The Sad People

An EasyEnglish Bible Version with Notes (1200 word vocabulary) on Isaiah chapters 28-33

The translated Bible text has yet to go through Advanced Checking.

A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them.

Isaiah wrote his book in the Hebrew language. Words in brackets, ( … ), are not in the Hebrew Bible.


Chapter 28

A sad song about *Ephraim

v1 (There will be a) very sad (day in) *Ephraim! The leaders (of Ephraim) are very *proud, (but they) are drunks. (Ephraim is like) a beautiful flower, but it will die. It will not always be beautiful. (Ephraim) is at the top of a valley where there are good plants. But *wine causes (its people) to fall over.

v2 Look! The *Lord has (somebody who is) powerful and strong. He is like a storm of ice (from the skies) and (he is like) a wind that destroys (things). (He is) like a storm of rain with a great amount of water. He will throw (Ephraim) to the ground with (his) hands!

We think that ‘somebody’ and ‘he’ in this verse means the country called Assyria or its army.

v3 (His) feet will walk on the *proud leaders. These (leaders) are the drunks of Ephraim.

v4 And (Ephraim) will be like a (fruit called a) *fig. It is ready to eat when they pick it. When someone sees it, he will pick it. And he will eat it! (This Ephraim is like) a beautiful flower. But it will die, and it will not be beautiful. It is at the top of a valley. Good plants are there.

v5 In that day the *LORD of Everything will be a *wonderful leader. And (he will be) a beautiful ruler for his people that remain (in their country).

v6 (The *LORD) will help people to decide what is right. He will make the people strong who *guard their city.

v7 But *wine also causes most (people in Jerusalem) to fall down. And beer makes them into drunks. Beer causes *priest and *prophet to fall over. And wine confuses (their minds). Beer causes them to fall over. And when they see *visions they cannot understand them. They become silly when they decide what to do.

v8 They are sick over all their tables. And there is nowhere that is not dirty.

v9 (They say,) ‘He is teaching what he knows (to us)! He is explaining his message (to us)! (He thinks that we are babies!) (And he thinks that) we have just stopped drinking milk! (He thinks that) we have just come from (our mother’s) breast!

v10 (It sounds like,) “*Tsaw latsaw tsaw latsaw; qaw laqaw qaw laqaw; zeir sham, zeir sham.” ’

v11 So, with foreign lips and a strange language (God) spoke to this people.

v12 He said to (this people), ‘This (is your) place to rest. Let the tired (people) rest.’ And (he said), ‘This (is your) place to be quiet in.’ But they would not listen.

v13 So then, the *LORD’s message will sound to them like, ‘*Tsaw latsaw tsaw latsaw, qaw laqaw qaw laqaw, zeir sham, zeir sham.’ So they will go, but they will fall over. (An enemy) will hurt them, and he will catch them in a *trap.

v14 So, listen to the *LORD’s message. (Hear it), you people that laugh in a bad way (at me). And (obey it), you rulers of this people in Jerusalem.

v15 What you are really saying (is this). ‘We have made a *covenant with death and we have agreed with *Sheol. When the waters rise, they cannot touch us. (This is) because we believe in *lies. And what is not true will keep us safe.’

v16 So the *Lord, (who is) *LORD, says, ‘Look! It is I who has put a stone in *Zion. (People now know) that this is a good stone. (It is) a valuable stone, because (it makes) the corners (of buildings). (It is) a strong stone to build on. The person that believes (in the LORD) will never be sorry.

v17 If you do what is right and fair, I may be able to help you. (But if not), the rain of ice will carry away the *lies that you believe. And water will pour into your safe place.

v18 (I will) stop your *covenant with death. What you agree with *Sheol will not continue. When the water rises, it will pour over (you). (It will drown) you.

v19 Every time that it comes to you, it will carry you away. Certainly, every morning, any day and any night, it might pour over you. And, if you understand the message, then you will be very much afraid.’

