Gifts to God

About Leviticus

The Lord is showing Israel’s people that he is holy. He is showing them how they must live to stay near to him.

The Lord chose Moses to guide Israel’s people out of Egypt. Israel’s people were slaves in Egypt for 400 years. Aaron was the brother of Moses. He was the first priest that God gave to Israel’s people.

Chapter 1

The Lord’s rules for the people’s gifts to him

1 The Lord spoke to Moses from the Tent of Meeting. He told him the rules that Israel’s people must obey. 2 The Lord said, ‘Speak to Israel’s people. Tell them this. When a person gives an animal to the Lord, it must be a cow or a sheep or a goat. 3 A person may want to give a gift to the Lord. That gift must be a male animal from his group of animals. It must be perfect. He must burn the whole animal as a gift to the Lord. The person must bring it to the door of the Tent of Meeting. If he does, the Lord will accept his gift. 4 The person must put his hand on the animal’s head. Then he must kill it. The animal’s death will pay for the person’s sins. 5 The person must kill the young male cow in front of the Lord. The priests who are the sons of Aaron will take the blood. They will throw it on to the sides of the altar. That is the altar near to the door of the Tent of Meeting. 6 The person must take the skin from the dead animal and then he must cut up the meat. 7 The sons of Aaron the priest will light a fire on the altar. Then they will put wood on it. 8 The priests will put the pieces of meat on the fire. They will put the head and the fat on the fire with the meat. 9 The person must wash the legs and the inside parts with water. Then the priest will burn the whole animal on the altar. The smell of it while it is burning will give the Lord pleasure.

10 A person may want to give a sheep or a goat to the Lord. It must be a male animal. It must be perfect. 11 The person must kill it at the north side of the altar. The priests will throw the blood on to the sides of the altar. 12 The person must cut the animal up. The priests will take the pieces of meat, the head and the fat. They will put them on the fire that is burning on the altar. 13 The person must wash the legs and the inside parts with water. The priest will burn the whole animal on the altar. It is a burnt offering to the Lord. The smell of it while it is burning will give the Lord pleasure.

Moses tells Israel’s people what to do with gifts that are birds

14 If a person wants to give a bird to the Lord, it must be a dove or a pigeon. 15 The priest will bring the bird to the altar. He will tear off the head and he will burn it on the altar. The priest will pour the blood on to the side of the altar. 16 Then the priest will remove the part of the bird where the food is stored. He will throw it on the east side of the altar, with the ashes. 17 He will hold the parts that the bird uses to fly. And then he will tear open the body. But he must not tear it completely. He will burn all of it on the fire that is on the altar. The smell of it while it is burning will give the Lord pleasure.

Chapter 2

Moses tells Israel’s people what to do with gifts that are grain

1 A person may want to give grain as a gift to the Lord. He must make it into flour. He must put oil and incense on the flour. 2 He must take it to Aaron’s sons, the priests. The priest will take some of the flour and oil and all the incense in his hand. He will burn them on the altar as a gift to the Lord. The smell of them while they are burning will give the Lord pleasure. 3 The flour that he did not burn is for the priests. It is very holy. That is because it is part of an offering to the Lord.

4 A person must not use yeast if he bakes his gift of grain. He must make cakes or biscuits with flour and oil. 5 He must not use yeast if he cooks his cake on a flat plate. He must make it with flour and oil. 6 He must break the cake into pieces. He must pour oil on it. It is a gift to the Lord. 7 A person must use flour and oil to cook the cake in a pot. 8 He must give the cake to the priest. The priest will take it to the altar. 9 He will take a piece of it and he will burn it in the fire. It is a gift to the Lord. The smell of it while it is burning will give the Lord pleasure. 10 The part of the cake that he did not burn is for the priests. That is because it is most holy, part of a burnt offering to the Lord.

11 A person must not use yeast when he gives a gift of grain to the Lord. He must not give yeast or honey for the priests to burn as gifts to the Lord. 12 He can give them as the first part of his harvest. He must not burn them on the fire. He cannot use them to give the Lord pleasure. 13 A person must put salt in all his gifts of grain. Salt is a mark of the Lord’s promise to Israel’s people.

14 A person may want to give the first part of his harvest to the Lord. He must break the grains into pieces and he must cook them in a fire. 15 They are a gift to the Lord, so he must put oil and incense on them. 16 The priest will burn a part of the grain with all the incense. It is a burnt offering to the Lord.

Chapter 3

Moses tells Israel’s people what to do with their gifts for the Lord

1 A person might want to give a fellowship gift to the Lord. He must take a perfect animal from his group of animals. The animal can be male or female. 2 The person must put his hand on the animal’s head. Then he must kill it at the door of the Tent of Meeting. Aaron’s sons the priests will throw the blood on to the sides of the altar. 3 The person must burn some pieces of the animal as a gift to the Lord. It is a fellowship offering. 4 He must bring all the fat from inside the animal. And he must bring the kidneys with their fat and the best piece of the liver. 5 The priests, Aaron’s sons, will take the pieces. They must put them on top of the gift on the altar. The smell of them while they are burning will give the Lord pleasure.

6 If a person wants to give a sheep to the Lord as a fellowship gift, it must be perfect. The person can give a male animal or a female animal to the Lord. 7 If it is a young sheep he must offer it to the Lord. 8 He must put his hand on its head. Then he must kill it at the front of the Tent of Meeting. Aaron’s sons will throw the blood on to the sides of the altar. 9 The person must cut the tail off the animal. He must give the tail and all the fat from inside the body to the Lord. 10 He must also give the kidneys and the best piece of the liver. 11 The priest will burn them as food on the altar. They are a burnt offering to the Lord.

12 A person may offer a goat to the Lord. 13 The person must put his hand on the goat’s head. Then he must kill it at the front of the Tent of Meeting. Then Aaron’s sons will throw the blood on to the sides of the altar. 14 The person must take all of the fat round the inside parts. He must give it to the Lord for a burnt offering. 15 He must also give the kidneys with the fat on them and the best piece of the liver. 16 The priest will burn them as food on the altar. The smell of them while they are burning will give the Lord pleasure.

17 Israel’s people must not eat any fat or drink any blood. This rule is for them and for their children everywhere. They must obey this rule always.’

Chapter 4

Offerings for sins that people did not really want to do

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 ‘Say to Israel’s people, “A man may sin, when he did not really want to sin. This is what that person must do.

3 If the man is a priest, his sins will cause the people to sin. He must bring a young bull (male cow) as a gift to the Lord. 4 The priest must bring the young bull to the door of the Tent of Meeting. He must put his hand on the animal’s head and then he must kill it. 5 The priest must carry some of the blood into the Tent of Meeting. 6 He must put his finger in the blood. He must shake it in front of the holy curtain seven times in front of the Lord. 7 He must put some of the blood on the corners of the incense altar. The priest must pour the blood that he did not use on to the floor in front of the altar. That altar is near the door inside the Tent of Meeting. 8 He must cut all the fat from inside the dead animal. 9 He must also cut out the kidneys and the best piece of the liver. He must take them from inside the animal. 10 He must burn the fat on the altar. The priest does this when the people give a fellowship offering to the Lord. 11 He must take up the skin and all the meat. He must take the head, the legs and all the inside pieces. He must include the stomach. 12 The priest must take all the pieces to a clean place outside the camp. He must put them on the ashes and he must burn them on a wood fire.

13 All of the people might do bad things when they did not really want to do them. They might not obey some of the Lord’s rules. They will have sinned, even if they did not know this. 14 When they do know about it they must bring a young bull (male cow) to the Tent of Meeting. The animal is a sin offering to the Lord. 15 The leaders of the people must put their hands on the young bull’s head and then they must kill it. 16 The priest will take some of the blood into the Tent of Meeting. 17 He will put his finger in the blood. He must shake it in front of the holy curtain seven times. 18 He will take some of the blood. Then he will put it on the corners of the altar that is in front of the Lord. He will pour the blood that he did not use on to the floor. He must pour it in front of the burnt offering altar. This altar is in front of the Tent of Meeting. 19 The priest will cut all of the fat from the dead animal. And he will burn all the fat on the altar of burnt offering. 20 He will do with this bull what he did with the bull for the sin offering. This is how the priest will atone (pay) for the sins of the people. The Lord will forgive them when the priest does this. 21 The priest will take the dead animal outside the camp. He will put it on the ashes from the altar fire. He will burn the animal as he did the first bull. This is the sin offering for all the people.

22 A leader might do bad things when he did not really want to do them. He has sinned if he does not obey one of the Lord’s rules. 23 People will tell him that he has done wrong things. So then he must give a male goat to the Lord. The animal must be perfect. 24 He must put his hand on the goat’s head and then he must kill it. He must do this where they kill animals for the burnt offering. It is an offering for sin. 25 The priest will put his finger in the blood of the dead animal. He will put some of it on the altar’s corners. He will pour the blood that he did not use on to the ground. He will pour it in front of the altar. 26 Then the priest will cut all of the fat from the goat. And he will burn it on the altar. He will do this as he did for the fellowship offering. This is how the priest will make atonement for the leader’s sin. Then the Lord will forgive the leader.

27 One of the people might do bad things when he did not really want to do them. He did not obey one of the Lord’s rules. That person has sinned. 28 They will tell him that he has done bad things. Then he must give a female goat to the Lord. The animal must be perfect. 29 He must put his hand on the goat’s head. Then he must kill it by the altar of burnt offering. 30 The priest will put his finger in the blood of the goat. He will put some of it on the altar’s corners. He will pour out the blood that he did not use. He will pour it on to the ground in front of the altar. 31 The priest will cut all of the fat from the goat as he did with the fellowship offering. And he will burn it on the altar. This will make atonement for the wrong things that the person has done. The smell of it while it is burning will give the Lord pleasure. Then the Lord will forgive the person.

32 If a person wants to give a young sheep to the Lord, it must be a female. It must be perfect. 33 He must put his hand on the animal’s head. He will kill it at the altar of burnt offering. 34 The priest will put his finger in the blood of the sheep. He will take some of it. And he will put it on the corners of the altar. He will pour the blood that he did not use on the ground in front of the altar. 35 The priest will cut all the fat from the sheep as he did with the fellowship offering. He will burn it on the altar. He must burn it on top of the burnt offerings. This is how the priest will make atonement for the person’s sin. Then the Lord will forgive the person.

Chapter 5

Sins for which people must give an offering

1 A person may know about something that is wrong. He may not speak about it at a public meeting. That person is sinning.

2 The Lord has said that some animals and insects are not clean. A person may touch a dead animal or an insect like that. If he does, he is doing something wrong. It is a sin even if he did not really want to touch it.

3 A person may touch something that another person has made bad. If he does, he is doing something wrong. He might not know that it is bad. But he is still doing a wrong thing.

4 A person is doing a wrong thing if he says any careless promise. The promise might be good or bad. People will tell him that he has not obeyed God’s rules. Then he will know that he has sinned.

5 A person must tell the priest if he has done any of these things. 6 He must give a sheep or a goat for a sin offering. Then the Lord will not be angry with him. The priest will kill the animal as a sacrifice to atone for that sin.

What the people should do if they do not have much money

7 A person may not have money to buy a sheep or a goat. If he does not, he must buy two doves or two pigeons. He must give them to the Lord. One bird will be an offering for wrong things that he has done. The second bird will be for a burnt offering.

Doves and pigeons are birds that God let people eat.

8 The priest will bring one of the birds to the altar. It is the offering for sin. He will break the neck of the bird, but he will not pull the head off. 9 He will shake some of the blood on to the side of the altar. He will pour the blood that he did not shake on to the floor. He must pour it in front of the altar. 10 The priest will burn the other bird. The Lord will not be angry with the man when the priest does this.

11 A person may not have money to buy two doves or two pigeons. If he does not, he must give a tenth (1/10th) of an ephah (about two litres or 4 pints) of flour to the Lord. He must not put oil or incense on the flour because it is a sin offering. 12 He must take it to the priest. The priest will burn some of the flour on the altar as a special part of the flour. It is a sin offering. 13 The Lord will forgive the person when the priest does this. The flour that he did not burn is like the grain offering. It belongs to the priests.” ’

The gift to the Lord when a person does wrong things

14 The Lord said to Moses, 15 ‘If a person does not obey the Lord’s holy rules he is sinning. He must give a male sheep to the Lord. He must do this even if he did not know that he had sinned. It is a gift to the Lord to pay for his sins. It must be a perfect male animal. It must be worth the correct amount of money. 16 He must also give money worth one fifth (1/5th) more. The person must give the sheep and the money to the priest. The priest will sacrifice the sheep to the Lord. It is an atonement for the wrong things that the person has done. The Lord will forgive the person.

17 A person might do wrong things. But he might not know that they were wrong. He is sinning. 18 When he knows about it, he must bring a sheep to the priest. The animal must be a perfect male. The sheep must be worth the right amount of money. The priest will give the sheep to the Lord. It will be an atonement for the wrong things that the person has done. Then the Lord will forgive the person. 19 The sheep is an offering because the person did not obey the Lord.’

