and Jotbathah, a country where there are many streams
of water. 8 At that time, the LORD chose the tribe of Levi to carry the ark. He chose them to be his special servants. They had to tell the Israelites that God was always near to them. They still do this today. 9 That is why the Levites do not have any land. The LORD told them that they would always be nearer to him than the other Israelites. He would give them work to do for him. And he would give them everything that they needed. So they would not need any land.)
10 ‘I stayed on the mountain for 40 days and nights, as I did the first time. The LORD listened to me again. He did not want to kill you. 11 And the LORD said to me, “Go, and lead the people on their journey. Then they can go into the country and make it their country. They can do this because I made a promise to their fathers that I would give it to them.”
Obey the LORD always.
12 And now, Israelites, this is what the LORD your God asks you to do. You should always be afraid to make him angry. You should live to give pleasure to him. Be happy, as you love him! Be happy, as you work for him! 13 And you should obey his rules and decrees that I am giving to you today. If you do that, you will do well.
14 The whole of the sky, far beyond what you can see, belongs to the LORD your God. The earth and everything that is in it, also belongs to him. 15 But the LORD loved your ancestors so much that he chose you. You are their children. He chose you from the people of all other countries and you belong to him today. 16 So you must obey the LORD and no other gods. Do not still refuse to obey him. 17 For the LORD your God is greater than all other gods. He is stronger than every other authority. He is very great and very powerful. He is fair to everyone. And everything that he does is completely right. 18 He is very kind to women whose husbands
have died. He is very kind to children who have no fathers. They need his help
and he loves them. He loves people who are living in a foreign country. He
gives them the things that they need. 19 You too must love strangers,
because once, you were strangers in Egypt. 20 Always be ready to obey the LORD your God as his servants. Stay near to him and make your promises by his authority. 21 Tell God how great and important he is. He is your
God. He did great and powerful things for you, which you saw with your own
eyes. 22 Only 70 of your ancestors went down to Egypt. Now the LORD your God has made you as many as the stars in the sky!
Jacob (Israel) was living in the country called Canaan, when
God spoke to him. God told Jacob and his family to go to Egypt to live. But he
promised to bring them out again. They would come back to Canaan one day.
We can read about this in Genesis 46:2- 4.
Love and obey the LORD.
1 Love the LORD your God always. Obey all his rules and decrees and everything that he commands you. 2 Remember this today! Your children have not seen all the great things that God has done. He can punish people so that they learn not to do the wrong things. You saw that he can do that. You saw his great and powerful authority. You saw how special and important he is. No one can ever beat him. 3 You saw the things that
God did to Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and to all his people. They were not usual
things, but powerful things. 4 You saw it when God removed the whole
army of Egypt, with all their horses. They were marching quickly to catch you.
But God caused them to drown in the Red Sea. 5 Your children did not see all the things that the LORD did for you in the desert. But he brought you to this place. 6 Your children did not see what he did to Dathan and Abiram. These men were sons of Eliab, from the tribe of Reuben. God caused the earth to open up, in front of everyone. These men fell into the hole with all their families, their tents and their animals. 7 It was you, not
your children. It was you who saw God do all these great things.
The country called Canaan is not like Egypt.
8 Now you must obey all the rules that I give to you
today. If you do that, you will be strong and brave. You will cross the River
Jordan and you will march into the country. Then it will become your country.9 You will live for a long time in this country. The LORD promised your ancestors that he would give it to you. It is a country where there is enough very good food and drink for everyone. 10 This country is not like
Egypt, where you lived before. There, when you planted seeds, you had to give
them water to make them grow. 11 But the country into which you will go
has mountains and valleys. These receive rain that God gives. 12 The LORD your God is always kind to this country. He watches it every day of the year.
13 So you must obey the rules that I am giving to you today. I tell you to love the LORD your God. Work for him and obey him. And you must really want to do that! 14 If you do that, he will send rain
on your country at the right time, in autumn and in spring. Then you can take
home the food and the fruit that will grow in your fields.
15 God will make grass grow in your fields for your cows.
And you will have all the food that you want.
Most plants in the country called Canaan need two seasons of
rain. It rained in the autumn and it rained in the spring. Other countries may
need rain at a different season.
Remember all God’s words.
16 But be careful! Do not let anything cause you to forget the LORD. If something does that, you will begin to think about other gods. Then you will obey them.
17 If you do that, the LORD will be very angry with you. He will not send the rain and nothing will grow from the ground. Then you will soon die in the good country that the LORD is giving to you.
18 Keep my words always in your minds. Write them on
pieces of cotton and then tie them on to your hands. Tie them round your heads
also. Then they will be like signs for you and you will remember them. 19
Teach my words to your children. Talk about them when you sit in your house.
Talk about them when you walk along the road. Talk about them when you go to
your bed. Talk about them when you get up. 20 Write them above the
doors of your house and on your gates. 21 If you do that, you and your descendants will live in the country for a long time. You will continue to live there while there is a sky above the earth.
22 Be careful! Every day, you must obey the rules that I
am giving to you. These are the rules:
Love the LORD your God.
Do everything that he commands you.
Stay close to him.
23 If you do that, the LORD will fight on your behalf. He will send away the people in all these nations as you go into this country. You will send away people from nations that are larger and stronger than you. 24 Every place on which you walk will be yours. All the country from the desert to Lebanon will be yours. And all the country from the River Euphrates to the Mediterranean Sea will be yours. 25 God will not let anyone stop you. The LORD your God has made a promise to you: He will cause everyone to be afraid of you, everywhere that you go.
26 Today I am telling you to choose. God can cause either
good things or bad things to happen to you. 27 Good things will happen if you obey these rules from the LORD your God. 28 And bad things will
happen if you do not obey these rules. Then you will go away from God. You will
obey gods that you do not know. 29 The LORD will bring you into the country that will be yours. Then you must pronounce these things with a loud, serious voice. Pronounce the good things from Mount Gerizim and the bad things from Mount Ebal. 30 You know that these mountains are west of the River Jordan. They are in the country of the Canaanites who live in the Jordan valley. They are not far from the great trees at Moreh, near to Gilgal. 31 Soon you will cross the River Jordan. Soon you will take for yourself the country that the LORD is giving to you. When this happens, you will begin to live there. 32 Then be careful and remember! You must obey all the rules and decrees that I am giving to you today.
God will choose one special place for worship.
1 These are the rules and decrees that you must obey. Be careful! You must obey them in the country that the LORD has given to you. You must obey them all the time that you live there. 2 You must destroy completely all the places where the people in other nations pray to their gods. You will find these places on high mountains. You will find them on hills and under large trees. 3 You must break the tables and the things that they have
made from stones for their gods. You must burn their special tall sticks and
you must cut down their false gods. And you must remove the names of those gods
from these places.
4 Do not pray to the LORD your God as these people pray to their gods. 5 But you must look for the special place that the LORD your God will choose. He will stay there and that place will be his place. You must go to that place 6 to bring your burnt-offerings and other gifts to God. There you must bring one thing from every 10 things that God gives to you. And you must bring the gifts that you lift up to the LORD. So you will bring the things that you have promised and also any extra gifts. Bring the first cows and sheep that are born, too. 7 You and your families will eat and be happy there. You will be with the LORD your God. You will enjoy all your work because the LORD your God will stay near to you.
8 When that time happens, you must live in a different
way. Today, everyone is doing the things that he likes. 9 You have not yet reached the country where you can rest. This is the country that the LORD is giving you. 10 But you will cross the River Jordan and begin to live
in that country. He will give you rest from all your enemies round you. You
will be safe. 11 Then the LORD your God will choose one special place. You must pray to him there. Bring to him everything that I have told you. You must bring your animals to kill and burn as gifts to God. Bring your other gifts to God. You must bring one thing from every 10 things that God gives to you. And you must bring the gifts that you lift up to the LORD. And bring the valuable things that you have promised to the LORD. Bring everything to the place that God will choose. 12 And there you will all be happy, with the LORD your God, you, your children and your servants. Also the Levites from your towns will have no land, but they will still be happy. 13 Be careful! Do not offer your burnt-offerings in any place that you choose. 14 You must only offer your burnt-offerings in the place that the LORD will choose. This will be in the land that belongs to one of your tribes. When you are there, you must obey all my words.
15 But you can kill and eat your animals in any of your towns. You can eat as much meat as you want. The LORD gives it to you. People who are obeying God can eat it. But people who have not yet made themselves ready for God can eat it also. 16 But you must not eat the blood. You
must pour it on the ground like water. 17 Do not eat any of your gifts to the LORD in the places where you live. Do not eat there the gifts of one thing out of every 10 things of your food and drink. Do not eat there the first cows or sheep that are born. Do not eat there the valuable things that you have promised to the LORD or your extra gifts to him. And do not eat there the gifts that you lift up to the LORD. 18 Instead, you must eat these things in front of the LORD your God. This will be in the place that he chooses. You and all your family, your servants and the Levites will be very happy. This is because the LORD is very near to you. You will be very happy about everything that you do. 19 Be careful never to forget the Levites, all the time that you live in your country.
The Levites were the special servants of God. They did not have any land. So the Israelites must give to the Levites some of the food that they had offered to God. The Israelites must always remember to do this. They must give to the Levites whatever the Levites needed.
20 The LORD your God has promised to give you more and more land. When he does this, you may be very hungry. Perhaps you will say, “I would like some meat.” If you think that, you can eat meat. You can eat as much meat as you want. 21 The place that God has chosen may be too far away from you. If it is, you can kill an animal. And you can eat meat at home. The LORD has given your animals to you. I have told you how to kill them. 22
You can eat them in the same way as you eat wild animals. People who are
obeying God can eat them. But people who have not yet made themselves ready for
God can also eat them. 23 But be careful not to eat the blood. The life
of the animal is in the blood. You must not eat the life together with the
meat. 24 You must not eat the blood. You must pour it on the ground
like water. 25 Do not eat it! If you obey this rule, everything will be well for you and your family. You will do what is right and give pleasure to the LORD.
26 Take all the special gifts that you have chosen. Take also the gifts that you have promised. Bring them to the place that the LORD will choose. 27 Take your burnt-offerings. Put them on the special table of the LORD your God, both the meat and the blood. You must pour the blood next to the special table, but you can eat the meat. 28 Be
careful to obey all these rules that I am giving to you. If you do that, you
and your children will always do well. This is good and right, and you will
give God pleasure.
29 When you march into the country, the LORD your God will remove the people from in front of you. You must kill them and live in their place. 30 But when you have killed them, be careful! Do not let
their false gods become important to you. Do not say, “How did these people
pray to their gods? How did they obey them? We will do the same as they did!” 31 You must not do as they do. When they pray, they do many bad things. The LORD your God hates these bad things. They even burn their children in the fire, as gifts to their gods.
32 Be careful to do everything that I command you. Do not put anything else with it. Do not take away anything from it.
Be careful! Watch for false gods and false prophets!