v20 (You know what people say.) ‘The bed is so short that you cannot lie in it. The blanket is so narrow that you cannot put it round yourself.’

v21 But the *LORD will do something, like he did at *Mount Perazim. He will be very angry, as he was in the Valley of Gibeon. He will do something that is very strange. He will do something that is not usual.

v22 So, do not laugh in a bad way (at me). (If you do), your *chains will be even heavier. The *Lord, the *LORD of Everything, told me that (he has) decided to destroy all the land.

v23 Listen and hear my voice! Listen (to me). And hear what I am saying!

v24 When the farmer ploughs to plant (seeds), he does not plough every day. He does not always break his ground into small pieces.

v25 When he has made the ground flat, he plants *carraway and *cummin. He plants all the different *grain seeds in their own places (in his field).

v26 His God teaches him and (his God) tells him the right (thing) to do.

v27 (Farmers) do not remove *carraway (seeds) with a special machine. Nor do they get *cummin seeds like this. They hit carraway (seeds) and cummin (seeds) with a stick.

v28 (But they do use) a special machine to get (*grain) to make bread. But they do not do it for too long. (The farmer) does not drive the *wheels of the special machine over (the grain). And his horses do not walk on it.

v29 The *LORD of Everything causes them to know all this. What he tells them to do is *wonderful. And his *wisdom is great.

Chapter 29

A sad song about *Ariel

v1 (There will be a) very sad (day in) *Ariel. Ariel (is) the city that David attacked. Continue to have your usual *feasts every year.

v2 But I will bring trouble to *Ariel. And (Ariel) will not be happy. It will be very sad. And (Ariel) will be my ariel, (my fire place).

v3 And I will do (these things): (My army will) attack you. (They will be) in a circle round you. (I will) put an army against you on every side. (I will) build things against you to attack you.

v4 Then you will become *humble and you will speak from the ground. And, from low in the dirt, what you say will be difficult to hear. And your voice will come from the ground like (the voice of) the *spirit of a dead person. And from the dirt, you will speak very quietly.

v5 But your enemies will become like many small bits of dirt. And the crowds of cruel (soldiers) will be like dead bits of a plant in the wind. (This is) because, in a moment,

v6 the *LORD of Everything will visit you! (It will be like) *thunder, or when the ground moves. (It will be like) a very loud noise. (It will be like) a very strong wind and a great storm. And (it will be like) a fire that burns up everything.

v7 This will happen to all the many countries that attack *Ariel. (It will happen to) everyone that fights against it and its strongest building. (It will happen to) all (the soldiers) that are in a circle round it. They will be like a dream that people see in the night!

v8 It will be like a hungry man who dreams. (He dreams) that he is eating (something). But, look! He wakes up hungry! Or it will be like a *thirsty man. He dreams that he is drinking. But, look! He wakes up and look! He is still weak because he is still thirsty! This will happen to the many (soldiers) from all the countries that fight against the hill called Zion.

v9 (This will) hit you (so that you become) like fools. And you will not believe it! You will become *blind, so that you cannot see anything! You will become drunks, but not from *wine! You will fall over, but not (because you have drunk) beer!

v10 (But it is) because the *LORD has caused you to go into a *deep sleep. He has shut the eyes of your *prophets and he has covered the heads of your *seers.

v11 And all this *vision is for you. (It is) the words in a closed book. Give the book to someone that can read. And say (to them), ‘Read this, please.’ But he will answer, ‘I cannot (read it, because) someone shut it.’ v12 Or, give the book to someone that cannot read. Say, ‘Read it, please.’ But he will answer, ‘I do not know how to read.’

v13 The *Lord says, ‘These people pray to me with their mouths. And their lips say that I am important. But their hearts are far from me. And to *worship me they use rules that men have made.’

‘Their hearts are far from me’ means ‘they are not really thinking about me’.

v14 ‘So look! I will surprise these people again. (I will) surprise (them) again and again! (Some) people are able to use what they know rightly. But they will not be able to. The people with good minds will not be able to use them.’

v15 (There will be a) very sad (day) for those people who (do these things):

·           They really try to hide from the *LORD what they tell (to the king).