Chapter 6

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 ‘A person may take something that is not his. Or he may find it and keep it. He may tell his friend that he has not taken it. He might not give him the correct price for something. But then he is not obeying God. 3 A person may speak words that are not true. That is a sin. A person may keep something that belongs to another person. He does not give it back. That is a wrong thing to do. He might find something. And then he might say that it is his. If it is not his, he is not obeying God. 4 He has done something that is wrong. So, he must show that he is sorry. He must give back anything that is not his. He must give back anything that he has found. He must give back anything that he has kept. He must give it to the person to whom it belongs. 5 He must give back everything and one fifth (1/5th) more. He must also, on the same day, give a gift to the Lord. 6 He must bring a sheep to the priest. The sheep must be a perfect male animal. The sheep must be worth the right amount of money. 7 The priest will give the sheep to the Lord. It is an atonement for the wrong things that the person has done. Then the Lord will forgive the person.’

Rules for the priests

8 The Lord said to Moses, 9 ‘Tell Aaron and his sons my rules. They must burn these gifts for the Lord on the altar. The fire must burn all night. 10 When the morning comes, the priest must dress himself in his linen clothes. The linen must be next to his skin. He must take the ashes from the fire and he must put them at the side of the altar. 11 Then he must dress himself in other clothes. He must carry the ashes outside the camp and he must put them in a special place. 12 The fire that is on the altar must never stop burning. Every morning the priest must put wood on it. He must also put on it the gifts and the fat of the fellowship offerings. 13 The fire must always burn. It must not go out.

14 These are the rules for the gift of grain. Aaron’s sons must bring it in front of the altar to give to the Lord. 15 A priest must take some of the flour and oil. He must mix this special part with incense and he must burn all of it on the altar. The smell of them while they are burning will give the Lord pleasure. 16 The priests will make into bread the flour that he did not burn. They must not use yeast to make the bread. They must eat the bread in the holy place, in the yard outside the Tent of Meeting. 17 The bread is for the priests because it is a holy part of a gift for the Lord. It is holy, like the offerings for sin. And it is like the gifts when somebody does anything wrong. 18 Any son, grandson or male of Aaron’s family can eat the bread. It is his usual part of the burnt offerings to the Lord. A person who touches the bread will become holy.’

19 The Lord said to Moses, 20 ‘When Aaron is anointed, Aaron and his sons must give an offering to the Lord. It must be a 10th of an ephah (about two litres or 4 pints) of best flour. They must bring half of it in the morning and half of it in the evening. 21 They must mix it with oil and they must cook it on a flat plate. Then they must break it into pieces and they must offer it to the Lord. The smell of it will give the Lord pleasure. 22 The son whom they will anoint to take Aaron’s place must prepare the offering. 23 All of the gifts that the priests give to the Lord must be burnt completely. Nobody should eat them.’

The offering for sin

24 The Lord said to Moses, 25 ‘Tell Aaron and his sons this rule. When a person does wrong things he must give an animal to the Lord. The animal will be holy. The person must kill the animal at the north side of the altar. That is where they kill the offerings for sin. 26 The priest who offered it will eat his part of the gift in a holy place. That is the yard outside the Tent of Meeting. 27 If anyone or anything touches the meat they will become holy. If the blood touches the clothes of a person, he must wash them in a holy place. 28 If a person cooks the meat in a clay pot, he must break the pot. He must break it when he has cooked the meat. If a person cooks the meat in a metal pot, he must wash the pot. He must wash it well when he has cooked the meat. And he must wash it again with clean water. 29 The meat is holy. Only the priests’ sons can eat it. 30 They must take the blood of a sin offering into the Tent of Meeting. It is a sacrifice to atone for sin. Nobody should eat any of that offering. The priest must burn it.

Chapter 7

1 These are the rules for a most holy offering. A person may be sorry for the wrong things that he has done. That person must obey these rules. 2 The priest must kill an animal at the north side of the altar. He must throw the blood on to the sides of the altar. 3 The priest will bring all of the fat from the tail and the inside parts to the altar. 4 He will bring the kidneys and the best piece of the liver. 5 Then he will burn the pieces on the altar. They are a gift to the Lord to make a person clean from sin. 6 Aaron’s sons can eat the meat that is not burnt. They must eat it in a holy place because it is most holy.

7 The rules are the same for sacrifices for sin and for a person who is sorry for his sins. The gifts of meat are for the priest who brings them to the altar. 8 The skin of the animal is for the priest. 9 People may give gifts of grain that they cooked over a fire or in a closed flat plate. They should give them all to the priest. 10 Grain that is dry is also a gift. And grain that a man mixes with oil is also a gift. They should give them to Aaron’s sons.

The Fellowship Offering

11 These rules are for special gifts (fellowship offerings) to the Lord. 12 If a man wants to thank the Lord, he must give an animal and flat loaves of bread. He must mix the flour for the bread with oil. He must not mix the flour with yeast. 13 He must also give other loaves of bread to the Lord. He must make these with flour, oil and yeast. 14 A man must offer one of each kind of loaf to the Lord. These belong to the priest who throws the blood on the altar. 15 The person must not keep the meat from the animal until the next day. He must eat it on the day that he offers it.

16 The gift to the Lord may be for a promise. The gift may be because the person loves the Lord. That person will not have to eat it all on the same day. He can eat some of it on the next day. 17 On the third day, there may still be some meat that he has not eaten. If there is, he must burn it. 18 If the person eats the meat on the third day, the Lord will not accept the gift. The meat is not good. The person who eats it will not give the Lord pleasure.

19 Some meat may touch something that is not clean. Nobody should eat that meat. People must burn it. Only a clean person can eat the meat that is a gift to the Lord. 20 A person who is not clean might eat the fellowship offering. If he does, they must send him away from Israel’s people. 21 A person might touch something that is not clean. That person must not eat the meat. He must not eat it if he has touched an unclean animal or an unclean person. If he does eat it, they must send him away. They must send him away from Israel’s people.’

Israel’s people must not eat blood or fat

22 The Lord said to Moses, 23 ‘Tell Israel’s people this. They must not eat the fat from sheep, cows or goats. 24 A person can use the fat of a dead animal that he has found. But he must not eat it. 25 They must not eat the fat of an animal that they have burnt as a gift on the Lord’s altar. They must send away from the Lord’s people anyone who does eat it. 26 You must not eat the blood of an animal or of a bird even if you are living in another country. 27 You must send away from Israel’s people any person who eats blood.’

Moses tells the priests which parts of the animal they can eat

28 The Lord said to Moses, 29 ‘Say to Israel’s people, “When a person gives an animal as a fellowship offering, he must bring part of it to theLord. 30 He must carry the offering in his own hands to the fire. He must bring the fat and the breast and he must lift the breast to the Lord. 31 The priest will burn the fat at the altar. He will lift the meat of the breast to the Lord. Then Aaron’s sons can eat it. 32 The top part of the back right leg of the animal is a gift. 33 It is for the priest who offers the blood and the fat. 34 The breast and the top part of the right leg are gifts. They are from the fellowship offering. The Lord wants Aaron and his sons to have them. People must give these parts of the Lord’s gift to the priests. 35 The Lord gave this part of the Israelitesofferings to Aaron’s sons. He gave it to them on the day when they became priests. 36 The Lord told the Israelites that they must do this. He told them that on the day that Aaron’s sons became priests. All their sons and grandsons must always give these offerings to the priests.” ’

37 These are all the rules that a person must use. They are for when he gives a gift to the Lord. They are the rules for offerings of grain and the fellowship offering. And they are rules for the offerings that people give to take away their sin. The rules tell them how to make Aaron’s sons priests. And they tell people who have done bad things what to do. They must show the Lord that they are sorry. 38 Israel’s people were in the Sinai desert. The Lord gave the rules to Moses on Sinai’s mountain. That was on the day that the Lord spoke to the people. He told them that they should bring their offerings to him there.

Chapter 8

Moses anoints Aaron and his sons

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 ‘Fetch Aaron and his sons. Bring their special clothes. Bring the oil. Bring the basket of bread that they made without yeast. And bring the male cow for the offering for sin and the two male sheep. 3 Cause all the people to come to the door of the Tent of Meeting.’

4 Moses and the priests and all the people came to the door of the Tent of Meeting. 5 Moses said to the people, ‘The Lord said that I must do this.’ 6 Moses washed Aaron and his sons with water. 7 Moses put a shirt on Aaron and he tied a belt round Aaron. He put a robe and an ephod on him. He tied the ephod with its special belt. 8 Moses put the special piece of beautiful work on Aaron’s breast. And he put the Urim and Thummim in its pocket. 9 Moses tied a piece of linen as a hat round Aaron’s head. On the front of this linen he put a plate of gold with valuable stones on it. The Lord had said that Moses must do this.

Urim and Thummim were valuable stones. The High Priest (Aaron) put them in the breast pocket of the beautiful work. God used the stones to guide the people. We do not know how he did this. The ephod was a special robe that the High Priest wore over his other robe.

10 Moses put some of the special anointing oil on the Tent of Meeting and on everything in it. He did this to make them holy. 11 Moses shook oil on the altar seven times. He put oil on the altar table and on all the tools to use with it. He put oil on the washing dish and on the table on which it stood. 12 Moses anointed Aaron’s head with oil to make him holy. 13 He put a robe and a belt and a hat of linen on each of Aaron’s sons. The Lord had said that Moses must do this.

14 Moses brought the male cow as a gift to the Lord. Aaron and his sons put their hands on the male cow’s head. 15 Moses killed the male cow. He put his finger in the blood. He put the blood on the corners of the altar. That made it holy. Moses poured out the blood that he had not used. He poured it on to the floor in front of the altar. This is how he made the altar ready to make sacrifices to the Lord. 16 He burnt the fat and the kidneys and the best piece of the liver on the altar. 17 Moses burnt the meat with the inside parts and the skin of the male cow outside the camp. The Lord had said that Moses must do this.

18 Moses brought a male sheep to burn as a gift to the Lord. Aaron and his sons put their hands on the sheep’s head. 19 Moses killed the sheep. He threw the blood on to the sides of the altar. 20 Moses cut the sheep into small pieces. He burnt the fat and the head and the pieces on the altar. 21 He washed the legs and the inside parts. He burnt them on the altar as an offering to the Lord. The smell of them while they were burning gave the Lord pleasure. The Lord had said that Moses must do this.

22 Moses brought the other male sheep. It was a gift. It showed that the Lord had chosen Aaron’s family to become his priests. Aaron and his sons put their hands on the sheep’s head. 23 Moses killed the sheep. He put some of its blood on Aaron’s right ear. He also put blood on the thumb of Aaron’s right hand. And he put some on the big toe of his right foot. 24 Moses did the same to Aaron’s sons. Then he threw blood on all the sides of the altar. 25 Moses took the fat tail and the fat and the kidneys from inside the animal. He took the best piece of the liver from inside the animal. He took the top part of the right back leg. 26 Moses took two flat loaves of bread that they had made without yeast and a biscuit from the basket. One of the loaves had oil in it. He put them on top of the fat and the leg. 27 Moses gave them to Aaron and to his sons. They lifted them up as a special gift to the Lord. 28 Moses took the special gift from them and he burnt it on the altar. The smell of it while it was burning gave the Lord pleasure. 29 Moses took the breast, his part of the animal, and he lifted it up to the Lord. The Lord had said that Moses must do this.

30 Moses took some of the oil and some of the blood from the altar. He shook them on Aaron and his sons. He also shook some of the blood and some of the oil on their clothes. He did that to make them holy.

31 Moses said to Aaron and to his sons, ‘Cook the meat at the door of the Tent of Meeting. Eat the meat with the bread in the basket by the door of the Tent of Meeting. 32 Burn the meat and bread that you do not eat. 33 You must stay at the door of the Tent of Meeting for 7 (seven) days. This will make you holy. You must stay for 7 days to become holy. 34 The Lord said that you must do this to atone for your sin. 35 Remember that you must stay at the door of the Tent of Meeting. You must stay there for 7 (seven) days and 7 nights. The Lord told me that you must do this. If you do not obey him, you will die.’ 36 So Aaron and his sons did everything that the Lord had told Moses.

Chapter 9

The priests begin their work

1 On the 8th (eighth) day, Moses told Aaron and his sons and the leaders of Israel that they must come. 2 He said to Aaron, ‘Bring a young male cow for your sinoffering. And bring a male sheep for your burnt offering to the Lord. They must be perfect to give to the Lord.’ 3 Moses said to Aaron, ‘Tell Israel’s people that they must bring a male goat for a sin offering. And they must bring a young cow and a young sheep. They are a gift to the Lord. The young cow and the young sheep must be one year old. They must be perfect to burn as an offering to the Lord. 4 Tell Israel’s people that they must bring a male cow and a male sheep. They must bring them to sacrifice as a fellowship offering to the Lord. They willsacrifice them. They must mix grain and oil to offer with them. They must do that because the Lord will appear to them today.’

5 The people brought all the animals and the grain to the door of the Tent of Meeting. Moses and all the people came. And they stood at the door of the Tent of Meeting to worship the Lord. 6 Moses said to the people, ‘The Lord has told you that you must do this. Do it. And then he will show you how great he is.’