1 There may appear among you a person who dreams about
future events. He may promise that something special will happen. 2 This is because he wants you to stop thinking about the LORD your God. He wants you to obey other gods. You do not know these gods. The thing that the person spoke about may happen. 3 But you must not listen to him. The LORD your God is using this person to check your thoughts. He wants to know whether you really love him. He wants to know how much you love him. 4 You must follow the LORD your God. You must pray to him and to no one else. Obey his rules and do what he commands you. Work for him and give him pleasure. 5 The man who dreams false dreams about future events must die. He has taught you to say “No!” to the LORD your God. The LORD brought you out of Egypt and saved you from the country of slaves. This bad man has tried to make you do wrong things, not right things. But you must live as God has taught you. You must not let this bad thing remain among you.
6 If anyone says secretly to you, “Let us pray to some
other gods”, DO NOT LISTEN! This may be your own brother or one of your
children. It may be your wife whom you love. It may be a friend who is near to
you. 7 (The people round you may pray to these other gods. They may be
near to you or far from you. They are gods that neither you nor your fathers
have known.) 8 Do not do what your family suggests. Do not listen to
your friend when he talks about other gods. Do not be sorry for him or try to
save him. 9 You must kill him! You must be the first person to throw
stones at him. Then all the people must do the same thing. 10 You must throw stones at him until he dies. He tried to stop you from thinking about the LORD your God. It was the LORD who brought you out of Egypt. Egypt was the country where you were slaves. 11 Then all Israel’s people will hear
about this. They will be afraid and no one will do such a bad thing again.
12 You will live in the towns that the LORD your God gives you. Then you may hear bad news. 13 Very bad men from among you
may have led the people in one town in a false way. They may have said, “Let us
go and pray to other gods!” (These are gods that you do not know.)
14 Then you must be very careful to check this news. You
must discover if it is true or false. You must know whether people really have
done this bad thing among you. 15 If the news is true, you must kill
everyone in that town. Kill all the people and the animals. 16 You must bring together all the things that the people of the town have. Put the things in the square place in the middle of the town. Then burn the town and everything in it as a burnt-offering to the LORD your God. Nobody must ever build that town again. 17 You must not keep any of the things for yourselves. Burn them all, as I am telling you. If you do that, the LORD will stop being angry. He will be good and kind to you. He will give you many children, as he promised to your ancestors. 18 This will happen if you obey the LORD your God. You must obey all his rules that I am giving to you today. And you must do right things, that give him pleasure.
Moses tells the Israelites which food to eat.
1 You belong to the LORD your God. You are like his own family. You weep for people who have died. But you must not cut yourselves. And you must not cut the hair from the front of your head.
People from other countries would cut their bodies or their hair when their friends died. This showed that they felt sad. Israelites must not do these things.
2 You are special people because you are the family of the LORD your God. The LORD has chosen you from all the other people on the earth. You are his special people and he loves you.
3 Do not eat anything that God hates. 4 These are
the animals that you can eat: the cow, the sheep, the goat, 5 the deer,
the wild goat, the mountain goat, the antelope and the wild sheep. 6
You can eat any animal with feet that grow in two halves. These animals must
also bring their food back into their mouths and eat it again.
All the animals in verses 4 and 5 have feet that grow in two halves. They also bring their food back into their mouths and eat it again. God said that these were ‘clean’ animals. ‘Clean’ animals means animals that the Israelites could eat.
7 But you must not eat these animals: the camel, the
rabbit and the rock badger. They bring back their food but they do not have
feet in two halves. For this reason they are not good food for you. 8
The pig is not good food either. It has feet in two halves but it does not
bring back its food. You must not eat any of these animals. You must not even
touch their dead bodies.
9 You can eat any fish that has fins and pieces of hard skin on its body. 10 But there are things in the water that do not have fins and pieces of hard skin on their bodies. These are not good food for you. Do not eat them.
11 You can eat any clean bird. 12-18 But these
birds you must not eat: eagles, vultures, crows, owls, hawks, falcons,
buzzards, ostriches, sea-gulls, storks, herons, pelicans, cormorants, hoopoes
These birds all eat dirty pieces of dead animals as their
food. God wanted his people to eat good, clean food. So they must not eat any
of these birds.
19 Some insects crawl and fly too. Insects like that are not good food for you. You must not eat them. 20 But you can eat any clean thing that has wings.
21 You must not eat anything that you find dead already. You can give it to a foreign person in any of your towns. He can eat it. Or you can sell it to him. But you are special people. You are special to the LORD your God.
You must not cook a young goat in the milk from its mother.
Regular gifts to the LORD
22 You must put away in a special place, a 10th part of
all the food that grows in your fields. You must be careful to do this every
year. 23 Then take it to that special place that the LORD your God will choose for himself. Eat this 10th part of the food that you grow in your fields, there. Also, you can eat your young animals that are born first. Eat them in front of the LORD your God. Learn to thank him always for everything. 24
But that special place may be too far from your home. Your regular gifts of
food may be too heavy to carry, if you have grown a lot of food. (And the
special place may be too far away.) 25 If that is true, you can sell your regular gifts for money. Take the money with you to the place that the LORD your God will choose. 26 Then you can use the money to buy whatever you choose: cows, sheep, wine or beer. You can buy anything that you like. And you and your family should eat there in front of the LORD your God and be happy together. 27 Always remember the Levites who live in your towns. Remember them because they have no land.
28 Every third year, store in your towns, a 10th part of
the food that you have grown in your fields. 29 This food is for the Levites, who have no land. It is also for the foreign people and the children who have no fathers. It is also for the women whose husbands have died. They can eat until they have had enough. If you do that, the LORD your God will be with you in all your work.
The year to forget about debts
1 At the end of every 7 years you must forget about every
2 This is how you must do it. Every person who has lent money must forget about this amount of money. He must not demand his money from any Israelite, because another Israelite is like his brother. The LORD himself says that you must forget about all these debts. 3 You can demand your money from a foreign person. But you must forget about every amount of money that you have lent to another Israelite. 4 If you obey the LORD your God, he will give you plenty of everything in your country. Not one Israelite should be poor 5 if you obey him completely. So, be careful
to obey all the rules that I give to you today. 6 For the LORD your God will make you great, as he has promised. You will lend money to the people in many countries, but they will not lend money to you. You will rule many people, but no one will rule you.
7 Perhaps you will meet a poor man among the Israelites, in one of your towns. If you do meet a man like that, do not refuse to help him. Do not refuse to lend him money. 8 Instead, you must be kind to
him and lend him whatever he needs.
9 Be careful not to think this bad thought: “The 7th year will happen soon. That is the year when I must forget about debts!” You must not be cruel to that poor Israelite and give him nothing. He might speak against you to the LORD. If he does, the LORD will be angry with you. He will be angry with you because you have sinned against him. 10 Be very happy to give to that Israelite what he needs. If you do that, the LORD your God will cause everything to be well for you. 11 There will always be poor people in the country. Give to other Israelites and to all poor people, whatever they need. This is my command to you.
Slaves must become free people.
12 Someone may sell you another Israelite, who is a man or a woman. Let him work for you for 6 years. Then in the 7th year, let him go out free. 13 And when you let him go, you must not send him away with
nothing in his hands. 14 Give him gifts of sheep, food and drink. Give good things to him as the LORD has given good things to you. 15 Remember that you too were slaves in Egypt. But the LORD your God bought you. This is why I am giving you this rule today.
16 But perhaps your servant will say to you, “I do not
want to leave you!” He may say this because he loves you and your family. He is
happy with you. 17 If he says that, you must take a metal stick with a
sharp point. Push it through his ear, into the door. This will make him your
servant for his whole life. Do the same thing for your female servant.
18 You must not be sorry to make your servant free. Remember, that he has worked well for you for 6 years. He has been worth twice as much as a servant whom you pay. And the LORD your God will help you in everything that you do.
The first animals that are born
19 You must keep separate every male animal that is the first to be born from any animal among your animals. They are for the LORD your God. Do not make these animals do any work. Do not cut off the hair from the sheep that are the first to be born. 20 Each year, you and your family must eat these special animals in front of the LORD your God. You must do this in the special place that he will choose. 21 But you must not give to the LORD any animal that has something wrong with it. It must not have weak legs or bad eyes. 22 You can eat these animals at home. People that are obeying God can eat them. But people that are not yet ready for God can eat them also. You can eat them as you would eat deer. 23 But you
must not eat the blood. You must pour it on the ground like water.
Three special parties: Passover, Weeks and Tents
1 The month Abib is a special month for you. In this month, you must remember the Passover. Remember that the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt at night in that month. 2 You must go to the special place that the LORD will choose for himself. There you must kill one of your sheep or cows for the Passover party. 3 At this party, do not eat bread that you make with yeast. For 7 days, you must eat bread that you make without yeast, the bread of trouble. This is to make you remember that special night. You ate bread like that when you left Egypt in a hurry that night. You must do it again each year. So you will never forget the night that you left Egypt. 4 No one must keep any yeast in his house for 7 days. You must eat all the meat of your animal on the night that you kill it. You must not leave any of it until the next morning.
5 You must not kill the animal for the Passover in any town that the LORD your God gives you. 6 You must go to the place that he will choose for himself. You must kill the animal for the Passover party there, at sunset. That was the time of day when you left Egypt. 7 Cook the meat and eat it in the special place. The LORD your God will choose the place. Then return to your tents on the next morning. 8 For the next 6 days, you must eat bread that you make without yeast. Then on the 7th day you must all come together to thank the LORD your God. Tell him how great and good he is. You must not do any work on that day.
The party of Weeks
9 Count 7 weeks from the first day that you bring in the
food from your fields. 10 Then enjoy the party of Weeks with the LORD your God. Be happy to bring him extra gifts. Do this because he has been so good to you. 11 You and your family will be happy in front of the LORD your God, in his special place. Be happy together with your servants and with the Levites. Worship God happily with the foreign people and with the women whose husbands have died. And worship God happily with the children whose parents have died. All these people live among you. 12 Remember! You were
slaves in Egypt, so obey these rules carefully.
The party of Tents
13 When you have brought in the food from your fields, enjoy the party of Tents for seven days. 14 Be happy at your party with your family, your servants and the Levites. Worship God happily with the foreign people and with the women whose husbands have died. And worship God happily with the children whose parents have died. All these people live in your towns. 15 Enjoy this party with the LORD your God for 7 days in the place that he has chosen. Do this because he will cause a lot of food to grow in your fields. He will help you in everything that you do. And you will be completely happy.
16 All your men must come to the LORD your God three times in every year. They must come to the place that he has chosen. They must come at the Passover party, the party of Weeks and the party of Tents. Each man must bring with him a gift to the LORD. 17 This gift can be large or small, as the LORD has given you much or little.
18 You must choose judges and officers from each tribes, in every town that the LORD gives you. They must judge the people in a way that is fair. 19 You must do what is right for every person. You must not accept a gift. A gift makes it difficult for a wise man to know what is right. And a gift can make right words seem wrong. 20 Always be good and fair when you judge. If you do that, you will live. And you will really enjoy your country. This is the country that the LORD your God is giving to you.
Do not obey other gods.
21 Do not put any special tall sticks that you make from wood next to the LORD your God’s altar. 22 And do not put up a false god, because the LORD your God hates these things.