·           They work in dark places (where nobody can see them).

·           And they say, ‘Nobody knows us.’

·           (And they say,) ‘Nobody sees us.’

v16 You turn things the wrong way up! You confuse the person who makes pots with the *clay! The thing that somebody made cannot say to its maker, ‘You did not make me!’ The pot cannot say to the person who makes pots, ‘You do not know anything!’

v17 In a very short time, (the country called) Lebanon will become a garden of fruit trees. And Carmel will be like a forest.

v18 At that time, people who were not able to hear will hear someone read words from a book. And people who were not able to see will see. And they will not remain in shadows and in the dark.

v19 And the *LORD will make *humble people happy again. And the poor people will sing songs to the *Holy (God) of Israel, because they are so happy.

v20 (This is) because cruel people will go. People that laugh in a bad way (at God) will not appear anywhere. And (the *LORD) will kill everybody that is preparing to do bad things.

v21 These (bad) people (do these things):

·           They say that a man has done something wrong with (only) a word.

·           They set a *trap for the *judge at the city gate.

·           And they do not let a man who has done nothing wrong get a fair result.

v22 So this is what the *LORD says to the *house of Jacob. (He is the LORD) who saved Abraham. ‘Jacob will not be ashamed again. And his face will never lose colour (because he is afraid).

v23 They will see their children, which my hands made, among them. Then they will keep my name *holy. They will *praise the Holy (God) of Jacob and they will show great love for the God of Israel.

v24 Also, people whose minds are confused will understand (things). (Some) people always say that something is wrong. Then, they will be happy to learn (things).’

Chapter 30

A sad song for those who want to join with Egypt

v1 ‘(It is) a very sad (day) for children who do not obey (their father)’, says the *LORD. ‘They have decided what to do, but they did not ask me (about it). They have decided to agree (with Egypt), but without my Spirit’s (help). They have done more and more *sins as a result.

v2 They hurry to go down to Egypt. But they do not ask me what to do. They ask for Pharaoh’s help to make them safe. And they look for the shadow of Egypt to cover them.

v3 But Pharaoh’s help will make you ashamed. And you will not receive help in Egypt’s shadow.

v4 Their leaders have arrived in Zoan and their people with authority have gone to Hanes.

Zoan and Hanes are two places in Egypt.

v5 Everyone will be ashamed because the people (in Egypt) will not be able to help them. They will not bring any help to you. (They will) not really (bring to you) any help. (They will) only (make you) very much more ashamed.’

v6 (These are) sad (words) about the animals (that go through) the *Negev. It is a place where there is trouble and danger. (These wild animals live) there:

·           *lionesses and *lions that *roar

·           snakes and dangerous snakes that fly.

(Here the leaders of Judah) carry their valuable things on the backs of horses. And they carry their very valuable things on the backs of other animals. They do this on behalf of people that cannot help them!

v7 Egypt has no value. They will not send any help. So, I call (Egypt) ‘Rahab’ or ‘She shouts while she does not move’.

v8 Now go! Write it down on a piece of stone for them. Also, write it in a book. Then, in future days, it will always be there to read.

v9 These (people) are people that do not obey (the *LORD). They are his children and they disappoint (him). They are children that do not want to listen to the LORD’s words.

v10 They say to the *seers, ‘Do not see anything!’ And (they say) to the *prophets, ‘Do not tell us what is the right (thing to do). Tell us nice things. Say what is not true!

v11 Leave this path. Get off this road. Do not hold the *Holy (God) of Israel in front of us.’

v12 So, this is what the *Holy (God) of Israel says. You have not listened when my word told you about the danger. And you thought that it was right to be cruel to people. And you have believed in *lies.

v13 So this will happen. This *sin will be for you like a high wall that is not safe. It will bend over, and in a moment, it will fall down.