7 Moses said to Aaron, ‘Go to the altar. Sacrifice your sin offering and your burnt offering to the Lord. You must do this so the Lord will forgive your sins and those of the people. Then sacrifice the people’s gift to the Lord. Their offerings are an atonement for the bad things that they have done. The Lord said that you should do this.’

8 Aaron brought the young male cow to the altar. He killed it. This was his offering to the Lord to atone for his sin. 9 His sons brought the blood to Aaron. He put his finger in the blood and he put it on the corners of the altar. He poured the blood that he did not use on to the floor in front of the altar. 10 Aaron burnt the fat, the kidneys and the best piece of the liver on the altar. This was an offering for his sin. He did it as the Lord had told Moses. 11 He took the meat and the skin from the young male cow outside the camp and he burnt it.

12 Aaron brought the male sheep for the burnt offering to the altar. He killed it. His sons brought the blood to him. He threw the blood on to the sides of the altar. 13 The priests gave the pieces of the animal, including the head, to Aaron. Aaron burnt them on the altar. 14 He washed the inside parts and the legs. He burnt them on the altar on top of the burnt offering.

15 Aaron brought the goat. This was the people’s sacrifice to the Lord. Aaron killed it and he burnt it on the altar. It was an offering to atone for the people’s sin. He offered this sacrifice in the same way as the first sacrifice for sin.

16 Aaron brought the other young cow. He killed it and he burnt it on the altar. He did it as Moses had told him. 17 He also brought the grain offering. He took some of it and he burnt it on the altar. He burnt it with the Lord’s morning sacrifice.

18 Aaron killed the male cow and the male sheep. These were fellowship offerings from the people. The priests brought the blood to him. He threw it on to the sides of the altar. 19 Aaron took the fat tail, the fat and the kidneys and the best piece of the liver. 20 He put them on the animal’s breasts. Then he burnt the fat on the altar. 21 Aaron lifted up the meat as an offering to the Lord. Moses had told him that he must do this.

22 When Aaron had finished burning the gifts to the Lord, he lifted up his hands over the people. He had sacrificed the sin offering, the burnt offering and the fellowship offerings. Then he asked the Lord to do good things for the people. And he came down from the altar.

23 Moses and Aaron went into the Tent of Meeting. When they came out, they asked God to do good things for the people. The bright light from the Lord appeared to the people to show how great he is. 24 Then the Lord sent a fire to show that he accepted the gifts. It completely burnt all the fat and the offerings that were on the altar. The people were very happy when they saw this. They shouted and they fell down with their faces to the ground.

Any gift that the people gave to the Lord must be pure (clean and whole). This was very important. The people had to see that the Lord was holy. Nothing that was not good or pure could come near him.

Chapter 10

The Lord kills Nadab and Abihu

1 Nadab and Abihu were sons of Aaron. They put hot material in the pots that they used to burn incense. They threw incense over the hot material. They offered the incense to the Lord. This was a wrong thing to do. The Lord had not told them that they should do it. So it was wrong. 2 The Lord was angry and he sent fire to burn them. They died there in front of the Lord’s altar. 3 Then Moses said to Aaron, ‘This is what the Lord said,

“People may come near to me. But those people must see that I am holy.

All the people must give honour to me.” ’

Aaron did not reply.

4 Mishael and Elzaphan were sons of Aaron’s father’s brother, Uzziel. Moses said to them, ‘Carry Nadab and Abihu away from the altar. Take your cousins outside the camp.’ 5 Nadab and Abihu were still wearing their robes. Mishael and Elzaphan carried Nadab and Abihu outside the camp. Moses had told them that they must do that.

6 Moses said to Aaron and to his sons, ‘Comb your hair. Do not tear your clothes. If you do that, you will die. And the Lord will be angry with all of the people. But Israel’s people can show that they are sad. They are sad because the Lord has killed Nadab and Abihu with fire. 7 If you go away from the door of the Tent of Meeting you will die. You will die because the Lord’s holy oil is on you.’ So Aaron and his sons did as Moses had said.

8 The Lord then said to Aaron, 9 ‘Do not drink wine before you go into the Tent of Meeting. And do not drink anything that contains alcohol. If you do, you will die. This rule is for you and for all your sons and grandsons. 10 You must know what is holy. And you must know what is not holy. You must know what you can use. And you must know what you must not use to worship me. 11 You must teach Israel’s people all the rules that I gave to them by Moses.’

12 Moses said to Aaron and to his two other sons Eleazar and Ithamar, ‘The grain offering is most holy. Take the part that you did not burn. And make it into bread. Do not use yeast. Take it to the side of the altar and eat it. 13 Eat it in a holy place. The Lord has said that it is your part of the grain offering. It is for you and for your sons. 14 You and your sons and daughters can eat the breast meat that you held up to the Lord. And all your family can eat the top part of the leg. Eat the meat in a place that is clean and ready for the Lord’s use. It is your part of the people’s fellowship gift to the Lord. 15 Bring the top of the leg and the breast meat. Lift them up to the Lord. The Lord has given them to you and to your children. Lift them up with the fat parts of the burnt offering. He told you that you should do this.’

16 Moses looked for the goat that was to atone for the people’s sin. Moses was angry with Eleazar and Ithamar, sons of Aaron. He was angry because they had burnt the goat. 17 Moses said to them, ‘This gift was for the Lord. It was a very holy gift. It was to atone for the people’s sins. Why did you not take it to the holy place and eat it? 18 You did not bring the blood into the holy place. I told you that you must eat its meat in the Tent of Meeting.’ 19 Aaron said to Moses, ‘My sons sacrificed their gifts to the Lord today. But very bad things have happened to me today. I would not have given the Lord any pleasure if I had eaten the sin offering today.’ 20 When Moses heard this, he was not angry any longer.

Rules for the people

Chapter 11

The Lord gives rules about food to the people

1 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, 2 ‘Some animals walk on the land. Tell Israel’s people which of these animals they can eat. 3 Each foot on the animal must have two separate parts. The animal must eat its food and then it must bring the food back into its mouth. And then it must eat the food again. Some animals eat their food twice and they have feet with two parts. You can eat those animals.

4 Some animals have feet that have two separate parts. But they do not eat their food twice. Other animals eat their food twice. But their feet do not have two separate parts. You must not eat those animals. The camel eats its food twice. But its feet are not in two separate parts. The people must not eat the camel. 5 The hyrax eats its food twice. But its feet are not in two separate parts. They must not eat the hyrax. 6 The rabbit eats its food twice. But its feet are not in two separate parts. They must not eat the rabbit. 7 The pig’s feet are in two parts. But when the pig eats its food, it does not bring the food back into its mouth. It does not eat it twice. The people must not eat the pig. 8 They must not touch the dead bodies of those animals. They must not eat their meat. They are not clean for you to eat.

9 They can eat some animals that live in the sea or in the river. Those animals must have fins and scales on their bodies. 10 They must not eat any other animals from the sea or the river. They must keep away from them. 11 They must not touch the dead bodies of the animals from the sea or the river. They must not eat the meat from those other animals. 12 Animals from the sea and the river may have fins and scales on their bodies. Those are the only ones that you can eat. Those without fins or scales are not clean.

13 They must not eat some birds because they are not clean. They must not eat either the eagle or the vulture. 14 They must not eat the buzzard or the kite. 15 They must not eat the raven. 16 They must not eat any owl, seagull or hawk. 17 They must not eat the cormorant. 18 They must not eat the osprey. 19 They must not eat the heron, the hoopoe or the bat. The people must not eat them nor touch their dead bodies. They are not clean.

These birds are all birds that eat meat.

20 Some insects fly in the air and walk on the ground. The people must not eat them. 21 Some insects can fly. And they have legs that can jump. They can eat those insects. 22 They can eat any of these. They include the locust, the cricket and the grasshopper. 23 They must not eat any other flying insect that has legs.

24 A person may touch the dead body of an animal that is not clean. If he does, that person is not clean either. They must keep him separate from the other people until the evening. 25 He must wash his clothes immediately.

26 An animal might not have feet that are in two separate parts. It is wrong to touch the dead body of this animal. Some animals do not bring food back into their mouths and eat it again. It is wrong to touch the dead bodies of these animals. 27 Some animals walk on four feet. It is wrong to touch the dead body of an animal that has paws (the kind of feet that animals like cats and dogs have). 28 A person who picks up the dead body of these animals must wash his clothes immediately. They must keep him separate from the people until the evening.

29 Some animals that walk on the ground are not clean. You must not touch a weasel, a rat or a mouse. 30 You must not touch any kind of lizard. 31 A person might touch the dead body of one of those animals. If he does, he will not be clean. So they must keep him separate from the people until evening. 32 A dead animal may fall on to something that someone made from wood, cloth or skin. That thing becomes unclean. A person must put it into water until the evening. Then it will be clean. 33 A dead animal might fall into a pot. Then the pot and the things in it are not clean. The person must break the pot. 34 The food or water from the pot is not clean. A person must not drink it or eat any of that food. Water from the pot may have touched some food. If it did, that food is not clean. You must not eat it. 35 If a dead animal falls on to a cooking pot, then the pot is not clean. You must break the pot. 36 If a dead animal falls into a fresh water stream, the stream stays clean. The pot that a person uses to get fresh water from the stream is clean. 37 If a dead animal falls on to some seeds, they stay clean. 38 A person might pour water on the seeds. A dead animal might fall on the wet seeds. Then those seeds are not clean.

39 An animal that is good for food might die. A man might touch its dead body. If he does, they must keep him separate from the people until the evening. 40 If a person eats meat from the body of the dead animal, he must wash his clothes. He will not be clean until the evening. If a person picks up the body of the dead animal, he must wash his clothes. He will not be clean until the evening.

41 The people must not eat small animals that move across the ground. 42 This means animals that pass across the ground on their stomachs. It also means animals that walk on 4 (four) legs or many legs. 43 The people must not touch them or eat them. 44 The Lord says, “I am the Lord your God. I am holy. Make yourselves holy. Do not touch any small animal that moves across the ground. If you do, you will not be clean or holy. 45 I am the Lord who brought you away from Egypt. I became your God. So be holy because I am holy.” ’

46 These rules are about animals, birds and all animals that move in water or on the ground. 47 The people must learn to know which animals are clean. They must recognise which animals they can eat. And they must recognise which animals they must not eat.

The Lord gave clear rules about clean and unclean foods. Not to obey these rules made a person unclean. This meant that the person was not able to get near to God. His sin kept him away from the Lord.

Chapter 12

What a woman must do when she has a baby

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 ‘Say this to Israel’s people. When a boy is born, his mother is not clean for 7 (seven) days. When she is bleeding each month, the rule is the same. She is not clean. 3 Eight (8) days after he is born, they must circumcise the boy. 4 The woman must wait for 35 (thirty-five) days after the boy is born. All this time she must not touch anything that is holy. She must not go into the Tent of Meeting. After this time, she will become clean.

5 After a girl is born, her mother will not be clean for two weeks. The rule is the same as for each month, when she is bleeding. She will not be clean then. She must wait 66 (sixty-six) days after a girl is born. Then she will become clean.

6 When the days to wait are finished, the woman must come to the door of the Tent of Meeting. She must bring to the priest a sheep that is one year old for a burnt offering. And she must bring a bird for a sin offering. The bird must be a pigeon or a dove. These are gifts to the Lord. 7 The priest will offer the gifts to the Lord. Then the woman will become clean. These are the rules at the birth of a boy or of a girl.

8 If the woman does not have money to buy a sheep she can give two doves or pigeons (birds) to the Lord. The priest will use one bird for a sin offering and he will burn the other one. That is how he will make atonement for her. Then she will be clean.’

Chapter 13

Rules for illnesses in the skin

1 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, 2 ‘A person may have a kind of mark on his skin that might be an illness. He might give the illness to other people. If he has a mark like that, you must bring him to the priest. 3 The priest must look at the mark. If the hair on the mark is white, it might be an illness. If the mark is under the skin and on the skin it might be an illness. The priest must say that the person is not clean. 4 If the mark on the skin is white but not under the skin it might not be an illness. If the hair on the skin is not white, it might not be a bad illness. The priest must keep him separate from the people for 7 (seven) days. 5 On the 7th (seventh) day, the priest must look at the person. The mark may not be any bigger. If it is not, he must keep the person separate from the people for 7 (seven) more days. 6 On the 7th (seventh) day, the priest must look at the person. The mark may not be so dark and it may not be any bigger. The priest can say that the illness has left that person. The person must wash his clothes. 7 A person might see that the mark on his skin had grown. This might happen after the priest had said that the illness had left him. Then the person must go again to the priest. 8 The priest must look at the person. The mark might be bigger. The priest must say that the person has an illness. It is an illness that he could give to other people.

9 If a person has an illness on his skin, you must bring him to the priest. 10 The priest must look at the person. If the skin has a white mark and white hair on it, the person has an illness. If the mark has no skin on part of it, the person has an illness. But it may not be an illness that he could give to other people. 11 The priest must say that the person is not clean. The priest need not keep him separate from the people. He already has an illness.