People who prayed to false gods used these special tall sticks.
They put them up in the places where they prayed. This is why God hated all
A list of other rules and rules for a king
1 You must bring good gifts to the LORD your God. Do not bring any sheep or cow whose body is not completely right. The LORD hates this.
2 Perhaps a person living in one of your towns may do something bad against the LORD your God. He has not done what he promised to do. 3 He has not obeyed my words, because he has followed other gods.
He has obeyed these gods, or he has prayed to the sun, moon or stars. 4 If you hear about this, you must check the report. If this bad thing has happened in Israel, 5 you must take the bad man or woman to the gate
of the town. Then you must throw stones at that person until he or she dies. 6
But two or three people must agree that he has done the bad thing. You must
never kill anyone because of the words of only one person. 7 These
people must throw the first stones at the bad person. Then everyone else must
throw stones. You must completely remove this very bad thing from among you.
8 It may be difficult for the judges in your towns to decide between good things and bad things. This may happen when one person has attacked another person. It may happen when people cannot agree about a house or some fields. You must bring those people to the place that the LORD your God will choose. 9 You must go to the priests from the tribe of Levi and to the judge that you have chosen. Ask them to decide for you. 10 Then you must obey them, in the place that the LORD will choose. Be careful to obey all their words. 11 You must do the things that they teach you.
You must agree to what they decide. Obey their words completely. 12 You must kill any man who will not obey the judge or the priest. The judge and the priest stand near the LORD your God and do what he says. So you will completely remove bad things from Israel. 13 Then all the people will hear about it and they will be afraid. They will not refuse to listen to the judge or priest again.
14 You are going into the country that the LORD your God has given you. All the countries round you will have kings. Then you will decide that you need a king. 15 Be careful! You must accept the king that the LORD your God chooses. The king must be a man from Israel. Do not choose anyone who is not an Israelite. 16 The king must not get a lot of horses for himself. And he must not send his people back to Egypt to get more horses. The LORD has said to you, “Do not return there!” 17 The king must not marry many wives. They will stop him from thinking about the LORD. He must not store a lot of silver and gold for himself.
The Law of God
18 When he becomes king, he must copy the Law of God on a scroll. This scroll will be a copy of the one that belongs to the priests. They belong to the tribe of Levi. 19 He must keep this scroll near him always and he must read it every day. If you do that, he will learn to love the LORD his God. And he will learn to obey him. He must be careful to read all the words of this Law. He must obey the words and these decrees also. 20 He must not think that he is better than other Israelites. He must not stop thinking about the Law. If he does that, he, his sons and his grandsons will be kings in Israel for many years.
Gifts for priests and Levites
1 The priests, who are Levites, and the whole tribe of Levi will have no land. They will take their food from the gifts of animals that you give to the LORD. This part of your gift will be theirs, because the LORD has promised it to them. 2 They will have no land. This makes them different from other Israelites, who will all have land. But the LORD himself has promised to supply everything for them.
3 When you bring to God a cow or a sheep as a gift, remember the priests! You must give the shoulder, the face and the stomach to them. 4 You must give to them the first food and drink that you bring
from your fields. Give to them also the first hair that you cut from your
sheep. 5 The LORD your God has chosen the Levites. He wants them to stand as his servants, ready to obey his words always.
6 Any Levite can come to the place that the LORD will choose. He can leave the town where he lives. 7 If he really wants to, he can work as a servant to the LORD his God. He can join other Levites who work in the special place for the LORD. 8 He may have received money when he sold some of his valuable things. But he must still receive the same amount of food and other good things as the other Levites.
God hates these bad practices!
9 When you go into the country that the LORD your God is giving you, be careful! You must not do the very bad practices of the people who live there. 10 You must not burn your child in a fire, as a gift to a false god. You must not become a servant of Satan and obey him. His servants do very bad things. 11 They are cruel and they often frighten people.
They also try to speak to dead people. 12 God hates anyone who does these things. It is because of these very bad practices that the LORD will kill the people in the other nations. 13 You must live in a right way, and always obey the LORD your God.
The prophet. Moses speaks about when Jesus Christ will come.
14 The people who live in your country listen to the servants of Satan. But the LORD your God has commanded you not to do this. 15 He will send you a prophet from among your own people, like me. You must listen to him. 16 Do this because you spoke to the LORD your God. You spoke to him when you came together at Mount Horeb. You said, “Please do not let us hear your voice again. Do not let us see this great fire again. If we do, we will die!”
17 Then the LORD said to me, “The people have said a good thing. 18 I will give them a prophet who will be like you. This special man will be an Israelite. I will tell him what to say. Then he will tell the people everything that I command him. 19 I myself will judge anyone who does not listen to my words. That is because the prophet will speak for me. 20 Perhaps a prophet may give you a false message. He may tell you that it comes from me. Then you must kill him. Or a prophet may say that he has a message from another god. You must kill him.”
21 You may say to yourselves, “How can we know when a message has not come from the LORD?” 22 The thing that he speaks about may not happen. If it does not happen, that message was not a true message. The LORD has not spoken. That prophet has given a false message to you. Do not be afraid of him!
The cities where men are safe
1 The LORD your God will kill the people whose country he is giving to you. You will march into their towns and their houses and you will live in them. 2 Then you must choose three cities. Each city must
be in a central place in your country. 3 Make the country into three
separate parts and build roads to each city. So then anyone who kills a person
can run there. And then that person can be safe.
4 This is the rule for anyone who has killed another
person. If it was a mistake, he can run to the city. He will be safe there
because the man was not an enemy. 5 For example, two men may go to the
forest to cut wood. As one man cuts wood, the metal part of his axe flies off.
It hits the other man and kills him. The first man can run to the nearest
special city. He will be safe there. 6 If there was only one city, a
policeman might catch the killer on his way. The policeman might be so angry
that he kills the man. But the man had made a mistake. He killed his friend,
who was not an enemy. 7 So I command you to choose three cities for yourselves.
8 The LORD your God promised your ancestors to give you more land. 9 You must love him and you must obey his rules. If you do
that, he will give the whole country to you. That is what he has promised. If
he does that, you must choose three more cities. 10 You must do this. So then people who are not bad will not die in your country. You must not kill people for murder, when they have made a mistake. Do not do this in the country that the LORD your God is giving you.
11 But perhaps one man may hate another man. He may hide
himself and wait for that man. He may kill him and then he may run to one of
the cities. 12 If he does that, the leaders of his own town must fetch
him back. They must bring him to the policeman and he must die. 13 Do not be sorry for him. You must remove completely from Israel the bad practice of murder. So then people who are not bad will not die in your country. If you do that, everything will be well for you.
God’s rule about marks on the ground
14 There may be a stone at the edge of your neighbour’s land. Someone put this stone there as a mark before you arrived in the country. You must not move it!
God’s rule about reports
15 The report of one man is not enough to check a wrong thing or a sin. Two or three people, who saw the thing happen, must agree about it. They must all have seen the person when he did the wrong thing or the sin.
16 Perhaps a cruel person may say that a man has done
something wrong. 17 Then both the men must stand in front of the LORD. They must stand in front of the priests and the judges who are ruling at that time. 18 Then the judges must be careful to discover what is true. The cruel person may be saying things that are not true against another Israelite. 19 If that is true, you must do this: You must do to him the things that he wanted to do to the other Israelite. You must remove bad things like this from among yourselves. 20 So then all the people will be afraid
when they hear about this. And this very wrong thing will never happen again
among you. 21 Do not be sorry for people who do what is wrong. You must
a life for a life
an eye for an eye
a tooth for a tooth
a hand for a hand
a foot for a foot.
Special rules for war
1 Do not be afraid when you go out to fight against your enemies. You may meet larger armies with more horses and chariots than you have. Do not be afraid! The LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, will be with you. 2 Just before you begin to fight, the priest must come to the front of the army. 3 He must say, “Israelites, listen to me! Today you are going to fight your enemies. Do not be troubled or afraid. Be brave! Do not run away from your enemies because you are frightened. 4 The LORD your God is going with you. He will fight for you and you will win.”
5 Then the officers will say to the soldiers, “Has anyone
built a new house but has not yet made it ready for God? He must go home. If he
does not, he may die in the fight. And someone else may make his house ready. 6 Has anyone planted a field with grapes but has not yet enjoyed the fruit? He must go home. If he does not, he may die in the fight. And someone else will enjoy the fruit. 7 Has anyone promised to marry a woman? If he has not
married her yet, he must go home. He may die in the fight and then another man
will marry her.” 8 Then the officers must also say, “Is anyone afraid?
Does anyone not feel brave? He must go home. If he does not, he will make other
men afraid too.” 9 When the officers have finished speaking to the
army, they must choose leaders for it.
10 Before you attack a city, you must do this: Offer peace to the people who live there. Tell them what you want them to do. 11
Perhaps they will open the gates and let you come in. If they do that, you must
cause all the people to work hard for you, like slaves. 12 But they may
refuse to listen to you. They may even begin to fight you. If they do that, you
must fight against that city. 13 When the LORD your God gives it to you, you must kill all the men there. 14 But you can take for
yourselves the women, the children, the animals and everything else in the
city. You can use all these things that God gives you from your enemies. 15
You must do this to all the cities that are far from you.
16 You will take cities in the country that God is giving
you. Then you must kill everything that is alive, people and animals. 17 You must kill completely all the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites. The LORD your God has told you to do this.
18 If you do that, they cannot teach you their bad practices. They cannot teach you to pray as they pray to their gods. If you did that, you would be sinning against the LORD your God.
Verses 16-18 God had promised to give the whole country called Canaan to the Israelites. They must kill all other people who were living in that country. Israelites must not mix with them by marriage and they must not pray to their gods.
19 Perhaps you are preparing to take a city. You must not
cut down its fruit-trees, but you can eat the fruit. These trees are not your
enemies; so do not cut them down. 20 But you can cut down the other
trees to use. You can make things from them that will help you to attack the
city. You can do this until the city’s people open its gates to you.
Rules about murder, marriage and sons who refuse to obey
1 You may find the dead body of a man that is lying in a field. Someone has killed him, in the country that the LORD your God is giving to you. 2 You may not know who has killed him. If you do not know, you must do this: Your leaders and judges must measure how far the dead man is from the nearest towns. 3 Then the leaders from the nearest town must
take a young cow that has never pulled a plough. 4 They must lead her
down to a valley that no one has ploughed or planted. There must be a stream
full of water. There they must break her neck.
5 The priests from the tribe of Levi must go there too. The LORD your God has chosen them to do his work. They must also decide what is right and wrong among you. 6 All the leaders of that town must wash
their hands over the cow whose neck they have broken.
Someone has done a bad thing. But nobody knows who has done it. When an Israelite washed his hands in clean water, he was showing something to everyone: He had not done the bad thing. And he had not agreed to it.
7 And they will say, “We did not kill the man. We did not
see anyone kill him. 8 Please accept this animal as a gift, LORD, from your people Israel, that you saved from Egypt. This man has not done anything wrong. But do not think that we have killed him.” You could not kill the person who did the murder. So you have killed the young cow instead. And so God will not remember this bad thing against you. 9 You will show that you have
made yourselves right with God. You have not done this bad thing. And God has
seen that you have done the right thing.