v14 He (the *LORD) will break it into pieces as (easily as someone breaks) a piece of pot. He will destroy it, and he will not feel kind about it. There will not be a (big) piece (of pot) among the bits. It cannot lift a stick that is burning from a fire. It cannot bring water from a pool.

v15 Now this is what the *Lord said, the *LORD (who is) the *Holy (God) of Israel: ‘You will be safe if you return (from Egypt) and rest. Be quiet and believe (in God). Then you will be strong. But you would not (listen).’

v16 But you said, ‘No! We will run away on horses.’ So you will run away. (You said) ‘We will ride away very quickly.’ So the people that run after you will move quickly.

v17 A thousand (1000) (of you will run away) from only one enemy. You will (all) run away from 5 of them! They will leave you like a sign on the top of the mountain, or like a *flag on a hill.

God is kind and fair

v18 So the *LORD will wait (before) he is kind to you. So, also, (one day) he will start to show you his great love (for you). (It is) because the LORD is a fair God. He will make everyone that waits for him very happy.

v19 Yes! You people of *Zion that live in Jerusalem, you will not weep again. (The *LORD) will be very kind to you when you shout for help. When he hears you, he will answer you. v20 (In the past) the *Lord has given you trouble as your bread and he has given you pain as your water. But then your Teacher will not hide himself from you. You will see him with your own eyes. v21 And your ears will hear a word near you, but behind you. When you turn to the right or to the left it will say, ‘This is the way. Walk in it.’ v22 And you will not use your *idols. You cut them from wood with a knife. Then you covered them with *silver. You will not use your idols that you made from metal. You covered them with gold. You will throw them away like dirty things. You will say to them, ‘Go!’

v23 He (the *LORD) will send rain for your seeds that you plant in the ground. And plenty of good food will come from the ground. In that day your cows will eat (grass) in wide fields. v24 And the cows and the horses that work (on) the ground will eat the best food for animals. (Farmers) will use a big farm fork and a spade to give it to them. v25 And on every tall mountain and on every high hill, water will pour down in streams. (This will happen) on the day when high buildings fall. And many people will die. v26 Also, the moon will shine as bright as the sun. And the light of the sun will be 7 times brighter. It will be like the light of 7 days (at the same time)! This will happen when the *LORD puts soft cloths on his people. He will put the cloths where (the LORD) hit them hard. And he will make them better where he hurt them.

v27 Look! The *LORD himself is coming from far away. There is fire in his nose and smoke like thick clouds (are all round him). His lips show that he is angry. His *tongue eats things like a fire (burns them).

v28 From his mouth (comes something) that is like a lot of water. It will reach up to (someone’s) neck. He moves (many) countries to make them separate and to destroy them. And he (will be like a man who) puts a *bit in (horses’) mouths, to lead them away.

v29 And you, (my people,) will sing! It will be like the night when there is a big party for everyone in your church. You will feel very happy inside you! It will be like when people go up to the *LORD’s (*temple). There will be music. (Another name for the LORD) is the Rock of Israel.

v30 Then the *LORD will cause people to hear his voice. (It will be) like the voice of a great king! He will cause (people) to see his arm when it comes down (to hit them). He will cause people to know that he is very, very angry. (He will be like) a fire that burns everything. (He will be like) a cloud that drops (much rain). (He will be like) a storm that makes a lot of noise. (He will drop like) bits of ice.

v31 The voice of the *LORD will completely destroy Assyria. He will knock them down with his stick to show to everybody that he is a king.

v32 He will hit them with his stick. He will use his stick to *punish them. It will sound like the music of *harps and *tambourines while the *LORD fights them in a war. (He will use) his arms to hit them.

v33 (The *LORD) has already made (the fire called) Topheth ready. He prepared it for the king (of Assyria). The hole in the ground for the fire is deep and wide. There is plenty of wood for the fire. The air from the LORD’s mouth will light the fire. (The air) is like a stream of *sulphur that is on fire.