12 If the illness is all over the body of the person, the priest must look at the person. 13 If the skin is all white the priest must say that the person is clean. 14 If there is an open hole in the skin, the person is not clean. 15 The priest will see the hole in the skin. He must say that the person has an illness. 16 The hole might close up and the skin might go white. If it does, the person must go to the priest. 17 The priest must look at the skin. It may be white. The priest must say that the illness has left the person. Then he will be clean.

18 A mark on the skin of a person might have water under it. Then it might get better. 19 If there is still a red or white mark on the skin, the person must go to the priest. 20 The priest must look at the person. The red mark might be under the skin and the hair on the skin might be white. The priest must say that the person has an illness. The person is not clean. 21 If the red mark is not under the skin, it might not be an illness. There may not be any white hair on the red mark and the mark may be less red. If that is true, it might not be an illness. The priest must keep the person separate from the people for 7 (seven) days. 22 The red mark may get bigger. The priest must say that the person has an illness. 23 If the red mark is not getting bigger, the illness is getting better. The priest must say that the illness has left the person.

24 A person who has burnt his skin might have a red or white mark. It might be where he burnt himself. 25 The priest must look at him. If the hair on the mark is white, it is an illness. If the mark is under the skin and on the skin, it is an illness. The priest must say that the person is not clean. He might give the illness to other people. 26 There may not be any white hair and the mark may not be under the skin. The illness is leaving the person. Then the priest must keep him separate from the people for 7 (seven) days. 27 On the 7th (seventh) day, the priest must look at the person. If the mark is getting bigger, it is an illness. The priest must say that the person is not clean. 28 If the mark is getting smaller, it is not an illness. The mark is because the person burnt himself. The priest must say that the person is clean.

29 A person may have a mark that hurts on his head. 30 The priest must look at the mark. The mark may be under the skin and on the skin, and it may have thin yellow hair on it. That is a bad illness. He could give that illness to other people. The priest must say that the person is not clean. 31 If the mark is not under the skin, it might not be a bad illness. If there is not any black hair on the mark, it might not be an illness. The priest must keep that person separate from the people for 7 (seven) days. 32 On the 7th (seventh) day, the priest must look at the mark that is hurting. The mark might not be under the skin. There might not be any yellow hair on it. 33 The person must cut the hair off his head. He must not cut the hair for 7 (seven) more days. 34 On the 7th (seventh) day, the priest must look at the mark that is hurting. The mark may be no bigger and not under the skin. The priest can say that the person is clean. The person must wash his clothes. 35 The mark might get bigger after the priest has said that the illness has left the person. 36 The priest must look at the mark. If it is bigger, he need not look for yellow hair. The person is not clean. 37 The mark may be no bigger and black hair may have grown on it. If that is true, the illness has left the person.

38 If a person has white marks on his skin, 39 the priest must look at the marks. If the colour of the marks is not bright, it is not an illness. The person is clean.

40 The hair may fall from the head of a man until he is bald. That man remains clean. 41 If the hair falls from the front of the man’s head, it is bald. The man is clean. 42 If the man has a red and white mark on his bald head, it is an illness. 43 The priest must look at the red and white mark on the bald head. 44 The priest must say that the man has an illness. It is an illness that he might give to other people,

45 A person with this illness must tear his clothes. He must not comb his hair. He must cover the lower part of his face. He must shout, “I am not clean.” 46 He must be alone all the time that he has an illness. He must live outside the camp.

Rules for clothes that have mildew

47 Clothes might become bad because of mildew. 48 People might have made the clothes from wool, linen cloth or leather. 49 If the mark in the clothes is green or red, the mildew is growing. People must show these clothes to the priest. 50 The priest must look at the mildew. And he must keep the clothes separate from other clothes for 7 (seven) days. 51 On the 7th (seventh) day, the priest must look at the clothes. If the illness is getting bigger, the person must not wear them. 52 The priest must burn the wool, leather or linen clothes. They have an illness that will destroy them.

53 When the priest looks at the clothes, the mildew might not be getting bigger. 54 He must tell the people that they must wash the clothes. The people must keep these clothes separate from their other clothes for 7 (seven) more days. 55 The priest will look at the clothes after the people have washed them. If the mildew still seems the same, the people must not wear the clothes. The people must burn the clothes whether the mark is inside or outside them. 56 The colour of the mark might be less bright, after the people have washed the clothes. If it is, the priest must tear the marked part out of the clothes. 57 If the mildew comes back to the clothes, the people must burn them. 58 If there is no mildew in the washed clothes, the people must wash the clothes again. Then the clothes will be clean.’

59 These are the rules for mildew in linen cloth. They are rules for wool or leather clothes. They tell the priest how to know whether they are clean or not clean.

Chapter 14

Rules for the people after an illness of the skin leaves them

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 ‘These rules are for a person who has had an illness on his skin. They are rules about how to make him clean. When the illness leaves the person, you must bring him to the priest. 3 The priest must go outside the camp and he must look at the person. If the illness has gone away, 4 he must speak to the person. He must tell the person that he must bring two birds. They must be birds that are good for food. The birds must be alive. They must also bring wood from the cedar tree, red wool and some hyssop (a plant). 5 The priest will bring a pot with water in it. He will hold one of the birds over the pot and he will kill it. 6 The priest will take the other bird and the wood from the cedar tree. He will take the red wool and the hyssop. He will put all of them into the blood of the dead bird. 7 The priest will shake the blood over the person who had the illness. He will do this 7 times. The priest will then say that the person is clean. The priest will let the live bird go. It will fly away.

8 The person who had the illness must wash his clothes. He must wash his body with water and he must cut off all his hair. Then he will be clean. He can go into the camp. But he must stay outside the home that he has made from animal skins for seven days. 9 On day seven, he must cut all the hair off his head and his face. He must wash his clothes and his body with water.

10 On the 8th day, the person must bring two young male sheep and one female sheep. The female sheep must be one year old. All the animals must be perfect. He must also bring 3/10th of an ephah of flour (about 6 litres or 12 pints) mixed with oil. And he must bring a log (about 0.3 litres or half a pint) of oil. 11 The priest who is making him clean must be there. He must bring the person to the door of the Tent of Meeting. The person must bring with him his offerings to the Lord.

12 The priest must take one of the male sheep and the oil. He must lift them up to the Lord as a gift. 13 He must kill the sheep at the north side of the altar. That is where they kill the sin offering and the burnt offering. The gift is holy. It is food for the priests. 14 The priest must put some of the blood on the lowest part of the person’s right ear. He must put blood on the thumb of the person’s right hand. And he must put blood on the big toe of the person’s right foot. 15 The priest must pour some of the oil into his own left hand. 16 He must put a finger from his right hand into the oil. He must shake the oil seven times in front of the altar. 17 The priest must put oil on the lowest part of the person’s right ear. He must put some of the oil on the thumb of the person’s right hand. He must put some of the oil on the big toe of the person’s right foot. He will put the oil on top of the offering’s blood. 18 The priest must put the oil that he did not use on the person’s head. This makes his atonement in front of the Lord.

19 Then the priest must offer the sin offering. That will make atonement for the man who will become clean. Then the priest must kill another sheep. It is a burnt offering. 20 The priest must sacrifice the dead animal. It is a burnt offering. The priest must offer it on the altar. He must burn the flour and the oil with it on the altar. All this will make atonement for the person. This makes the person who had the illness clean.

21 If the person is poor, he must bring one young male sheep. And he must bring 1/10th of an ephah of flour (about 2 litres or 4 pints) mixed with oil. And he must give a log (about 0.3 litres or half a pint) of oil. The priest must lift them to the Lord. 22 The person must also bring two birds. They must be doves or pigeons. These will be his gift to the Lord. One bird is for a sin offering and the other one is for a burnt offering.

23 On the 8th (eighth) day, the person must bring his gifts to the Lord. He must bring them to the door of the Tent of Meeting. 24 The priest will take the young sheep and the oil and he will lift them up to the Lord. 25 He will kill the sheep. He will put some of its blood on the lowest part of the person’s ear. He will put the blood on the thumb of the person’s right hand. He will put the blood on the big toe of the person’s right foot. 26 The priest will pour some of the oil into his own left hand. 27 He will put a finger from his right hand into the oil. He will shake it seven times in front of the altar. 28 He will put oil from his hand on the lowest part of the person’s ear. He will also put oil on the thumb of the person’s right hand. He will put oil on the big toe of the person’s right foot. 29 The priest will put the oil that he did not use on the person’s head. Then the Lord can see that he is clean. 30 The priest will kill the pigeons or doves. 31 One bird is for a sin offering. The priest will burn the other bird with the grain offering. This is how the priest will make atonement in front of the Lord. He will do it for the person who was not clean.

32 These are the rules for a person who had an illness in his skin. They are for an illness that he might give to other people. They are for people who are too poor to buy three sheep.’

Rules for a house that has an illness called mildew

33 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, 34 ‘The country called Canaan is my gift to you. I may put an illness called mildew in a house in that country. 35 If a person finds mildew in his house, he must tell the priest. He must say, “I have found something like mildew in my house.” 36 The priest will tell the person what he should do. The person must take everything out of the house. If he does, those things will still be clean. Then the priest will go into the house. 37 He will look at the walls of the house. He will look for a green or red mark. If the mark goes into the wall, 38 the priest will leave the house. He will shut it up for 7 (seven) days. 39 On the 7th day, the priest will return to the house. The mildew may be bigger. 40 The priest must say, “You must remove the stones that have mildew.” The person must put the stones outside the town. He must put them in a special place. 41 The person must cut the clay from inside the walls of the house. The person must put the clay from the walls outside the town. The person must put it in a place for things that are not clean. 42 The person who lives in the house must get some more stones. He must get some more clay. Then he can mend the wall.

43 A person might find mildew on the wall that he has mended. He must tell the priest. 44 The priest will look at the house. If the mildew is on more of the mended wall, the house is not clean. 45 The person must break the house into pieces. The person who lives in the house must put the stones outside the town. He must put the wood and the clay outside the town. He must put them in the place for things that are not clean.

46 A person may go into the house while it is shut up. If he does, he will not become clean until evening. 47 Any person who sleeps in a house with mildew must wash his clothes. And any person who eats in a house with mildew must wash his clothes.

48 If a person mends his house, the priest must look at it. There may not be any mildew. So, the priest will say that it is clean. 49 The person must take two birds and some wood from the cedar tree. He must take red wool and hyssop (a plant). 50 The priest will bring a pot with water in it. He will hold one of the birds over the pot and he will kill it. 51 The priest will take the other bird and the wood from the cedar tree. He will take the red wool and the hyssop. He will put all of them into the blood of the dead bird. He will shake the blood and water over the house 7 (seven) times. This will make the house clean. 52 The priest will use the birds and the wood from the cedar tree. And he will use the wool and the hyssop to make the house clean. 53 Then the priest will take the bird that is alive outside the town. He will let the bird fly away. And the person can live in the house.’

Moses tells the people what these rules are for

54 These are the rules for an illness in a person’s skin. 55 These are the rules for mildew in clothes or in a house. 56 These are the rules for a mark on or under the skin. 57 These rules decide when a person has an illness. And they decide when he is clean. They show when a house has an illness. They are the rules for illnesses in the skin and for mildew.

Chapter 15

What people should do when pus, blood or semen comes out of them

1 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, 2 ‘Say to Israel’s people, “If pus is coming out of a man’s body, he is unclean.” 3 The man is unclean if the pus pours. And he is unclean even if it stops pouring.

4 If the man sits on a bed, it becomes unclean. If the man sits on anything, it becomes unclean. 5 A person who touches the bed must wash his clothes and his body. He will be unclean until evening. 6 Any person might sit on anything that he has sat on. That will make him unclean also. He must wash his clothes and his body. He will be unclean until evening.

7 A person who touches the dirty man must wash his clothes. He must also wash his body. He will be unclean until evening.

8 A man who is dirty might make another person wet with water. If the water is from his mouth, the other person must wash his clothes. He must also wash his body. He will be unclean until evening.

9 A dirty man might ride on an animal. The cloth on the back of the animal will become unclean. 10 A person who touches that cloth will be unclean until evening. If a person picks up that cloth, he must wash his clothes. He must also wash his body. He will be unclean until evening.

11 The dirty man might touch another person before the man washes his hands. The person that he touched becomes unclean. The person must wash his clothes and his body. He will be unclean until evening.

12 If the dirty man touches a clay pot, you must break it. Or he may touch a thing that someone has made from wood. If he touches it, you must wash that thing.

13 The pus may stop coming out of a person. When it does, he must count 7 (seven) days. He must wash his clothes and his body with fresh water. Then the man will be clean. 14 On the 8th day, he must take two birds to the door of the Tent of Meeting. They must be doves or pigeons. He must give them to the priest. 15 The priest will sacrifice them. One bird is for a sin offering and the other is for a burnt offering. They are an atonement to the Lord. Then the man will be clean.

