About this book
Luke obeyed what Jesus taught. He was also a doctor. People think that he was not a Jew. He wrote this book some time between the years AD 59 and AD 80. Some people think that he wrote it in the city called Rome. He wrote it for a man called Theophilus. He was an important Roman officer and he was a rich man.
Luke also wrote the book for other people that believed in
Jesus. It would help them to know Jesus better. Then they could answer
questions when people asked them about him. Many people had wrong ideas about
Jesus. Luke wanted people to know what was true.
Luke writes about the Good News. The Good News is that God wants to rule in the lives of his people. God will rule in the lives of Jews and of those people that are not Jews. Luke tells us who Jesus is. And he tells us how Jesus was born. He also tells us about his life and death. Luke explains to us why Jesus came to earth. He also explains what he did during his life here. And he tells us how he went to live with God again. And, at the end, he explains to us about God’s gift of the Holy Spirit.
Luke knew that Jesus had told people about the Good News.
Jesus wanted his people to let everyone in the world know the message about
himself. Luke wanted everyone to know what Jesus had said.
The book of Luke is in 4 parts:
1. What happened before Jesus started his work (1:1 – 4:13).
2. What happened when Jesus was working in the country called
Galilee (4:14 – 9:50).
3. What happened when Jesus was working in the countries
called Judea and Perea (9:51 – 19:27).
4. What happened in the city called Jerusalem in the last week
of Jesus’ life (19:28 – 24:53).
1 Great things have happened in our country. Many people
have tried to write about them. 2 Some people were present when these
things started to happen. They saw everything that happened. They told us what
they had seen. And they told us what they had
heard. They are the people who told the Good News. 3 Most important
Theophilus, I have checked all these facts. Now I also know about all the
things that happened from the beginning. I am writing to tell them to you. It
is good for you also to know all these facts. This is the reason for this
letter. 4 You have already heard about all these things. Now you can be
sure that they are true.
What happened before John the Baptist was born
5 There was a man whose name was Zechariah. He lived when Herod was king of Judea. Zechariah was a priest and he belonged to a group of priests from the family of Abijah. He had a wife called Elizabeth. And they were both from the family of the priest called Aaron.
This Herod was called Herod the Great. He was king in Judea from the year 37 BC to the year 4 BC.
A priest is a special servant of God. He worked at the Jewish meeting place or at the Great House of God in Jerusalem. All the priests came from the family of Aaron. He was the brother of Moses. They both lived a long time before Jesus. We can read about Aaron in the book called Exodus. There were 24 groups of priests. One group at a time worked in the Great House of God. Every group had a name. Zechariah was in the group of Abijah.
6 Zechariah and Elizabeth obeyed God all the time. They
did not do wrong things. God liked how they lived. 7 But they had no
children. Elizabeth could not have a baby and they were both getting old.
At that time, people without children thought that God was
angry with them. Elizabeth and Zechariah would have felt very sad because they
had no children.
8 One day, Zechariah’s group was working at the Great House of God. And Zechariah had a special job to do. 9 The priests chose one of their group to go into a special room inside the Great House of God. Zechariah’s job was to burn incense there.
They did a special thing to know who would go into the room.
It was something like a game that we play. But it was serious and important.
10 While Zechariah was burning incense, many men were outside the special room. They were praying to God.
The Jews made incense from special sticky liquid that they got from certain kinds of trees. It makes a sweet smell when it burns. They used it in the Great House of God. They burnt incense in God’s house while they prayed. God had said in his rules that they should do this.
11 The incense was burning on a special table, when an angel from God appeared to Zechariah. The angel was standing at the right hand side of the table.
An angel is a servant of God that brings his messages. The ‘right hand side’ means the place of importance.
12 When Zechariah saw the angel, he was very surprised. He was also very afraid. 13 ‘Zechariah, do not be afraid’, the angel said to him. ‘God has heard what you prayed. He will give you what you asked for. Your wife Elizabeth will have a baby boy. You will call him John. 14-15 He will be very important to the Lord. So, he will make you very happy. Many other people will also be very happy because he has been born. He must never drink anything with alcohol in it. From the time that he is born, the Holy Spirit will live inside him.
16 He will teach many people in Israel. Then they will turn their lives towards the Lord their God and they will obey God again. 17 John will prepare the people for the Lord. The Holy Spirit will lead John as he led Elijah. John will be as powerful as Elijah was. He will help fathers to love their children. He will teach people that do not obey God. Then they will think right things. And they will do right things that good people do. John will prepare Israel’s people. Then they will be ready when the Lord comes.’
God chose Elijah to speak for him. The Holy Spirit showed him what to say. Elijah gave special messages from God to his people. He taught them to stop doing the things that God did not like. He told them that they should obey God. We can read about Elijah in 1 Kings, chapter 13.
The people of Israel came from the family of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and their children. We call them Jews. God chose them as his special people. He gave the name Israel to Jacob. We can read about Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in Genesis.
18 ‘How can I be sure about this?’ Zechariah asked the angel. ‘After all, I am an old man. My wife is also old.’
19 ‘I am called Gabriel’, answered the angel. ‘My place is in front of God. I am always ready to work for God. He has sent me to speak to you. He told me that I should tell you this good news. 20 Now listen
to me. Because you did not believe my message, you will be quiet. You will not
speak again until the time that your son is born. My message will become true
at the right time.’
21 While this was happening, the people outside were
waiting for Zechariah. They were thinking, ‘Why has Zechariah stayed for such a long time in the special room? Why has he
not come out yet?’ 22 When he did come out, he tried to talk to them.
But he could not speak. So they knew that he had seen something special in the
room. He was moving his head and his hands about, to tell them what had
happened. But he remained quiet.
23 When Zechariah had finished his work in the Great House of God, he returned home. 24 Soon, a baby was growing inside his
wife Elizabeth. She stayed in her house for 5 months. 25 ‘The Lord has now given me a baby’, she said. ‘He has been kind to me. He has helped me to feel good about myself. Because of this, other people cannot say bad things about me any longer.’
What happened before Jesus was born
26 When Elizabeth’s baby had grown inside her for nearly 6 months, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth. Nazareth is a town in Galilee. 27 Gabriel went there to visit a young woman. Her name was Mary. She had never had sex with anyone. She had promised to marry a man called Joseph. He belonged to the family of King David.
David had been a king of Israel. We can read about him in 1 Samuel, chapter 16.
28 Gabriel arrived. ‘Hello, Mary’, he said. ‘God loves
you very much. He is very near to you.’
29 Mary had a lot of problems in her mind about what
Gabriel said. She did not understand why he said it. 30 ‘Do not be
afraid, Mary’, Gabriel went on to say. ‘God has been kind to you. 31
Listen! A baby boy will grow inside you. When he is born, you will call him
Jesus. 32 He will be great. The strong God above will call him his Son. The Lord God will make him king. He will rule as King David ruled. 33 He will rule over the family of Jacob for all time. He will be king for all time.’
Both Joseph and Mary came from the family of King David.
The family of Jacob means all the Jews.
34 ‘How can this happen?’ Mary asked. ‘I have never had
sex with anyone.’ 35 ‘The Holy Spirit will come to you’, the angel answered. ‘The power of God will cover you like a shadow. So, your child will be completely good. He will never do anything that is wrong. He will be called God’s Son. 36 Another thing! Your
cousin, Elizabeth, is very old. People said that she could not have a baby.
Listen! She also will have a son. The baby has grown inside her now for nearly
6 months. 37 There is nothing that God cannot do.’
38 ‘I am the servant of the Lord’, Mary answered. ‘I have heard what you have said. I want the Lord to cause it to happen to me.’ Then the angel left her.
Mary visits Elizabeth
39 After that, Mary prepared herself and she left on a
journey. She hurried to a town in the hills of Judea. 40 When she
arrived at the home of Zechariah, she said, ‘Hello’ to Elizabeth. 41 When Elizabeth heard Mary speak, she felt her baby move quickly inside her. The Holy Spirit filled her. 42 Then she spoke to Mary in a loud voice,
‘God has made you very happy. He has been more good and kind to you than to
other women. He has also been good and kind to your
baby. 43 I am not an important person and you are the mother of my Lord. So, it is a very good thing that you have visited me. 44 Listen!
When I heard you say, “Hello” to me, the baby moved quickly inside me. He was
very happy. 45 The Lord told you what would happen. And you believed what he told you. This makes you a very happy person.’
This is Mary’s song
46 Then Mary said,
‘All of me wants to say to the Lord, “How good and great you are!”
47 I am happy because of God. It is he who saves me.
48 I do not think that I am an important person.
God knows this, so he has looked at me with love.
Listen! From now on all people will say that
God has been very good and kind to me.
49 After all, God has done great things for me.
He is very powerful and strong.
He is good in everything.
50 He is kind to people that obey him.
He is also kind to all their children. He will do this for all
51 He has shown how strong he is.
Some people think that they are very important.
But he has sent them away alone in different directions.
52 Some people were ruling countries.
But he has taken their important jobs away from them.
He has given important work to people that do not feel important.
53 He has fed hungry people with good things.
He has sent rich people away with nothing.
54 He promised that he would never forget his people, Israel.
Now he has helped them.
55 He made a promise to Abraham and to our other fathers.
“I will be kind to you for all time”, he said. Now he has done
what he promised.’
Mary is very happy. She knows that God has been good to her and to Elizabeth. She sings about God. She sings about the great things that he has done. She sings that he will use his power to be kind. He will also use his power against people that do not obey him. Mary is a Jew. She remembers God’s promise to the Jews.
56 Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months.
Then she returned to her home.
John the Baptist is born
57 Then it was time for Elizabeth to have her baby. She
had a son. 58 Her family and the people that lived near her heard about her baby. They knew that the Lord had been very kind to her. They saw that she was happy. So they were happy too. 59 When the child was 8 days old, they came to the house of Zechariah and Elizabeth. The child had to be circumcised on that day. The people wanted to call the child Zechariah. This was the same name that his father had.
They circumcised all baby boys in Israel on the 8th day. It means to cut off the skin from the end of the sex part of a boy or a man. For the Jews, it was a special mark. It showed that they were the people of God. Friends and people that lived near would also be there. They had a party and they gave a name to the boy. We can read about this in Genesis, chapter 17.
60 ‘No’, said Elizabeth. ‘His name will be John.’
61 ‘You cannot really want his name to be John!’ they
said. ‘You do not have anybody in your family called John.’ 62 Then
they moved their hands at his father. They wanted to know the boy’s name.
63 So Zechariah asked
for something to write on. He wrote, ‘His name is John.’ Everyone was very
surprised at what he wrote. 64 Immediately, Zechariah could speak
again. He could speak very well again. He began to tell God, ‘You are very
Everything had happened quite as the angel had said. We can read what the angel said in 1:19-20.
65 The people that lived near Zechariah and Elizabeth
were surprised. They were surprised about what had happened. They saw how great
God was. Many people that lived in the hills of Judea also talked about all
these things. 66 Everyone that heard about these things thought about
them. ‘What will this child be?’ they asked each other. After all, they could
see that God really was with him.
This is Zechariah’s song
67 The Holy Spirit filled John’s father. Then he spoke well about God. The Holy Spirit helped him to speak this message.
68 ‘The Lord God of Israel is a great God.
He has come to save his people.
69 He has sent a very strong person that will save us.
This person is in the family of David. David was his servant.
70 Long ago, God gave his Spirit to good people so that
they could tell us about this.
This is what they said:
71 “God will save us from our enemies.
He will save us from everyone that hates us.
72 He has promised to be kind to our fathers.
He will remember to do the things that he promised.”
73 Yes, he will remember the promises that he said to
Because Christians are a part of the family of Abraham, God promised this to them too.
74 ‘ “I will keep you safe from your enemies.
Then you can work for me and not be afraid.
75 You can work for me in the right way.
You can do this all your lives.” ’
76 Zechariah then spoke to his child.
‘You, child, will be called a servant of the great God above.
The Holy Spirit will give to you messages to speak.
You will go in front of the Lord to prepare a way for him.
77 You will tell his people how God can save them.
They have done wrong things but God will forgive them.
78 Our God will forgive us because he is very kind.
He will send someone from the highest place.
This person will be like the sunrise to us.
79 As the sun gives light to everybody, so he will shine
on all people.
Some people are like people who are in the dark. They are living
Some people are afraid to die.
But he will shine on everybody.
He will show us how to live so that we will not be afraid.’
Zechariah’s song shows how happy he is. God has been good to
him and to Elizabeth. God has shown him how important John will be. Zechariah
thanks God. He tells the people that God is great. Jesus is the strong person
that God sent (1: 69).
The ‘sunrise’ (1:78) is a picture in words. It describes Jesus
when he came to earth. God told Zechariah what John would do. John would speak
to the people. He would tell them that Jesus was coming. Zechariah also knew
why Jesus was coming to the earth.
80 Zechariah’s child grew. God made him strong in his mind. He went and he lived in the desert for many years. Later, God sent him to Israel’s people, to teach them.
The word desert means a very dry place. People do not usually
You can read what John taught the people in chapter 3.
Jesus is born
1 While Mary’s baby was growing inside her, Caesar Augustus was ruling the whole Roman world. He ordered his men, ‘Count everyone who is in the Roman world.’ 2 This was the first time that the Romans had counted everyone. Quirinius was the Roman ruler of Syria at this time.
Caesar Augustus was the most powerful ruler of the whole Roman world. He had a large army and he ruled over many countries. He lived in the big city called Rome. This was the capital of the Roman world.
3 So everyone went to his own home town for the Romans to count them. 4 Joseph also went to his home town. He was living in the town called Nazareth in Galilee. He went to the town called Bethlehem in Judea. King David had been born there, so Bethlehem was called the town of David. Joseph belonged to the family of David. That is why he went to Bethlehem.
5 Joseph took Mary with him so that the Romans could count them. She went because she had promised to marry him. She would soon have a baby.
6 While they were in Bethlehem, her baby was born. 7
This was her first baby, and it was a boy. She put cloths round him. Then she
put him in an animal’s feeding box. She did
this because they could not stay in the hotel. There were no empty rooms for
The many people that came to Bethlehem filled the hotel. Mary
and Joseph could not find an empty room. So, they had to rest where the animals
Some people leave their sheep to go and see Jesus
8 That night some people were living in the fields near
Bethlehem. They were keeping their sheep safe. 9 Then an angel of the Lord appeared to them. A bright light from God shone all round them. So that frightened them very much. 10 ‘Do not be afraid’, the angel said. ‘Listen! I bring you good news. This news will make everyone very happy. 11 Something happened today in the town of David. Someone special was born. It is he who will save you. He is the Messiah. He is the Lord. 12 I will
tell you how you will know this baby. You will find him with cloths round him.
He is lying in an animal’s feeding box.’
13 Just then a lot more angels also appeared. They were speaking about God.
14 ‘God is beautiful and great and important’, they said.
‘He lives in the highest place.
He will be good to the people on earth that make him happy.
They will not have troubles in their minds or in their spirits.’
15 After that, the angels returned to God’s home. Then these people said to each other, ‘Perhaps we should leave the sheep and go to Bethlehem immediately! The Lord has sent angels to tell us what has happened. We want to see this baby.’
16 So they hurried to Bethlehem. There, they found Mary
and Joseph with the baby. The baby really was lying in a feeding box. 17 After they had seen the baby, they told everybody about him. They told them what the angel had said to them. 18 Many people heard what the men
said. They were very surprised. 19 Mary remembered all that the men
from the fields had said. She thought about everything for a long time. 20 The men then returned to their sheep. ‘How great you are!’ they were saying to God. ‘How good you are! Everything that the angel told us was true! We have heard good news. We have seen very special things!’
Mary and Joseph take Jesus to the Great House of God
21 When the baby was 8 days old, it was time for the priest to circumcise him. His parents called him Jesus. The angel had told Mary that she must call the baby, Jesus. He told her that before she had a baby inside her.
22 Long ago, the Lord gave Moses rules for his people to obey. One rule told how to become clean after a baby was born. Now the time had come for Mary and Joseph to obey this rule. So, they took the baby Jesus to the Great House of God in Jerusalem to show him to the Lord.
23 This is what the Lord had said: ‘The first male baby born to a woman or to an animal is mine. So you must bring him to me. 24 When you do this, also bring two special birds for the priest to kill.’ That is what Mary and Joseph did.
The Jews had to obey this rule 40 days after a boy was born. The mother had to go to the Great House of God. If she was poor, she gave two special birds to God. The priests killed them and then they burned them on a special table. This stood outside the special room in the Great House of God. God said that a priest must do this. He said that it would make the mother clean again. We can read about this in Leviticus 12:2-8.
25 At this time, a man called Simeon was living in Jerusalem. He was good and he always obeyed God. He had waited a long time to see the special person that would save Israel. The Holy Spirit was with Simeon. 26 ‘You will not die yet’, the Holy Spirit had told him. ‘You know that God has promised to send the Messiah. You will see him before you die.’ 27 Now the day had come. The Holy Spirit told Simeon that he should go to the Great House of God. Mary and Joseph were bringing the baby Jesus to do what the rule said. 28 Simeon went to them. He took Jesus
from Mary and he held him in his arms. Then he thanked God.
29 ‘Master, you have done what you promised to your
servant. Now, I can die with no trouble in my mind.
30 Now I really have seen the person that will save
31 You have sent him to earth so that everyone will know
32 He will be like a light to people. He will show you to those that are not Jews. They will then know you. And they will know what you want from them. Then they will know what you want them to do. He will also show that your people of Israel are very special.’
33 That is what Simeon said about Jesus. His message
surprised Mary and Joseph very much.
34 Then Simeon asked God to be good and kind to Mary and to Joseph. After that, he spoke just to Mary, the mother of Jesus. ‘God has chosen this baby. Many people in Israel will become less important because of him. And many people will become alive again because of him. He will be like a sign that points to God. Many people will speak against him. 35 This
will show their secret thoughts about God. This will make you very sad, too. It
will seem that a sharp knife is cutting inside you. That is how sad you will
be’, Simeon said to her.
36 A very old lady called Anna was there in the Great House of God, too. She often spoke messages that the Holy Spirit gave to her. She was the daughter of Phanuel. She belonged to the family of Asher. She had lived with her husband for 7 years and then he had died.