When you marry a woman whom you have taken in war
10 When you go to war against your enemies, the LORD your God will deliver them to you. You will take some of them to keep for yourselves. 11 You may see among them a beautiful woman that you like.
If you do see one, you can make her your wife. 12 You must bring her
into your home. Then she must cut off her hair and cut the hard material at the
end of her fingers. 13 And she must change her clothes. Let her live in
your house and weep for her parents for a whole month. Then you can become her
husband and she can become your wife. 14 You may not like her. You must
let her go where she wants. You must not sell her or make her into a slave. You
must not do that because she has had sex with you, as your wife.
The rule about the son who is born first
15 A man may have two wives but he may love only one of
them. Each wife may give birth to a son. The first son may be the son of the
wife that he does not love. 16 But the man must make this promise:
After his own death, the first son will have twice as many of his good things
as the second son. This is because that son was born first. The man must not
promise twice as much to the son of the wife that he loves. Her son was not
born first. 17 The man must remember the son of the wife that he does
not love. This son was born first and he must have twice as many of his
father’s good things. He has a special place in the family because he was born
The son who refuses to obey his parents
18 Perhaps a man has a bad son who will not obey his
parents. They try to teach him right things. But he refuses to listen to them. 19
If that is true, his parents must take him to the leaders of his town. 20
They must say to the leaders, “This is our son. He wants to do bad things and
he will not obey us. He is a drunk and he wastes our money.” 21 Then all the men in his town must throw stones at him until he is dead. You must remove these bad things from among you. Then all Israel’s people will hear about it and they will be afraid.
22 You may have killed a man who has sinned. If you have hung his dead body on a tree, 23 you must not leave it there during the
night. Be careful to bury it on the same day. This is because God is very angry
with anyone who is hanging on a tree. You must not let bad things destroy your
own good country. This is the country that God is giving to you.
Rules for life
1 You may see the cow or sheep of another Israelite when that animal is running away. If you do see that, you must catch the animal. Do not look away from it. Take it back to him. 2 Perhaps the man does not
live near you. Perhaps you do not know him. If you do not know him, take the
animal to your home. And then keep it safe. When the man comes to look for it,
give it to him. 3 You must do the same thing if you find a donkey or some clothes or anything else. Do not think that you do not have to help.
4 Perhaps you see another Israelite’s animal. It has fallen on the road. Do not think that you do not have to help. You must help the other Israelite to lift it up.
5 A woman must not wear the clothes of a man. A man must not wear the clothes of a woman. For the LORD your God hates people who do this.
6 You may find the home of a bird in a tree or on the
ground. You must not take away the bird, whether she is sitting on eggs or on
young birds. 7 You can take the young birds. But you must let the
mother go free. If you do that, everything will be well with you. And you will
have a long life.
8 When you build a new house, you must make a wall round
the edge of the roof. Even if you have done that, someone may fall from the
roof. But even if that person dies, you will not have done anything wrong.
9 You must not plant two different kinds of seed in your
field. If you do that, nothing will grow well in that field. The fruit will not
10 You must not tie a cow and a donkey together to plough your land.
11 You must not mix different materials together to make
12 You must sow tassels on the four corners of your coat.
Rules for marriage
13 A man may marry a girl. Then he may decide that he
does not like her. 14 So he says wrong things about her and gives her a
bad name. He even says, “I married this girl. Then I discovered that she had
already had sex. She had sex before I married her.” 15 Then the parents
of the girl must bring the blanket. It shows that she had not had sex before.
They must bring it to the leaders of the town. 16 And the father of the
girl will say to the leaders, “I gave my daughter to this man to be his wife.
But now he does not like her. 17 He says wrong things about her. He
says, ‘Your daughter had sex before I married her.’ But here is the blanket.
This shows that she had never had sex before.” Then her parents must hold up
the blanket in front of the leaders of the town. 18 Then the leaders must take the man and punish him. 19 They must make him pay 100 shekels of silver to the girl’s father. This man has given a bad name to a young girl in Israel when she has done nothing wrong. She must continue to be his wife. He must continue to be her husband as long as he lives.
1 kilo (2.2 pounds) of silver is equal to 87 shekels. So, 100 shekels was a lot of money.
20 But perhaps the husband has spoken true words. Perhaps
his wife cannot show that she had not had sex before. 21 If she cannot do that, the leaders must bring her to her father’s house. There, the men of the town must throw stones at her until she dies. She has done a very bad thing in Israel. She has had sex before she was married. She did this while she lived in her father’s house. You must remove this kind of bad thing from among you.
22 You may find a man who is having sex with another man’s wife. If you find them, you must kill both the man and the woman. You must remove this bad thing from Israel.
23 Perhaps a man may meet a girl in a town. She has
already promised to marry another man, but they have sex together. 24 You
must take both of them to the gate of that town. There you must throw stones at
both of them until they die. The girl must die because she did not scream for
help in the town. The man must die because he had sex with the future wife of
25 But perhaps a man may meet a girl in a country place.
He has sex with her because he is too strong for her. But she has already
promised to marry another man. Only the man who has done that must die. 26 Do not hurt the girl. She has not done a sin that should cause you to kill her. This thing is like a man who kills another person. 27 This man
made the girl have sex with him in a country place. She screamed for help, but
there was no one to save her.
28 Perhaps a man may make a girl have sex with him. The
girl has not had sex with anyone before and someone discovers them. She has not
yet promised to marry anyone. 29 If that has happened, the man must pay 50 shekels of silver to the father of the girl. He must also marry the girl because he has had sex with her. He must be her husband as long as he lives.
30 A man must not marry his father’s wife or have sex
with her. This is a bad thing to do against his father.
These people cannot join with the LORD’s people.
1 Perhaps someone has destroyed the sex parts of a man. That man cannot join with the people of the LORD when they come together.
2 No one can join with the people of the LORD unless his parents are married. None of his children or grandchildren can join with the people of the LORD when they come together. Even the 10th generation of his descendants cannot do this.
3 These people cannot join with the people of the LORD when they come together: People from Moab, people from Ammon or their descendants. Even their 10th generation cannot do this. 4 They
refused to give bread and water to you when you left Egypt. And they paid
Balaam the son of Beor to say very bad things about you. He came from Pethor in
Mesopotamia. 5 But the LORD your God did not listen to Balaam. He changed the bad things into good things for you, because he loves you. 6
Do not agree to stop fighting with these people. Do not be friendly with them
as long as you live.
7 Do not hate anyone from Edom, because he has the same ancestor as you. Do not hate anyone from Egypt, because you once lived in his country as a stranger. 8 The third generation of their children can join with the people of the LORD when they come together.
Keep the tents prepared for God.
9 Keep away from everything that God would not like. Do
this even when you are fighting your enemies. 10 While a man is asleep, something may come out of his sex part. If that happens, he must go away beyond the tents. And he must stay there. 11 In the evening, he must wash himself. Then at sunset he can return to the tents.
12 You must choose a special place beyond the tents. Leave the dirt that comes from inside your body in that place. 13
Always carry with you a small spade. Dig a hole and bury in it the dirt from
inside your body. 14 For the LORD your God moves among you in your tents. He keeps you safe and delivers up your enemies to you. So the place where you put your tents must be always ready for God. The LORD will not see anything that is not lovely among you. So he will not turn away from you, because of it.
15 A slave may come to you to be safe. If that happens,
keep him with you. Do not give him back to his master. 16 He can live
among you in any place that he likes. Let him choose his own town. Do not be
cruel to him.
17 No Israelite man or woman must sell his or her body for sex, in the house of a false god. 18 Some people will pay money to a man or a woman for sex. You must not bring this money into the house of the LORD. You must not use this money to buy a gift for the LORD. Even if you have promised a gift to the LORD, you cannot use this money. The LORD hates people who sell their bodies for sex.
19 You can lend money or food or anything else to another Israelite. But do not ask him to give you back more than you lent to him. 20 You can ask anyone from a foreign country to do that. But you must not do this to another Israelite. If you do not do that, the LORD your God will cause all your work to do well, in your country.
21 If you promise a gift to the LORD your God, be careful to bring the gift soon. If you do not bring it, that is a sin. And the LORD will certainly demand it. 22 But if you do not promise to do anything, that will not be a sin. 23 Whatever you say, you must be careful to do. You chose to say the words to the LORD your God. That includes something that you have promised to give to the LORD your God.
24 If you go into your neighbour’s field of fruit, you can eat his fruit. You can eat all the fruit that you want. But you must not put any into your basket. 25 If you go into your neighbour’s field of corn, you can pick the corn with your hands. But you must not cut his growing corn with a knife.
1 Perhaps a man will marry a woman and then discover
something bad in her. He does not like her, so he writes a letter. This letter
finishes the marriage. He gives it to his wife and he sends her out of his
house. 2 Perhaps, after she has left his house, she marries another
3 Perhaps her second husband also discovers that he does
not like her. So he also gives her a letter that finishes the marriage. He
sends her away, or perhaps he dies. 4 But her first husband must not marry her again. That is because she has been the wife of another man. To marry her again would be a sin. The LORD hates to see a thing like this. You must not do wrong and bad things in the country that the LORD your God is giving to you.
5 When a man has just married, do not send him to fight
in a war. Do not give him any special duties. He should stay at home for one
year and make his new wife happy.
6 When you lend money to a man, do not take away his large stones. Do not even take the top one. This is because he needs these stones to make flour from his corn. This is his work.
7 Perhaps you will catch a man who is carrying away another Israelite. He uses him for a slave or even sells him. The man who does this must die. You must remove these wrong things from among you.
8 Perhaps you have the illness that is called leprosy. Be very careful! Do everything that the priests say to you. The priests are Levites. You must obey everything that I have commanded them. 9 Remember what the LORD your God did to Miriam during your journey. This was after you left Egypt.
10 Your neighbour may ask you to lend him something. And he offers you something that is his, as a pledge. Do not go into his house to get it. 11 You must wait outside. Let him bring the pledge out to you. 12 If the man is poor, you must not keep his pledge until the next day. 13 You must give him his coat again before sunset. He can wear it and he can keep himself warm at night. He will ask God to do good things for you. And you will give pleasure to the LORD your God. It is right to do this.
A loan can be either money or things, that a man lends to his neighbour.
A pledge was a thing (perhaps his coat) that the neighbour offered to the man. This thing was like a promise that he would pay back the loan.
14 Always be kind to a poor servant who needs many things. Do this whether he is an Israelite or a foreign person in one of your towns. 15 You must pay him his money every day before sunset because he is poor. He needs to have the money. If you do not pay him, he may ask the LORD for help against you. You will have sinned.
16 You must not kill fathers for the sins that their children do. You must not kill children for the sins that their fathers do. Each person must die for his own sins. 17 Remember to be completely fair to the foreign person and those who are without fathers. Do not take the coat of any woman whose husband has died, as a pledge. 18 Remember that you were slaves in Egypt and the LORD your God made you free. That is why I tell you to do this.