Chapter 31

God’s help is better than help from Egypt

v1 (It will be) a sad (day) for those people that go down to Egypt. They want help and horses (from Egypt). They think that *chariots will help them. (This is) because there are very many (chariots in Egypt). And (they hope for help from) men that ride on horses. (This is) because these (men) are very strong. And they do not ask the *Holy (God) of Israel for help. And they do not ask *LORD to tell them what to do.

v2 But (the *LORD) knows the best thing to do. Also, he can kill people. He does not change what he says. And he will do something against the people that do bad things. (And he will do something against) those people that help people to do bad things.

v3 The men in Egypt are (only) men. They are not God. Their horses are animals, not *spirits. When the *LORD puts out his hand, the *helper will fall down. And the person that he *helps will fall down too. They will all come to an end together.

v4 This is what the *LORD said to me. ‘The *LORD of Everything will come down to fight on the mountain of *Zion and on its hill. He will make a noise like a *lion or a young lion. It makes noises over what it has caught. He will not be afraid of the group of sheep farmers when they come out against (the lion).’

Verse 4 When he says ‘sheep farmers’ here, he means the leaders of Israel.

v5 The *LORD of Everything will make Jerusalem safe. He will fly round it like a bird. He will make it safe, and he will make it free. He will pass over it and he will save it.

Verse 5 ‘pass over’. Isaiah uses the words of an important time for his people: the Passover.

At Passover, the *Jews remember one night when they were slaves in Egypt. God caused the people in Egypt to make the *Jews free. (See Exodus chapter 12.)

v6 People of Israel, turn (back) to him. You have caused him to feel very sick and ill. v7 (Turn back to him) because in that day everyone must throw away their gold and *silver *idols. Your hands made them for you, which was wrong.

v8 A *sword will kill the man from Assyria. A man will not do it. And a *sword, that is not held by a man, will kill him. And (he) will run from the sword. And it will cause his young men always to do difficult work.

Some Bible students think that ‘the man from Assyria’ means the army from Assyria.

v9 ‘The (king of Assyria), (who is like) their rock, will run away. (He will run away) because he is so afraid. And his (army) leaders will run away because they are all afraid of the war *flag.’ This is what the *LORD says. His fire is in *Zion and his *ariel is in Jerusalem.

Chapter 32

God promises that his people will have a good king

v1 A king will be a good *judge. And leaders will be fair judges. Think about those things.

Some Bible students think that the words in verse 1 mean, ‘A king should be a good *judge and leaders should be fair *judges.’

v2 Then each (ruler) will be like a place to hide from the wind. And he will be like someone who covers us from the storm. (He will be) like streams of water in a dry place. And he will be like the shadow of a big rock in very dry land.

v3-4 Now think (about these things):

·           The eyes of people that see will never shut.

·           And the ears of people that hear will really listen.

·           And people who are too quick to speak will wait to understand.

·           And the *tongues of people that speak with difficulty (now) will speak clearly (then).

v5 Then they will not again call a fool clever. They will not say that a *cheat is honest.

v6 What a fool says is silly and his mind thinks about bad (things):

·           He does things that do not obey God’s rules.

·           He says wrong things about the *LORD.

·           He does not give food to hungry people.

·           And he does not give *thirsty people a drink.

v7 The things that a *cheat does are bad. They cause people to believe what is not true. Also, his ideas are bad. (He decides) to hurt poor people. What he says about them is not true. And he gives false reasons, even when (the poor) people speak the *truth. (They are people) who need (help).

v8 But a good person wants (to do) good things. Also, he does the good things that he promised to do.

An enemy (Assyria) will attack you before your good king comes

v9 You women that have no problems, get ready. Listen to my voice. You ladies that feel so safe, hear my words (to you).

v10 In less than a year, you (women) that feel so safe will *worry. (You will worry) because the *grape *harvest will fail. The harvest of fruit will not happen.

v11 *Shake, you women that have no problems. Be afraid, (you ladies) that feel so safe. Take off (your clothes) so that you are wearing nothing. Then put a cloth about the tops of your legs.

v12 Hit your breasts for these (reasons). (There are no) good fields. The *vine has no fruit.