Asher was one of the sons of Jacob. We can read about the 12
sons of Jacob in Genesis, from chapter 26 to chapter 50.
37 After that, she had lived alone until she was 84 years old. Now she never left the Great House of God. She stayed there day and night to pray to God. Often she went without food so that she could pray better.
38 At that moment, Anna came to where Mary and Joseph were standing. When Anna saw the baby, she began to thank God for him. Then she began to speak about him to other people. Many people were waiting for God to make Jerusalem free. These were the people that she was speaking to.
39 When Mary and Joseph had finished obeying all the
rules, they returned home. They went back to the town called Nazareth in Galilee.
40 There the child grew. God was good and kind to him and God made him
strong. He could then understand many things.
The boy Jesus visits the Great House of God
41 Every year, Mary and Joseph went to Jerusalem for the Passover week.
Passover week is a very special time for the Jews. A long time ago, they were slaves in a country called Egypt. The ruler would not let them leave Egypt. But God saved them. And he brought them to the country called Israel. So every year, the Jews remember this. They also eat special food. Their fathers ate this food when they left Egypt. We can read about the first Passover in Exodus, chapter 12.
42 When Jesus was 12 years old, his parents took him with them to Jerusalem. They went as usual for the Passover week. 43 When
the week finished, everyone left to return home. The boy Jesus stayed behind in
Jerusalem, but his parents did not know this. 44 They thought that he
was with their group. So they travelled for a whole day. Then they began to
look for him among their family and friends.
45 They could not find him, so they went back to
Jerusalem. They looked for him for three days, 46 before they found him in the Great House of God. He was sitting among the teachers. He was listening to what they were saying. He was also asking them questions. 47
Everyone that was listening to Jesus was very surprised. He understood so many
things and he could answer difficult questions. 48 When his parents saw
him there, they were also very surprised. ‘My son’, said his mother, ‘why have
you done this to us? Your father and I have looked everywhere for you. We have
had a lot of troubles in our mind.’
49 ‘You should not really have had to look for me’, Jesus
answered. ‘I must be doing what my Father wants me to
do. Really, you should have known that.’ 50 But they did not
really understand what he was saying to them.
51 Jesus returned to Nazareth with them and he obeyed
them. Mary was careful to remember all the special things that had happened.
She thought about them a lot. 52 Jesus grew into a man. He could
understand more and more things. Everyone loved him and God also thought well
of him.Chapter 3
John the Baptist prepares people to welcome Jesus
1 This report about John, the son of Zechariah, began while Tiberius Caesar was ruling the Roman world. He had ruled for almost 15 years. Pontius Pilate was ruling the country called Judea. And Herod was ruling the land called Galilee. Philip was the brother of Herod. He was ruling the countries called Iturea and Traconitis. Lysanias was ruling Abilene. 2 While these men were ruling, the most important priests were Annas and Caiaphas. At that time John, the son of Zechariah, was living in the desert. He heard God speak to him.
Tiberius Caesar was the second man to rule the whole Roman world. He began to rule in 11 AD after Caesar Augustus died. (See Luke 2:1.) Luke wants us to know when John the Baptist was teaching. So he tells us all these things about the rulers. This report about John began in 25-26 AD.
Galilee, Iturea, Traconitis and Abilene were the names of some of the different parts of Palestine (or Israel).
3 John travelled to many places near to the river Jordan. ‘You are doing many bad things’, he taught everybody. ‘Stop doing them. You should be sorry for what you have done. If you are, I will baptise you with water. God will then forgive you.’
Baptism is for a person that turns away from doing wrong things. He then turns to God. God promises to forgive the person that now wants to obey him.
Some people think that John poured water over people to baptise them. Other people think that they went right under the water.
4 John was teaching as Isaiah had spoken a long time
before. God gave him messages. Someone wrote down these messages in a book.
Isaiah told people what would happen. He said:
‘People will hear someone who is shouting in the desert:
“The Lord is coming. Make the road ready for him.
Make it straight.
5 Fill in every valley and make every mountain and
Take away every curve so that the road is straight.
Take away all the rocks so that the road is flat.
6 Then you will see how God will save you.” ’
John is using a picture to show people how to prepare themselves for the Lord to come. At that time, people mended the roads before a ruler arrived. To be ready for Jesus, they should stop doing wrong things. And they should start to do what is right.
7 Crowds of people were coming out into the desert to hear John speak. They wanted John to baptise them. ‘Yes’, he said, ‘God will soon punish people that do wrong things. But you are as dangerous as snakes. 8 You have to show that you are sorry. You have to show it by how you live. Stop doing things that God does not like. Do not begin to say to yourselves, “God will not punish us. After all, we are part of the family of Abraham.” Listen! God can make children for Abraham out of these stones! 9 You are like trees that have bad fruit. People cut down bad trees and they throw them into the fire. In the same way, God will punish bad people. And he will do it very soon.’
The Jews knew that they were God’s special people. But how they lived was important to God. God wanted them to live good lives. At that time, many of them did not seem to understand that. When they did not obey him, he was angry with them. He was ready to punish those people, if they would not obey him.
The Jews called themselves ‘children of Abraham’. God had used him many centuries before to start their family.
10 ‘So, what should we do?’ the crowd asked.
11 ‘If you have two shirts, give one away. Give it to a
man that does not have a shirt. If you have some food, give some of it away.
Give some to a man that has no food.’
12 In the crowd, there were people that took money on behalf of the government. These men also wanted John to baptise them. ‘Teacher, what should we do?’ they asked. 13
‘You must take the right amount of money from the people. You must not take
more than the rules say.’
14 Then some soldiers spoke. ‘What about us? What should
‘Do not rob people of their money’, John replied. ‘Do not say
that a person has done something wrong, if he has not. It is wrong to get money
by doing that. And you must be happy with the money that you get for your
Many people who took money on behalf of the government were
not honest. They often took too much money. They took it for themselves. John
told them that they should be honest. God would then see that these people
really wanted to obey him.
15 ‘Is John the Messiah?’ the people were thinking. ‘Is he the man that God will send to save Israel?’ They were all hoping that he might be. 16 John knew what they were thinking. ‘I have only baptised you with water’, he said. ‘But someone else is coming to baptise people. He is much greater and more important than I am. He is so important that I am not good enough even to undo his shoes. He will baptise some of you with the Holy Spirit and with fire. 17 Think about a farmer that brings the wheat home. Then he uses a tool to make the seeds separate from what remains. He stores all the seeds. But he burns all that remained. This person will be like that. He will come very soon. He will keep good people safe. But he will punish bad people in the fire that nobody can put out.’
18 John said many more things to the people. He was
telling them the good news about how God could change their lives. 19
But the ruler Herod stopped him. John had told Herod that it was wrong for him
to marry Herodias. She was the wife of his brother. John had also told Herod that he had done many other bad things.
20 Then Herod did an even worse thing; he locked John up
Herod had married Herodias. She was already the wife of
Philip. Philip was Herod’s brother.
John baptises Jesus
21 While John was baptising all the people, he also baptised Jesus. When Jesus was praying, the sky opened. 22 Then the Holy Spirit came down. He seemed like a bird. He came and he rested on Jesus. People heard a voice from the sky. ‘You are my Son. I love you. You make me very happy.’
God called Jesus, ‘my Son’. Jesus often said that God was his
father. It is part of the good news, that God is also our father.
The family of Jesus
23 Jesus was about 30 years old when he started to tell
the Good News. People thought that he was the son of Joseph.
He was from the family of Heli.
24 Heli was from the family of Matthat.
Matthat was from the family of Levi.
Levi was from the family of Melchi.
Melchi was from the family of Jannai.
Jannai was from the family of Joseph.
25 Joseph was from the family of Mattathias.
Mattathias was from the family of Amos.
Amos was from the family of Nahum.
Nahum was from the family of Esli.
Esli was from the family of Naggai.
26 Naggai was from the family of Maath.
Maath was from the family of Mattathias.
Mattathias was from the family of Semein.
Semein was from the family of Josech.
Josech was from the family of Joda.
27 Joda was from the family of Joanan.
Joanan was from the family of Rhesa.
Rhesa was from the family of Zerubbabel.
Zerubbabel was from the family of Shealtiel.
Shealtiel was from the family of Neri.
28 Neri was from the family of Melchi.
Melchi was from the family of Addi.
Addi was from the family of Cosam.
Cosam was from the family of Elmadam.
Elmadam was from the family of Er.
29 Er was from the family of Joshua.
Joshua was from the family of Eliezer.
Eliezer was from the family of Jorim.
Jorim was from the family of Matthat.
Matthat was from the family of Levi.
30 Levi was from the family of Simeon.
Simeon was from the family of Judah.
Judah was from the family of Joseph.
Joseph was from the family of Jonam.
Jonam was from the family of Eliakim.
31 Eliakim was from the family of Melea.
Melea was from the family of Menna.
Menna was from the family of Mattatha.
Mattatha was from the family of Nathan.
Nathan was from the family of David.
32 David was from the family of Jesse.
Jesse was from the family of Obed.
Obed was from the family of Boaz.
Boaz was from the family of Salmon.
Salmon was from the family of Nahshon.
33 Nahshon was from the family of Amminadab.
Amminadab was from the family of Ram.
Ram was from the family of Hezron.
Hezron was from the family of Perez.
Perez was from the family of Judah.
34 Judah was from the family of Jacob.
Jacob was from the family of Isaac.
Isaac was from the family of Abraham.
Abraham was from the family of Terah.
Terah was from the family of Nahor.
35 Nahor was from the family of Serug.
Serug was from the family of Reu.
Reu was from the family of Peleg.
Peleg was from the family of Eber.
Eber was from the family of Shelah.
36 Shelah was from the family of Cainan.
Cainan was from the family of Arphaxad.
Arphaxad was from the family of Shem.
Shem was from the family of Noah.
Noah was from the family of Lamech.
37 Lamech was from the family of Methuselah.
Methuselah was from the family of Enoch.
Enoch was from the family of Jared.
Jared was from the family of Mahalaleel.
Mahalaleel was from the family of Cainan.
38 Cainan was from the family of Enosh.
Enosh was from the family of Seth.
Seth was from the family of Adam.
Adam was from God.
The names of all the people in a family were very important to the Jews. In that way, they knew that they were Jews. The list shows that Jesus was in the same family as Judah, David and Abraham.
The devil tries to cause Jesus to do wrong things
1 Jesus was now full of the Holy Spirit. When he returned from the river Jordan, the Holy Spirit led him into the desert. 2 He stayed there for 40 days and he did not eat anything. At the end of 40 days, he was very hungry. During this time the devil tried to cause Jesus to do wrong things. They were things that God did not want him to do.
The devil is an angel that refused to obey God. He also tries to cause people to do bad things. Jesus was starting to do the work that God sent him to do.
3 ‘If you are the Son of God’, the devil said, ‘change this stone into food.’
4 ‘No!’ Jesus replied,
‘the book of God says that food alone cannot cause people to live.’
The devil knew that Jesus was very hungry, so he gave him the idea to make stones into food. Jesus knew that he had power to do anything. But he wanted only to obey God. He could make stones into food. But that was not what God wanted. Our bodies are not the most important part of us. Jesus came to give us food for our spirits. That part of us is more important. Jesus knew what God said in his book. And he answered the devil with words from Deuteronomy 8:3.
5 After that, the devil led Jesus up to a high place. In one moment, he showed him all the countries in the whole world. 6 ‘I will let you rule the whole world’, the devil said, ‘and I will give you power over everyone and over everything. It all belongs to me. So, I can give it to anyone that I choose. 7 Just bend your knee in front of me. And say that I am
great and important. Then I will give you the whole world to rule over.’
8 ‘No!’ Jesus replied. ‘This is what God says in his book:
“Bend your knee in front of the Lord God. Tell him how great and important he is. Only obey him.” ’
Jesus was speaking the words in Deuteronomy 6:13.
The devil was telling Jesus that his work could be easier. He would let Jesus rule the world now, if he would obey him. Jesus knew that this was wrong. He knew that he must obey only God.
9 The devil now took Jesus to Jerusalem. He led him to the highest part of the Great House of God. Then he said, ‘If you are the Son of God, jump down from here to the ground. 10 After all, it says in
“God will order his angels to keep you safe.”
11 It also says,
“They will hold you safe in their hands. They will
not let you hurt your feet against a stone.” ’
The devil was using the words from Psalm 91:11-12. But he was not using them right.
12 ‘No!’ replied Jesus. ‘That is not what God wants. His
“Do not do something dangerous just to cause God to
save you.” ’
Jesus was speaking words from Deuteronomy 6:16. He was standing on the highest part of the Great House of God. This was 600 metres (2000 feet) above the ground. He knew that God did not want him to jump. We must not get into danger just to see God save us.
13 The devil tried to cause Jesus to do many things that God did not like. When the devil had finished, he left Jesus alone for a time.
Jesus goes to Nazareth
14 The Holy Spirit continued to make Jesus very powerful when he returned to Galilee. Everyone who lived in and near Galilee heard the news about him. 15 He taught in the Jewish meeting places and everyone said good things about him.
Jews used their meeting places to pray together and to learn more about God.
16 Jesus came to Nazareth, the town where he had grown up. On the Jewish day for rest, he went into the meeting place. He always did this. Then he stood up to read aloud from the Old Testament.
The Jewish day for rest is our Saturday. This was a special day for them, when nobody worked.
The Bible that the Jews read was the Old Testament. They wrote it on long pieces of paper or the skin of an animal. Each long piece had a piece of wood at each end. They rolled the paper or skin up round the wood. This was called a scroll. They would undo a small part when someone wanted to read from it.
17 They gave him the book of messages that God had given
to Isaiah. Jesus opened the book. He found the place where Isaiah wrote.
18 ‘The Spirit from the Lord God is upon me.
He has chosen me to tell good news to poor people.
He has sent me to tell people who are in prison, “You can go free!”
I must say to people that cannot see, “See again!”
I must cause people that are like slaves to be free.
19 I must tell everyone, “This is the year when God will
save his people.” ’
Jesus read the words from Isaiah 61:1-2.
20 Jesus closed the book and he gave it back to an
officer of the meeting place. Then he sat down to teach the people. Everyone in
the meeting place was looking at him.
21 ‘Today’, Jesus said to them, ‘this message has become
true. It has happened while you were listening.’
22 Everyone was saying good things about Jesus. They were
surprised. ‘How well he spoke! And he is only the son of Joseph, is he not?’
they were asking each other.
23 ‘Next’, Jesus replied, ‘you will be repeating the proverb, “Doctor, make people well in your own town.” We have heard that you did many surprising things in Capernaum. This is your home town, so do the same things here! 24 People do not accept a person that comes from their
home town. That really is true. They do not believe that he receives messages
25 What I shall tell you now is true. Elijah received messages from God. Elijah said that it would stop raining. And it did not rain for three and a half years. So there was no food or water to drink in all the country. There were many widows in the country of Israel at that time. 26 But God did not send Elijah to stay with a widow in Israel. Instead, God sent Elijah to the country called Sidon. There Elijah stayed with a widow in a place called Zarephath.’
We can read about this widow in 1 Kings 17:7-24. A widow is a
woman whose husband has died.
27 ‘Here is another example. There were many people in Israel with bad illnesses of the skin, when God’s servant Elisha was alive. But God did not make any of them well. Instead, he made a man from the country called Syria well. The man was called Naaman.’
We can read about Naaman in 2 Kings, chapter 5.
28 The people in the meeting place heard what Jesus said.
They became very angry. 29 They stood up and they caused him to leave
the town. The town was on the top of a hill. So, they took him to the top and
they wanted to throw him down. 30 But Jesus walked through the middle
of the crowd and he went away.
Jesus told the people in the meeting place about himself. But
they did not like the things that he was saying. They refused to believe that
God had sent him.
Jesus causes a bad spirit to leave a man
31 Jesus went down to a town in Galilee called Capernaum. On the Jewish day for rest, he began to teach in the meeting place. 32
They were really surprised because his words had authority. 33 In the meeting place was a sick man. He had a bad spirit that was living inside him. The spirit caused him to shout and to make a lot of noise. 34 ‘Jesus of Nazareth, what do you want to do to us? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are. You are the Holy One. You come from God.’
35 ‘Be quiet!’ Jesus replied. ‘Come out of the man.’ At this, the bad spirit caused the man to fall to the ground in front of the people. Then it came out without hurting him.
36 All the people were very surprised and they said to each other, ‘How can this man speak in that way? He has power and authority. When he orders bad spirits to come out of people, they come out.’ 37
Then they began to tell everyone about Jesus. As a result, people in all the
places near Capernaum heard the news about Jesus.
Jesus makes many people well
38 Jesus then left the meeting place and he went into Simon’s home. The mother of Simon’s wife was sick with a very bad fever. So, they asked Jesus to make her well. 39 Jesus came and he stood near her. He then ordered the fever to go away and it left her. So, she got up immediately and she began to prepare food for her visitors.
40 When the sun began to go down, the people brought many
sick people to see Jesus. They had many different illnesses. He put his hands
on each person and they became well.
41 Bad spirits also came out of many people. The spirits knew that he was the Messiah. So, when they came out, they began to shout, ‘Jesus, you are the Son of God.’ But Jesus stopped them shouting. He would not let them speak.
42 Early the next morning, Jesus went alone to a quiet
place. The people went to look for him. When they found him they said, ‘Do not
leave us! Please stay with us in Capernaum.’ 43 ‘I cannot stay with
you’, Jesus replied.
‘I must go to other towns to teach everyone the good news. I will tell them how
God rules in the lives of his people. That is what God sent me to do.’
44 Then he left them. And he started to teach in other Jewish meeting places in the country called Judea.Chapter 5
Jesus asks some men to follow him
1 One day, Jesus was standing on the shore of Lake
Gennesaret. And a crowd was pushing to get
near to him. They were listening to him. He was
talking about the message of God.
‘Lake Gennesaret’ is another name for the ‘Sea of Galilee’.
The town called Capernaum is on the shore of this lake.
2 Jesus saw two fishing boats at the edge of the lake. The fishermen had left the boats there and they were now washing their nets.