19 When you bring in the food from your field, perhaps you will leave some of the corn in the field. Do not go back for it. Leave it there for the foreign person, the woman whose husband has died and for her children. If you do that, the LORD your God will cause all your work to be good. 20 When you knock down the olives from your trees, knock them down only once. Leave those that remain for foreign people, women whose husbands have died and their children. 21 When you pick your grapes, pick them only once. Leave those that remain for foreign people, women whose husbands have died and their children. 22 Remember! You were slaves in Egypt.
That is why I tell you to do this.
1 When two men cannot agree, they must both go to the judges. Then the judges will decide who is right and who is wrong. 2 The judge may need to punish the bad man. If he does need to punish him, the judge will cause him to lie down. Then someone will hit him several times. He will hit him many times if he has done a very bad thing. He will hit him only a few times if the thing was not too bad. 3 But he must not hit him more than 40 times. So then you will not all feel that another Israelite has become less important.
4 Do not tie up the mouth of a cow while she walks on your corn to prepare it for you.
5 Perhaps two brothers are living together. One of the
brothers may die and leave no son. If that happens, his wife must not marry outside
the family. The second brother must take the wife and he must marry her. He is
doing what is right for his dead brother. 6 The first son that is born to them will be called the same name as the dead brother. So everyone in Israel will remember that name.
7 But a man may not want to marry his dead brother’s
wife. If he does not want to do it, she should go to the leaders at the gate of
the town. She should say, “My dead husband’s brother refuses to do his duty for
me. He does not want people to remember my dead husband. He does not want to
give my husband’s name to our son.” 8 Then the leaders of the town must
call the man to them and they must talk to him. Perhaps he will continue to
say, “I do not want to marry her!”
9 If that happens, his brother’s wife must go to him, in front of the leaders. She must pull off one of his shoes and spit in his face. And she must say, “We do this to a man who will not help to keep the family name of his dead brother.” 10 Then everyone will call the family of the
living brother, “the family of the man who lost his shoe”.
11 Perhaps two men are fighting each other. The wife of
one of them comes to save him. She takes hold of the sex parts of his enemy. 12
If that happens, you must cut off her hand. Do not be sorry for her.
13 Do not have in your bag two different things with
which to measure weight, one heavy and one light. 14 Do not have in
your house two different jars with which to measure, one large and one small.
15 You must have true and honest things with which to measure and to weigh. If you do that you will live for a long time in your country. It is the country that the LORD your God is giving to you. 16 The LORD your God hates anyone who is not always honest.
17 Remember what the descendants of Amalek did to you when you came out of Egypt. 18 They met you when you were tired and
weak. They killed all the people who could not walk fast. They were not afraid
of God. 19 The LORD your God will give you rest from all your enemies in the country. This is the country that he is giving you. On that day you must kill all the descendants of Amalek. Then nobody will remember them. Do not forget to do this!
The first food from your fields and the regular gifts to God
1 You are going into the country that the LORD your God is giving to you. Now when you have arrived, do this. 2 Take a basket. Put into it some of the first food that you have grown in your fields. This is the country that the LORD your God is giving to you. Then go to the special place that he will choose for himself. 3 Say to the man who is a priest at that time, “Today, I say to the LORD your God that I have come into the country. This is the country that the LORD promised to us. He made this promise to our ancestors.” 4 Then the priest will take the basket from you. He will put it down in front of the altar of the LORD your God. 5 Then you must say, in front of the LORD, “My father was a man from Aramea who moved from place to place. He went to Egypt with a few people and lived there. But he became a great nation of many powerful people. 6 But the people
in Egypt were cruel to us. They made us work very hard. 7 Then we prayed to the LORD, the God of our fathers. He heard our voices. He saw that we were sad. He saw that the people in Egypt were cruel to us. 8 So the LORD brought us out of Egypt by his strong hands and powerful arms. He made them afraid, because of the great and powerful things that he did. 9 He
brought us to this place. He gave to us this country that is full of good food
and drink. 10 and now, I bring the first food that has grown in my fields. You, LORD, have given it to me.” Then you must put the basket down in front of the LORD your God. You must thank him there. Tell him how great he is. 11 And so you and the Levites and the foreign people among you will be very happy. You will enjoy all the good things that the LORD has given to you and to your family.
12 Every third year you must give a 10th part of the food that grows in your fields. Give it to the Levites, the strangers, the women whose husbands have died and their children. Then they can eat all the food that they need, in every town. 13 Then you can say to the LORD, “None of the 10th part that is special, remains in my house. I have given it to the Levites, the strangers, the women whose husbands have died and their children. I have obeyed your rules. I have not refused to obey your words. I have not forgotten any of them. 14 I did not eat any of the 10th part of the food while I was sad and crying. I did not move any of it while I was not ready for God. I have not put any of it as a gift, in front of a dead person. I have obeyed the LORD my God. I have done everything that you commanded me. 15 Look down from your home, the special place where you live. Come near to your people, Israel’s people and give us your help. Do good things also to the country that you have given to us. It is a country full of good food and drink. You promised our ancestors that you would give it to us.”
Obey the LORD’s rules.
16 Today, the LORD your God commands you to obey these decrees and rules. Be careful to obey them. Be happy to do this because you love the LORD. 17 Today, you have said that the LORD is your God. You have said that you will give him pleasure. You have said that you will obey his rules. You will do everything that he commands. 18 Today the LORD has accepted you as his own people. He has chosen you and you are special to him. He promised that you would be special. And you must obey all his rules. 19 He says that he will make you greater and more famous than every other nation in the world. You will be a special nation that belongs to the LORD your God. He has promised you this.’ Moses said all those things.
The altar on Mount Ebal
1 Moses and the leaders of Israel said to the people, ‘Obey all these rules that I give to you today. 2 You will cross the River Jordan and go into the country that the LORD your God is giving to you. On that day, you must put some large stones on the ground and you must cover them with white paint. 3 Then write on them all the words of this Law. Do this when you have crossed over the river into the country. This is the country that the LORD your God has promised to you. He is the LORD, the God of your fathers. The country is full of good food and drink. 4 And when you have crossed the river, you must put these stones on Mount Ebal. Do as I command you today. Cover them with white paint. 5 You must build there an altar for the LORD your God. Do not use iron tools to cut the stones. 6 Build this table for the LORD your God with stones from the field. There you must give to him your burnt-offerings on that table. 7 You can also offer friendship-offerings there. Eat them and be happy in front of the LORD your God. 8 And you must write all these rules on the stones that you
have put there. You must write the rules very clearly.’
Pronounce the bad things that will happen, from Mount Ebal.
9 Then Moses and the priests (who are Levites) said to all the Israelites, ‘Be quiet, Israelites. Listen! The LORD your God has chosen you and made you his own people. 10 Obey the LORD your God. Do whatever he commands you. I am giving you his words today.’
11 On the same day, Moses said to the people:
12 ‘After you have crossed the Jordan, these tribes must stand on Mount Gerizim. They will promise good things to the people: Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph and Benjamin. 13 And these tribes must stand on Mount Ebal to pronounce bad things that will happen: Reuben, Gad, Asher, Zebulun, Dan and Naphtali.
14 The Levites will say with a loud voice, to all Israel’s people:
15 “God will cause bad things for the man who makes any false god. The LORD hates such a thing, even if the man prays to it as a secret.” Then everyone must say, “Yes! I agree.”
16 “God will cause bad things for the man who does bad
things to his parents.” Then everyone must say, “Yes! I agree.”
17 “God will cause bad things for the man who moves the stone at the edge of his neighbour’s land.” Then everyone must say, “Yes! I agree.”
18 “A man may lead a person who cannot see, along a wrong
path. This path does not go to the place that he wants. God will cause bad
things for the cruel man who does this.” Then everyone must say, “Yes! I
19 “A man may refuse to do right things for the stranger,
the woman whose husband has died, or her children. God will cause bad things
for this man.” Then everyone must say, “Yes! I agree.”
20 “God will cause bad things for the man who has sex
with his father’s wife. It is very wrong for him to make his father’s bed
dirty.” Then everyone must say, “Yes! I agree.”
21 “God will cause bad things for the man who has sex
with any animal.” Then everyone must say, “Yes! I agree.”
22 “God will cause bad things for the man who has sex
with his sister. She may be the daughter of his father or of his mother.” Then
everyone must say, “Yes! I agree.”
23 “God will cause bad things for the man who has sex
with his wife’s mother.” Then everyone must say, “Yes! I agree.”
24 “Perhaps a man may kill his neighbour. He does this when no one is watching. God will cause bad things for this man.” Then everyone must say, “Yes! I agree.”
25 “Perhaps a man may accept money to kill another
person. This other person has done nothing wrong. God will cause bad things for
the man who accepts the money.” Then everyone must say, “Yes! I agree.”
26 “God will cause bad things for the man who does not
obey all God’s words and rules.” Then everyone must say, “Yes! I agree.”
Good things for people who obey God
1 Today, I am telling you this! You must obey the LORD your God. Be careful to obey all his rules. If you do that, he will make you very important. He will make you more important than any other nation of people in the world.
2 If you obey the LORD your God, all these good things will happen to you. And they will remain with you.
3 The LORD will give you many good things. He will be with you, both in the city and in the fields.
4 The LORD will give you many children, many cows and many sheep. He will make much food grow in your fields.
5 The LORD will give you many baskets of food from your fields. He will be with you as you make your bread. He will make you happy in your work.
6 The LORD will give you good things when you come into your homes. And he will give you good things when you leave them.
7 The LORD will beat your enemies when they attack you. They will come along one path to attack you, but they will run away in all directions.
8 The LORD will make all your work do well. He will fill your buildings with food. The LORD your God will give you many good things in the country that he is giving to you.
9 The LORD will make you his special people for all times, as he has promised. But you must obey his rules and give him pleasure. 10 So everyone in the world will see that the LORD has called you by his own name. And they will be afraid of you. 11 The LORD will give you many children, many animals and much good food. He will do this in the country that he promised to your ancestors.
12 The LORD will send a lot of rain on your country, at the right season. He stores the rain in the clouds. And, at the right season, he will cause it to fall on your land. So then all the food that you plant in your fields will grow well. You will lend to the people in many countries. But you will not need anyone to lend to you. 13 The LORD will make you the leader among the people in many countries. You must not do as they do. Be careful! Always obey the rules of the LORD your God which I give to you today. If you do that, you will always be leaders of the people in other countries. And you will never be their slaves. 14 Do not refuse any of the rules
that I give you today. Do not do wrong things. It is wrong to want other gods.
You must not have other gods or pray to them.
Bad things for those who do not obey
15 But if you do not obey the LORD your God, all these bad things will happen to you. Be careful! Obey all his rules and decrees that I give to you today. If you do not obey, this is what will happen to you:
16 Bad things will happen to you, whether you are in the
city or in the fields.
17 Bad things will happen to the food that is growing in
your fields. Even the bread that you make will not be good.
18 Bad things will happen to your children, the food that
grows in your fields, your young cows and your sheep.
19 Bad things will happen to you when you come into your
homes. And bad things will happen to you when you leave them.