16 When semen comes out of a man, he must wash his body. He will be unclean until evening. 17 You must wash any clothes that semen touches. They are unclean until evening. 18 A man might lie with a woman. If semen comes out of him, they are both unclean. They must wash their bodies. They will be unclean until evening.

19 A woman will bleed every month. She is unclean for seven days. A person might touch the woman when she is bleeding. That person will remain unclean until evening.

20 The woman who is bleeding might lie on a bed. The bed will become unclean. If the woman sits on something, it becomes unclean. 21 If another person touches the bed, he must wash his clothes and his body. He will be unclean until evening. 22 Another person might sit on the thing that she sat on. That person must wash his clothes and his body. He will be unclean until evening. 23 A person might touch anything that the woman sat on. If he does, he is unclean until evening.

24 A man might lie down with a woman. If her blood touches him, he is unclean for seven days. Any bed that the man lies on becomes unclean.

25 If a woman is bleeding for more than seven days, she is unclean. She is unclean all the time that she is bleeding. 26 The bed that the woman lies on becomes unclean. Anything that the woman sits on is unclean. 27 If another person touches the chair, he becomes unclean. He must wash his clothes and his body. He will be unclean until evening. If another person touches the bed, he will also become unclean. He must wash his clothes and his body. He will be unclean until evening.

28 When the woman stops bleeding, she must count 7 (seven) days. Then she will be clean. 29 On the 8th day, she must take two birds to the door of the Tent of Meeting. They must be doves or pigeons. She must give them to the priest. He will sacrifice one bird for her sin and he will burn the other. 30 He will kill them as an atonement to the Lord. Then the woman will be clean.

31 The Tent of Meeting is the Lord’s house. It is among Israel’s people. The priests must keep the people away from anything that makes them unclean. If they are not clean, they will make the Tent of Meeting unclean. So they will die.’

32 These are the rules when pus or semen come from a man’s body. 33 These are the rules for a woman when she bleeds each month. These are the rules for a man who has sex with an unclean woman.

Chapter 16

Rules about the Day of Atonement

1 The Lord spoke to Moses after the two sons of Aaron died. The gift that they gave to the Lord was not holy. So the Lord killed them. 2 The Most Holy Place in the Tent of Meeting is behind the curtain. The Lord said to Moses, ‘Your brother Aaron cannot go behind the curtain at any time that he wants to. Tell him that. The Lord appears in a cloud over the lid of the Covenant Box. So Aaron will die if he does not obey the Lord.

3 This is how Aaron must go into the Most Holy Place. He must bring a young bull (a male cow) for a sin offering. He must also bring a male sheep for a burnt offering. 4 He must wash his body before he puts on his special clothes. He must wear his linen robe and linen clothes next to his body. They are holy to the Lord. He must tie a linen belt round his body. He must put the linen hat on his head. These clothes are holy. 5 He must take two male goats for a sin offering. And he must take a male sheep as an offering to burn on the altar. They are a gift to the Lord from Israel’s people.

6 Aaron must offer the bull (male cow) as an atonement to the Lord for himself, his family and his servants. 7 He must take the two goats to the door of the Tent of Meeting. They are a gift to the Lord. 8 He must use the Lord’s special stones. They will help him to decide what he should do. He must decide which goat is for the Lord. And he must decide which goat he must send away. 9 Aaron must take the goat that is for the Lord. And he must kill it. It is a sin offering. 10 He must not kill the other goat. It is an atonement to the Lord. It will pay for the bad things that the people have done. It is to take away the people’s punishment. He must send it away into the desert.’

Verse 8 The special stones were called ‘Urim’ and ‘Thummim’. See Deuteronomy 33:8.

11 ‘Aaron must bring the bull (male cow) and he must kill it. It is his atonement for his family’s sins. 12 He must take a pot of the hot material that is burning on the altar. He must fill his two hands with incense. He must take the hot material and the incense behind the curtain. 13 He must put the incense on the burning material. The smoke will cover the lid of the Covenant Box. So he will not die. 14 He must take with him blood from the bull. He must use his finger to shake the blood. He must shake it on to the lid of the Covenant Box. He must shake the blood in front of the lid of the Covenant Box. He must shake it seven times with his finger.

15 Aaron must kill the goat for the sin offering. It is a gift to the Lord from the people. He must take the blood behind the curtain. He must shake the blood on the lid of the Covenant Box as he did with the bull’s blood. And he must shake the blood in front of the lid of the Covenant Box. 16 This will make atonement for all the sins of Israel’s people. This will make the Holy Place clean. Aaron must do the same for the Tent of Meeting. That is because the people have done bad things in the camp. The Tent of meeting is in the middle of the camp. 17 Aaron must give the offerings to the Lord. He must give them for his family and he must give them for his servants. He must give them for all the people. Nobody can go into the Tent of Meeting while Aaron is in the Most Holy Place. He must be alone when he goes in. And he must be alone until he comes out. He must be alone when he gives the offerings to the Lord. Those offerings are for himself, for his family and for all Israel’s people.

18 He must go to the altar that is in front of the Lord. He must make atonement for it. He must take blood from the bull (male cow) and blood from the goat. He must put the blood on the corners of the altar. 19 He must shake blood on the altar seven times to make it clean.

A goat will carry away all the bad things that the people have done

20 Aaron must first atone for the Most Holy Place, the Tent of meeting and the altar. Then he must bring the goat that is alive. 21 He must put his hands on the goat’s head. He must speak aloud all the bad things that Israel’s people have done. Then all the bad things will be on the goat’s head. Aaron must tell a man that he must send the goat away into the desert. 22 The goat will carry all the sins of the people into the desert. The man must send it away into the desert.

23 Aaron must go into the Tent of Meeting. He must take off the holy clothes. The holy clothes must stay in the Tent of Meeting. 24 He must wash his body in a holy place. He must put on his own clothes. He must leave the holy place. Then he must sacrifice the burnt offerings to the Lord. They will make atonement for himself and for the people. 25 And he must also burn the fat from the sin offering on the altar.

26 The person who sent the goat away must wash his clothes and his body. He can return to the camp. 27 Aaron had killed a bull (male cow) and a goat. He took their blood into the Most Holy Place to make atonement. Someone must carry their dead bodies outside the camp. He must burn them. That man must burn the skin, the meat and the inside parts. 28 The man who burnt the animals must wash his clothes and his body. Then he can return to the camp.

29 On the 10th (tenth) day of the 7th (seventh) month, Israel’s people must not eat any food. This is a rule that you must obey for all time. The people who are travelling with them must not eat any food. None of them must do any work. 30 This day will make them clean from all their sins. The Lord will see them as clean people. This will be the Day of Atonement. 31 It is a day when you do not eat any food. It is a day for rest. This is a rule from the Lord and you must do this every year. 32 The High Priest is a chosen son of Aaron. And he must make atonement. He will put on the holy clothes. He will bring the people’s offerings to the Lord. 33 He will make atonement for the Most Holy Place. He will make atonement for the Tent of Meeting. He will make atonement for the altar. He will make atonement for the priests and for all the people.

34 He will make atonement for all the Israelitessins once every year. This rule is for now and for all time.’

The people did everything quite as the Lord had told Moses.

Chapter 17

The people must not eat blood

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 ‘Tell these rules to Aaron and his sons and all the people. 3 If a person sacrifices a male cow, a sheep or a goat in the fields, that is a sin. Or if a person sacrifices it in the camp, that is a sin. 4 The animal is an offering to the Lord. The person should bring it to the door of the Tent of Meeting. He should offer it to the Lord there. The person who offers a sacrifice anywhere else has sinned. He has sacrificed an animal in the wrong way. He must leave the camp. 5 This rule will stop the people giving sacrifices to the Lord in the fields. They must bring their gifts to the priest. They will be fellowship offerings. The priest will be at the door of the Tent of Meeting. 6 He must shake the blood of the animal on the Lord’s altar. That altar is at the door of the Tent of Meeting. The priest must burn the fat. The smell of it while it is burning will give the Lord pleasure. 7 The people give sacrifices in the fields to worship idols that seem like goats. They must never do this again. This rule is for now and for all time.

8 If an Israelite gives a sacrifice or a burnt offering he must offer it at the Tent of Meeting’s door. A foreigner may live among you. If he gives a sacrifice he must offer it to the Lord at the Tent of Meeting’s door. 9 If they did not offer it to the Lord at the Tent of Meeting’s door they are sinning. You must send them away from the camp.

10 An Israelite or a foreigner who lives among you must not eat blood. And they must not drink it. If somebody does, the Lord will turn away from him. He will take that person away from his people. 11 The blood gives its life to an animal. You must put the blood on the altar. The Lord has given the blood to you. It atones for your sins and it gives life to you. 12 For this reason, Israel’s people must not eat blood. And the people who are travelling with them must not eat blood.

13 A person may catch an animal or a bird that is clean to eat. If he does, he must pour its blood on the ground. He must cover the blood with some earth. 14 The animal’s life is in its blood. That is why no Israelite should eat any animal’s blood. You must send any person that eats blood away from your people.

15 An Israelite or a foreign person may find a dead animal. If he eats it, he must wash his clothes and his body. He will be unclean until evening. Then he will become clean. A person might find an animal or a bird that a wild animal has killed. He must wash his clothes and his body. He will be unclean until evening. 16 If that person does not wash clothes and his body, it is his own mistake.’

Animals that have died have the blood in them. And animals that other animals have killed have the blood in them. So they will not be clean.

Chapter 18

Rules for the people about their lives

Rules about sex

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 ‘Tell Israel’s people that I am the Lord their God. 3 They lived in the country called Egypt. They must not do as the people in Egypt do. I am bringing them to live in Canaan’s country. They must not do as the people in Canaan do. 4 They must obey my rules. I am the Lord. 5 If they obey my rules, they will give me pleasure. If they obey my rules, they will remain alive. I am the Lord.

6 A person must not have sex with a person who belongs to his own family. I am the Lord.

7 Do not have sex with your mother. You will cause your father to be ashamed.

8 Do not have sex with a wife of your father. Your father will be ashamed.

9 Do not have sex with your sister. Do not have sex with the sister who has the same mother but a different father from you. Do not have sex with the sister who has the same father but a different mother from you. Do not have sex with your sister even if she lives in the same house as you.

10 Do not have sex with any granddaughter. You will be ashamed.

11 Do not have sex with the daughter of your father and his wife. She is your sister.

12 Do not have sex with your father’s sister. She is his sister.

13 Do not have sex with your mother’s sister. She is her sister.

14 Do not have sex with the wife who is married to your father’s brother. She is your aunt.

15 Do not have sex with your son’s wife.

16 Do not have sex with your brother’s wife. You will make your brother ashamed.

17 Do not have sex with both a woman and her daughter. Do not have sex with her son’s daughter or with her daughter’s daughter. They are her family and they are near to her. If you do this you are sinning.

18 Do not take your wife’s sister for a 2nd (second) wife. Do not have sex with your wife’s sister if your wife is alive.

19 Do not have sex with a woman when she is bleeding. She does this each month.

20 Do not have sex with the wife of another man. You would become unclean.

21 Do not give a child as a sacrifice to the god called Molech. This would destroy the Lord’s honour. He is the Lord.

22 Do not have sex with another man. To do this is very wrong.

23 Do not have sex with an animal. To do this is a sin. It would make you unclean. A woman must not have sex with an animal. She would not be obeying the rules of her nature.

24 Do not do these things. They would make you unclean. The people who live in Canaan do these things. It made them unclean. The Lord will send those people out of their country. 25 Canaan is unclean because the people did these things. This is why the Lord pushed the people out of that country. 26 But you and the foreigners with you must not do these wrong things. 27 The people in Canaan did these bad things and the country became unclean. 28 If you do these bad things, I will push you out of Canaan’s country. I will send you away, like the people before you.

29 You must send away any person who does any of these bad things. 30 All the people must obey my rules. They must not do the bad things that the people in Canaan did. If they did them, my people would become unclean. I am the Lord your God.’

Chapter 19

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 ‘Speak to Israel’s people. They must be holy because I am holy. You must tell them that.

3 Each person must respect his mother and his father. All the people must keep the Sabbath as a day for rest. I am the Lord your God.

4 You must not worship idols. You must not use metal to make gods for yourselves. I am the Lord your God.

5 When a person sacrifices a fellowship offering to the Lord, he must obey the rules. If he does, the Lord will accept the gift. 6 The people must eat the meat on the day that the person offers it. Or they must eat it on the next day. The person must burn any meat that he has not eaten after the 2nd (second) day. 7 On the third day, the meat is not clean. 8 If he eats the meat on the third day he makes a holy gift unclean. You must send him away from the camp.

9 When a person cuts the plants in his field, he must not cut to the edge of the field. He must not pick up what he drops. 10 If a person grows fruit to make wine, he must not pick all of the fruit. He must not pick up the fruit that drops. The fruit that drops is for the poor people. And it is for those who are foreign. I am the Lord your God.

11 You must not take something that belongs to another person. You must not say something that is not true. You must obey my rules.

12 You must not use the name of the Lord to say a promise. This will make my name unclean. I am the Lord.

13 You must not rob another person. You must not keep a slave’s money until the morning.

14 You must not speak bad words about a person who cannot hear. You must not put something in front of a person who cannot see. The person might fall. I am the Lord.