The fishermen caught fish from the lake with nets. They tied thin rope together to make these. They washed them after they had been out to catch fish. And then they mended them. The nets were then ready for them to use again.
3 One of the boats was Simon’s. So Jesus climbed into it.
He then asked Simon to push it away a little
from the shore. When Jesus had sat down in the
boat, he started to teach the people again.
The boat was a good place for Jesus to sit. The people on the
shore could see and hear him.
4 When he finished teaching them, he spoke to Simon. ‘Now take the boat out into deep water’, he said. ‘Then put down the nets into the water to catch some fish.’
5 ‘Teacher’, Simon replied, ‘we worked all last night and we did not catch anything. But because you say it, I will put down the nets.’ 6 So they went and they put the nets down into the water. When they did that, they caught many fish. There were so many fish that the nets began to break. 7 So Simon shouted to the other fishermen that always worked with him. ‘Come’, he said, ‘we need you.’ When they saw that, the men came in their boat. They filled both boats with the fish. There were so many that the boats began to go down. 8 When Simon saw all the fish, he
went down on his knees in front of Jesus. He was afraid. ‘Sir’, he said, ‘I am
a bad man. So please leave me.’
Simon saw all the fish. Then he knew that God was with Jesus.
So, he felt that he was a very bad man. He knew that God does not like bad
9 Simon said this because he was very surprised. He was
surprised because they had caught so many fish. His friends in the other boat
were very surprised, too. 10 James and John were also very surprised.
They were sons of Zebedee and they always worked with Simon. ‘Do not be afraid
of me’, Jesus then said to Simon. ‘From now on you will catch men!’
11 After that, they went and they pulled their boats up
on the shore. Then they left everything and they went with Jesus.
Jesus wanted to teach Simon, James and John about ‘catching
men’. They would learn how to tell people the good news about Jesus. They had
brought fish out of the water. Now they would bring people to Jesus, so that
they could believe in him.
This is about a man with an illness of his skin and bones
12 One day, Jesus was in a certain town. A man with an
illness of his skin and bones that was called leprosy was there.
People with leprosy could not live with other people. They lived outside the town.
When the man saw Jesus, he threw himself down on his knees in
front of him. ‘Sir, if you want’, he said, ‘you can make me well. Please do
13 Jesus touched him with his hand. ‘I do want to’, he said.
‘Be well.’ Immediately, the illness was gone. 14 ‘Do not tell anyone about this’, Jesus said to him. ‘Instead, go and show yourself to the priest. Take him a gift for God. Moses told people, “You must do this when you are better from this illness.” So give this gift to God. This will show everyone that you are now well.’
15 After this, more and more people started to hear the
news about Jesus. Crowds were coming to hear him teach. The sick ones also
wanted him to make them well. 16 But he would go away from the crowd to
pray in quiet places.
Jesus makes well a man that cannot walk
17 One day, while Jesus was teaching in a house, many people were sitting there. Some were Pharisees. Other people were teachers of God’s rules. They had come from many villages in Galilee, and from Judea and Jerusalem. At that time, the power of the Lord was present for Jesus to make sick people well.
The Pharisees were a group of Jews. Many of them thought that they were obeying all God’s rules. But they were also obeying many rules that men had made. Those Pharisees did not like the things that Jesus taught. They did not like him because he did not obey all their rules.
18 Then some men arrived. They were carrying a man on a
small carpet. The man could not move his legs. They tried to get into the
house, because they wanted to bring the man to Jesus. 19 But the house
was full of people, and they could not get in. So, they carried the small
carpet with the man on it to the flat roof of the house. Then they made a hole
in the roof. After that, they put the small carpet down through the hole. The
man was still lying on it. He came down in the middle of the crowd, in front of
Jesus. 20 When Jesus saw this, he said to himself, ‘These men really believe in me.’ So, he spoke to the sick man. ‘My friend’, he said. ‘I forgive you for all the bad things that you have done.’
21 The Pharisees and the teachers of God’s rules were there. They heard what Jesus said. So, they began to talk to each other about it. ‘What he says is wrong. He cannot forgive people for the things that they have done. Only God can do that. And he is only a man.’ 22 Jesus knew what these men were saying.
‘You should not be thinking these things’, he told them. 23 ‘I said to this man, “I forgive you for all the bad things that you have done.” But I could say to him, “Get up and walk.” I want to show you that my words are true. Which is the best one to say? 24 Now I will show you that I, the Son of Man, have authority on earth. I can forgive people for the bad things that they have done. I will show you that I can forgive them.’ Then he turned to the man that could not move his legs. ‘I say to you’, he said, ‘stand up. Take up your carpet and go home!’
25 Immediately, the man stood up in front of them. He
took the carpet that he had used to lie on. He went home. ‘How great and
powerful God is’, he was saying. 26 What had happened surprised
everyone. They were afraid. ‘How great and powerful God is’, they said to each
other. ‘We have seen very strange and special things happen today.’
Jesus often spoke about himself as the Son of Man. He used this to cause the people to think about some messages in the Old Testament. You can read about the Son of Man in Daniel 7:13-14.
Jesus asks Levi to come with him
27 After this happened, Jesus went for a walk. He saw a
man that took money on behalf of the
government. His name was Levi and he was working in his office. ‘Follow me’,
Jesus said to him. 28 Levi got up and followed him. He left everything
29 Soon after this, Levi made a large meal for Jesus at
his house. A big crowd of people also came and they were eating with them. Many
of these people also took money on behalf of the government.
30 Some Pharisees and teachers of God’s rules saw them. They did not like these people. So, they spoke to the men that followed Jesus. ‘You eat and drink with these bad people. That is not right. Some of them even take money on behalf of the government.’
31 ‘People that are well do not need a doctor’, Jesus
answered them. ‘It is sick people that need one. 32 I have not come for
people that have not done wrong things. Some people know that they have done
wrong things. I am asking those people to come to me. I want them to stop doing
wrong things. I want them to start doing right things.’
33 When they heard this, they asked Jesus about something else. ‘Some people obey what John the Baptist teaches. Those people often stop eating food to pray better. The people that obey the Pharisees do the same. Why do those that obey you never go without their meals?’
John the Baptist and the Pharisees taught the people who obeyed them about how to pray. They taught them to go without food sometimes. This caused them to feel nearer to God when they prayed.
34 Jesus used a picture story to answer their question.
‘When a man is marrying, he gives a big meal. His friends do not go without
food then. 35 But the time will come when people will take him away
from his friends. Then they will go without food.’
In this picture story, the man that is marrying is Jesus. His
friends at the big meal are those that follow him. He will not always be with
them. Then they will start to go without food to pray better.
36 Then Jesus told them another picture story. ‘You do
not tear a piece of cloth from a new coat to mend an old one. If you do that,
you will have torn the new coat. Also, the new piece of cloth will not seem the
same as cloth from the old coat.
Men were teaching people about the rules that God gave to
them. The old cloth is what these men taught. The new cloth is what Jesus is
teaching. God gave his rules to his people by Moses. Those that taught these
rules often taught their own ideas instead. This was why Jesus so often spoke
against them. He also spoke against what they taught.
37 Bottles that people have made out of the skin of an animal teach us the same. Nobody pours new wine into an old skin bottle. If they do, the new wine will break the old bottle. The wine will run out and they will lose it. And they will have destroyed the bottle. 38 Instead, people must put new wine into a bottle that they have made out of new animal skin.
39 Also, after he has drunk old wine, nobody wants new wine. He says, “The old wine is much better.” ’
Wine is a drink that you make from fruit. It contains alcohol. Some people keep wine in bottles that they have made from the skin of an animal. Wine grows while it is getting older. But old skins become hard. New wine would cause them to break.
Jesus is teaching that the old rules are like old skin
bottles. What he is teaching is new. And it is like a new skin bottle.
What the Jews can do on their day for rest
1 On a Jewish day for rest, Jesus was walking through some fields where wheat was growing. Then the men that were following him began to pick some of the wheat. They were rubbing the seeds with their hands. Then they were eating the wheat that remained.
2 Some Pharisees were walking along with them. ‘You should not be doing that’, they said. ‘You know that it is against God’s rules to work on our day for rest.’
3 ‘Remember what David did. He did it when he and his men
were hungry’, Jesus replied. ‘You have certainly read about it. 4 He went into the Great House of God. And he took the special bread that was there. It is against God’s rules for anyone except the priests to eat that bread. But he ate some of it and he also gave some to his friends.
5 The Son of Man has authority to say what people can do on the day for rest’, Jesus said.
We can read this report about David in 1 Samuel chapter 21.
Jesus makes a man well on their day for rest
6 On another Jewish day for rest, Jesus went into the meeting place and he taught. A man was there. His right hand was very small and weak. The man could not use this hand. 7 Some teachers of God’s rules and some Pharisees were careful to watch Jesus. They wanted a reason to say that he was doing wrong things. If he made this man well, they would say, ‘Jesus is not obeying the rules that God gave. He works on the day for rest.’ 8 But Jesus knew what they were
thinking. So he spoke to the man. ‘Get up and stand in front of everyone.’ The
man got up and he stood there. 9 ‘Let me ask you something’, Jesus then
said to the people. ‘What should we do on the day for rest? Do God’s rules say
that we should do good things? Or do they say that we should do bad things?
Should we save the life of someone? Or should we destroy a life?’ 10
Nobody replied. So Jesus looked round at everyone. ‘Put out your hand’, he said
to the man. When he put it out, it became well. He could use it again.
11 Then the Pharisees and those that taught God’s rules were very angry. They began to talk to each other. ‘What can we do to Jesus?’ they said.
Jesus chooses the 12 men
12 One day Jesus went up a hill to pray. He remained
there all night and he was talking to God. 13 In the morning, he asked all those that were following him to come to him. Then he chose 12 of them that he would send out with his message. These 12 men were called apostles. These are their names:
14 Simon. Jesus called him Peter.
Andrew. He was the brother of Simon.
James, the son of Alphaeus,
Simon the Zealot,
16 Judas, son of James,
Judas Iscariot. He sold Jesus to those who wanted to kill him.
Many people were following Jesus. Only 12 of these were called apostles. The word apostle means someone that is sent out to do a job. Jesus taught them how to tell the Good News about himself. Later, he sent them to do that.
Jesus tells a special message
17 After Jesus had chosen
the 12 men, they all came down the hill. He stopped and he stood on a flat
place. A large crowd of those that were following stood with him. There were
also many people from Jerusalem and from the towns of Judea and the coast of
Tyre and Sidon. 18 These people had all come to hear Jesus teach. Those that were ill wanted him to make them well. He was also making well those people that had bad spirits. 19 All the people were trying to touch
him, because he was making each person well with his great power.
Jesus teaches those that follow him
20 Jesus looked at those that were following him. He
spoke this message to them.
‘Listen, you that are poor. You are children of God, so be
Jesus was not only speaking about people that have no money.
Matthew 5:3 shows us that. Some people know that they need God. He was also
speaking about those people.
21 ‘Listen, you that are hungry now. God will feed you,
so be happy.’
Jesus was not only speaking about people that have nothing to eat.
Matthew 5:6 shows us that. He was also speaking about people that really want
to know more about God. They want all that God has to give them.
‘Listen, you that are crying now. God will cause you to laugh, so
Matthew 5:4 shows that Jesus was not only speaking about sad
people. Some people are sorry for the bad things that they have done. He was
also speaking about those people.
22 ‘People may hate you, because you obey me, the Son of Man. They may say that you are very bad. They may cause you to go away. They may do other bad things to you. When that happens, be happy. 23 After all, God will give you many good things when you go to his home. So, be very happy! Jump up and down because you are so happy. Think about those that do bad things to you now. It was their fathers that also did the same bad things long ago. They did bad things to those that spoke messages from the Holy Spirit.
24 Listen, you that are rich now. And listen, you that
have a comfortable life. Trouble will come to you.
25 Listen, you that are full now. You will be hungry.
Listen, you that are laughing now. You will be sad and you will
26 Trouble will happen to you, if people always say good things about you. Your families long ago said the same good things about bad people. Those bad people said that they spoke messages from the Holy Spirit. But they did not.’
Love people that want to hurt you
27 ‘I say this to you who are listening carefully to me’, Jesus said. ‘Love people that want to hurt you. Do good things to people that hate you. 28 Say good things to
people that say bad things to you. Pray for people that do bad things to you.
29 Someone may hit you on one side of your face. If he
does, let him hit the other side of your face too.
Someone may take away your coat. If he does, do not stop him from taking your
shirt too. 30 Give to anyone that asks you for things. Someone may take
things that are yours. If he does, let him keep them. Do not ask for them back
again. 31 Do to other people the good things that you want them to do
32 Do you only love people that love you? If you do, you
are not doing anything special. Do not want people to speak well about you
because you love like that. After all, even bad people love those who love
them. 33 Do you only do good things to people that do good things to
you? If you do, you are not doing anything special. Do not want people to speak
well about you for that. After all, even bad people do the same. 34 Do
you lend things only to people that will give your things back? If you do that,
you are not doing anything special. After all, even bad people lend things to
other people. They believe that they will get them back again. 35 No! I am telling you to love people that want to hurt you. Do good things to them. Lend things to them and do not want to get them back again. If you do this, the high God will give you a great gift. He is kind even to people that do not say “thank you”. He is even kind to bad people. So you will really be his sons. 36
So be kind, as God your Father is kind.
37 Do not say to someone, “You are a bad person.” If you do not, God will not say to you, “You are bad person.” Do not say to people, “God should punish you because you are bad.” If you do not, they will not say that to you. Forgive other people and God will forgive you. 38 Give to other people and God will give to
you. He will give to you more than you gave. He will fill your pocket until no
more will go in. It will be so full that it will come out over the top. How you
give to other people, God will give to you.’
The people would leave part of their coat to hang over their
belt. They used this as a large pocket. It was big enough to hold some food. A
person may give someone a lot of food if he fills his pocket. Then he is doing
what God does. God gives a lot to those that also give a lot. We choose how we
will give to other people. Then God does the same to us.
39 Jesus also used this picture story to teach the people. ‘A blind man cannot lead another blind man. If he does, they both will fall into a hole in the ground.
40 A student is less important than his teacher is. But
when the student has learned everything, he
will be like his teacher.
41 Perhaps you want to tell your brother
about his mistake. If you want to do that, first remember your own mistakes. 42
If you do not, you are like this: You are like a person that has a piece of
wood in his eye. That person then says, “Brother, you have some dirt in your
eye. Let me take it out for you.” Do not be like that person. You say one thing
but you do something different yourselves. First, make right your own mistakes.
Only then can you know how to tell another person about his mistake.’
A picture story about a tree and its fruit
43 ‘Good trees only make
good fruit. Bad trees only make bad fruit. 44 So in this way you can know if a tree is good or bad. You can know by the fruit that it makes. You only pick good fruit from good fruit trees and bushes. Figs do not grow on thorn bushes. Grapes do not grow on briers.’
Figs and grapes are two kinds of fruit. They grow in the country called Israel. They are good to eat. Thorn bushes and briers are small bushes. They do not make good fruit.
45 ‘People are the same. A good man brings good things
out of his mind. His good thoughts are very valuable. A bad man brings bad
thoughts out of his mind. He values the bad things inside his mind. So, when a
person speaks, his words show something. They show whether his mind is full of
good thoughts or bad thoughts.’
A picture story about men that are building a house
46 ‘Do not call me, “master, master”, and then not obey
me’, said Jesus. 47 ‘Some people hear my message and they obey it. Let
me tell you what those people are like. They are like a man who built a house. 48
This man dug down to the rocks. He put the first line of stones on the rock.
After that, he built the house on top of the rock. Then a storm came and it
brought a lot of water. The water hit the house but it could not move it. The water could not move the
house because the man had built it very well.
49 Some other people hear my message but they do not obey
it. Let me tell you about those people. They are like another man who built a
house. This man did not dig down deep to the rock. Instead, he put the first
line of stones on the ground and he built on them. Then a storm came and it
brought a lot of water. It hit this house and it fell down immediately. The
water completely destroyed it.’
In the story, a storm happened to both houses. People are like
that. God will look at everyone to see how we have lived our lives.
A Roman officer believes that Jesus can help him
1 After Jesus had finished speaking to the people, he
went to Capernaum. 2 A Roman officer there had a servant that he loved. The servant was very ill and he was dying.
The Roman officer was a soldier in the army of Herod Antipas. He had authority over 100 men. The officer was a good man that took care of his men. He was not a Jew, but the Jews spoke well about him. They did not usually speak good things about the Romans.
3 The officer heard about Jesus, so he sent some of the Jewish leaders to speak to him. ‘Please go to Jesus’, he said to them. ‘I would like him to make my servant well. Ask him if he would come to do that.’ 4 The Jewish leaders then went to Jesus. ‘Please would you do something for this Roman officer’, they were saying. ‘Please would you go and make his servant well. 5 This man loves the Jewish people. He himself built a meeting place for us.’
6 So Jesus started to go with them. When he was not very
far away from the house, the officer sent some friends to talk to him. He told
them that they should say. ‘Sir, I do not want to be a trouble to you. I am not
as important as you are. So you should not come into my house. 7 I did
not come to talk to you myself, because I am not good enough. Instead, just say
a word and my servant will be well again. 8 After all, someone also has
authority over me. And so I have authority over other soldiers. I say to one
soldier, “Go!” and he goes. I say to another one, “Come!” and he comes. And I
say to my servant, “Do this!” and he does it.’
9 When Jesus heard this message from the officer, he was very surprised. He turned towards the crowd that was following him. ‘Listen!’ he said. ‘I have not found anyone like this man in all of Israel. Nobody else believes so well in me.’
10 The friends of the officer returned to his house. Then
they saw that the servant was well again.
Jesus makes a dead man alive again
11 The next day, Jesus went to a town called Nain. Those
that always followed him and a large group of other people went with him. 12
When he had almost reached the gate of the town, lots of people were coming
out. They were carrying a dead man in a box to bury him. His mother had no
other sons and her husband was also dead. A large crowd from the town was with
13 When the Lord Jesus saw her, he felt very sorry for her. ‘Do not cry’, he said. 14 He went to the box and he touched it. So
the people that were carrying the box stopped. ‘Young man’, said Jesus, ‘get
up, I say to you!’ 15 At this, the dead man sat up and he began to
talk. Jesus then gave him back to his mother.