20 If you do not obey the words of the LORD, he will cause bad things, troubles and difficulties for you. These will destroy you because you have done something very wrong. You have completely refused to remember the LORD and you have forgotten him. 21 The LORD will send bad illnesses to you until he has destroyed you in your country. 22 The LORD will cause you to have cruel illness. You will be very hot and have a lot of pain. He will send great heat and no rain. He will send bad things upon the food that is growing in your fields. These will destroy the food. So at last, you will die. 23 The sky above your head will be like hard metal. The
ground under your feet will be like iron. 24 There will be no rain on
your country. There will only be dry sand that is flying about in the air. It
will come down from the sky until it has destroyed you.
25 The LORD will let your enemies beat you. You will attack them from one direction, but you will run from them in many directions. You will become like a very bad sign to all the people in every country. 26
Your dead bodies will be food for all the birds and the animals. No one will
send them away. 27 The LORD will cause you to have hot, painful places on your bodies as he did to the people in Egypt. He will cause you to have many illnesses on your skin. You cannot become well from these illnesses. 28 The LORD will make you so that you cannot see. He will destroy your minds and he will make you confused. 29 You will fall as you walk at midday. You
will be like someone who cannot see. You will not do well in anything. Every
day, people will rob you and be cruel to you. No one will save you.
30 A woman may promise to marry you. But another man will
take her and have sex with her. You will build a house, but you will not live
in it. You will plant a garden, but you will never eat the fruit from it. 31 Someone will kill your cow in front of you, but you will not eat any of the meat. Someone will take away your donkey and will not send it back. Your enemies will take your sheep and no one will save them. 32 The people
from another country will take your children for slaves. You will look for them
every day, but you cannot bring them back to you. 33 Strangers will eat
the food from your fields. People will be cruel to you all the days of your
life. 34 The things that you see will destroy your minds. 35 The LORD will cause you to have painful hot places on your knees and on your legs. No one will be able to make them well again. They will soon cover the whole of your body.
36 The LORD will send you and your king away to a foreign country. Neither you nor your ancestors ever lived there. There you will pray to gods made from stone and wood. 37 The LORD will send you away to many countries. You will be like a very bad sign to all the people there. And they will not be sorry about your troubles and difficulties.
38 You will plant many seeds in your fields, but you will
not bring in much food. Hungry insects will eat it. 39 You will plant gardens for grapes and be careful of them. But you will not drink the wine or bring in the grapes. Animals that are like small snakes will eat them. 40 Olive trees will grow everywhere in your country, but you will have no oil from them. The fruit will drop off the trees.
41 You will have sons and daughters, but you will lose
them. Enemies will take them away from you and keep them. 42 Insects
will eat all your trees and the food from your fields.
43 Foreign people who live in your country will become
stronger and stronger. But you will become weaker and weaker. 44 They
will lend money to you, but you will not lend money to them. And, in the end,
they will rule over you.
45 All these bad things will happen to you. They will be like an enemy that runs after you and catches you. They will destroy you because you did not obey the LORD your God. You did not obey the rules and decrees that he gave to you. 46 The bad things that happen to you will
be a sign to you and your children for always. They will show that God is very
angry with you. 47 The LORD made all your work do well. But you were not happy or ready to work for him. 48 So now you must work for the enemies that the LORD will send against you. You will do this while you are without enough food and water, poor and without clothes. He will put cruel masters over you until he has destroyed you.
49 The LORD will bring against you people from a country that is far away. They will drop down on you like a large bird and you will not understand their language. 50 They will have cruel faces. They will
neither do good things for your old people, nor be kind to your children. 51 They will eat your young animals and the food from your fields, until they have destroyed you. They will not leave any food, wine or oil for you. They will take all your young cows and your sheep until nothing remains. 52 They
will attack all the cities in your country. You will build high walls to keep
yourselves safe. But they will fall.
53 When your enemies attack your cities, you will have no food. You will become very, very hungry. Then you will eat the children that the LORD your God has given to you. 54 Even the best and kindest man among
you will do this. He will be so hungry that he will not be sorry for any of his
family. He will not even be sorry for his own brother. He will not be sorry for
his wife that he loves. And he will not be sorry for his children. 55
He will not give to one of them any of the meat that he is eating. This meat is
the body of his child. He will not give any to his brother, or to his wife, or
to his children that remain alive. He will have nothing to eat except his
children, because your enemies will take away your food. 56 Even the
best and kindest woman, who never has to walk anywhere, will do the same thing.
57 She will become so hungry that she will eat her new baby. She will
even eat the thing that came out of her body after the baby. She will do this
as a secret thing. She will not give any of these things to her husband or to
her other children. These things will happen to you when your enemies attack
58 Be careful! Obey all these rules that I have written in this scroll. Always remember with love, the great and powerful name of the LORD your God. 59 If you do not, the LORD will cause you and your descendants to have very bad illnesses. He will make bad and cruel things happen to you. These things will stay with you always. 60 He will cause you to have
all the illnesses that made you afraid in Egypt. These illnesses will remain
with you. You will not become well again.
61 The LORD will also cause you to have many illnesses and bad troubles that you do not understand. They are not written in this scroll of the Law but they will destroy you.
62 You were once as many as the stars in the sky. But you will become only a few people because you did not obey the LORD your God. 63 Once, the LORD was happy to give you good things and many children. But then he will be happy to destroy you. He will remove you from the country that will soon become your country.
64 Then the LORD will send you away into many other countries. He will send you from one end of the world to the other. There you will pray to other gods. You will pray to gods made from wood and gods made from stone. Neither you nor your fathers have prayed to these gods before. 65 You will not be happy there. You will not find any place to rest. The LORD will cause you to have a troubled mind and nothing to hope for. You will be very sad. 66 You will be afraid all the time, both in the day and at night.
You will always be afraid of death. 67 Every morning you will say, “I
want it to be evening very soon!” And every evening you will say, “I want it to
be morning very soon!” You will be so afraid of everything that you see. 68 I told you that you would never return to Egypt. But the LORD will send you back to Egypt in ships. In Egypt, you will try to sell yourselves to your enemies, as slaves. But no one will buy you.’
God repeats his promise.
1 The LORD told Moses to make this promise to the Israelites in the country called Moab. He must join it with the promise that the LORD made to them at Mount Horeb. 2 Moses caused all the people
to come together. Then he said to them:
‘You have seen what the LORD did to the king of Egypt, to his officers and to his country. 3 You saw with your own eyes all the great
and powerful things that he did. 4 But until now the LORD has not let you understand. Your eyes do not really see and your ears do not really hear. 5 The LORD says, “I led you through this desert for 40 years. Your clothes and shoes are still fresh and good. 6 You did not eat bread or drink any alcohol. I am the LORD your God. I wanted you to know that I am your God.”
7 When we arrived here, Sihon, king of Heshbon, and Og,
king of Bashan, fought against us. But we beat them. 8 We marched into their country and we gave it to the tribes of Reuben and Gad. We also gave some of it to part of the tribe of Manasseh.
9 Be careful to obey the words of this promise. If you do
that, everything will be good for you. Everything that you do will be good.
10 You are all standing today in front of the LORD your God. Your leaders, your important men, your officers and your older men are all here. 11 Your children, your wives and the foreign people are all here.
The foreign people live with you. They cut wood and carry water for you. 12 You are standing here to agree to a promise with the LORD your God. The LORD is making this promise to you today. He is making it special by using serious and powerful words. 13 He tells you again today that you are his own people. He has promised to be your God. He made the same promise to your ancestors, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. 14 I am making this promise,
using serious and powerful words. It is not only for you. 15 You are standing here with us today, in front of the LORD our God. But I make the promise also to those people who are not here today.
16 You know how we lived in Egypt. You remember how we
travelled through other countries on the way here. 17 You saw their gods, which the LORD hates. They made them from wood, stone, silver and gold. 18 Be very careful that no one forgets the LORD our God. Do not let any man, woman or family or tribe pray to the false gods of these countries. This would become like a root of poison among you.
19 Everyone who hears these serious words must obey them.
He must not say to himself, “I will be safe, whatever happens. I will do
whatever I want!” If you say that, very bad things will destroy you and your
fields. This will happen to both good and bad people. 20 The LORD will never forgive such a person. He will be angry and as powerful as a burning fire. The LORD will send on him all the bad things that I have written in this scroll. The LORD will destroy him completely. 21 The LORD will make him a very bad sign to all the Israelites. This scroll of the Law tells about many troubles and bad things. The LORD will cause these things to happen to that man.
22 In future days, your children and your grandchildren will see your troubles. Foreign people also will see your many illnesses and troubles. And they will know that the LORD has done this. 23 The whole country will become a desert of salt and bad dirt. No one will plant seed, because nothing will grow there. Your country will be the same as the cities called Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim. The LORD destroyed these cities when he was very, very angry. 24 All the people in the country will ask, “Why has the LORD destroyed this country? Why is he so very angry?”
25 And the answer will be: “Because these people stopped obeying their promise to the LORD, the God of their fathers. He made a promise to them when he brought them out of Egypt. 26 They went away and prayed
to other gods. They obeyed these strange gods that he had not given to them. 27 So the LORD was angry with the people in this country. The scroll of the Law tells about many troubles and bad things. The LORD caused these things to happen to his people and to their country. 28 The LORD was so angry that he removed them from their country. He would not let them remain there. He made them to go into a foreign country and they are there today.”
29 Some secret things belong only to the LORD our God. He does not tell us about those things. But he has told us about many other things. These things belong to us and to our children for all time, so that we will obey all his rules.’
Good things will happen again when Israel’s people come back to the LORD.
1 ‘I have told you to choose between good things and bad
things. When they happen to you, you will remember my words. When God has
caused you to go out of your country, you will remember my words. When you have
to live among people in other countries, you will remember my words. 2 Then you and your children will come back to the LORD. You will love and obey him completely, in your work and in your thoughts. You must obey all his commands that I am giving to you today. 3 If you do that, the LORD your God will cause good things to happen to you again. He will be sorry for you. He will bring you back from the countries where he sent you away. 4
Perhaps he may have sent you to countries that are very far away. Even from
there, he will cause you to come together and he will bring you back. 5
He will bring you to your fathers’ country and it will be yours. He will do
greater things for you than he did for your fathers. He will make you more in
number than your fathers. 6 The LORD your God will make you and your children like different people. Then you will love him completely and you will live. 7 Then the LORD your God will make all these bad things happen to your enemies. They hate you and do cruel things to you. 8 You will obey the LORD again and you will obey all his rules. These are the rules that I give to you today. 9 If you do that, the LORD your God will cause all your work to do very well. He will give you many children, many animals and enough food in your fields for everyone. The LORD will make good things happen to you. You will give him much pleasure, in the same way as your fathers gave him pleasure. 10 This will happen if you obey all the rules and decrees of the LORD your God. I have written them in this scroll. You must obey the LORD your God completely, in your work and in your thoughts.
God offers life or death.
11 The thing that I am commanding you today is not too difficult for you. 12 It is not in God’s home. So you do not have to
ask, “Who will go up to God’s home and bring it down to us? Then we can
understand his words and obey them.” 13 Nor is it across the sea. So
you do not have to ask, “Who will cross the sea to fetch it? Then we can
understand his words and obey them.” 14 No! God’s word is very near to
you. It is in your mouth and in your mind, so that you can obey it.