15 My people must be fair to other people. They must not be more kind to a rich or important man than to a poor one. They must be fair to rich people and to poor people.

16 They must not speak bad words about other people. They must not do anything that would cause a man to die. I am the Lord.

17 You must not think bad thoughts about another person. A person may do something that is wrong. You must tell him that he is doing a wrong thing. If you do, you will not be a part of the wrong thing.

18 You must not hurt another person because he hurt you. And you must not remember for a long time the bad thing that someone did to you. You must love all people as you love yourself. I am the Lord.

19 The people must obey the Lord’s rules. They must not let two different kinds of animals have sex together. They must not put two different kinds of seeds in one field. They must not make clothes from two different materials.

20 A slave girl belongs to a man. Another man must not have sex with her. If he does, he is doing a wrong thing. But the girl is not free. He has not bought her. You must punish them. But you must not kill them because the girl was not free. 21 The man must bring a male sheep to the door of the Tent of Meeting. It is an offering to the Lord. 22 The priest will sacrifice the gift to the Lord. The sacrifice will atone for the man’s sin. Then the Lord will forgive the man.

23 A person may plant a fruit tree in the country called Canaan. But he must not eat the fruit for (3) three years. 24 In the 4th (fourth) year, the fruit is holy. It is an offering to show that the Lord is great. 25 In the 5th year, the people can eat the fruit. If they do this, the trees will give much fruit to the people. I am the Lord your God.

26 You must not eat any meat that has the blood in it. People must not do magic. They must not use magic to try to discover things that might happen.

27 A man must not cut the hair on the sides of his head. He must not cut the edges of his beard.

28 He must not cut his body to remember the dead people. He must not paint his body. I am the Lord your God.

29 He must not sell his daughter for sex. You would make her ashamed. If he does this, all the people might do the same. The whole country would become full of sin.

30 The Lord has said what the people can do on the day for rest (Sabbath). On the day for rest, the people must do only those things. They must respect the Lord’s house.

31 They must not ask people who do magic to help them. That would make Israel’s people unclean. I am the Lord your God.

32 The people must stand up when they are with old people. They must respect the old people. They must give honour to their God. I am the Lord your God.

33 A foreign person may live in your country. You must be kind to him or to her. 34 People must love the person from a different country as they love themselves. They must remember the time when they lived in Egypt. Egypt was not their country. I am the Lord your God.

35 They must be fair when they are measuring space or weight or quantity. 36 They must use correct measures and weights. I am the Lord that led them out of Egypt.

37 They must obey all my rules. I am the Lord.’

Chapter 20

What would happen if the people did not obey the rules

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 ‘Talk to Israel’s people. Say, “If any Israelite or foreign person gives his children to the god called Molech, he must die.” The people must throw stones at him to kill him. 3 I, the Lord, will turn away from that person. I will make him separate from his people. That person did not respect the Lord. He did not respect the Lord’s holy name. 4 Israel’s people may not think that his sin was important. So they might not kill him. 5 But the Lord himself will become an enemy of the man and of his family. The Lord will send him away with all the people who worship the god called Molech.

6 A person must not ask someone who does magic for help. They are turning away from the Lord. He will send them away from his people.

7 The people must be holy. I am the Lord your God. 8 They must always obey all the Lord’s rules. I am the Lord who makes them holy.

9 If a person says bad things about his mother or his father, you must kill him. He has destroyed their honour. His sin will cause his death.

10 If a man has sex with another man’s wife you must kill him and the woman.

11 A man is sinning if he has sex with his father’s wife. You must kill the man and the woman. They have destroyed the father’s honour. Their sin causes their death.

12 A man is sinning if he has sex with his son’s wife. You must kill them both. They have not obeyed the rules of nature. Their sin causes their death.

13 A man is sinning if he has sex with another man. You must kill both of the men. They should be ashamed. Their sin causes their death.

14 A man is sinning if he marries a woman and her mother. You must burn the man and both the women in the fire. Then their sin will not make my people unclean.

15 A man is sinning if he has sex with an animal. You must kill the man and the animal.

16 A woman is sinning if she has sex with an animal. You must kill the woman and the animal. Their sin causes their death.

17 It is a sin if a man marries his sister. She may be the daughter of his father or of his mother. It is a sin if he has sex with her. The people must send them away. He has taken away his sister’s honour. He must carry the punishment for his sin.

18 A man must not have sex with a woman when she is bleeding. If he does, it is a sin. They have not obeyed the rules of the Lord. The people must send them away.

19 A man must not have sex with his mother’s sister or with his father’s sister. They are both doing a wrong thing. They are taking away the family’s honour. Their sin causes their punishment.

20 A man is sinning if he has sex with his aunt. He is taking away his father’s brother’s honour. They will have no children.

21 It makes the people unclean if a man marries his brother’s wife. He has taken away his brother’s honour. They will not have any children.

22 If the people want to remain in the country called Canaan, they must obey the Lord’s rules. 23 The people who are living in Canaan now are doing bad things. I, the Lord, hate them because they did those things. I will send them out of Canaan. 24 I, the Lord, will give their country to Israel’s people. I will give it to you and to your children to keep for all time. But you must obey my rules. Everything in the country is good. I am the Lord your God. I want you to be separate from other people.

25 The people must know which animals are clean. And they must know which animals are unclean. They must know which birds are clean. And they must know which birds are unclean. They must not eat any animal or bird that is unclean. 26 I am holy. So my people must be holy for me. I have made them separate from other people. They belong to me.

27 A man or a woman who uses magic is doing a wrong thing. People must throw stones at that person until they die. Their sin will cause their death.’

Rules for the priests

Chapter 21

1 The Lord said to Moses, ‘Say this to the priests. They must not touch a dead body. That would make them unclean. 2 It may be the body of a person from their own family. The priest can touch the dead person if it is his mother or father. He can touch the dead person if it is his son or his daughter or his brother. 3 He can touch the dead person if it is his sister. But he must not touch her if she has a husband. 4 The priest must not touch a dead person who is married to a person of his family. That would make him unclean.

5 A priest must not cut all the hair from his head. He must not cut the sides of his beard. He must not cut his body. 6 A priest must be holy. He must not speak bad words about the Lord. He is the person who sacrifices the people’s burnt offerings to the Lord.

7 A priest must not marry a woman who has left her husband. He must not marry a woman if men have paid her to have sex with them. He must not marry a woman whose husband has sent her away. A priest must be holy. 8 A priest is holy because he sacrifices the people’s offerings to the Lord. A priest is holy because I, the Lord, am holy.

9 A priest’s daughter must not have sex with men who pay her. That would make her unclean. She would take away her father’s honour. If she does not obey, you must burn her in a fire.

10 They have poured special oil on the High Priest’s head among his brothers. He must wear special clothes. He must comb his hair. He must not tear his clothes. 11 He must not go into a room where there is a dead body. Even if it is the body of his parent, he must not go in. It will make him unclean. 12 He must not leave the house of the Lord. He has the holy oil on his head. He must be separate. I am the Lord.

13 The High Priest must marry a woman who has not had sex before. 14 The woman must not have had a husband who died. She must not have a husband that she has left. Men must not have paid to have sex with her. She must be a woman from Israel’s people 15 so their children will be holy. I am the Lord. I make priests holy.’

16 The Lord said to Moses, 17 ‘Talk to Aaron. Say, “A priest who does not have a perfect body must not sacrifice the burnt offerings to the Lord.” This rule is for now and for all time. 18 A priest who cannot see must not sacrifice the food to the Lord. Apriest who cannot walk must not sacrifice food to the Lord. A priest with a body that is the wrong shape must not offer food to the Lord. 19 A priest with a hand that is the wrong shape must not offer food to the Lord. A priest with a foot that is the wrong shape must not offer food to the Lord. 20 A priest with a back that is not straight must not offer food to the Lord. Neither must a priest who is very small offer a food gift. A priest who has an eye illness or a skin illness must not offer food to the Lord. Neither must a priest offer food if his testicles (secret parts) are not whole. 21 If a priest’s son has something wrong with his body, he must not come near to the altar. He must not give the food offering to the Lord. 22 He can eat God’s holy food and God’s most holy food. 23 But none of Aaron’s family who is not perfect can go near the holy curtain or the altar. He would make the holy place unclean. I am the Lord. I make them holy.’

24 Moses told all these rules to Aaron, to his sons and to all Israel’s people.

Chapter 22

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 ‘Israel’s people give gifts to the Lord. Those gifts are holy. Tell Aaron and his sons that those things are holy. Tell them that they must remember that. They must give honour to my name. I am the Lord.

3 One of your sons may not be clean. That son must not come near the Lord’s holy offerings. But perhaps he may not obey my rule. He might go near to the holy gifts. The priests who are clean must punish him. They must send him away. He must go from the Lord’s house. I am the Lord. This rule is for now and for all time. 4 If a son of Aaron has a skin illness, he must not eat the holy gifts. If pus is coming from his body, he is not clean. He must not eat the holy offerings until he is clean. He might touch something that has touched a dead body. Or if he touches an unclean man, he will become unclean. The man may be unclean because semen is coming from his body. 5 Aaron’s son might touch an animal that moves on its stomach. Or he might touch a person who is not clean. If he does, Aaron’s son will be unclean. 6 The son of Aaron who touches any of these things will be unclean until evening. He must not eat any of the holy gifts until he washes his body. 7 When the sun goes down, he will be clean. He can eat the holy gifts. They are his food. 8 He might find something that is dead. He must not eat it. He must not eat anything that an animal has torn. It will make him unclean. I am the Lord.

9 Aaron’s sons must obey the Lord’s rules. If they do not obey them, it is a sin. They will die. I am the Lord who makes people holy. 10 Only a person who is from the priest’s family can eat the holy gifts. Another person who is living in the priest’s house must not eat the holy gifts. If a person is being paid to work for the priest, he must not eat the holy gifts. 11 A slave can eat the holy gifts if he was born in the priest’s house. Or he can eat the holy gifts if the priest bought him. 12 A priest’s daughter might marry a man who is not a priest. If she has done that, she must not eat the holy food. 13 A priest’s daughter’s husband might send her away. Or her husband might die. She might not have any children. She may go back to live in her father’s house. Then she can eat her father’s food.

14 A person might make a mistake and eat a holy gift. He must give back to the priest the same food. He must also give 1/5th (one fifth) more. 15 The priest must not give the holy gifts to people who are not from Aaron’s family. The gifts would become unclean. 16 If the people eat them they are sinning. They will have to pay for their sin. I am the Lord and I make them holy.’

Offerings that the Lord will not accept

17 The Lord said to Moses, 18 ‘Say this to Aaron, to his sons and to all the people. If any person gives a gift to the Lord, 19 he must give a bull (male cow), a sheep or a goat. The gift may be for a promise, or to thank the Lord for something or for a fellowship offering. The animal must be perfect. 20 They must not give any animal that is not perfect. The Lord will not accept that animal. 21 When a person brings an animal to the Lord as a special gift, it must be perfect. If it is, the Lord will accept it. 22 A person must not give to the Lord an animal that cannot see. The animal must not have a skin illness. And pus must not be coming from its body. The person must not burn an animal on the altar that is not perfect. 23 A person may give a male cow or a sheep with a body that is the wrong shape. He can use it as an offering to eat with his friends (fellowship offering). But the Lord will not take this animal as a gift for a promise. That gift must be perfect. You must not put on the altar an animal that is not perfect. 24 A person must not give a gift of an animal that has something wrong with its testicles (male parts). 25 This rule is for Israel’s people. You must not take animals that are not perfect from foreigners. You must not offer them to the Lord. The Lord will not accept them because they are not perfect.’

26 The Lord said to Moses, 27 ‘When a cow or a sheep or a goat is born, it must stay with its mother for 7 (seven) days. From the 8th (eighth) day the people can give it as a burnt offering to the Lord. 28 They must not kill a cow or a sheep and its baby on the same day.

29 When they sacrifice an animal to thank the Lord, they must sacrifice it in the proper way. This will give the Lord pleasure. 30 They must eat it on the day that they kill it. They must not keep any of it until the next day. I am the Lord.

31 The people must obey my rules. 32 I am the Lord. They must give honour to my holy name. My people must believe that I am holy. I am the Lord. I make people holy. 33 I brought you out of Egypt and I became your God. I am the Lord.’

Chapter 23

Rules for the Seasons and for the special days

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 ‘Tell Israel’s people about the special days when they must worship the Lord. They are holy days. The Israelites must come together and have a feast on these days.

3 There are six days when a person can work. The seventh day is Saturday (Sabbath). A person must not do any work on that day. It is a day when people meet together for worship. You must not work in any place where you live. It is the Sabbath, a day for rest.

Passover and bread without yeast

4 There are other special days. They are holy feasts. On these days you must tell the people how to obey the Lord’s rules. 5 One special day is the 14th day of the first month. When the sun goes down, the Passover to the Lord begins. 6 The 15th day of the first month, the feast of Bread Without Yeast begins. For 7 (seven) days the people must eat bread that has no yeast in it. 7 On the first day the people must meet together and they must not work. 8 For 7 (seven) days the people must give burnt offerings to the Lord. On the 7th (seventh) day they must stop work and they must worship the Lord.’