16 Everyone that saw this was afraid. ‘How great and
powerful God is’, they said. ‘An important servant of God has appeared among
us. God has come to save his people.’
17 This news about Jesus went all through Judea. It also
reached the people in the countries that were near there.
Jesus talks about John the Baptist
18 Then some men went to visit John the Baptist in prison. Those people obeyed what he taught them. They told him about Jesus and about all that he was doing. So, John chose two of them. 19 ‘I want you to go to the Lord Jesus for me’, he said. ‘Say to him, “John said that someone would come. John asks if you are that man. Are you the Messiah? Or should we still look for someone else?” ’
20 So the two men came to Jesus. ‘John the Baptist has sent us to you’, they said. ‘He wants us to ask you, “Are you the man that would come? Or should we still look for someone else to appear?” ’
21 At that time, Jesus made many people well. They had many different illnesses. Some had bad spirits. Jesus also caused many that could not see to see again. 22 Then he replied to the two men that John
had sent. ‘Go back to John’, he said. ‘Tell him what you have seen. And tell
him what you have heard. People that could not see can see now. People that
could not walk can walk now. Some had illnesses of the skin; they are now well.
Some could not hear, but now they can. Some people were dead; they now live
again. Poor people are hearing the good news. 23 If anyone continues to
believe in me, he will be happy.’
John was alone in prison. He was afraid and he had troubles in
his mind. He had thought, ‘Jesus is the person that God promised to send.’ He
had told other people about him. Now he was not sure. He needed to know if it
was true. So, he sent someone to find out. Jesus showed them the powerful work
that he was doing. By this, John would know that God had sent Jesus.
24 The two men that followed John left. Then Jesus began to speak to the crowd about him. ‘You went out to see John in the desert. Think about what you went to see’, he said to them. ‘You certainly did not go to see a tall piece of grass. The wind blows grass about. John is not weak, as grass is. 25 If not that, think about what you went to see. You certainly did not go to see a man who was wearing expensive clothes. People like that have many beautiful things and they live in big houses. John is not like them. He lives in the desert. 26 So think about what you went out
to see. You went out to see a man that receives messages from God. Yes, and
John was even more important than that. 27 A long time ago, God spoke
about him. “Listen! I will send someone with a message from me. He will arrive
first to prepare your way.” ’
Malachi wrote down what God said (Malachi 3:1). He was speaking to Jesus, the Messiah. John the Baptist had a very important job to do. He brought a message from God. He told people that they should prepare for Jesus. Jesus would be coming soon. God had promised that the Messiah would come to earth. He promised that John would arrive first.
28 Jesus also said to the people, ‘Yes, John is a very
important person. He is greater than any man that has lived before. But there
are people that are not great. But God rules in them. Any one of those people
is more important than John.’
John came to tell people that Jesus was the Messiah. God promised many times in the Old Testament to send the Messiah. Those that believe his message now know God as their king. They are part of the family of God. John did not know God like that. That is why Jesus said this.
29 A lot of people heard what Jesus said. ‘What God says about us is right’, they said. So they asked John to baptise them. Some of these people took money on behalf of the government. 30 The Pharisees and the people that taught God’s rules did not want John to baptise them. They did not believe the message that God was giving to them.
31 So Jesus continued to teach. ‘I will talk to you about
the people that are alive today. I will tell you what they are like’, he said. 32 ‘They are like children who are sitting in the market place. They are playing. They shout out to other children, “We made happy music on a pipe for you, but you did not dance. We sang a sad song and you did not cry.” 33 You are like those children. When John the Baptist came, he often went without food. He never drank wine. So you said that he had a bad spirit in him. 34 Then I, the Son of Man, came. I both eat and drink. So you say about me, “Look at this man! He eats and drinks too much. He is a friend of those people who take money on behalf of the government. He is a friend of other bad people.” That is what you say about us. 35 But God is wise and good. Wise people understand and they agree with him.’
John and Jesus were very different. But they were both living as God wanted them to live. The Pharisees thought of themselves as wise. But they would not accept either John or Jesus.
A woman pours expensive oil on Jesus
36 Then one of the Pharisees asked Jesus to eat a meal with him. So Jesus went to his house and sat down to eat. 37 In that town was a woman that did many wrong things. She heard that Jesus was eating a meal at the house of the Pharisee. So she took a small jar of oil and she went there. The oil was very expensive and it had a beautiful smell. Someone had made the small jar out of white stone. 38 When she went inside, she stood behind Jesus. She was crying and she made his feet wet with her tears. Then she dried them with her hair and she kissed them. She then poured all the oil out of the jar on to his feet. 39 When the Pharisee saw this, he said to himself, ‘This man cannot be someone that receives messages from God. If he were, he would know all about this woman. He would not let her touch him. He would know that she is a very bad person.’
40 ‘Simon’, said Jesus to him, ‘I want to tell you
something.’ ‘Yes, Teacher, tell me’, replied Simon. So he told him a picture
story about two men.
41 ‘Someone had lent them money. He had lent one of them 500 silver coins. He had lent the other one 50 coins.’
A man would pay someone one silver coin if he worked for a day.
42 ‘Neither of the men had the money to pay him back. Then the man that had lent them the money forgave them. “You do not need to pay back my money”, he said to them both.
Which of these two men will love that man most?’ Jesus asked.
43 ‘I think’, replied Simon, ‘that it is the first man.
It is the man that needed to pay back the most money.’
‘You are right’, said Jesus. 44 Then he turned towards the woman. ‘You see this woman’, he said to Simon. ‘When I came into your house, you did not give me water for my feet. But she has washed my feet with her tears and she has dried them with her hair. 45 You did not welcome
me with a kiss’, he went on to say. ‘But this woman began to kiss my feet when
she came in. And she has not stopped. 46 You did not put oil on my head. But she has brought expensive oil with a sweet smell to put on my feet.’
When someone went into a house, a servant brought water. This was to wash his feet. The master of the house also kissed the visitor and he poured oil on his head. These were the right things to do to welcome a visitor.
47 ‘So I tell you this. This woman has done many bad things. But I have forgiven them. She loves me a lot, because I have forgiven her a lot. If I only forgive a little, a person only loves me a little.’
48 ‘Woman’, Jesus then said, ‘I forgive you for all the bad things that you have done.’
49 The other people at the meal talked among themselves. ‘Who is this man? Can he really forgive the bad things that people have done?’
50 ‘You believed that I could forgive you!’ Jesus told the woman. ‘You will not have troubles in your mind any longer. You can go now.’Chapter 8
The women that helped Jesus
1 After this, Jesus started to travel from one place to
another. In each town or village, he spoke the good news to the people. ‘God
wants to rule in your lives’, he was telling them. The 12 men that always
followed Jesus were going with him. 2 Some women were also travelling with them. These women had been ill, but Jesus had made them well again. One of the women was Mary Magdalene. Jesus had sent 7 bad spirits away from her. 3
Another of the women was Joanna, the wife of Chuza. Chuza had authority over
all the people that worked in the house of King Herod. Another of the women was
Susanna. These and other women were helping Jesus and the 12 men that he had
chosen. They were using their own money to do this.
The picture story about a farmer that planted seeds
4 Large crowds of people were coming to Jesus from many
towns. A large number were already together when Jesus told this story.
5 ‘A farmer went out to plant seeds in his field. While
he was throwing the seeds, some fell on the path. Then people walked on them
and the birds ate them. 6 Some seeds fell on ground with rocks in it. They started to grow, but the young plants had no roots. Because there was no water in the ground, they died. 7 Some seeds fell among weeds. Then the
weeds grew up with the young plants. They stopped the young plants from
becoming strong, so they soon died. 8 But some seeds fell on good
ground. Good, strong plants grew up from them. Each of these plants made one
When Jesus finished the picture story, he said, ‘You have ears.
So listen well to what I say.’
Jesus explains why he tells picture stories
9 The men that always followed Jesus asked him about this
story. They asked him what it meant. 10 ‘God helps you to understand
what these stories mean’, he replied. ‘But they are a secret to other people.
They do not understand how God rules in the lives of his people. So, I tell
picture stories to teach them. They have their eyes wide open, but they do not
really see. They hear the words, but they do not understand.’
Jesus explains the picture story about the seeds
11 ‘This is what the story means’, he went on to say.
‘The seed is like the message of God.
12 Some seeds fell on the path. Some people hear the message from God, but they do not think about it. They are like the path. The devil comes and he takes the message away from them. Because he takes it away, they cannot believe it. Because they do not believe it, God does not save them.
13 Some seeds fell on ground with rocks in it. People
that are happy to hear the message of God are like this ground. But the message
does not change their lives and their thoughts. They believe in God for a time.
But when they have trouble or difficulty, they stop believing.
14 Some seeds fell among weeds. Some people hear the
message and they believe for a time. They are like the ground with weeds. They
start to think about the things of this world. They want to get money and
things that make them happy in this life. These things push the message from
God out from their lives, so they stop believing. They are like a plant that
has no fruit.
15 Some seed fell on good ground. Some people that hear
God’s message are like this ground. They remember and they obey. They are good
and honest. They continue to believe and they do many good things. They are
like a plant that has lots of good fruit.’
16 ‘People do not light a lamp and then cover it’, Jesus went on to say. ‘Nor do they put the lamp in a jar or under a bed. Instead, they put it in a high place. Then other people that come into the room can see the light from the lamp.’
People burnt oil in a dish called a lamp. This gave them light
at night. They put the lamp on a high place so that the people could see.
17 ‘The message of God is the same. It is a secret to
some people. But one day everyone will see everything that has been a secret.
18 So you should be careful how you listen. The person
that has really heard a message will hear more. Some have not listened to it,
so they have nothing. They think that they have a little. But they will lose
Jesus is telling people how to listen to him. As in the
picture story about the seeds, many people heard the message about God. But not
all obeyed what they heard. They lost it. Some people were careful to listen.
They received more than they started with.
The mother and brothers of Jesus come to see him
19 Then the mother and brothers of Jesus came to see him.
But they could not reach him because of the large crowd. 20 ‘Your
mother and brothers are standing outside’, someone told Jesus. ‘They want to
21 ‘I will tell you who my mother and brothers are’,
replied Jesus. ‘Some people hear the message of God and they obey it. Those
people are my mother and brothers.’
People that believe in Jesus become part of the family of God.
Jesus stops a storm
22 One day Jesus got into a boat with those that always
followed him. ‘I want us to go over to the other side of the lake’, he said.
So, they started to cross the lake. 23 While they sailed, Jesus began
to sleep. Then a strong wind started to blow across the lake. Water began to
fill the boat and they were in danger. 24 So those in the boat with
Jesus woke him. ‘Master, master, we shall die!’ they said.
Then Jesus got up and he spoke to the wind and to the water.
‘Stop’, he said. ‘Be quiet.’ The wind stopped immediately and the water became
flat. 25 ‘You do not believe in me and you should believe’, Jesus said
The event frightened them and they were very surprised. ‘So who
is this man?’ they asked each other. ‘He even has authority over the wind and
the water. He just speaks and they obey him.’
Jesus makes a man well
26 Jesus and the 12 men that always followed him arrived
at Gadara. In Gadara, the people called Gerasenes lived. This place is across
the lake from Galilee. 27 When Jesus got off the boat, a man from the town came towards him. He had many bad spirits and they were living inside him. He had not worn any clothes for a long time. He did not live in a house. Instead, he lived in a place where people buried dead bodies. 28 When
he saw Jesus, he screamed. Then he fell to the ground in front of him. ‘What do
you want to do with me, Jesus?’ he said in a loud voice. ‘You are the Son of
the powerful God above. Please do not hurt me.’ 29 He said this because Jesus had spoken to the bad spirit. ‘Come out of this man’, he had ordered. People usually kept this man tied up. They tied his hands and feet with chains. But when the bad spirit took hold of him, he broke the chains. The spirit then caused him to go into the places where people do not live.
30 ‘What is your name?’ Jesus then asked. ‘My name is Legion’, he replied. People called him this, because many bad spirits had gone into him.
There were 6000 Roman soldiers in a group called a legion. The man told Jesus that his name was Legion. He had many bad spirits that were living in him. The spirits used the voice of the man to speak to Jesus.
31 The bad spirits asked Jesus again and again not to send them to hell.
Hell is the place where the devil and all the bad spirits will have to go.
32 There was a large group of pigs and they were eating
their food on the side of the hill. ‘Let us go into the pigs’, they asked
Jesus. ‘You can go into them’, he replied. 33 So the bad spirits came out of the man and they went into the pigs. All the pigs rushed together down the high hill. They ran into the lake and all of them died in the water.
34 The men that were taking care of the pigs saw this happen. They ran away to tell other people about the pigs. They went to all the towns and villages that were near. 35 So the people came out from all these places to see what had happened. When they arrived, they found the man. He was sitting at the feet of Jesus. The bad spirits had gone out of him. He was now quiet and his mind was well again. He was also wearing clothes. When the people saw this, they were afraid. 36 Some people had seen Jesus
make the man well. They told the other people how he had done this. 37
Then all the people from the country of the people called Gerasenes spoke to
Jesus. ‘Please leave us’, they said. They said this because they were very
afraid. So, he got back into the boat. He was ready to return to the other side
of the lake. 38 Then the man that had had the bad spirits spoke. ‘Please let me come with you’, he said to Jesus. ‘No’, he replied. 39
‘You must return to your home. Go. And tell everyone all that God has done for
So the man went away. He went everywhere in the town. He
continued to tell all the people, ‘Jesus has done very good things for me.’
Jesus makes Jairus’s daughter well
40 When Jesus returned to the other side of the lake, the
crowd was very happy to see him. They were all waiting for him to come back. 41
Then a man called Jairus came to see him. He was a ruler in the meeting place.
He went down on his knees at the feet of Jesus. ‘Please come to my house’, he
said. 42 ‘I have a daughter. She is 12 years old and she is very ill.
She will die very soon. She is the only child that I have.’
So, Jesus started to go to see his daughter. A crowd of people
went with him and they were pushing against him. 43 There was a woman
in the crowd that had lost blood for 12 years. She had paid all her money to
doctors and she had no money left. But nobody could stop her bleeding. 44
She came behind Jesus in the crowd. Then she touched the edge of his clothes.
Immediately she stopped bleeding. 45 ‘Who touched me?’ asked Jesus.
Everyone round him said, ‘It was not me. I did not touch you.’
‘Master’, said Peter, ‘the people are in a crowd round you. Many people are
46 ‘Someone did touch me’, said Jesus. ‘I felt it when
power went out from me.’ 47 The woman knew that she could not hide it.
So she was very afraid, when she came to Jesus. She went down on the ground in
front of him. She spoke so that all the people could hear her. ‘I wanted to be
well’, she told them, ‘so I touched the edge of his clothes. As soon as I
touched him, I became well.’ 48 ‘Daughter’, Jesus said to her, ‘you are
well again, because you believed in me. Do not have troubles in your mind any
A woman with this problem should not have been in a crowd. She
should not touch other people and they should not touch her. She was very
afraid because people would know her secret.
49 While Jesus was still speaking to the woman, someone
arrived from Jairus’s house. ‘Your daughter is dead’, he told him. ‘Do not ask
the teacher to come now.’
50 Jesus heard what the man said. So he spoke to Jairus.
‘Do not be afraid. Just believe that I can make her well.’
51 When they arrived at the house, Jesus would not let
everyone go in. He only took Peter, James and John. He also let the mother and
father of the girl go into the house. 52 Many people there were crying.
They were hitting themselves because they were very sad. ‘Do not cry’, Jesus
told them. ‘She has not died. She is only asleep.’
53 They knew that she had died. So, they laughed at him. 54 But Jesus took hold of her hand. ‘My child, get up’, he then said to
her in a loud voice. 55 She became alive again and she stood up
immediately. ‘Give her something to eat’, he said to her parents. 56
They were very surprised. ‘You must not tell anyone what has happened’, he said
to them.Chapter 9
Jesus sends out the 12 men that always followed him
1 Jesus asked the 12 men that always followed him to come to him. Then he gave them power to make sick people well. He also gave them authority to send bad spirits out of people. 2 Then, he sent them out
to tell other people about how God rules in the lives of his people. He told
them also that they should make sick people well. 3 ‘When you go’, he
said, ‘take nothing for your journey. Do not take a stick, a bag or food. Do
not take any money or two sets of clothes.’
Jesus wanted those that he was sending out to believe in him. The Holy Spirit would cause other people to give them what they needed.
4 ‘Find a house where the people in it are happy to have
you. Stay at that house all the time you are visiting people in that town. 5
In some towns, the people will not be happy to see you. They have not believed
the message that God sent to them. When you are leaving them, clean the dirt of
that town from your feet. This shows them that they have not believed the
6 Then the 12 men that followed Jesus started out. While
they were going from one village to another, they talked to all the people.
They told them the good news about Jesus and they made many sick people well.
A ruler hears about Jesus
7 Herod the ruler heard reports about all that was happening. He was confused because people were saying different things about Jesus. Some were saying, ‘John the Baptist has come back and he is alive again.’ 8 Some were saying, ‘It is Elijah that has come back.’ Some other people were saying, ‘This is one of God’s servants that died a long time ago. He is alive again and he speaks messages from the Holy Spirit.’
Elijah was a man that spoke messages from the Holy Spirit. He did not die, but God took him up from the ground to his own home. This report is in 2 Kings, chapter 2.
9 ‘My soldiers killed John’, Herod said. ‘They cut off
his head. So, who is this man? I hear strange stories about him.’ So, he was
trying to meet Jesus.
You can read about the death of John the Baptist in Mark, chapter 6.
Jesus feeds 5000 men and their families
10 The 12 men that Jesus had sent out returned from their
journeys. They told him what they had done. Then he took them away from the
crowd, so that he could be alone with them. They went in the direction of a
city called Bethsaida. 11 But the crowds found out where they were
going. So they went to find Jesus. When he saw the crowds coming, he received
them well. He told them how God rules in the lives of his people. Some sick
people were there and he made them well.
12 When it was nearly evening, the 12 men that always
followed Jesus came up to him. ‘This is a place without houses’, they said.