15 Look! I offer you today, life and good things, or
death and very bad things. You must choose which you will have. 16 I say this because I am commanding you today to love the LORD your God. Live in a way that will give him pleasure. If you obey all his rules, you will live. And you will have many children. Then the LORD your God will make good things happen to you, in your country. This is the country that you are going into.
17 But you may think about other things and refuse to
listen. If you do that, people will lead you to other gods. You will obey them
and pray to them. 18 If you do that, God will certainly destroy you. I
am saying that to you today. You will not live for many years in your country
that is across the River Jordan.
19 Today, I want the sky and the earth to hear my words.
I am shouting them aloud. For I have offered you, life or death, good things or
bad things. Choose life! If you do that, you and your children will live. 20 Then you will love the LORD your God. You will listen to his voice and you will stay very near to him. You will do this because the LORD is the most important person in your life. He will let you live for many years. You will live in the country that he promised to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.’
Joshua will become the new leader.
1 Then Moses went out and he spoke to all the Israelites. He said: 2 ‘I am now 120 years old and I cannot continue to lead you. The LORD has told me that I will not cross the River Jordan. 3 The LORD your God himself will cross the river in front of you. He will kill the people in these countries in front of you and you will march into their countries. Joshua also will cross the river before you, as the LORD has said. 4 The LORD will do to these people what he did to Sihon and to Og. They were kings of the Amorites, but the LORD killed them. And he destroyed their country. 5 The LORD will deliver them to you. Then you must do to them everything that I have told you. 6 Be strong and be brave! Do not be afraid of them, because the LORD your God goes with you. He will never leave you nor forget you.’
7 Then Moses fetched Joshua. He spoke to him in front of all the people and he said, ‘You must go with these people into their country. So be strong and be brave. The LORD promised their ancestors that he would give the country to them. You must give to each tribe its own part of the country. It will belong to them always. 8 The LORD himself goes in front of you and he will be with you. He will never leave you nor forget you. Do not be afraid that you will fail.’
The leaders of Israel must read the rules to the people.
9 So Moses wrote these rules in a scroll. He gave it to the leaders of Israel and to the priests, the sons of Levi. The Levites carried the Ark of the LORD’s promise. 10 Then Moses said to them, ‘You must read this scroll to all Israel’s people. Read it every 7 years at the party of tents, in the year when you forget about your debts. 11 Everybody will come together to stand in front of the LORD your God. He will choose the place for them. 12 Bring all the men, women and children together. And remember also to bring the foreign people who live in your towns. Then they can listen. They can learn to obey the LORD your God. Then they will be careful to obey all these rules. 13 Their children do not know these rules, so they must hear them. If you do that, they will learn to obey the LORD your God. They must do this for as long as they live in your country, across the Jordan.’
God tells Moses what will happen to the Israelites.
14 The LORD said to Moses, ‘You will soon die. Fetch Joshua and bring him to the tent where I meet with you. I will give my authority to him there.’ So Moses and Joshua went to the tent where God met with them.
15 Then the LORD came down in a large cloud. The cloud stopped at the door of the tent where God met with them. 16 And the LORD said to Moses, ‘You will soon die. After you die, the people will soon stop obeying me. They will pray to the foreign gods of the country to which they are going. They will forget me. They will not keep the promise that we made together. 17 On that day, I will become angry with them. I will go away
from them. I will not stay with them, but I will destroy them. Many troubles
and difficulties will happen to them. Then they will say, “These troubles and
difficulties have happened to us because our God is not with us.” 18
And I will certainly refuse to help them on that day. This is because they have
done a very bad thing. They have obeyed other gods and prayed to them.
19 Now write this song and teach the Israelites to sing it. So they will remember how often they did bad things against me. 20 I will take them into this country, which is full of good food and drink. I promised their ancestors that I would do this. There they will have all the food that they want. They will have good health and live a comfortable life. But then they will forget me and worship other gods. They will refuse to obey me. They will not keep the promise that we made together. 21 Many
troubles and difficulties will happen to them. Then this song will cause them to
remember. They will remember the bad things that they have done. Their children
will not forget it. Even now, I know what they are thinking. I know it, even
before I take them into their country. This is the country that I promised to
them, with serious words.’ 22 So Moses wrote this song on that day. Then he taught it to the Israelites.
23 Then the LORD said to Joshua, the son of Nun, ‘Be strong and be brave! You will lead the Israelites into the country that I have promised to them. And I myself will stay with you. I will not leave you.’
24 So Moses finished writing the whole Law in a scroll. 25 Then he said to the Levites, who carried the Ark of the LORD’s covenant: 26 ‘Take this scroll of the Law. Put it next to the Ark of the LORD your God’s promise. There it will remain, so that you will remember. You will remember the bad things that you have done. 27 I know that you like bad things very much. You do not want to obey God’s rules. You enjoy doing wrong things. You have been like this, against the LORD, during my life. You will do even worse things after I die! 28 Bring to me all the leaders of your tribes and all your officers. I want to speak to them. And I want the sky and the earth to hear my words. I am shouting them aloud. 29 I know that you will become completely bad after my death. You will refuse the good commands that I have given to you. In future days, you will have great troubles. This is because you will do bad things against the LORD. You will make him angry because of the bad things that you have made with your hands.’
30 Then Moses spoke the words of this song, from the
beginning to the end. And all Israel’s people listened to him.
1 ‘Sky and earth, hear my words! Listen to me!
2 When I teach people, it will be like the rain when it
My words will do good things to them, like water does to the
They will be like rain on young plants and on new grass.
3 I will pronounce the name of the LORD.
Oh, tell everyone how great and important our God is!
4 He is The Rock that is strong. It does not move away.
His work is completely good. All the things that he does are
He is a God who keeps his promises. He never does anything that
He does what is fair and good.
5 But you have done wrong things. You cannot continue to
be his people.
You are neither fair nor good. You enjoy doing bad things.
6 This is not the right way to live. The LORD has been very good to you. Do not do these things that make him angry and sad.
You are fools and not people who understand.
He is your Father and he made you. He himself made you from his
7 Remember the days that are past.
Think of all the people who have died. Ask your father and he
will tell you.
Ask the old men. They will explain what happened.
8 The powerful God, who is very important, gave their own place to the people in each country. He decided where the edges of each country should be. And when he was doing that, he was thinking about the number of the descendants of Israel.
9 But the LORD’s people are his own people.
He chose the descendants of Jacob to be his special people.
10 The LORD found them in an empty desert where the wind was blowing.
He was careful about them and he loved them.
He did not let anyone hurt them, because they were so valuable to
11 He was like a large bird. A bird teaches its young
birds to fly.
The large bird flies below them and catches them.
It carries them on its back. They do not fall.
The LORD also was very careful about the Israelites and they were safe.
12 The LORD alone led his people. No foreign god gave the Israelites any help.
13 The LORD made them ride over the high places in the country.
He fed them with fruit that grows in the fields. He gave to them honey out of the rock.
He gave to them oil from a place that was full of stones.
14 Their cows and their sheep gave plenty of milk.
The people ate the best meat that they found in Bashan.
They ate the very best bread and they drank fresh wine.
15 Then the Israelites became lazy. They refused to obey.
They were full of food. But they did not want to obey the God who
They refused to obey God, their Rock.
But he is the God who saved them.
16 They made the LORD angry with their foreign gods.
They made their own gods, which he hated.
17 They obeyed very bad gods and prayed to them.
These are not God. These are new gods, which they had not known.
Even your father was not afraid of them.
18 You refused to obey God, your Rock and your Father.
You forgot the God who caused you to be born.
19 When the LORD saw this, he was angry.
He looked away from his sons and daughters and he said,
20 “I will not continue to be with them. Then I will see
what happens to them in the end.
They are children who do not obey me. They refuse to give me
21 They made me angry with their false gods. These gods
have no value.
So I will make them angry because of those who are not a nation.
I will make them angry, by a nation that does not understand.
22 My anger will be so great that it will seem like a hot fire.
You will meet with it everywhere that you go. You will meet with
it in everything that you do.
Even on the day when you die, you will meet with it.
Even the great things that I have made will know the heat of my anger.
23 I will cause them to have many kinds of trouble. I
will attack them.
24 They will become very thin because they have no food.
They will have many cruel illnesses.
Wild animals will attack them. Snakes will bite them and they
25 War will cause people to die in the streets. War will
kill their children.
Even in their homes, they will be afraid.
Young men and young women will die. Babies and old men will also
26 I would have caused them to go out of their country
completely. So nobody would remember them.
27 But that would give their enemies pleasure. They would
They would say, ‘We have destroyed these people! The LORD has not done it!’ ”
28 Israel’s people do not understand anything. They are all fools.
29 If they were wise, they would understand.
They would know what will happen to them in the end.
30 One man runs after 1000 men!
Two men make 10 000 men run away!
This could only happen if God, their strong Rock, had made them
This could only happen if the LORD refused to help them.
31 Our enemies know that their own gods are weak.
They are not like the God of Israel.
32 Our enemies are bad and cruel, like the people of
Sodom and Gomorrah.
They are like grapes full of poison. They are angry all the time.
33 They make their wine from the poison of snakes.
34 I, the LORD, remember what their enemies have done.
35 I have authority over them. And I will make bad things happen to them because of what they have done. I will punish them.
The time will come when they will fall in front of their enemies.
It will soon be the day for their trouble. My plans will happen
36 The LORD will judge his people. He will be very kind to his servants.
He will save them when he sees them, weak and without help.
37 Then the LORD will say to them, “Think about the strong gods that you believed in.
38 You fed them with the best part of your gifts of food. You gave them good wine to drink. Let them help you now! Let them save you from your troubles!
39 Remember this: I, and I alone, am God. Other gods are
I kill and I give life. I have hurt you, but I can make you well
Nobody can stop what I am doing.
40 I am the God who lives for all time.
I raise my hand to heaven, which is my home. And I promise
41 to make my big knife sharp. I will use it to punish my enemies.
I will judge them. And I will make bad things happen to them again.
I will do this to everybody who hates me.
42 Their blood will drop from my arrows. My big knife will kill everyone who is against me.
This will be the blood of the dead people and of the slaves and
of the enemy’s leaders.”
43 All you people in every country, be happy with God’s
He will punish those who kill his servants. He will punish all his enemies.
But he will pay the price himself for all the bad things that his
people have done.’
44 Moses came with Joshua, the son of Nun, and he spoke all the words of this song. And all the Israelites listened to them. 45
When Moses had finished speaking these words, 46 he said to all the people, ‘Remember every word that I have said to you today. You must repeat them to your children. Tell them that they must obey all the words of this Law. 47 These words are not silly words. They are the most important
things in your life. If you obey them, you will live for many years in the
country across the Jordan. It will be your own country.’
Moses will die on Mount Nebo.