The Lord caused Israel’s people to stay in their houses for their last night in Egypt. They had to put a mark on their doors with blood. The Lord’s servant who was a spirit killed the oldest son in each house of Egypt’s people. But he passed over the houses with blood round the doors. So the Lord saved the sons of the Israelites. That is why this is called the Passover feast. (See Exodus 12:12-20.)

Gifts of new grain

9 The Lord said to Moses, 10 ‘Tell Israel’s people this. They will go into the country that I will give to them. And then they must harvest the grain. They must take the first part of the harvest in their arms. They must give this to the priest. 11 The priest will lift it to the Lord. Then the Lord will accept their gift. The priest will do this on the day after the Sabbath day. 12 On the same day the priest will bring a young sheep that is perfect to the Lord. It must be one year old. It is a gift from the people. 13 He will also bring 2/10ths of an ephah (about 4 litres or 8 pints) of the best flour mixed with oil. He will burn the gift as a sacrifice. The smell of it while it is burning will give the Lord pleasure. The people must also give a ¼ hin (about 1 litre or 2 pints) of wine as a gift to the Lord. 14 The people must not eat any of the new grain until they have given their gift to the Lord. They and their children must do this now and always. They must do it in any place that they live.

15 On the day after the Sabbath day the people will sacrifice their gifts to the Lord. After this, they must count 7 (seven) weeks. 16 They must count 50 days until the day after the 7th (seventh) Sabbath. Then they must give another gift of new grain to the Lord. 17 Each family must bring two loaves of bread as a special gift to the Lord. They must make the bread with 2/10ths ephah (about 4 litres or 8 pints) of good flour and yeast. This gift is from the first of their harvest fruits. 18 With the bread, all the people must bring seven perfect sheep. They must be males, each one year old. They must bring a bull (male cow). They must also bring two older male sheep. The priest will burn the grain and the animals as a gift to the Lord. The smell of them while they are burning will give the Lord pleasure. 19 The priest must sacrifice one male goat as a sin offering. The people must give two young sheep. They must be one year old. They are a gift to the Lord. 20 The priest will lift the animals and the bread to the Lord. They are a holy offering to the Lord. They are for the priest. 21 On this day, the people must not do any work. They must not work anywhere that they live. It is a special day to the Lord now and for all time to come.

22 When the people harvest the grain, they must not cut it to the edge of the field. They must not pick up any grain that falls. Some grain must remain in the field. It is for the poor people and for foreign people. I am the Lord your God.’

23 The Lord said to Moses, 24 ‘Tell Israel’s people this. On the first day of the 7th (seventh) month, they must rest. It is a special day. They must worship the Lord together with the sound of trumpets. 25 They must not work. They must burn an offering to the Lord.’

The Day of Atonement

26 The Lord said to Moses, 27 ‘The 10th (tenth) day of the 7th (seventh) month is the Day of Atonement. On that day, the people must come together. They must not eat any food. They must burn an offering to the Lord. 28 They must not do any work. It is a holy day. On this special day, Aaron (the High Priest) must come near to the Lord. He will make atonement for the sins of the people. 29 You must punish any person who eats any food on that day. Send them away from my people. 30 I will kill any person who works on that day. 31 Nobody must work on that day. This rule is for now and for all time to come. You must obey it in any place where you are living. 32 It is a Sabbath rest for all the people. They must not eat any food. They must rest from the evening of the 9th (ninth) day until the evening of the 10th (tenth) day.’

The Feast of Houses that people have made from branches

33 The Lord said to Moses, 34 ‘Tell Israel’s people that the 15th (fifteenth) day of the 7th (seventh) month is a special day. It is the Day of Houses that people have made from branches. The feast goes on for 7 (seven) days. 35 The first day is a special day. The people must not do any work. 36 For 7 (seven) days each person must give a gift to the Lord. The 8th (eighth) day is holy. The people must come together and they must give a burnt offering to the Lord. This is the last day of the feast. The people must not do any work on that day.

37 These are the rules for the special days of the Lord. You must tell people that they must bring offerings to the Lord on these days. They will bring gifts for burnt offerings each day. They must bring offerings of grain, animals and wine. 38 These are not the usual Sabbath gifts. They are not gifts to give thanks or for promises. But they are extra gifts for special days.

39 When the people have picked the grain, they can enjoy 7 (seven) feast days. The special days will begin on the 15th (fifteenth) day of the 7th (seventh) month. On the first day and on the 8th (eighth) day they can rest. 40 On the first day, they must take fruit and leaves from the trees. Then for 7 (seven) days they must worship the Lord. 41 They must do this for 7 (seven) days of each year. They must obey this rule in the 7th (seventh) month now, and for all the years to come. 42 All Israel’s people must live in houses that they have made from branches for 7 (seven) days. 43 The people in the future will know that the Lord brought Israel’s people out of Egypt. They will know that he is the Lord. And he caused them to live in houses that they made from branches. I am the Lord, your God.’

44 Moses told the people all that the Lord had told him.

Chapter 24

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 ‘Tell Israel’s people that they must bring to you the best oil. This will cause the light to burn all the time. 3 Aaron must put more oil in the lamp from evening to morning. The lamp is outside the curtain. That curtain is in the Holy Place. The light must never go out. This rule is for now and for all time to come. 4 The lamps on the gold thing that holds the lamps must burn always.

Rules about the bread that the people give to the Lord

5 The people must bake 12 loaves of bread. They must use the best flour. They must weigh the flour for each loaf. They must use 2/10ths of an ephah (4 litres or 8 pints). 6 They must put the loaves on a table in two rows. There must be six loaves in each row. 7 They must put incense near each row. They must burn the incense as a gift to the Lord instead of the bread. 8 They must put the bread on the table every Sabbath. It is a covenant between Israel’s people and the Lord. 9 The bread is for Aaron and for his sons. They must eat it in a holy place. It is their holy part of the burnt offering to the Lord.’

The story of a man who said bad things about the Lord

10 There was a man. His mother was an Israelite and his father was a man from Egypt. The man had a quarrel with an Israelite man. 11 The Israelite woman’s son said bad things about the Lord. The people took him to Moses. (The name of the mother was Shelomith. She was the daughter of Dibri from the family of Dan.) 12 They locked the man up. The Lord told them what to do with him.

13 The Lord said to Moses, 14 ‘Take the man outside the camp. All the people who heard him speak must put a hand on him. All the people must throw stones at him until he is dead. 15 Tell Israel’s people, “It is a sin if any man says bad things about the Lord’s name. 16 He must die. All the people must throw stones at him until he is dead.” You must kill anyone who says bad things about the Lord’s name. They may be a foreigner or an Israelite. You must kill them.

17 If any man kills another man you must kill him. 18 A man might kill an animal that belongs to another man. He must give an animal that is alive to the man. You must give a living animal if you take a living animal’s life. 19 If a man hurts another man, you must also hurt him. 20 Whatever the man does to another man, the other man can do to him. If he takes an eye, you can take an eye. If he breaks a bone, you can break his bone. If he takes a tooth, you can take his tooth. 21 A man may kill an animal. That man must give back an animal that is alive. But if he kills a man, you must kill him. 22 This rule is for all the people. It is the same rule for Israelites and foreigners. I am the Lord your God.’

23 Moses spoke to Israel’s people. A man had said bad things about the Lord. They took him outside the camp. They threw stones at him until he died. Israel’s people did as the Lord had told Moses.

Chapter 25

The Sabbath Year

1 Moses was on Sinai’s mountain. The Lord spoke to him there. 2 The Lord said, ‘Speak to Israel’s people. They will go into the country that I will give to them. Then the land must have a Sabbath rest. 3 They can plant seeds in the fields for 6 (six) years. They can cut the leaves of the plants and they can harvest the fruit for six years. 4 In the 7th (seventh) year, the land must have a rest. They must not plant seeds in the fields or cut the leaves. 5 They must not harvest fruit or grain. The land must have a year for rest. 6 All of the people can eat anything that grows by itself in the Sabbath year. That will be food for you and for your servants and for your animals. And other people who live among you can eat it. 7 The wild animals also can eat anything that grows by itself in the Sabbath year.

The Jubilee Year

8 The people must count 7 (seven) lots of Sabbath years (7x7 years). That is 49 years. 9 In the 50th year they must make loud music. They must blow trumpets on the 10th (tenth) day of the 7th (seventh) month. That is the Day of Atonement. They must blow the trumpet through all the country. 10 The year will be special. It is a Jubilee year. It is a time for every one of my people to become free. Everyone can return to his own land and to his family. 11 The 50th year is a Jubilee year. The people must not plant any seed in the fields. They must not harvest anything that grows by itself on the bushes. 12 It is a Jubilee year for the people. And they can eat only food that they take from the fields.

13 In the Jubilee year every person must return to the land of his family.

14 If the people buy and sell land from each other, they must be honest with each other. 15 The person who is selling the land will fix a price. He must count the number of years until the next Jubilee year. 16 When there are many years, the price must be big. When there are few years, the price must be small. What the person is selling are the plants from the fields. 17 Be honest with each other and respect the Lord. I am the Lord your God.

18 The people must obey the Lord’s rules. If they do, they will be safe. 19 You will be able to grow food on the land. And the people will have plenty to eat. They will be safe. 20 The people may ask what they shall eat in the seventh year. They will not have planted any seeds. 21 The Lord will cause a lot of food to grow in the 6th (sixth) year. They will have food for three more years. 22 When a person plants seed in the 8th (eighth) year he will still be eating the harvest from the 6th (sixth) year. The next time he will harvest the plants from the fields will be in the 9th (ninth) year.

23 The people must never sell the land for all time. The land belongs to the Lord. He has said that the people can live on it. 24 A person may buy land. But he must remember that he may have to sell it back to the seller.

25 If a man becomes poor, he can sell some of his land. A person from his family must buy the land back for the man. 26 But the man might not have any family. If he stops being poor, he can buy the land back. 27 He must count how many years until the next Jubilee year. He must pay the right amount of money for the land. Then he can live on the land again. 28 If the man is too poor to buy the land back, it will belong to the other person. It will belong to the other person until the next Jubilee year. He must return it to the poor man in the Jubilee year.

29 A man may sell a house in a city with walls. For one year after he sells it, he can buy it back. 30 If the man does not buy back the house, it will belong to the other person and his sons. It will belong to them for all time. They will not have to return it in the Jubilee year. 31 If the house is in a village, a person can buy it back. If he does not buy it back, they will return it to him in the Jubilee year.

32 The Levites (people from the family of Levi) can buy back the houses in their towns. 33 In the Jubilee year, the Levites must get back the houses that they sold. Their towns belong to the Levites. 34 The Levites must not sell the fields that belong to their towns. The Lord gave to them their towns and cities to live in for all time.

People who have a lot of money must lend it to the poor people

35 An Israelite may become poor. He may not be able to feed his family. You must help him. You would help a visitor or a foreigner in the same way. You must help the man so that he can continue to live among you. 36 The man must not pay back more than you gave to him. You must obey the Lord. 37 The person who is feeding the man might give money or food to him. He must not ask for more back than he gave. 38 I am the Lord your God who brought you out of Egypt. I brought you into this country to be your God.

39 If an Israelite becomes poor, he might sell himself to another person. He must not work as a slave for that person. He must be like a paid servant. 40 He must work for that person until the next Jubilee year. 41 In the Jubilee year, you will make him free. He and his children can go back to his own house and family. 42 Israel’s people belong to the Lord. I took them out of Egypt. They must not be slaves. 43 You must be kind to all Israelites. Remember to obey your God.

44 Israel’s people can buy male and female slaves. Those slaves must come from other countries. 45 And Israelites can buy people from other countries who live among them. They may have children who were born in your country. You can buy them. They will become slaves. 46 You can give the slaves to your children when you die. But you must rule Israel’s people in a kind way.

47 A person from another country may become rich. Then he might buy an Israelite who became poor. But the poor man can buy himself back at any time. 48 A person from the family of the poor man can buy him back. 49 A brother or a cousin of the poor man can buy him back. If the poor man becomes rich, he can pay to make himself free. 50 The man and the person who bought him must count the time until the Jubilee year. The man must pay the right amount of money to be free. 51 The Jubilee year may be many years away. If it is, the man must pay a lot of money to be free. 52 There may be a few years until the Jubilee year. If there are, he has to pay only a small amount of money to be free. 53 The person who has bought the man must pay him each year. You must cause the rich man to be kind to the man.

54 Perhaps nobody will pay any money for the man. But the man who bought him must make him free in the Jubilee year. 55 Israel’s people belong to me. I brought them out of Egypt. They are my servants. I am the Lord.

Chapter 26

1 You must not make idols from stones and worship them. You must not draw things on stones and bend down in front of them. I am the Lord your God.