‘Send the crowd away now, so that they can buy food. There are some villages
and farms near here. Maybe they can sleep there.’
13 ‘You give them something to eat’, said Jesus.
‘But we only have 5 loaves of bread and 2 fish’, they replied.
‘Do you want us to go and buy food for all these people?’ 14 There were
about 5000 men in the crowd.
‘Say to them that they should sit down on the ground in groups’,
Jesus replied. ‘There should be about 50 people in each group.’
15 So they did this. When the people had sat down, 16
Jesus took the 5 loaves and the 2 fish. Then he looked up towards the sky and
he thanked God for the food. He broke it into pieces. And he gave it to the 12
men that always followed him. ‘Give it out to all the people’, he said. 17
Everybody ate and they all had enough. Then they picked up all the food that
remained. They filled 12 baskets with it.
This report is very important. Only God could make 5 loaves of
bread and 2 fish enough to feed 5000 men and their families. This showed that
Jesus’ power came from God.
Peter says who Jesus is
18 Jesus was alone and he was praying. The 12 men that
always followed him came up to him. ‘Who do the people say that I am?’ he asked
19 ‘Many people say that you are John the Baptist’, they replied. ‘Some people say that you are Elijah. Other people say that you are one of the servants of God from long ago. They say that the servant has become alive again.’
This is the same report that Herod heard in 9:7-8.
20 ‘What do you think?’ Jesus then asked them. ‘Who do
you say that I am?’
‘You are the Messiah’, replied Peter. ‘God sent you.’
21 ‘Listen!’ Jesus then said to them. ‘You must not tell this to anyone, that I am the Messiah.’ He said this very strongly.
The people were waiting for God to send the Messiah. They thought that this person would save them from the Roman government. They thought that he would be a great soldier. Jesus knew that the people had wrong ideas about the Messiah. So, he wanted to teach them how God rules in the lives of his people. He wanted to show them this by his life and death. Only then would the people understand that he really was the Messiah.
22 ‘They will cause the Son of Man to have a lot of pain’, he went on to say. ‘The leaders of the Jews will be against him. The important priests and teachers of God’s rules will also not accept him. They will kill him, but three days later God will cause him to be alive again.’
Jesus told his friends what would happen to him. This is the
first time that he told them.
23 Then Jesus spoke to all the people that were there.
‘Perhaps someone wants to obey me’, he said to them. ‘That person must say no
to what he wants for himself in this life. He must live every day like a person
that has only one day to live. He must obey me and he must become like me.
24 After all, whoever wants to keep his own life will
lose it. But whoever gives up his life for me will save it. 25 Perhaps
you want to get the whole world and all that is in it. You might do that but
lose yourself. Then you will have nothing at all. You will have destroyed
yourself in the end. 26 Perhaps you are now ashamed of me and of my words. If you are, I will be ashamed of you. I will be ashamed of you when I return. When I come back again, everyone will see me. I will look as great and beautiful as my Father God. The good angels of God will be with me, too. They will also look very great and beautiful.’
Jesus looks different and he meets Moses and Elijah
27 ‘Listen!’ said Jesus. ‘Some people that are standing
here will soon see how God rules. They will see this before they die. They
28 About 8 days after Jesus had said these things, he
went up a mountain to pray. And he took Peter, John and James with him. 29 While he was praying, his face began to look different. His clothes also became very white and shining. 30 Then two men appeared and they were
talking with him. They were Moses and Elijah.
Matthew says in Matthew 17:2 that Jesus’ face shone like the
sun. Moses was a leader of the people of God. He died about 1400 years before
Jesus was born. We can read about him in the book called Exodus.
Elijah was a man that spoke messages from God. He lived about
850 years before Jesus was born. God took Elijah up to his home while he was
still alive. We can read about him in 1 Kings.
31 Moses and Elijah looked very great and beautiful. They talked with Jesus about how he would soon die in Jerusalem. This was how God wanted him to leave this world.
32 While this was happening, Peter was very, very tired. And those that were with him were very, very tired too. Then they really woke up and they saw Jesus. He looked very great and beautiful. They also saw the two men that were standing near to him. 33 Then the two men began to
leave. So, Peter spoke to Jesus. ‘Teacher’, he said, ‘it is very good that we
are here. We should build three huts. One hut will be for you, one hut for
Moses and one hut for Elijah.’ He did not really know what he was saying.
Peter wanted these important men to remain on the mountain.
That is why he wanted to build the huts. This would not have been the right
thing to do.
34 While Peter was speaking, a cloud appeared. And it
covered them all. When the shadow covered them, they were afraid. 35
Then they heard a voice from the cloud. ‘This is my Son’, the voice said. ‘I
have chosen him. So listen to him.’
36 The voice stopped speaking. Then the three men saw
that they were alone with Jesus. They did not
tell anyone at this time about what they had seen.
Jesus makes a boy well
37 The next day, Jesus and the three men that were with
him came down from the mountain. A large crowd met him. 38 Then a man
from the crowd shouted to him. ‘Teacher, please, I ask you to be kind to my
son. He is my only child. 39 Sometimes a bad spirit quickly takes hold of him and he screams. The spirit throws his body first one way then another and foam comes out of his mouth. When the spirit leaves him in the end, it has always hurt him. 40 I asked those that follow you to send the bad spirit out of him. But they could not do it.’
41 ‘You people today do not believe in God’, Jesus said
to the crowd. ‘You have turned away from him. I have already been with you a
long time. But you still do not believe in him. It is difficult to be patient
with you.’ Then he spoke to the man. ‘Bring your son here.’
42 While the boy was coming, the bad spirit threw him to the ground. It pulled the boy first one way and then the other. ‘Stop!’ Jesus said to it. He then made the boy well and he gave him back to his father.
43 Everybody was very surprised at what they saw. They
knew that God was very powerful.
Jesus speaks again about his death
The people were still thinking about everything that Jesus was
doing. Then he began to talk to those that always followed him. 44 ‘Be careful. And do not forget what I am telling you. People will give the Son of Man to powerful men to kill him.’ 45 But they did not understand what
he had said. It was still a secret, so they could not understand his words. But
they were afraid to ask him, ‘What do you mean?’
Who will be the most important?
46 Then those that followed Jesus began to argue with
each other. ‘Which of us is the most important?’ ‘I am’, they were each saying.
47 Jesus knew what they were thinking. So he picked up a small child.
He made the child stand at one side of him. 48 ‘If someone accepts this
child because of me’, he said, ‘he accepts me. And he also accepts him who sent
me. After all, the person who makes himself the least important is really the
Jesus’ friends were thinking that a child was not important.
Jesus showed them that a child is important to God. The way that they receive a
child shows if they understand this. We should not think that we are more
important than other people.
49 ‘Teacher’, John then said, ‘we saw a man. He was speaking to people that had bad spirits in them. “Jesus says that you must come out”, he was saying. We told the man that he must not do this. We said that because he is not in our group.’
50 ‘Do not try to stop him’, Jesus said to him. ‘If
someone is not against you, he is working with you.’
People in a village in Samaria do not accept Jesus
51 Time was passing and soon Jesus would go back to God.
He knew this, so he began to go to Jerusalem. 52 He arrived near a
village in the country of Samaria. Then he sent some people to the village with
a message. They went to ask for a place to stay for the night. 53 But
the people in the village would not let him stay there. This was because he was
going to Jerusalem.
The people in Samaria did not like Jews to stay in their village.
54 Then James and John heard about what had happened.
‘Jesus’, they asked, ‘do you want us to ask God to send fire down from the sky?
Do you want us to kill these people?’
55 Jesus turned round. ‘No!’ he said, ‘do not do that.
That would be very wrong.’ 56 Then they all went on to another village.
What it costs to obey Jesus
57 When they continued on their journey, a man spoke to
Jesus. ‘I will follow you. And I will go where you go.’
58 ‘Wild animals’, he replied, ‘have a place to sleep. Wild birds also have their own places to live. But I, the Son of Man, have no regular place to lie down and rest.’
59 ‘Come with me!’ Jesus then said to another man.
‘First’, he replied, ‘let me go home and bury my father. Then I will come with
60 ‘No!’ said Jesus, ‘let dead people bury their own dead
people. You go. And tell other people about how God rules.’
The man wanted to wait until his father had died. Then he
would follow Jesus. Jesus did not agree. He called people that did not obey him
‘dead’. Those people could bury someone that had died. Jesus needed people now
to tell the good news about how God rules.
61 ‘Sir’, said another man, ‘I will come with you. But
please let me first go to say goodbye to my family.’
62 ‘A man that ploughs a field must continue to look in
front of him’, replied Jesus. ‘If he looks behind him, he cannot plough well.
You are like a man that wants to look behind him. People like that cannot show
other people how God really rules.’Chapter 10
Jesus sends out 72 men that always followed him
1 After this, Jesus sent out another 72 men that always
followed him. He sent them on in front of him in pairs. They went to every town
and village that he would visit soon. 2 ‘Many people are wanting to believe God’s message’, he said to them before they went. ‘They are like a field with many plants with ripe seeds. But there are very few workers to bring in the ripe seeds. So, you must pray to God to send out workers. They will go and tell his message.’
Jesus is using a picture to tell those that he was sending out about their job. Many people in the towns and villages are like the ripe seeds. They are ready to hear about how God rules. When they hear, they will believe in him. Then they will want him to rule their lives. There are not many people ready to go out and tell the good news about Jesus. We should ask God to send more.
3 ‘I am sending you out’, Jesus went on to say. ‘So go!
But listen! You will be like young sheep among wild animals. 4 Do not
carry a purse or bag. Do not take extra shoes. When you meet other people on
the road, do not waste time in long conversations.’
Jesus is telling them that their journey would be dangerous.
God will give them everything that they need. They must believe that. And they
5 ‘When you go into a house, first say, “We pray that all
will be well with you!” 6 Someone in the house may believe what you
say. If he does, it will be well with him. But if nobody accepts your kind
words, take them back. 7 While you are in the town, you should stay in
the same house. Accept the food and drink that the people in the house give to
you. This is for the work that you are doing. Do not go from one house to
another to get food. 8 The people may accept you when you go into a
town. Eat what those people give to you. 9 Make the sick people well in
that town. Give this message to all the people there:
“We bring the news that God wants to rule in your lives now.” 10
Sometimes when you go into a town, the people will not accept you. You should
then go into the streets of that town and you should say to the people, 11
“There is dirt from your town on our feet. We will clean it off to show that
you have not accepted the message from God. Listen! God wants to rule in your
lives, but you have refused him.” 12 One day God will judge everyone. At that time, he really will punish the people from that town. Yes, he will punish them more than the people that lived in Sodom.’
We can read about the city called Sodom in Genesis, chapters
18 and 19.
Some towns where people did not believe
13 ‘It will be bad for you, people of Chorazin’, Jesus
went on to say. ‘It will be bad for you, people of Bethsaida. I have done great
things in your cities. If I had done such great things in Tyre and Sidon, the
people there would have listened to me long ago. They would then have put on
clothes made from the hair of a goat. They would also have put ash on their
heads. This would show God that they were sorry. They would have stopped doing
bad things and they would have started to obey him. 14 Yes, when God judges everyone, he will punish the people of Tyre and Sidon. But he will punish more the people of Chorazin and Bethsaida.
15 And the people in Capernaum, they try to lift themselves up to God’s place. But he will throw them down to hell!’
One day, God will punish those that do wrong things. Jesus was telling this to those that followed him. God will punish some people more than other people. He will punish the people in Chorazin, Bethsaida and Capernaum more than the people in Sodom. The people in Chorazin, Bethsaida and Capernaum had heard Jesus speak and they had seen his power. But they did not believe him. The people in Sodom had never seen Jesus or heard his message. God will punish those people. But he will punish those people who refuse his message more.
16 ‘The person that listens to you, listens to me’, Jesus
told those that he was sending out. ‘The person that does not accept you does
not accept me. And the person that does not accept me also does not accept
someone else. He does not accept him who sent me.’
The 72 men return
17 Later, the 72 men that Jesus sent out returned to him. They were very happy. ‘Master’, they said, ‘even bad spirits obey us. We use your name and we say, “Leave!” Then they leave.’
18 ‘I was watching and I saw the devil fall’, replied Jesus. ‘He fell very fast, like lightning from the sky. 19 Listen! I have given authority and power to you. You will even stand on dangerous snakes and insects and you will have authority over all the power of the devil. Nothing will hurt you. 20 But do not be happy just because you have authority over bad spirits. Your names are in the book where God is. That is why you should be happy.’
Jesus is very happy
21 At this moment, the Holy Spirit made Jesus very happy. ‘Father’, he said, ‘you rule all things above and on the earth! I thank you for this. You have taught people that do not know many things. Now they can understand this. But you have hidden all these things from other people. They think that they understand everything. And they think that they are wise. Yes, Father, this is how you chose it to happen.’
22 ‘My Father has given me all things’, he then said. ‘Only the Father knows who I am. Nobody else really knows that I am the Son of God. Only I know who the Father is. Nobody else knows, except those people that I choose to tell.’
23 Then he turned. And he spoke only to those that always
followed him. ‘Be happy! God has helped you to see the things that you see. 24
Listen! There have been many rulers. Many men have received messages from God.
Those people all wanted to see the things that you are seeing. But they did not
see them. They wanted to hear what you are hearing. But they did not hear it.’
This is a picture story about a good man from Samaria
25 A man that taught God’s rules then stood up. He wanted
to show that Jesus really did not know the rules well. So he asked a question.
‘Teacher, what must I do to live for all time?’
26 ‘What do God’s rules say?’ Jesus asked. ‘What do you
understand from them?’
27 ‘It says that we should love the Lord our God’, he replied. ‘We should love him very much, with every part of our body and of our mind. We should also love people that live near to us. We should love them as much as we love ourselves.’
28 ‘You have told me the right answer’, said Jesus. ‘If
you do this, you will live for all time.’
29 But the man wanted to show that he had been right to
ask a question. So he asked, ‘Who are the people near to me that I must love?’
30 Jesus answered by telling a picture story. ‘A man was
going down the road from Jerusalem to Jericho town. On the way, some men
attacked him. They took away all his clothes and they hit him with sticks. He
was almost dead when they left him. 31 But it happened that a priest was going down that road. He saw the man, who was lying there. But he walked past him on the other side of the road. 32 A Levite was also going down the road. He came to the place where the man was lying. He saw him. But he also walked past on the other side of the road.’
A Levite was a man from the family of Levi. Levi was one of the sons of Jacob. We can read about this family in Exodus and Leviticus, and in 1 Chronicles 23:28-32. Levites worked in the Great House of God, but they were not priests.
33 ‘But a man from Samaria was also travelling along the
road. And he came to the place where the man was lying. When he saw him, he
felt very sorry for him. 34 He went across to him. He poured oil and wine on the places where he was bleeding. Then he tied those places with clean cloths. After that, he put the man on his own animal. They arrived at a small hotel. He took him in and he was kind to him.’
The Jews did not like people from Samaria. Jesus told this story to show them that they must love everyone. It was not important what country they came from.
The man from Samaria poured oil on to the man’s body to make the pain less. He poured the wine on the parts of his body that were bleeding to clean them.
35 ‘The next day, the man from Samaria took out two silver coins from his purse. He gave the money to the man that was taking care of the hotel. “Be kind to this man for me”, he said. “I will return. This money may not be enough. I will pay you for any more that you have spent on him.” ’
A man would pay another man two silver coins if he worked for two days. This money would pay for the man to stay at the hotel for two months.
36 Then Jesus asked the man that taught God’s rules a question. ‘Three men passed the man
that was lying on the road. Which of them showed love to him?’
37 ‘It was the man that was kind to him’, he answered.
Then Jesus said to him, ‘Yes, you are right. So go and do the
same for other people.’
Jesus visits the home of Martha and Mary
38 Jesus and those that always followed him continued
their journey. They arrived at a certain village. There, a woman called Martha
asked Jesus to come into her house. 39 This woman had a sister called
Mary. Mary sat down near Jesus. She was listening to the things that he was
teaching. 40 But Martha was thinking to herself, ‘I cannot do all this
work alone.’ So she came to Jesus. ‘Master’, she said, ‘my sister is not
helping me with the work. She has left me to do it alone. You cannot really
believe that this is right! Say to her that she must help me!’
41 ‘Martha, Martha’, replied Jesus, ‘you have troubles in
your mind about very many things. 42 But only one thing is really
important. And Mary has chosen it. Nobody will take it away from her.’
Mary and Martha lived in a village called Bethany. It is about
3 kilometres (2 miles) from Jerusalem. Jesus was telling Martha about what was
most important. It was important to listen to Jesus. It was not so important to
do a lot of work in the house.
Jesus teaches those that always followed him how to pray
1 One day, Jesus was praying in a certain place. He
finished praying. Then, one of those that always followed him came to him.
‘Master’, he said, ‘John taught those that followed him how to pray. Please
teach us as he did.’
2 ‘When you pray’, he replied, ‘you should say this:
“Father, we want all people to know that you are good
You will rule everyone one day. We pray that that day
will come soon.
3 Please give us the food that we need each day.
4 Forgive us for all the wrong things that we have done.
After all, we also forgive everyone that has done wrong things to us.
Do not let us agree to do wrong things.” ’
5 He then told a picture story to teach them how to pray.
‘Let me tell you about someone that goes to a friend at midnight. “My friend”,
he says, “please give me three loaves of bread. 6 Another friend of
mine is on a journey and he has arrived at my house. But I have no food to give
him.” 7 But his friend answers from inside his house. “Do not cause
problems for me! I have locked my door. My children and I have gone to bed. So,
I cannot get up and give you any bread.” 8 I will tell you what will
happen. Perhaps the friend will not give him anything because they are good
friends. But if he continues to knock, he will get up. If he continues to ask
for bread, his friend will give him bread. He will give him everything that he
9 So I tell you this. Continue to ask for what you need.
And you will receive it. Continue to look for what you need. And then you will
find it. Continue to knock at the door and God will open it for you. 10
After all, everyone that asks for something will receive it. Everyone that
looks for something will find it. God will open the door for everyone that
knocks on it. 11 Some of you are fathers. You would not give your son a
snake if he asks for fish! 12 If your son asks you for an egg, you
would not give him an insect to hurt him. 13 You are bad. But you know how to give good things to your children. And your Father above knows much better than you do how to give good things. So he will send the Holy Spirit to those people that ask him.’