48 On the same day, the LORD said to Moses: 49 ‘Go to the Abarim mountains in the country called Moab and climb Mount Nebo. It is across from the city of Jericho. Look down at the country called Canaan. I am giving this country to Israel’s people. It will be their country. 50 You will die on that mountain and join your ancestors. You will die like Aaron your brother. He died on Mount Hor and joined his ancestors. 51 This is because both of you failed to obey me in front of the Israelites. This happened at the waters of Meribah Kadesh, in the desert of Zin. You did not make my special word important among the Israelites. 52 So you will only see the country from far away. You cannot go into the country that I am giving to the Israelites.’
The last words of Moses to the tribes of Israel
1 Before his death, Moses, the man who knew God so well, spoke these good words to all the Israelites. 2 And he said:
‘The LORD came from Mount Sinai. He shone like the sun over Edom.
He shone on his people from Mount Paran.
Thousands (1000s) of angels came with him, from the south, from the mountains.
In his right hand, there was a burning Law for them.
3 LORD, you love your people. You are careful about all those holy people who belong to you.
We pray to you. We worship you and we obey your words.
4 We obey your rules, which Moses gave to us.
They are the special gift that you gave to all the descendants of Jacob.
5 You became our king when the leaders of the people and all the tribes came together.
6 Cause the tribe of Reuben live for all time. And do not cause them to be only a few men.’
7 And Moses said about the tribe of Judah:
‘LORD, listen to Judah when they ask for help. Bring them back to their own people.
They fight for themselves.
LORD, help them against their enemies.’
8 About the tribe of Levi he said:
‘Your Urim and Thummim belong to your true servants, the Levites.
You checked them at Massah and you argued with them at the waters
9 Levi loved and obeyed you more than his parents, more
than his brothers or his children.
He studied your words and your promise was very special to him.
10 The Levites teach your rules to Israel’s people and your decrees to the sons of Jacob.
They offer powder that has a sweet smell to you, on your altar. And they put burnt-offerings on your altar.
11 LORD, make good things happen to them in everything that they do.
Make all their work give you pleasure.
Destroy all their enemies completely.’
12 About the tribe of Benjamin he said:
‘The LORD loves this tribe. They will rest and be safe, near to him.
The LORD keeps them safe every day. He lives among them.’
13 About the tribe of Joseph he said:
‘LORD, send good things to their country.
Send rain from the sky above,
and water from under the earth.
14 Make good fruit grow in their fields,
the best fruit of each season.
15 Send them good gifts from the mountains and the hills
that are so old.
Make the hills full of good fruit.
16 Fill their country with everything that is good.
Make them very happy with the love of the LORD,
the God who lived in the burning bush.
Send all these good things to the tribe of Joseph,
the man who was special among his brothers.
17 Joseph is as strong as a bull. He has horns like a wild bull.
All the strong men from Ephraim and Manasseh are his horns!
With them, he attacks the people of other countries.
He pushes them to the edges of the world.’
18 About the tribe of Zebulun he said:
‘Be happy, Zebulun, as you go out of your home.
Be happy, Issachar, in your home.
19 They ask foreign people to come to their mountain.
Then these people will offer the right gifts there.
They eat good things from the sea. They find special things in
20 About the tribe of Gad he said:
‘Happy is the man who makes Gad’s land wider!
Gad lives there like a lion. He fights anyone who comes into his country.
21 He took the best part of the country for himself.
Moses gave to Gad’s tribe the part that belongs to a leader.
When Israel’s people came together, the tribe of Gad did good things.
They did what the LORD wanted. They judged in Israel in the way that he commanded.’
22 About the tribe of Dan he said:
‘The tribe of Dan are like young lions. They jump out from Bashan and surprise their enemies.’
23 About the tribe of Naphtali he said:
‘The LORD has been very kind to the tribe of Naphtali.
They are full of the good things that the LORD has given to them.
They will have all the land, as far as to the south of Lake
24 About the tribe of Asher he said:
‘The LORD has given more good things to the tribe of Asher than to all the tribes.
Their brothers will say that they are very important.
They will be rich enough to bathe their feet in oil.
25 They will make the gates of their towns from iron and
They will always be strong.
26 Israelites, there is no god like your God.
He rides across the sky to help you.
He travels to you on the clouds, with great authority.
27 He is the God who has always been alive. He is the
safe place where you can hide.
And his strong arms are always under you, to hold you.
He will send away your enemies in front of you.
He says to you, “Destroy them!”
28 So Israel’s people will live alone safely. Their fountain of water is safe in a country that has corn and fresh wine. There, dew drops from the sky.
29 Israelites, how happy you are! There is no other nation like you.
The LORD himself has saved you from Egypt and from all your enemies.
He is like a strong wall in front of you. He is like a big, sharp
knife against your enemies.
He helps you.
Your enemies will be very afraid of you. And you will destroy the
special places where they pray to their gods.’
The death of Moses
1 Then Moses climbed Mount Nebo. He went from the valley of Moab to the top of Mount Pisgah, across from the River Jordan. There, the LORD showed him the whole country, from Gilead to Dan. 2 He saw all the
places that would belong to Naphtali, Ephraim, Manasseh and Judah. He saw all
the land, as far as the Mediterranean Sea. 3 He saw the south part of
Judah. He saw the valley from Zoar to Jericho. Jericho is the city of tall
trees. 4 Then the LORD said to Moses, ‘This is the country that I promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. I told them that I would give it to their descendants. I have let you see it. But you will not cross over into it.’
5 And Moses, the servant of the LORD, died there in Moab. This happened as the LORD had said. 6 And the LORD buried him in a valley in Moab. This is near the town called Beth-Peor. But even today, no one knows the place where God buried him. 7 Moses was 120 years old
when he died. But he could still see well and his body was still strong. 8 Then the Israelites wept for Moses for 30 days, in the valley of Moab. They wept until the time for them to weep and be sad was finished.
9 Then God filled Joshua, the son of Nun, with his own wise Spirit. Moses had already given his place as leader, to Joshua. So the Israelites listened to Joshua and they obeyed the LORD.
10 There has never been another prophet in Israel like Moses. The LORD spoke to him, face to face. 11 The LORD sent him to do strange and powerful things with great authority. He did these things in Egypt, to Pharaoh, to all his officers and to his whole country. 12 No other man has shown such powerful authority or done such great things. And Moses did these things in front of all the Israelites.
- special table for people to burn animals or other
gifts to God.
- one of the groups of people who lived in
- a group of people who lived near Canaan.
- ancestors are people years ago that your
parents came from.
- angels live with God; they work for him and they
bring messages from him.
- what you feel when you are angry.
- a special box that Moses made from wood and covered
with gold. God told Moses to make it.
- a pointed stick that you shoot with a bow.
- a group of people who lived near Canaan.
- a male cow.
- an animal that the priests killed and burned; that is how they gave them to God.
- people who lived in Canaan.
- a kind of car that soldiers use to fight.
Horses pull it.
- an important rule that a person must obey; to tell
people that they must do something.
- a plant or its seeds; People make flour from the
- This meant that the Israelites were special to God as his people. And the LORD was special to them as their God. He gave to them rules about things that they should do. And he also gave to them rules about things that they should not do. If they obeyed those rules, he would cause them to do well. If they did not obey them, the LORD would punish them.
- to move slowly on the legs.
- a rule that an important person makes.
- an animal that is like a small cow but you do not
drink its milk.
- a child, grandchild, their grandchild and so
- a place where not many people live, because it is
- water in the air that becomes water on the ground at
- make into more than one part.
- an animal like a small horse. It carries things
- things on a fish; they use them to swim.
- when someone stops being angry with another
person who has done bad things.
- a gift of food to God to thank him;
a gift of food to show that you love God; you also gave some of the food to
- the time between when a man is born and his
child is born.
- one of the groups of people who lived in
- a small, sweet fruit that people use to make a
drink that has alcohol in it.
- the place where God lives and rules; but
sometimes this word means the sky.
- one of the groups of people who lived in
- one of the groups of people who lived in Canaan.
- all good with nothing bad in it; or something that
is special for God to use.
- a special sugar that insects called bees make.
- a group of people who lived near Canaan.
- a long, hard bone that grows on the head of some
- humble people do not think that they are great.
- God gave to Jacob the name of Israel; Israel is
all the people born from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their children; Israel is
the group of people that God chose.
- any person who belonged to Israel.
- one of the groups of people who lived in
- to decide whether something is good or bad, right
or wrong; someone who decides between good and bad, right and wrong.
- the special rules that God gave to Moses for the Israelites.
- a very bad illness of the skin and bones.
- anyone who belongs to the tribe of Levi.
- a wild animal like a very big cat. It can kill a
- a special name for God in the Bible.
- special bread from heaven; it fell like rain.
- a short word for mountain; small mountain.
- a group of people who live together in the same
- a person who lives near to you.
- a tree with small fruits (or the fruits
themselves) that people used to make oil. They burned the oil to give them
light. They used it in other ways too.
- a special party to remember the night that God brought the Israelites out of Egypt.
- a time of rest with no war or fights or quarrels;
when people do not argue.
- one of the groups of people who lived in
- a thing that was like a promise to pay a debt.
- a special servant of God. He gave gifts and he burned animals to God for the people. He always belonged to the tribe of Levi.
- a person who speaks on behalf of God. He can
sometimes tell people about future events; someone who says what God thinks; or
someone who says what God will do. But some prophets spoke messages that were
not really from God.
- proud people think that they are great.
- to hurt someone for the wrong things that they
- a person who refuses to obey; to rebel is to
become a rebel.
- a descendant of your grandparents or of their parents.
- a group of people who lived near Canaan.
- the part of a plant that is under the ground; it
gets food for the plant from the ground.
- 7th day of the week. A day to rest and to do no
- the name of God’s great enemy; he rules over all
- a long piece of paper or skin of an animal.
People wrote on it, like paper.
- 1 kilo is about 90 shekels; 1 pound weight is
about 40 shekels.
- a white metal that shines and is very valuable.
- it means that people have not obeyed God’s
- something that people do against God; we are
sinful when we do not obey God’s rules.
- the part of a person that is alive. We cannot see
- the Spirit of God, who comes to live in the
bodies of people who love God.
- to make water come out of your mouth very quickly.
- small thin pieces of material that someone has
tied together; they usually fix it to the edge of their clothes.
- a home that people make from animal skins; or
sometimes they made it from parts of trees. People can move it easily.
- a group of people that have one language and belong together; a large group of people who are descendants of one man. The first Israelites were the 12 sons of Jacob. The descendants of each son became a tribe.
- Urim and Thummim
- special things by which God answered
- a drink that people make from grapes.
- birds and some insects use wings to fly.
- to know what is good and right, and to do it.
- to give thanks to God; to show God that you love
him very much; to tell God that he is very great and that you love him. But
some people worship false gods.
- people put it with flour and water to make bread.
As it grows, it causes the bread to become bigger.
Cruden’s Complete Concordance
New and Concise Bible Dictionary ~ G. Morrish
J. Vernon McGee ~ Deuteronomy ~ ‘Thru the Bible’ Radio Network.
Bible versions ~ J. N. Darby, New King James, The Living Bible,
The translated Bible text has been through Advanced Checking.