2 You must rest on Sabbath days and you must keep them holy. You must respect the Lord’s house. I am the Lord.

3 The people must carefully obey the rules. 4 If they do, I will send rain at the proper time. Plants for food will grow in the ground. Fruit will grow on your trees. 5 The people will harvest grain until the grapes are ready to eat. They will harvest the grapes until it is the time to plant seeds. They will have all the food to eat that they need. I will keep them safe in their country.

6 I will stop war in Israel. When the people sleep, they will not be afraid. I will take the wild animals away. Other people will not hurt my people. 7 Israel’s enemies will run away from them. They will kill their enemies. 8 Five (5) of you will run after 100 of them. And 100 of you will run after 1000 enemies. You will kill all your enemies.

9 I will do good things for your people and I will give many children to them. Their number will grow. I will do everything that I have promised to do for them. 10 They will have so much food that some will remain after the next harvest. 11 I will live among the people. I will never turn away from them. 12 I will walk among the people. They will belong to me. 13 I am the Lord your God. I brought you out of Egypt. You will not be the slaves of people in Egypt. I saved you so that you need not be ashamed.

People who do not obey the rules will not give any pleasure to the Lord

14 The Lord will be angry if the people do not listen to him. He will be angry if they do not obey his rules. 15 The people may not respect or obey the Lord’s rules. So they will not be doing what they promised to him. 16 So the Lord will send illnesses to the people. They will be afraid. The people will have illnesses in their eyes. They will get thin and they will die. They will plant their seed and their enemies will eat the fruit. 17 The Lord will fight against you. Your enemies will win the war. They will become your rulers. Your soldiers will run away even when nobody is running after them.

18 The people may not obey the Lord even after this. If they do not, the Lord will punish them 7 (seven) times more strongly. 19 He will make them ashamed. He will not send any rain and the land will be hard and dry. 20 Even if they do a lot of work, no grain will grow. No fruit will grow on the trees.

21 The people may still not listen to the Lord. If they do not, he will be 7 (seven) times more angry. If they do not obey him, he will cause their lives to be 7 (seven) times more difficult. 22 He will send wild animals to kill their children and their animals. The country will be almost empty.

23 The people may still not listen to the Lord. If they do not, he will be angry. 24 He will become their enemy. If they do not obey him, he will punish them 7 (seven) times more strongly. 25 He will send enemy soldiers to kill the people. They have not done what they promised to do. So he will punish them for that. If they go back to their cities, he will send them illnesses. The enemy will win the war. 26 The people will not have any food. A woman will bake one loaf for ten families. They will weigh it to give one part to each family. When a person eats his piece of bread, he will still be hungry.

27 If the people still turn away from the Lord, he will be even more angry. They will not turn away from their sin. 28 So he will turn away from them. He will punish them 7 (seven) times more again. 29 They will be so hungry that they will eat their own children. 30 The Lord will destroy the places where they worship false gods. He will destroy their very bad incense altars. He will put their dead bodies round their idols. He will hate them. 31 He will destroy the cities. He will destroy the places for wrong worship. Nobody will burn incense to give the Lord pleasure. 32 The Lord will destroy the land. He will cause the enemies who live in your country to hate it. 33 The Lord will push you out. He will send your people away to other countries. He will destroy your cities. And he will make your land a desert. 34 The land will have a Sabbath rest while there are no people in it. 35 All the time that it is empty, the land will have rest. It will have the Sabbath rest that it did not have. It did not have it when you lived in it.

36 Some of Israel’s people will remain in other countries. They will be frightened. A leaf that is blowing in the wind will cause them to run away. It will be like when an enemy is running after them. They will fall even if no enemy is running after them. 37 They will fall over each other when nobody is running after them. They will not be strong enough to fight their enemies. 38 They will die in the countries where they are living. Those countries will cause their deaths. 39 Those who remain here will die because of their sins. They will die because their fathers and grandfathers did not obey the Lord.

40 Your sons and your grandsons must tell me, the Lord, that they are sorry. They must be sorry because they did not obey my rules. They must be sorry that they turned away from me. 41 They must remember that they made me angry. They caused me to turn away from them. I am the Lord, and I sent them into their enemies’ country. They will be sorry until I have punished them enough. 42 Then I will remember my covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. I will remember that I gave their land to them. 43 Before this, the country will be empty and it will have a rest. My people will pay for the bad things that they did. 44 But I, the Lord, will not kill all of them. The people will be living in their enemies’ country. Then I will remember them. I will not leave them alone. I will remember my covenant with their fathers. I am the Lord, their God. 45 The Lord will remember his covenant with the people that he brought out of Egypt. The people in every country saw him do this. He is the Lord.’

46 These are the rules that the Lord gave to Moses on the mountain called Sinai. They are his covenant with Israel’s people.

See Exodus chapter 20 and Deuteronomy chapter 6.

Chapter 27

Rules about gifts to the Lord

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 ‘Speak to Israel’s people. Tell them this. A person might give another person to the Lord for a special promise. 3 They can make that person free. But they must give the right amount of money to the Lord. For a man between 20 years and 60 years old, they must give 50 pieces of silver. 4 For a woman, they must give 30 pieces of silver. 5 For a male between five years and 20 years old, they must give to the Lord 20 pieces of silver. For a female, they must give 10 pieces of silver. 6 For a boy between one month and five years old, they must give five pieces of silver. For a girl of the same age, the Lord must have three pieces of silver. 7 If a man is older than 60 years, they must give 15 pieces of silver. For a woman, they must give 10 pieces of silver. 8 A person might say this special promise to the Lord. But he might be too poor to pay the money. He must bring the person to the priest. The priest will tell the person how much money to pay. The priest will know how much money the man can give.

9 If the promise is to give an animal to the Lord, the animal becomes holy. 10 The person must not change a good animal for a bad animal. He must not change a bad animal for a good animal. If the person does change one animal for another, both the animals become holy. 11 The animal might be an animal that you must not eat. If it is, the person must bring it to the priest. 12 The priest will decide if the animal is good or bad. 13 The person might want to buy the animal back. He must pay the price of the animal and 1/5 (one fifth) more.

14 A person might give his house to the Lord. The priest will decide if the house is good or bad. The priest will decide the price of the house. 15 The person might want to buy the house back. He must pay the price of the house and 1/5th (one fifth) more. Then it will again belong to him.

16 A person might give part of his land to the Lord. The person will decide the price by how much seed the land needs. The price will be 50 pieces of silver for a homer (220 litres or 6 bushels) of seed. 17 If a person gives his land in a Jubilee year, the price is the same. 18 A person might give his land after the Jubilee year. The priest will count the number of years before the next Jubilee. The price will be less. 19 A person might want to buy the land back. He must pay the price of the land and 1/5th (one fifth) more. 20 He may not buy it back before the year of Jubilee. Then the field becomes holy. But the man may have sold the land to another person. If he has, he cannot get it back. 21 In the Jubilee year the land will become holy. Then it will belong to the priests.

22 A person might buy some land from another family. He might give that land to the Lord. 23 The priest will count how many years there are until the Jubilee year. The person must pay the money on that day. The money is holy to the Lord. 24 In the Jubilee year, the land returns to the family from whom he bought it. 25 The priest must decide the price of the land. He must use the correct measures.

26 The first baby that an animal has is holy. It belongs to the Lord. A person cannot give it as a special gift to the Lord. 27 The animal might be an unclean animal (an animal that they must not eat). The person can pay the price of the animal and 1/5 (one fifth) more to get it back. If the person does not buy it back, the priest will sell it.

28 A man might give to the Lord something that the man has. Everything that a man gives like that is holy. It might be a person, an animal or land. The priest must not sell it. A man cannot take it back. Everything that someone gives to the Lord is most holy.

29 The Lord might decide that a person must die. If he does, nobody can buy him back. The person must die.

30 One tenth (1/10th) of everything that comes from the land is holy. It may be grain or fruit. It belongs to the Lord. 31 If a person buys back any of his gift to the Lord, he must pay the price and 1/5th (one fifth) more. 32 Out of every ten animals, one animal is holy. It belongs to the Lord. 33 A person must not change a good animal for a bad animal. A person must not change a bad animal for a good animal. If he does that, both animals are holy. They belong to the Lord. A person cannot buy them back.’

34 These are the rules that the Lord gave to Moses on the mountain called Sinai. They are the rules for Israel’s people.

Word List

altar
table on which to burn gifts to God.
anoint
when the Israelites poured oil on special things or special people.
atone
to pay for something wrong that you did; that would make you clean enough to meet God.
atonement
gift or something that you do to bring people near to the Lord.
bull
male cow.
camel
animal to carry people or things. It can walk for a long time without a drink.
camp
place where people live in homes that they have made from animal skins.
cedar
a kind of big tree.
circumcise
to cut off the skin from the end of the sex part of a boy or of a man.
clay
sticky earth that people use to make pots.
clean
clean inside; it can get near to God.
covenant
a promise between the Lord and the people.
covenant box
box that they kept in the most holy place. Stones with God’s rules written on them were inside it.
desert
a dry place with much sand.
dirty
not clean inside. God cannot go near it.
dove
a bird.
ephah
they used an ephah to measure dry things; about 22 litres (5 gallons).
ephod
a kind of robe that priests wore.
family
family included father, mother and children; also grandfathers and those who had been born before them.
feast
a meal to enjoy something good with friends.
fellowship
when people are together and they want the same things.
fin
flat skin with bones that stands out from the sides of a fish.
foreigner
person who is foreign.
forgive
do not remember bad things that someone has done.
grain
hard seed that you can eat; or you can make it into bread.
grape
a fruit. People make a drink with alcohol from grapes.
harvest
the time when people pick all the fruits that are ready to eat. It may also be the fruits themselves; to harvest means to pick the fruits.
hate
not to like at all; to want to hurt someone.
High Priest
the son of Aaron; they had anointed him; he could go into the Holy Place on the Day of Atonement.
holy
all good, with nothing bad in it.
honey
a special sugar that insects called bees make.
honour
to give an important place to someone; to think that they are special.
hyssop
a plant.
idol
a thing that people pray to instead of to God.
incense
something that gives a nice smell when you burn it.
Israelite
someone who lives in Israel; or a person who is born from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their children.
Jubilee
the 50th year.
kidney
an inside part of an animal.
lamp
something that contains burning oil. It gives light.
Levite
from the big family of Levi, who was one of Jacob’s 12 sons.
linen
a special kind of cloth.
liver
an inside part of an animal.
Lord
someone who rules or is a master. God is the Lord who rules everyone.
magic
to cause strange things happen to surprise people; when people use bad spirits to do things for them. The spirits do things that people cannot usually do. Magic is very bad and it is not from God.
mildew
when material is wet or bad, mildew can grow on it. It destroys the material.
offer
to burn something on God’s special table as a gift to him; or, sometimes priests or other people ate the food but it was really a gift to God.
offering
gift that a person wanted to give to the Lord.
Passover
special feast to remember when God took his people out of Egypt.
perfect
nothing wrong with it.
pigeon
a bird.
priest
a man that the Lord chose to do things for him.
punish
hurt someone because they have not obeyed the rules; cause trouble for someone because they have done bad things.
punishment
what they do to punish a person.
pus
it is yellow or green; it comes out of a bad place on the body.
respect
to think that another person has value; to think that another person is important.
robe
clothes that reach the ankles.
row
a line of things.
Sabbath
the 7th day of the week; a special day for rest and to worship God.
sacrifice
to give up something that has value; or the thing that you give.
scales
little hard things all over a fish’s skin.
semen
it comes out of a man’s sex part.
shake
move quickly and cause something to leave your hand or body.
silver
a shiny metal that is very valuable.
sin
when we do not obey God’s rules.
spirit
spirits are alive, but we cannot see them. There are good spirits usually called angels. Bad spirits (also called evil spirits or demons) live in the air round us. Satan is their leader.
tent
a home or building that people have made from animal skins; a place to live in that people have made out of cloth. You can move a tent-house to different places.
Tent of Meeting
the tent from which the Lord spoke to his people.
thumb
part of the hand which moves against the fingers.
Thummim
Urim and Thummim were valuable stones. The High Priest (Aaron) put them in the breast pocket of the beautiful work. God used the stones to guide the people. We do not know how he did this. The ephod was a special robe that the High Priest wore over his other robe.
trumpet
a metal pipe with a wide end; you can blow through this metal pipe to make loud music.
unclean
not clean enough to be near to God; not holy.
Urim
Urim and Thummim were valuable stones. The High Priest (Aaron) put them in the breast pocket of the beautiful work. God used the stones to guide the people. We do not know how he did this. The ephod was a special robe that the High Priest wore over his other robe.
wine
drink with alcohol in it that you can make from fruit called grapes.
wool
soft hair that people use to make clothes.
worship
to bend down to the Lord; to give honour to him.
yeast
you can put yeast into flour and water to make bread. The yeast grows in the bread and it causes the bread to rise.

Book List

H. H. Halley ~ Halley’s Bible Handbook ~ Zondervan

Bibles ~ NIV, Good News, Living Bible, Life Application Study Bible

Info

© Wycliffe Associates (UK), 1997-2007

This version published November 2007

The translated Bible text has been through Advanced Checking.