Jesus is telling us that we must pray. We must continue to pray, and then God will listen to us. He will give us the good things that we ask for. The most important thing to ask for is the gift of his Holy Spirit. He sends him to those that ask.
Jesus teaches the people about the devil
14 One day, Jesus was ordering a bad spirit to come out of a man. Because of the bad spirit, the man could not speak. But after it had gone out of him, the man could speak. All the people that were watching were surprised at this. 15 But some people in the crowd were not happy with Jesus. ‘Yes, this man can cause bad spirits to come out from people’, they said. ‘But the devil works with him, because the devil rules all the bad spirits.’
16 Some other people in the crowd did not believe in
Jesus. They wanted to show that his power was not from God. ‘Do something
powerful’, they were saying. ‘If you do, we will believe. We will believe that
God has sent you.’
Jesus only used the power that he had from God to help people. He only did something special when his Father asked him to. He would not use it to cause people to believe in him. He had already done many powerful works. But they chose not to believe that he was the Messiah. In verse 15, the people used the name Beelzebul when they spoke about the devil. This is another name for the devil.
17 But Jesus knew what those people were wanting. ‘If
groups of people in a country fight each other’, he said to them, ‘they will
destroy their own country. If people in one family fight with each other, they
will destroy their family. 18 The devil is the same. The people who obey him must not fight each other. If they do, he will soon not have anybody to rule. But you say that the devil helps me to send bad spirits out of people. If this were true, the devil would be fighting himself. He would soon not have anybody to rule. 19 You say that the devil helps me to cause bad spirits to leave. But some men obey what you teach. And they also cause bad spirits to leave. So think about who helps them to do that. That shows that you are wrong. 20 So when I cause bad spirits to leave people, I use the power of God. This shows that God is ruling among you.
21 When a strong man has all his arms for war, he can take care of his own house. Nothing bad will happen to his things inside the house. 22 But someone may come that is stronger than he. Then the
stronger man attacks him and beats him. The stronger person then takes away all
his arms for war. These arms had made him feel safe. The stronger man will also
give away all the things that he had taken.’
The strong person is the devil. The stronger person that comes is Jesus. He fought the devil and he beat him. When he orders bad spirits to leave people, they do. This shows that he is stronger than the devil. So it was wrong to think that the devil was helping him.
23 ‘If someone is not helping me, he is against me. If a
person is not working with me to bring people together, he is causing them to
run away from me.’
People are either helping Jesus, or they are helping the devil. They are helping the devil if they do nothing to help Jesus.
24 ‘When a bad spirit goes out of a person, it travels through dry places. It goes to look for a new place to live. If it does not find anywhere, it says to itself, “I will return to the house where I lived before.” 25 It goes back to that house. But it finds that it is clean.
Everything inside is in the right place. 26 So it goes out and it brings back 7 worse spirits. They all go into the house and they live there. Now the man is worse than he was at the beginning.’
When the Jewish leaders ordered a bad spirit to leave a person, it often came out. But later it went back to live inside the person again. Because the Holy Spirit did not fill him, there was room for bad spirits to come in.
27 While Jesus was saying this, a woman in the crowd
shouted out. ‘How happy is the woman that gave birth to you! How happy is the
woman that fed you from her breasts!’
28 ‘How happy, rather’, he replied, ‘are the people that
hear the message from God. That is if they obey it.’
Jesus talks about Jonah
29 The crowd round Jesus was growing larger, so he began
to speak to them. ‘The people that are alive today are very bad. They want God
to show them some powerful work. But God will not show them anything. They will
only see the same powerful thing that happened to Jonah. 30 Something happened to him. It showed the people in Nineveh that God had sent him. The same thing will happen to me, the Son of Man. I will be like Jonah to the people that are living today. Then they will know that God sent me.’
We can read about Jonah in the book called ‘Jonah’. God sent
him to a town called Nineveh. He told the people in the town that they must
stop doing bad things. He had been inside a big fish for three days. They could
see that God had made him alive again. Jesus also would become alive again,
three days after he died.
31 ‘Many years ago’, Jesus then said, ‘the queen of a country in the south travelled a long way to see King Solomon. She went to listen to the wise ideas that he taught. Listen! There is someone here today that is greater than Solomon. But you will not listen to him. So, when God judges all people, that queen will stand in front of him. And she will speak against the men that are alive today. After all, she travelled a long way to hear the wise ideas of Solomon.’
We can read about this queen in 1 Kings 10:1-10. The Queen of Sheba came to visit Solomon. He was a wise and important king.
32 ‘Jonah is the same. When he spoke to the people in Nineveh, they stopped doing bad things. And they obeyed God. Listen! There is someone here today that is greater than Jonah. But you will not obey him. God will judge all people. Then those men that lived in Nineveh will stand in front of him. They will also speak against the people that are alive today. After all, when Jonah spoke to the people in Nineveh, they stopped doing bad things. And they obeyed God.’
Jesus talks about being full of light
33 ‘When someone lights a lamp, he does not hide it. Nor does he put a pot over it. Instead, he puts it in a high place, so that people will see the light. They will see it when they come in. 34 Your eyes are like a lamp, and your body is like a room. If a lamp is clean, the whole room has light. But if it is dirty, the whole room is in the dark. 35 So, be sure that your eyes are not like a dirty lamp. If they are, you will be bad, like a dark room. 36 So, your eyes should be like a clean lamp. There will be nothing bad in you. You will be like a room that is full of light.’
If a person lets Jesus rule his life, there will be nothing
dark or hidden. Those that do not believe the messages of Jesus are like a
person in the dark.
37 While Jesus was speaking, a Pharisee asked him to eat a meal with him. So, he went to his house and he sat down at the table. 38 Jesus did not wash his hands before he ate the meal. This surprised the Pharisee. 39 So the Lord Jesus spoke to him. ‘You Pharisees are like someone that only cleans the outside of a cup and plate. You only clean the part that people can see. But inside, your mind is full of very bad thoughts. You think about taking valuable things from other people. 40 What fools
you are! The God that made the outside of you also made the inside. He sees
everything inside you. 41 So give to poor people with good thoughts. So
then God will say that everything inside and outside of you is clean.’
Jesus was speaking about the things about a person that everybody can see. And he was speaking about the things that other people cannot see. The Pharisees thought about the part that other people could see. But God sees the reason why we do things.
42 ‘You Pharisees give to God one tenth of the little plants that have a nice smell. You also give him one tenth of the little plants that cause food to taste nice. You are right to give them. But trouble will happen to you, because you do not also do the most important things. You do not love God. And you do not do what is right. You should do these. And you should also give him a tenth of what you grow.
43 Trouble will happen to you Pharisees, because you like to have the best seats in the meeting place. And people speak to you in the market place as they speak to an important person. You like that too.
44 Yes, you want to seem good but you are not. So trouble
will happen to you. Sometimes, when people bury a dead body, they do not put a
mark there. Because of that, other people walk on that ground. You are like
that ground. You seem good but, inside, you are not.’
The Jews put a mark at the place where they had buried a dead person. They put white paint on it. They did this so that people would see it. So then they would not touch it. If they did touch it, they would stop being clean. God’s rules told them what they should do to be clean again. Jesus was saying that people might copy the Pharisees. If they did, they also would not be clean.
45 Then one of those that taught God’s rules spoke out.
‘Teacher’, he said, ‘when you say these things, you are also saying bad things
46 ‘Trouble will also happen to you that teach God’s
rules’, Jesus replied. ‘You give rules to people to obey. They are like things
that are too heavy to carry. You put them on their backs, but you do not help
them to carry them. Not even with one finger do you help them!’
These heavy things were all the rules that the teachers had
made. The people tried to obey all these rules, but it was too difficult for
them. The teachers did not show the people how to obey the rules.
47 ‘Yes, trouble will happen to you that teach God’s rules! A long time ago, your fathers killed the men that spoke for God. Now, you build up beautiful stones to remember the place where they buried them. 48 You know that your fathers killed these men. You build up these stones. So you show that you agree with your fathers. You agree with what they did. 49 God is wise. That is the reason that he said, “I will send men that I choose. I will also send other men that receive messages from me. They will speak my messages. But people will kill some of them. They will do bad things to some of them.” 50 People have killed those that speak for God since the beginning of the world. But he will punish the people alive today for all those murders. 51 Abel was the first to die and Zechariah was the last. They killed him between the Great House of God and God’s special table. The priests kill and burn animals as a gift to God on that special table. Yes, God will punish the people who are living today for all those murders.
52 Trouble will happen to you that teach God’s rules. You
have not taught other people to understand the messages from God. They wanted
to find out what is true. You yourselves have not found out. And you have also stopped the people that wanted to
know. So they could not find out.’
53 Then Jesus left that place. The Pharisees and those that taught God’s rules started to be very much against him. They were asking him many difficult questions. 54 They were trying to cause him to say
something wrong. They were waiting to take hold of him if he did.Chapter 12
Jesus tells the people to be careful how they live
1 While all this was happening, many thousands of people were present. There were so many people that they were almost walking over each other. Jesus began to talk first to those that always followed him. ‘Do not become like the Pharisees. They want other people to think that they are good. But they are not. They are like yeast that causes bread to grow.’
People put yeast and water into flour to make bread. The yeast grows in the bread and it causes it to rise. It only needs a little bit of yeast to cause a whole loaf to rise. People copied what the Pharisees did. So it was like yeast that was growing. One bad person can cause many other people to do wrong things.
2 ‘People do things secretly, but everybody will know
about those things. And people say things secretly, but everybody will know about those things. 3 You have said
things in the dark of the night. But people will hear those things in the light
of day. You have said things into someone’s ear behind a door that you have
shut. But people will shout out all those things from the tops of the houses.
4 You are my friends, so I tell you this. Do not be
afraid of those people that can kill your body. After that, they can do nothing
worse to you. 5 I tell you that you should be afraid of God. He has the power to kill and to throw people into hell. Once more I am telling you, be afraid of him.
6 People sell 5 small birds for 2 coins of little value. But each little bird is valuable to God. He takes care of them all. 7
He does the same for you. He even knows how many hairs there are on your head.
So, do not be afraid of people. You are of more value to God than very many
8 I also say this to you. Say to other people, “I obey Jesus.” If you do, I, the Son of Man, will say to the angels of God, “That person is someone that obeys me.” 9 But another person who knows me will say, “I do not know Jesus. I do not obey him.” If he does, I will say to the angels of God, “I do not know this person. He does not obey me.”
10 Somebody may speak against the Son of Man, and God will forgive him. But somebody may speak against the Holy Spirit. And he may say that the Holy Spirit is bad. God will never forgive that person.’
Jesus will forgive people that speak against him. They must say that they are sorry. And they must stop speaking in that way. The Holy Spirit shows them that they have spoken badly about Jesus. But some people will not listen to the Holy Spirit and they will speak against him. There is no way for God to forgive those people.
11 ‘People will take you into places for meetings. They
will cause you to stand in front of rulers and other people that have
authority. These men will ask you questions. But do not be afraid of them. Do
not think, “I do not know how to answer them.” 12 When the time comes, the Holy Spirit will teach you. He will tell you what to say.’
Jesus tells a picture story about a rich fool
13 Someone in the crowd spoke to Jesus. ‘Teacher’, he said, ‘I have a problem with my brother. Our father died. Tell my brother to give me my part of what our father left us.’
14 ‘It is not my job to say which of you is right or
wrong’, he replied. ‘And it is not my job to say what each of you should have.’
15 Then he spoke to all the people. ‘Think well and be very careful! Do
not want more than you need. The life of a person is worth more than the things
that he has. Even if he is very rich, that is still true.’
When a man died, the older son received twice as much as his
younger brother. People were often not happy with this. The ruler in the
meeting place sometimes talked with people to decide what was right. It was not
right for Jesus to do this.
16 He then told them a picture story. ‘A man had some
very good ground, where he planted seeds. The
plants grew very well. And he had much more than he planted. 17 He
thought about how much he would soon have. “I have nowhere to store all the
seeds from my plants”, he said to himself. 18 But then he decided what
to do. “I will pull down the building”, he said to himself, “where I now store
my seed. Then I will build a bigger building to store it all. There I will also
keep everything else that is mine. 19 Then I will say to myself:
You have plenty of things stored away. These will be enough for
you for many years. Now you can live an easy life. Eat and drink. Enjoy
20 But God said to the man, “You are a fool. Tonight you
will die. You will have to leave everything behind. Think about all your things
that you have stored away. Think about what will happen to them. Think about
who will have them.” ’
21 ‘Some people think only about having many things for
themselves’, Jesus went on to say. ‘That picture story is for those people. But
God says about them, “They have nothing of value at all.” ’
Do not have troubles in your mind
22 ‘So I tell you that
you should not be always thinking about things’, Jesus then said to those that
always followed him. ‘Do not be always thinking about the food that you need to
stay alive. Nor be always thinking about the clothes that you need to wear. 23
After all, your life is more important than your food. Your body is more
important than your clothes.
24 Think about the birds. They do not plant seeds in the
ground, nor cut down plants to eat. They have no buildings to store food. But
they do not go hungry. God gives them food. You are of much more value than the
25 Your life is the same. Even
if you are always thinking about your life, you cannot make it any longer.
26 No, you cannot do a small thing like that. So, do not always be
thinking about the things that you need. 27 Think about how the wild
flowers grow. They do not work or make clothes for themselves. But I tell you
this about them. It is true that King Solomon wore very beautiful clothes. But
even one wild flower is more beautiful than he was. 28 It is God that
gives beautiful clothes to wild flowers and grass. And they are alive in the
field for a very short time. After that, people burn them. Yes, God gives clothes
to those flowers, so he will do much more for you. He will give you all that
you need. You do not yet believe in him very well.’
People burned dry grass and wild flowers to cook food.
29 ‘Food and drink are the
same. Do not always be thinking about the food and drink that you need. 30
People that do not know God are always thinking about these things. That is
true. But your Father, God, knows that you need them. 31 Instead,
always be thinking about the things that are important to him. Let him rule
you. So then he will also give you the things that you need. 32 Yes,
you are only a small group of people, but do not be afraid. After all, your
Father, God, has chosen you to rule with him. 33 Sell what you have and
give the money to poor people. Do good things. So you will have things of great
value when you live in God’s home. There your things will never become old.
Their value will never decrease. Nor can anyone take them from you. No insect
can destroy them there. 34 After all, you will want to be in the same
place as the things that are of value to you.’
If something is of value to you, you think about it all the
time. Valuable things in this world may wear out. People may take them from
you. Insects may destroy them. It is better to have stored valuable things
where God is. They will be safe there. We should do what Jesus says. So then we
will have valuable things where God lives.
Be ready for Jesus to return
35 ‘Always be ready for my return. Be like those that are ready to start work. They have put on their clothes so that they are ready for work. And they have lit their lamps.
36 You must be like servants that are waiting for their
master to arrive. When he returns home from the marriage party, he will knock
on the door. His servants should be ready to open it for him immediately. 37
Those servants will be very happy if their master finds them awake. If he does,
he will do this. He will tie his belt so that his clothes are
short. He will say to them, “Sit at the table. I will come and I will give you some food.” ’
In those days, everybody wore long clothes. To be ready to
work, they pulled up the lowest part of their skirt. They then fastened it to
their belt, so that they could move easily.
38 ‘The master may arrive in the middle of the night. He
may even arrive just before the sun rises. But, if the master finds them awake
and ready, the servants will be happy.
39 You must also understand this. The master of a house
does not know when a robber will try to get in to his house. If he knew, he
would keep awake. He would not let the robber come in and take away his things.
40 You also must be ready. The Son of Man will come at a time when you are not thinking, “He will come now.” ’
A robber takes things from someone, when that person is not
watching. Jesus is telling those that obey him to be ready for his return.
Nobody knows when that will be.
Be a good servant
41 Peter then asked Jesus. ‘Master, are you only talking
to us that follow you? Or is this picture story for everyone to hear?’
42 ‘Be wise. And be a man that the master can trust’, said Jesus. ‘The master will choose a man like that. He will say to him, “I want you to rule my house and the other servants. Give them food at the right time.” 43 This servant will be very happy when his master comes home.
His master sees that he has done everything well. So he is happy. 44 I
will tell you what will happen. The master will let the servant rule over
everything that he has. 45 But perhaps the servant says to himself, “My
master will not come yet.” So, he begins to hit the other servants. He hits
both the men and the women. He eats too much. He also drinks too much and he
becomes a drunk.
46 The master of that servant will come home and he will surprise the servant. He did not think that his master would come home on that day or at that time. Then the master will punish him a lot. He will put the servant with those people that do not obey him.
47 A servant may know what his master wants him to do. He should get ready and obey. If he does not, his master will punish him. He will hit him a lot. 48 But another servant perhaps did not know what his
master wanted him to do. So he did the wrong things. The master will hit him
because he did the wrong things. But he will not hit him as much. He did not
know that those things were wrong. If masters give much to their servants, they
will want a lot in return. And God wants much from the person to whom he has
49 I came to start a fire on earth. I would be happy if that fire were already burning. 50 I have a baptism of pain to receive. I cannot rest until this has happened.’
Jesus is using pictures to tell them about future events. The fire means the time when God will judge bad people. The baptism means the pain that Jesus will have. He will have this pain when he dies.
51 ‘I did not come so that everyone will agree. Do not
think that I came for that reason. No, that is not true. Instead, I came to
make people into separate groups. 52 From now on, because of me, 5
people in a family will become 2 separate groups. 2 will be against the other
3. 3 of them will be against the other 2. 53 The father will be against
his son and the son will be against his father. The mother will be against her
daughter and the daughter will be against her mother. The mother will be
against her son’s wife. And the son’s wife will be against his mother.’
Some people in a family will obey God. Some will not. Some
people will not like those that obey Jesus.