Verses 9-12 We think that ‘women’ and ‘ladies’ here is like a picture of towns and cities.

v13 The ground where our people work gives (only) *thorns (and) *briars. Also, (this is) because (there are no) happy homes in the happy city.

v14 It is a fact that (the king) will go from his beautiful house. The city where many people live will be empty. The hill (in Jerusalem) and the tall building, where people watch (for enemies), will always be homes for animals. (They will be) a happy place for wild horses (to live in), and fields where groups (of animals feed).

v15 (This will happen) until (God) pours his Spirit on us from above (the earth). Then, the wild places will become gardens and the gardens will become forests.

v16 Then (people) will decide fairly in the wild places. And (they will say) good things in the fields that contain plenty of fruit.

v17 And when people do good things, there will be no war. When people do good things there will be a quiet and safe life. It will continue for a long time.

v18 My people will live in a place where there is no war. Their homes will be safe and they will sleep without pain.

v19-20 Ice may knock down the trees in the forest. But, even then, people who plant seeds by the stream will be happy. (Even if a storm) completely destroys the city, they will let their cows and horses go to the fields freely.

Chapter 33

Another sad song

v1 It will be very sad for you, the country that destroys (other countries). But no (other country) has destroyed you, yet. (It will be sad for) you, the country that is not honest (with other countries). But no (other country) has not been honest with you yet. When you stop destroying (other countries, one of them) will destroy you. When you stop not being honest (with other countries,) they will not be honest with you.

v2 *LORD, be kind to us. We look to you for help. Make us strong every day. Save us when trouble happens.

v3 At the sound of a voice, people run away. When you go to war, (the people in other) countries run away.

v4 People get things together (after a war), as a *locust gets (food). As locusts rush (to their food), so people rush (to those things).

v5 The *LORD is more important (than anyone else). He lives high above (the earth). He will fill *Zion with fair answers to questions. And (everybody will do) what is right.

v6 He will make your lives safe and you will keep your money. Here are the valuable things that he gives (to you):

·           You will have the right answers for questions.

·           You will know everything (that you need to know).

·           You will be (properly) afraid of the *LORD.

v7 Look! The brave men (from Jerusalem) weep in the streets. Officers went (to Assyria). They asked for the war to stop. Now they cry very sad *tears.

v8 The important roads are empty and nobody travels on the smaller roads. (The enemy) stopped the *covenant. He does not like the cities and he does not love anyone.

v9 The land itself is very sad and it is becoming dry. Lebanon is ashamed and it is dying. Sharon is like a sandy place and the leaves in Bashan and Carmel are dying.

v10 The *LORD says, ‘Now will I stand up. Now I will lift myself up. Now I will raise myself up.

v11 You make dry grass and you call it straw. Your own *breath will destroy you as fire (burns up that dry grass).

v12 (It) will burn the bones of people to make *lime. They will burn as easily as *thorn bushes, (when people) cut them down.

v13 You people (that are) far away, listen. Listen to what I have done! And you people (that are) near, understand. Understand that I am very powerful.’

v14 The *sinners (that live) in *Zion are afraid. (Some) people are not clean (as God sees them). (They are also) afraid. (They ask this.) ‘Which of us can live with a fire that burns everything? Which of us can live with a fire that will never stop burning?’

v15 (The answer is) the person that (is like this):

·           He is very good and he speaks what is right.

·           He gets nothing when he is cruel to people.

·           His hands will not accept money to do wrong things.

·           He closes his ears against ideas to kill (people).