54 ‘You see a cloud that is rising in the west’, Jesus
then said to the crowd. ‘Immediately you say, “It will rain.” And the rain does
come. 55 Sometimes you know that the south wind is blowing. So you say,
“It will be very hot weather.” And the hot weather does come. 56 You
want other people to think that you understand many things. So, you look at the
earth and the sky. And you say what weather will come. Yes, you know how to do
that. So look at the things that are happening near you now. They show you what
will soon happen. But you do not understand what they are showing you. And you
should know it.’
The things that were happening were showing something. They showed that Jesus was the Messiah. He would soon die.
57 ‘Also, you should know what these things mean for you.
You should do what is right. 58 After all, something like this may happen to you: Someone says, “You have a debt and you have done something wrong.” So he takes you to the judge. Before you arrive at the office of the judge, try to agree with this man. If you do not agree together about the matter, it may be bad for you. He will say to the judge, “This man has not paid me back my money.” So the judge will say to his officer that he should put you in prison. 59 I tell you what will happen then. You will not
leave there until you have paid back all the debt.’
A judge listens to what people say against each other. He then decides who is right or wrong. Jesus is telling the people that everyone is in debt to God. They do not obey him as they should. Jesus says that we should agree with God now. And we should do something about our debt. If we do not, God will be our judge. He will punish us when we stand in front of him.
Stop doing wrong things or die
1 At that time, some people were standing near to Jesus.
They told him what happened to some people from Galilee. They were burning
animals as a gift for God. Pilate sent some soldiers to kill them.
Pilate was the head of the Roman government in Jerusalem.
2 ‘So think about these people from Galilee’, Jesus
replied. ‘Perhaps you think that they had done more bad things than other
people from Galilee. And so that is why they had to die. 3 No, they
were not worse than other people. All of you have also done many bad things.
So, you must turn away from all bad things and you must turn to God. If you do
not, I tell you this. You will also die as they did.
4 And you remember what happened to those 18 people in
Siloam. A high building fell and it killed them. Perhaps you think that they
had done more bad things than the other people in Jerusalem. 5 No, they
had not. All of you have also done many bad things. So, you must turn away from
all bad things and you must turn to God. If you do not, I tell you this. You
will also die as they did.’
Jesus tells a picture story about a fig tree
6 Then he told this story. ‘A man had a garden where he grew fruit. He had planted a fig tree there. But when he came to look for fruit, he could not find any.
7 “Look”, he then said to his gardener, “For three years,
I have come to look for fruit on this tree. But I have never found any. So cut
the tree down! I do not think that it should be here. It is wasting the
8 “Master”, the gardener replied, “leave the tree in the
ground for one more year. Let me dig round it and let me put some dirt from
animals on it.” ’
This will make the ground good to grow things.
9 ‘ “If I do that, next year, the fig tree may have some fruit on it. If it does not, I will cut it down for you.” ’
The people are like a tree that has no fruit. But God wants
them to believe. And he wants them to obey Jesus. If they do that, they will be
like a tree with fruit. If they refuse to believe in Jesus, they will die.
Jesus makes a sick woman well again
10 One day, Jesus was teaching in a meeting house. It was the Jewish day for rest.
11 There was a woman there that had a bad spirit inside her. It had lived there for 18 years and it had made her ill. She had to bend her back all the time. She could not stand up straight. 12 Jesus saw
her. ‘Woman, come here’, he said. ‘You are better from your illness.’ 13
He put his hands on her and immediately she could stand up straight. ‘How great
you are!’ she said to God. ‘How good and powerful you are!’
14 But the leader of the meeting house was angry. He was
angry because Jesus had made a sick person well on their day for rest. So he spoke to the people. ‘There are 6
days each week when we should work’, he said to them. ‘Come on any of those
days and get well. But you should not come on our rest day to get well.’
15 ‘You are wrong’, the Lord Jesus said to him. ‘You say one thing and you do something different yourselves. You each take your ox or your donkey outside on the day for rest. You then give them water to drink.’
An ox is like a large cow. Because it is very strong, people use it to work for them. It can pull many things in a cart. A donkey is like a small horse. People also use donkeys to carry heavy things. They tie them up at night in a special place.
16 ‘Look at this woman’, he went on to say. ‘She is in the family of Abraham. But it is like a bad spirit from the devil has kept her tied up for 18 years. So it is certainly right to make her free on our day for rest.’ 17 These words caused the leaders of the meeting place to
feel ashamed of themselves. But all the people there were very happy. They were
happy because they had seen Jesus do many good and powerful things.
Jesus tells picture stories about seeds and yeast
18 Then he told them a story. ‘I will tell you about the place where God rules. For example, 19 it is like a very small
seed. A man takes it and he plants it. He puts it in his garden and it grows.
It then grows into a tree. It is so big that birds can make a place to live
among the branches.’
20 ‘Here is another example. The place where God rules is
like this’, he went on to say.
21 ‘It is like yeast. A woman takes some and she puts it in three large bowls of flour. Then the yeast grows and it goes through all the flour.’
This is a picture story about a narrow door
22 Jesus was continuing his journey to Jerusalem. On the
way, he went through towns and villages. In each one, he taught the people. 23
One day, somebody asked him a question. ‘Sir, will God only save a small number
24 ‘Do your best to go in by the narrow door’, he said to
the people. ‘I tell you that many people will want to go in. But they will not
be able to get in. 25 Soon the master of the house will get up and he
will shut the door. And then you may still be standing outside the door. You
will knock and you will say, “Master, open the door for us to come in.”
“I do not know where you come from”, he will reply. “I do not
know you.” 26 “But Master”, you will begin to say, “we had meals with
you. You taught us in the streets of our villages.”
27 “No!” he will tell you, “I do not know you. All of you
have done very bad things, so go away from me.”
28 Then you will cry because you are outside. You will
bite on your teeth because you are in pain. You will see Abraham and Isaac and
Jacob in the place where God rules. You will also see all the people that
brought messages from God there. But God will shut you outside. 29 At
that time, people will come from the east and from the west. They will also
come from the north and from the south. They will all come to the place where
God rules. There they will sit down together to eat a special meal. 30
At that time, some people that are now last will be first. Some people that are
now first will be last.’
31 At this moment, some Pharisees came to Jesus. ‘Go away from here’, they said to him. ‘Go somewhere else because Herod wants to kill you.’
32 ‘Herod is a bad man’, replied Jesus. ‘Tell him that I am still causing bad spirits to come out of people. I am still making sick people well again. I will continue to do all these things for a little longer. Then I will have finished my work. 33 But I need to continue my journey
for a little longer. After all, only in Jerusalem do people kill those that
speak messages from God.
34 Oh, you poor people of Jerusalem! You kill those that
speak God’s messages to you. And you throw stones to kill those that God has
sent to you. Many times, I have wanted to bring all of you near to me. A female bird brings all her babies together and she
covers them with her body. But you would not let me keep you from danger, as she keeps her
babies. 35 So listen! The place where you live will become like a desert. I tell you this. One day you will say, “Happy is the man that God sends here with his authority.” But until you say that, you will not see me again.’
God will leave his house in Jerusalem. He will let their
enemies kill very many people in Jerusalem. This happened 40 years later when
an enemy attacked them. The enemy killed very many people.
Jesus goes to the house of a Pharisee
1 One Jewish day for rest, Jesus went into the house of a leader of the Pharisees. This man had asked him to come and to eat a meal with him. They were all watching him carefully. 2 A sick man came up to
him. His arms and legs had become too large, because they were full of water. 3 So Jesus spoke to those that taught God’s rules. He also spoke to the Pharisees. ‘If we make someone well on our day for rest, are we obeying the message of God or not?’
4 But they would not say anything. So, he took the sick
man and he made him well again. Then he let him go away. 5 ‘Think’,
said Jesus. ‘You have a son or an animal that falls into a well on a day for
rest. Think about what you do. You pull the animal out of the well immediately.
Do you not do that even on a rest day?’
6 They had to agree. They could not say anything else.
7 Jesus then told a picture story to those that were
sitting at the meal. He had watched how the people chose the best places to
The best places were the seats nearest to the man that had
asked them to come. The most important people sat there and they received their
8 ‘When someone asks you to come to a meal’, he said, ‘do
not sit in the best place. After all, a man that is more important than you may
come later. 9 Then this might happen if you are sitting in the best
seat. The man that asked you to the meal might say to you, “Give your place to
this man.” Then you will feel ashamed that you sat there. You will have to move
to the lowest place and sit there. 10 Instead, when someone asks you to
a meal, you should do this. Go and sit in the least important place. So the man
that asked you will see you there. And he may say to you, “Friend, move up to a
better place.” Everyone who is sitting at the table will see this happen to
you. So they will know that you are an important person. 11 It will be
the same where God rules. Some people may put themselves in an important place.
God will send them all down lower. But he will send the man that puts himself
in a low place to a higher one.’
12 Jesus also spoke to the man that had asked him to the
meal. ‘When you give a meal at midday or in the evening, do not ask your
friends to come. Do not ask your brothers or your family. And do not ask the
rich people that live near you. If you do, they will later ask you to eat at
their house. This will pay you for the meal that you gave to them. 13
Instead, when you give a big meal, you should ask the poor people to come. Ask
people that have lost an arm or a leg. And ask people that cannot walk very
well. And ask people that cannot see. 14 Do this because they cannot
later ask you to eat at their houses. So you will be happy because they cannot
pay you for the meal. Instead, God will pay you. One day, people that have
obeyed God will become alive again. On that day, God will pay you for what you
did for those poor people.’
Jesus tells a picture story about a big meal
15 The men at the table heard what Jesus said. ‘One day,
there will be a big meal in the place where God rules. How happy are those people who will eat together at that big meal’, one
of the men said.
16 Jesus answered him by telling a story. ‘One day an
important man made a big meal. He asked many people to come to eat in his
house. 17 When the meal was ready, he sent his servant out to tell
them. So, the servant went to those that his master had asked. “Come now”, he
said. “The meal is ready for you.” 18 But each person gave a reason why
he could not come to the meal. “I have bought a field”, said the first man. “So
I must go out and see it. Please say that I am sorry. Tell your master why I
cannot come to his meal.” 19 “I have bought 5 pairs of oxen”, the next man said. “So I am just going to see if they work well together. Please say that I am sorry. Tell your master why I cannot come to his meal.” 20 “I
have just married”, said the third man. “That is why I cannot come to the
This great meal is like a picture. God asks all people to come
to a great meal where he rules. They should be ready when he tells them to
come. The people that said ‘No’ were really saying ‘No’ to Jesus.
21 ‘The servant went back to his master. He told him what
everyone had said. Then the master of the house was very angry. “Go out quickly
to every street in the town”, he said to his servant. “Bring the poor people
here. Bring those that have lost an arm or a leg. And bring those that cannot
walk well. And bring those that cannot see.” 22 The servant did that.
Then he came back to his master. “Sir”, he said, “I asked all these people to
come to your meal. But there are still some empty places at the table.” 23 The master spoke to his servant again. “Go out to the roads outside the town. Look for people by the side of the road. Order them all to come, so that my house is full. 24 But I tell you this. None of the people that I asked
at the beginning will eat the meal.” ’
What it will be like to obey Jesus
25 Many people were travelling with Jesus on his journey.
So he turned towards them. 26 ‘If someone wants to obey me’, he said,
‘he must live like this: He must love his own father and mother less than he
loves me. He must love his wife and his children less than he loves me. He must
love his brothers and sisters less than he loves me. He must even love himself
less than he loves me. If he does not do that, he cannot obey me. 27 He
must live like a person that will die very soon. Yes, if he is not ready to die
for me, he cannot obey me. So think about what it will be like to obey me.’
Jesus used this example to say how disciples should think
about their lives. Disciples are those people that obey Jesus. They should say
‘No’ to everything except what Jesus wants. So then they can do what Jesus
28 ‘Here is an example. One of you wants to build a tall
building. Before he starts to build, he will sit down. He will decide how much
it will cost. He needs to know if he has enough money to finish the building.
Think about it. 29 If he does not do this, he may not have enough money. He can put the lowest stones in the ground, but he cannot finish the building. If he then has to stop, other people will laugh at him. They will say to each other, 30 “That man is a fool. He started to build, but he
could not finish.” ’
31 Then Jesus gave them another example. ‘A king wants to
fight a war against another king. But before he goes to fight, he sits down. He
thinks to himself. “Can I win this war? My army is large, but the other king
has twice as many soldiers in his army. 32 No, I cannot do it. I know I
cannot beat the other king.” So, while the stronger king is far away, he sends
a man with a message. He tells the king that he does not want to fight. He
wants to know what he can do to become a friend of the stronger king. 33
It is like that for all of you’, Jesus then said. ‘You must leave everything
behind you. Only then, can you come and obey me.
34 So remember this. Salt is good. But if you mix the
salt with something else, it is no longer any good. You cannot cause it to
taste like salt again. 35 You would not put
it on your field. It cannot make the ground
good. You would throw it away. You have ears.
So, listen well to what I am saying.’
Those that obey Jesus are like salt. If we leave everything
behind us, we are of use to him. But we might love other people or things more
than we love him. And if we do, we are of no use to him.
1 One day, all the people that had done many bad things
were coming round Jesus. Some were people that took
money on behalf of the government. They all
wanted to hear what Jesus was saying. 2 The Pharisees and those that taught God’s rules did not like this. They thought that it was wrong for him to be friendly to people like that. ‘This man is friendly to people that have done bad things’, they said. ‘He even eats with them in their homes.’
Jesus tells a picture story about a sheep that a man has lost
3 So Jesus told them this story.
4 ‘Think about a man that has a hundred sheep’, he said.
‘He may lose one of them. Think about what he does. He leaves all the other
sheep in the country where nobody lives. Then he goes. And he looks for the
sheep that he has lost. He looks until he finds it. 5 When he finds the
sheep, he is very happy. He lifts it up and he puts it across his shoulders. 6
Then he carries it back home. He speaks to all his friends and to the people
that live near him. He asks them to come to his house. “I have found the sheep
that I lost”, he says. “So come here and we can all be happy together.” 7
The same happens when one person turns away from doing wrong things. This makes
those that live above with God very happy. They will be happier about him, than
about the many people that already obey God.’
Jesus is speaking to the Pharisees and to those that taught God’s rules. Many of them did not want to say sorry to God. In this story, a person that was not obeying God is like the sheep. The man that went out to look for his sheep is like God. God looks for him. He wants him to turn away from doing wrong things. He is happy when the person returns to him.
Jesus tells a picture story about a coin that a woman has lost
8 ‘Now think about a woman that has ten valuable coins. She may lose one of them. Think about what she does. She lights a lamp and she sweeps inside her house. She looks carefully until she finds the coin. 9
Then she speaks to all her friends and to those that live near to her. She asks
them to come to her house. “I have found the coin that I lost”, she says. “So
come here and we can all be happy together.”
10 The same happens when a person turns back to God. This makes the angels of God very happy.’
In this story, a person that was not obeying God is like the
coin. The woman is like God. She is happy when she finds her coin. And God is
happy when someone turns back to him.
Jesus tells a picture story about two sons
11 Jesus then told another story. ‘There was a man that
had two sons. 12 The younger son went to his father. “Father, please
give me now my part of your things”, he said. So, the father gave both sons
their part of his things. 13 After a few days, the younger son sold
what his father had given to him. Then he left home. He took with him the money
and everything that he had. He went on a long journey to a country far away. He
wasted all his money there and he did many bad things. 14 Then after he
had spent everything, something bad happened in that country. There was almost
no food anywhere. So, the young man had nothing to eat. 15 He went to a
man from that country and he asked for work. The man sent him into his fields
to watch his pigs. 16 Nobody gave him anything to eat. So he even
wanted to eat the food that the pigs were eating.
17 Then the son began to think about what he had done.
“My father has many servants”, he said to himself, “and they have plenty of
food to eat. They even have extra food. But I shall die here because I do not
have any food. 18 So I will go to my father. ‘I have done bad things
against God’, I will tell him. ‘And I have done them against you. 19 So
I am not good enough for you to call me your son any longer. Instead, please
accept me as one of your servants.’ ”
20 So he stood up and he returned to his father. But he
was still a long way from the house when his father saw him. He felt very sorry
for his son and he ran towards him. Then he put his arms round him and he
kissed him. 21 “Father”, the son said, “I have done bad things against
God and against you. So I am not good enough for you to call me your son.” 22
But the father shouted to his servants. “Hurry!” he said. “Fetch the most
beautiful coat that we have. Put it on him and put a ring on one of his
fingers. Put shoes on his feet. 23 Fetch the young cow that we keep
ready to eat on a special day. It is already fat. Kill it and prepare it. We
shall eat a big meal and we shall be happy together. 24 I thought that
this son of mine was dead. But now he has returned to me alive. I thought that
he had left me for all time. But now he has come home.” Then they began to be
25 While these things were happening, the older son was
working in the field. On his way back to the house, he heard music. He heard
people who were dancing. 26 So he spoke to one of the servants. “What
is happening?” he asked him. 27 “Your brother has returned”, the servant
replied. “Your father has killed the young fat cow for him. He did this because
your brother is alive and well.” 28 When he heard this, he was very
angry. He would not go into the house, so his father came out. “Please come
in”, he said. 29 “Listen”, replied the
older son, “I have worked for you for many years. I have always obeyed you. But
you never even killed a young goat for me. If you had done that, I could have
been happy with my friends. We could have had a meal together. 30 But
now this other son of yours has returned. He has wasted all the money that you
gave to him. He has spent it on women of the streets. But you have killed the
young fat cow just for him.” 31 “My son”, said his father, “you are
always with me. All that I have is yours. 32 We thought that your
brother was dead. But now he has returned to us alive. We thought that he had
left us for all time. But now he has come home. So we must be happy together.”
In this story, the father is like God. He lets us do what we want. We may do many bad things, but he waits for us to come back. He waits for us to turn away from bad things. When we turn back to him, he is very happy. The older brother was like the Pharisees. Many of them thought that they had never done anything wrong. So, they were not happy when bad people came to Jesus.
Jesus tells a picture story about a man that thought wisely
1 Jesus then told another story to those that followed him. ‘A rich man had a servant who worked for him. The servant took care of the money that the man had. Then some people came to tell the rich man about his servant. They said that he was wasting his master’s things. 2 So
the master sent someone to fetch his servant. “I am hearing bad stories about
you”, he said. “So write down everything that you have done with my money and
my things. After you have done this, you will stop working for me.”