·           And he shuts his eyes, so that he does not think about bad (things).

v16 (That person) will be the person that lives on high places. That person’s safe place will be in the rocks. People like that will always have food and their drink will not stop.

v17 Your eyes will see that the king is beautiful. (Your eyes) will see a country that reaches to far away.

v18 Your mind will think about when were afraid. (You will say,) ‘The (enemy) officer who counted (things) has gone! (The man who) weighed (everything) has gone! (The man who) counted high buildings has gone!’

v19 You will never see those cruel people again. They speak words that are difficult to understand. Their language is strange. It is difficult to understand it.

v20 Look at *Zion. It is the city where we have our parties. Your eyes will see Jerusalem. It is a place where there is no war. It is (like) a *tent that people will never remove. They will never pull up its *pegs. They will never break any of its *ropes.

v21 It is there (in Jerusalem) that the *LORD will be our powerful (God). It will be (like) a place with wide rivers and streams. No boat that men push along will go on them. No great ship will sail on them.

v22 The *LORD is our *judge. The LORD gives us our rules. The LORD is our king. It is (the LORD) that will make us safe.

v23 The *ropes on your ship hang down. The wood that they hang from is not safe. They have not put the *sail up. Then people will have the many things (that they took from their enemies). And even people who cannot walk well will carry away something!

v24 Nobody that lives in *Zion will say, ‘I am ill.’ And (God will not) *punish people that live there again.

Word List

ariel ~ a *Hebrew word for a place where you have a fire. In Isaiah 29:1-8 it also is a name for Jerusalem, or maybe another important city in Judah.

bit ~ people use it to cause a horse to go where they want it to go.

blind ~ not able to see.

breath ~ the air from our mouth.

briars ~ bushes with *thorns. (Some people spell this word briers.)

carraway ~ a plant. Its seeds give an oil that causes food to taste good.

cart ~ a box a bit like a car but without an engine that animals pull along; a thing to carry people in; horses usually pull a cart.

chains ~ metal lines and rings that tie people up.

chariots ~ *carts that soldiers rode in; horses pulled the carts.

cheat ~ someone who is not honest.

clay ~ material from the earth. People use it to make pots.

covenant ~ usually in the Bible, what God and his people agreed to do. But also, what the leaders in Jerusalem and *Sheol agreed to do, (Isaiah 28:15, 18); or what the leaders of Assyria agreed to do, (Isaiah 33:8).

cummin ~ a plant. Its seeds give an oil that causes food to taste good.

deep sleep ~ a sleep that it is difficult to awake from.

Ephraim ~ a name for the country called Israel.

feast ~ a special meal with a lot of good food and drink.

fig ~ a fruit.

flag ~ a bit of cloth with a picture on it. People tie it to a long stick.

grain ~ fruit of a plant that people use to make bread.

grape ~ fruit that people use to make a drink with alcohol in it.

guard ~ keep enemies away.

harp ~ you use your fingers to make music with a harp.

harvest ~ the time when people pick their fruit.

help ~ to give help to someone.

Hebrew ~ the language that the *Jews spoke.

holy ~ very, very good; only God is really holy; this makes him separate from people; or, holy means something that is used in *religion.

Holy God of Israel ~ one of God’s names.

house of Jacob ~ a name for the people of Israel or Judah.

humble ~ humble people do not think that they are important.

idol ~ a false god that people made.

Jew ~ a person who is born from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their children.

judge ~ to say whether something is right or wrong or fair; or the person who does that.

lies ~ words that are not true.

lime ~ white material that you get when you make chalk very hot.

lion ~ a large and dangerous wild animal.

lioness ~ a female *lion.

locust ~ insect that eats green plants.

LORD ~ LORD is a special name of God. In the *Hebrew language it is YAHWEH. It may mean ‘always alive’. So LORD is a sign that the *Hebrew word is YAHWEH.

Lord ~ lord means master; Lord is a name for God. It is not the same as *LORD.

LORD of Everything ~ a special name for God that Isaiah often used. Some Bibles translate it as ‘*LORD of Angel Armies’. An angel is a servant of God that we usually cannot see.

Mount ~ a short word for mountain; small mountain.

Negev ~ a very sandy place south of Jerusalem with few people in it.

pegs ~ they held a *tent on the ground, so that it would not blow away.

praise ~ say how good and great that somebody is.

priest ~ a special servant of God in his house (the *temple) in Jerusalem.

prophet ~ a prophet did two things. He told people what God had said to him. He told people what would happen in future years.

proud ~ the opposite of *humble. People can be proud in a good way or in a bad way.

punish ~ hurt somebody because they have done something wrong.

religion ~ how people *worship their God or false god.

roar ~ make a noise like an angry animal.

rope ~ very thick line.

sail ~ the wind on this cloth causes a boat to move.

seer ~ another word for *prophet.

shake ~ move quickly from one side to another and back again, many times.

Sheol ~ a place under the ground. *Jews believed that you went there when you died.

silver ~ a valuable metal.

sin ~ what we do when we do not obey God; or, we sin when we do not obey God.

sinner ~ a person that *sins.

spirit ~ the part of a person that is alive, which we cannot see; it can speak to other spirits; there are spirits that we cannot see; they can be good or bad.

sulphur ~ a yellow material in the ground. It makes a very bad smell when it burns.

sword ~ a long knife that soldiers used to kill people.

tambourine ~ a tambourine makes music when you hit it.

tears ~ the water that comes from our eyes when we cry.

temple ~ like a large church. The Temple in Jerusalem was the House of God.

tent ~ a house that people make from animal skins, like goats’ skins. People can move them easily.

thirsty ~ needs a drink.

thorn ~ a bush with sharp points on its branches.

thunder ~ noise in the sky during a storm.

tongue ~ the thing in our mouths that tastes things and it makes us able to speak.

trap ~ something that catches an animal.

truth ~ what is true.

tsaw ~ this, and the other words, do not mean much in the *Hebrew language! Some Bible students say that the words mean this:       
            Do this, do not do that. Do this, do not do that.         
            Rules and no rules, rules and no rules.         
            A little here, a little there.

vine ~ a plant which climbs. Its fruits are called grapes. People use grapes to make *wine.

vision ~ something that a person sees, maybe only in their mind.

wheels ~ round things that help things like cars to move.

wine ~ a drink that people make from *grapes. It contains alcohol.

wisdom ~ you use what you know very well.

wonderful ~ something so beautiful that you think, ‘That is great!’

worry ~ you worry when you are not sure what to do.

worship ~ tell someone that they are very great; and tell them that you love them.

Zion ~ the name of a hill in Jerusalem. People often use it to mean all Jerusalem.

Book List

John R. Kohlenberger III ~ The Interlinear NIV Hebrew-English Old Testament ~ Zondervan, 1987

Sir Lancelot Brenton ~ The Septuagint with Apocrypha ~ Hendrickson, 1995

B. Davidson ~ Analytical Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon ~ Bagster, 1959

G. Abbott-Smith ~ Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament ~ T. & T. Clark, 1936

The Comparative Study Bible, NIV, NASB, AB, KJV ~ Zondervan

Various English Translations of the Bible, apart from those above, including:

The English Version for the Deaf ~ Baker, 1992

The Promise ~ Nelson, 1995

The New English Bible ~ Oxford-Cambridge, 1970

The Revised Standard Version ~ Nelson, 1957

The Revised Authorised Version ~ Bagster

The Living Bible ~ Tyndale, 1971

The Revised English Bible ~ Oxford-Cambridge, 1989

The New Revised Standard Version ~ Nelson, 1989

The New Living Translation ~ Tyndale, 1997

The Good News Bible ~ Collins, 1978

The Jerusalem Bible ~ Darton, Longman & Todd, 1968

The Four Prophets ~ J. B. Phillips ~ Bles, 1963

A Handbook on Isaiah ~ UBS Handbooks Helps for Translators Series (Draft Copy)


©1997-2007, Wycliffe Associates (UK)

This publication is written in EasyEnglish Level A (1200 words).

September 2007

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