3 “I must think about what I can do”, the servant said to
himself. “My master will not let me work for him any longer. I am not strong
enough to dig. And I would be ashamed to ask other people for money. 4
I must stop working for my master. I know what I can do then. If I do it,
people will accept me into their homes.”
5 Many people had a debt that they had not paid back to
the master. So, the servant asked those people to come to him. “How big is your
debt to my master?” he asked the first man. 6 “I have to give him 100 barrels of oil”, he replied. “Here is the paper with your debt written down on it”, said the servant. “Take the paper. Sit down and write quickly on the paper – 50 barrels.” ’
The man had a big debt to pay, but the servant made it only
7 ‘ “And how big is your debt to my master?” he asked the next man. “I have to give him 100 baskets of wheat”, he replied. “Here is the paper with your debt written down on it. Take the paper and write on it – 80 baskets.” ’
The debt was large but the servant made it smaller.
8 ‘The servant was not honest. But his master spoke well
about what he had done. What he had done would help him later. People that do
not obey God think carefully. They know how to
do well with people like themselves. People that obey God often think less carefully.
9 I tell you this. People may get money in wrong ways.
But you should use it to be good to those who need help. You will die, one day.
Then those people will be happy to see you in that place where people live for
10 If you can trust a person with a very small thing, you can also trust him with bigger things. And if you cannot trust a person with a very small thing, you cannot trust him with big things. 11 So if people cannot trust you with money in this world, nobody will trust you with really valuable things. 12 And if people cannot trust you with other people’s things, nobody will give you things for yourself.
13 A slave cannot work for two masters. If he does, he
will only like one of them. He will work well for one master and he will think
bad things about the other one. God and money are like masters. You cannot work
for both of them.’
14 The Pharisees heard all this. They loved money, so they laughed at him. ‘You are wrong’, they said to Jesus. 15 ‘You like
it when people look at you’, he replied. ‘You want them to think that you are
good people. But God sees inside you. He knows what you are thinking. People
think that it is important for other people to think well of them. But God
thinks that this is wrong.’
People thought that the Pharisees were important people. They thought that the Pharisees were very good people. They thought that they obeyed God. But God knew that it was not true. They wanted people to think well of them. This was more important to them. But what God thought was not important to them.
16 ‘Moses wrote down the rules that God gave to him. Other men wrote down messages that the Holy Spirit gave to them. Those books were the only authority until John the Baptist began to speak. From the time when John started to tell them about it, people have also heard the good news. The good news is about how God rules. Since then, everyone is really trying to get into where God rules.
17 But this does not mean that anyone can destroy God’s
rules. One day, God will destroy the earth and the sky. But everything that
God’s men have written in the book of rules must happen. 18 Sometimes,
a man sends away his wife, and then he marries another woman. If he does this,
he is very bad. And sometimes, a husband sends away his wife and she marries
another man. This other man is also doing something wrong.’
Jesus tells a story about a rich man and a poor man
19 ‘At one time, there was a rich man that also had expensive clothes. Some of the clothes were purple. And some of them were soft and white. This man had large meals every day. 20 There was also a poor man called Lazarus. He had sores all over his skin. He lay at the gate of the rich man. 21 He was very hungry. He even wanted to eat the bits of food that the rich man threw away. And even the dogs came and they put their tongues on the sores on his body. 22 The poor man then died and angels carried him away. They put him at the side of Abraham. The rich man also died and his family buried him. 23 He went to a bad place called
Hades. He was in a lot of pain there. He saw Abraham. He was far away from him.
He also saw Lazarus at the side of Abraham. 24 So he shouted out,
“Father Abraham, please be kind to me. Please send Lazarus to me. I am in great
pain because I am in a fire. Let him put the end of his finger into some water.
Let him use the water to make my mouth cool.” 25 “My child”, replied Abraham, “remember the time when you were alive on earth. Remember what happened then. You had lots of good things and Lazarus had lots of bad things. Now I am taking care of Lazarus, and you are in pain. 26 But that is
not everything. Between you and us, there is a hole. It is wide and long and
deep. There is a reason why this hole is there. Nobody can cross from here to
where you are. And nobody can cross from where you are to come here.” 27
“If that is true, Father Abraham”, he said, “please send Lazarus to my family. 28 I have 5 brothers that are still alive. He can tell them not to do the same things as I did. So they will not also come here when they die. They will not be in great pain, as I am.”
29 “They have the books that Moses wrote”, said Abraham.
“They have all the messages that other men wrote. The men that heard from God
wrote them. Your family should listen to them.” ’
The men of God wrote down the messages that they received. An
officer read these messages aloud in their meeting places. They explained them
to the people. If the people listened, they could understand them. And then
they could obey God.
30 ‘ “No, Father Abraham”, he said, “they will not listen
to the messages that Moses and the other servants of God wrote. But if someone
goes to them from among the dead people, they will listen. So then they will
turn away from doing wrong things. And they will turn back to God.”
31 “You say that they do not believe. They do not believe
what Moses and the other servants of God said. So also they will not believe
someone that comes back from among the dead people.” ’
Jesus came back after he had died. But many of the Pharisees and the other people still did not believe.
1 ‘Some people will try to cause other people to do wrong things. You can be sure about that’, Jesus said to those that always followed him. ‘But God will punish every person that tries to do that. 2 So he
must stop doing it. If not, he should ask someone to hang a big stone round his
neck. Then people should throw him into the sea with the stone. So he will not
cause one of these little people to do wrong things.’
The little people here may be children. They may be people that do not believe strongly in Jesus. They may be those that have only just started to obey him. Jesus is not telling a person that he should kill himself. But he is telling us to think very seriously about the result if we cause someone else to do wrong things.
3 ‘Be careful how you think. If your brother does something wrong, talk to him about it. Your brother may say, “I am sorry for what I did. I will not do it again.” If he says that, you must forgive him. 4 Your brother may do a bad thing to you many times in a day. He may turn to you many times and say, “I am sorry for what I did. I will not do it again.” If he does that, you must forgive him.’
5 ‘Help us’, said the 12 men that Jesus had chosen, ‘to
believe more and more in you.’
6 ‘The amount that you believe in me is not even as big as a small seed’, the Lord replied. ‘If it was as big as that, you could say to this tree, “Pull yourself out of the ground and plant yourself in the sea.” And the tree would obey you.
7 Think about this. You have a servant that is ploughing. Or you have a servant that is taking care of your sheep. When he comes in from his work, you would not say to him, “Sit down and eat.” 8 No, you would
not say that. You would say to him, “Prepare the evening meal for me. Get
yourself ready and bring the food to me. I will eat and drink first. You can
eat when I have finished.” 9 Servants should do what their masters order them to do. Their masters do not thank them when they do that. 10 It is the same with you. The Master tells you what you should do. And you do it. “We are not special servants”, each of you should say to himself. “We have only done what we should do.” ’
The 10 men that had leprosy
11 On his journey to Jerusalem, Jesus was travelling
along the border between Samaria and Galilee. 12 When he was going into
a village, 10 men came towards him. These men had an illness of the skin. They
stopped some way away from Jesus 13 and they shouted, ‘Jesus, Master,
please be kind to us.’
14 Jesus saw them standing there. ‘Go and show yourselves to the priests’, he answered.
While they were going there, they became well again. 15
Then one of these 10 men saw that Jesus had made him well. He turned back and
he started to shout out, ‘God is very good. He has made me well.’ 16 He
went down on his knees in front of Jesus. ‘Thank you, Master’, he said. This
man was from Samaria.
17 ‘I made 10 men well again’, Jesus said. ‘There should
be another 9 men! 18 Only this one man came back to thank God, and he is from Samaria. There should be other men that came from Israel.’
19 Then he spoke to the man. ‘Stand up again and go on
your way. You believed in me, so now you are really well.’
Jesus talks about the time when God will rule
20 Then some Pharisees asked Jesus a question. ‘When will God begin to rule here?’
‘You will not see anything different when God begins to rule
here’, Jesus replied. ‘People will not see it happen. 21 Nobody will
say, “Look everyone! God is ruling here”, or “Look! God is ruling over there.”
No, it is not like that. God is already ruling in the lives of his people.
22 The days are coming when you will really want to see
me return’, he said to those that always followed him. ‘But you will not see
me. 23 At that time, people will say to you, “There he is!” or “Here he
is!” But do not go out with them to look. 24 After all, when lightning shines, it makes the whole of the sky light. It will be like that when I return. Everyone will see me. 25 Before this happens, the people alive
now will say, “We do not want Jesus to be our king. Kill him!” And I will feel
Jesus calls himself the Son of Man in Luke 17:22, 24 and 25.
26 ‘Remember the report about the time when Noah was
alive. Remember what happened then. My return will happen quickly too. 27
While Noah was making his boat, people were eating food. And they were
drinking. Men and women were marrying. They continued to do all this until the
day when Noah went into his boat. Then it rained for a long time and the deep
water killed all the people.’
We can read about Noah in Genesis, chapter 6.
28 ‘The same things happened when Lot was alive. People
in the city called Sodom were eating. And they were drinking. They were buying
and selling things. They were planting seeds and they were building houses. 29
But then, Lot went away from Sodom. On that same day, God caused it to rain
fire and burning stones from the sky. This killed all the people in Sodom. 30
The same things will happen on the day when I show myself.
31 On that day, this is what people must do. If they are outside their house, they must not go back inside to get their things. In the same way, people that are working in the fields must not return to their house. They must not go back for the things that were in the house. No, they must just run away from Jerusalem. 32 Remember what happened to Lot’s
Before God destroyed Sodom, Lot and his wife ran away from the
city. But she stopped running away and she looked back at the city. She became
a rock made out of salt. We can read about this in Genesis, chapter 19.
33 ‘Whoever wants to save his life will lose it. But if
he loses his life for me, he will save it. 34 I tell you this. At that time, two men will be sleeping in bed at night. The angels will take one of them and they will leave the other one behind. 35-36 Two women will be working together in the same place. The angels will take one of them and they will leave the other one behind.’
37 ‘Where will this happen?’ those that followed Jesus asked him. ‘If a dead body is lying somewhere, vultures will come together’, he said to them.
A vulture is a large bird that eats dead animals. Jesus did not give them a clear answer. Sometimes, people would see several vultures flying above a certain place. So they knew that there was a dead or dying animal below. The things that Jesus talked about will start to happen. Then people can know that the time is near.
Jesus talks about how to pray
1 Then Jesus told those that always followed him a
picture story. It taught them that they must not get tired. But they must go on
praying. 2 ‘In a certain city’, he said, ‘there was a judge. He did not think that either God or people were important.’
A judge is an important man. People go to see him when they have a problem. He says who is right. He says who is wrong.
3 ‘A woman lived in that same city. Her husband had died. She continued to come to the judge with a problem. “Please keep me safe from the person that is against me”, she was saying. 4 For a time, the judge would not do anything for her. Later, he thought about himself. “I do not think that either God or people are important. 5 But this woman
causes me trouble. If I do not do anything for her, she will continue to come
to me again and again. She will make me very tired. So, I will help her. I will
say that she is right.” ’
6 ‘This judge was not a good man’, Jesus said. ‘But you should think about what he said to himself. He will only help because the woman causes him trouble. 7 But God always helps those that he has chosen to
be his children. When they continue to ask him for help, he will answer them
immediately. He will not wait. 8 I tell you this. He will say that they
are right. He will help them quickly. I shall return to earth. But I will not
find many people that still believe in me
Jesus tells a story about two men that were praying
9 Jesus also told another picture story to teach people.
Some people thought that they were very good. They also thought that they were
better than other men.
10 ‘One day, two men went into the Great House of God to pray. One man was a Pharisee. The other man received money on behalf of the government. 11 The Pharisee stood by himself. And he prayed where other people could see him. “Thank you, God, that I am different from all these other people. They rob. They are bad. They have sex with women that they have not married. Thank you also that I am different from this man. He receives money on behalf of the government. 12
I stop eating on two days of each week. I give to you one tenth of all that I
13 But the other man stood very far away. He would not
even look up to the sky.
He was hitting his body with his hands to show how sorry he was.
“Please, God, be kind to me”, he was saying. “I have done many bad things.” ’
14 ‘Let me tell you about these men when they went home’, said Jesus. ‘The man that received money on behalf of the government was now right with God. But the Pharisee had not made anything right with God. Some people say that they are good. God will say to them, “Go away from me. You are not good.” Other people know that they are not good. God will say to them, “Come up here. I have made you good.” ’
Jesus is with little children
15 People were even bringing little children to Jesus.
They were doing this so that he could touch the children. But those that always
followed Jesus saw this. So they said to them, ‘Stop bringing all these
16 Then Jesus shouted out to them. ‘Let the children come
to me. Do not try to stop them. God rules in the lives of people that are like
these children. 17 Let me tell you something important. You must
receive God as a child does. If you do not, God will never rule in your life.’
Jesus meets a rich ruler
18 A Jewish ruler came to Jesus. ‘Good teacher’, he asked, ‘what should I do so that I can live for all time?’
19 ‘Why do you say that I am good?’ said Jesus. ‘Nobody
is good, except God. 20 You know the rules of God. Do not have sex with
anyone that is not your wife. Do not kill anyone. Do not rob anyone. Only say
true things about people. Love your father and your mother.’
21 ‘I have obeyed all these rules since I was 12 years
old’, he replied.
22 Jesus heard what he said. ‘You still need to do one
thing’, he said. ‘You must sell everything that you have. Give the money to the
poor people. So, then you will have many valuable things in the place above,
where God lives. Then come back and obey me.’
23 When the ruler heard this, he became very sad. This
was because he was very rich.
24 Jesus saw that the ruler had become sad. ‘It is very
difficult for rich people to ask God to rule in their lives’, he said. 25 ‘After all, it is difficult for a big animal to pass through the hole in a needle. But it is even more difficult for a rich man to ask God to rule in his life.’
26 ‘So who will God save?’ asked the people that were
listening to Jesus.
27 ‘God can do things that no man can do’, he replied.
28 ‘Listen!’ said Peter, ‘we have left everything to obey
29 ‘Let me tell you something important’, replied Jesus.
‘Some people leave their home to obey God and to let him rule in their lives.
They may leave their wife, their brothers, their parents and their children. 30
These people will receive, in this life, very much more than they left. And
after they die, they will have something else. They will have a life that does
not have an end.’
31 Jesus took the 12 men that he had chosen away from the other people. ‘Listen!’ he said. ‘We are going to Jerusalem. When we are there, many bad things will happen to me. A long time ago the servants of God wrote down messages from the Holy Spirit. Everything that he told them about the Son of Man will now happen to me. 32 This is what he said. The Jews will give me to those that are not Jews. They will laugh at me. They will do bad things to me. They will spit on me. 33 They will hit me with a whip and then they will kill me. But after three days, I will become alive again.’
34 The 12 men that Jesus had chosen did not understand
any of these things. Something hid these things from them. So they did not know
what Jesus was talking about.
Jesus makes a man well that cannot see
35 When Jesus was getting near to Jericho, a man was sitting
by the side of the road. This man could not see and he was asking people to
give him money. 36 Then he heard a large crowd of people who were
passing by him. So, he asked the people near him what was happening.
37 ‘Jesus from Nazareth is passing by’, they replied.
38 The man began to shout out. ‘Jesus, Son of David, please be kind to me.’ 39 The people that were walking in the front of
the crowd tried to stop him. ‘Be quiet!’ they were saying to him.
But he started to shout even louder. ‘Son of David, please be kind to me!’
40 Then Jesus stood still. ‘Bring that man to me’, he
said. Then when the man came near, Jesus spoke to him.
41 ‘What do you want me to do for you?’
‘Sir’, he replied, ‘please cause me to see again.’
42 ‘See again’, said Jesus. ‘You are well now because you
believed in me.’
43 Immediately the man could see again. He started to
follow Jesus. He was saying, ‘God, you are very great and powerful.’
Many people saw what had happened. ‘God, how great and important
you are’, they also said.Chapter 19
Zacchaeus meets Jesus
1 Jesus went into Jericho and he was walking through the
city. 2 There was an important man there called Zacchaeus. He took money on behalf of
the government and he had become very rich. 3 He was trying to see who
Jesus was. There was a big crowd there and he was a small man. So he could not
see him. 4 So he ran on in front of the crowd and he climbed up a tree.
He could see Jesus more easily from the tree, because he would walk along that
way. 5 When Jesus came to the tree, he looked up. ‘Zacchaeus, come down
quickly’, he said. ‘Today I must stay in your home.’
6 So Zacchaeus came down quickly and took him into his
home. He was very happy about this. 7 The people saw what had happened.
And they were not happy. ‘Jesus has gone to stay in the home of a man that does
bad things’, they were saying.
8 Zacchaeus then stood up in front of everyone and he
spoke to the Master. ‘Listen, Master’, he said. ‘I will give half of all that I
have to poor people. I have taken too much money from some people. I will give
them 4 times as much as I took from them wrongly.’
9-10 ‘Today’, said Jesus to him, ‘God’s salvation has come to this home. After all, I came to look for people that God has lost. And I have come to save them. And Zacchaeus is also part of the family of Abraham.’
Jesus tells a picture story about 10 servants
11 While the people were still listening, he told them a
story. He did this because he was getting near to Jerusalem. He knew that the
people had wrong thoughts. They had wrong thoughts about what would happen
there. They were thinking that God would begin to rule his people immediately after that.
12 ‘An important man left his home and he travelled a
long way to another country’, he told them. ‘There he would receive authority
to rule his own country. After that, he would return as king. 13 Before he left, he asked 10 of his servants to come to him. He gave each of them 10 pounds of silver. “Use this money to get more money for me while I am away”, he said.’
A man would receive 10 pounds of silver if he worked for 100 days. It was a lot of money.
14 ‘The people who were living in his country did not
like the man. So, they sent a group of people after him with a message. That message was: “We do not want this man to rule
15 When the king returned, he asked those 10 servants to
come to him. He wanted to know how much more money they had made from his
money. They should have bought things with it and then they should have sold those
things again for more money.
16 The first servant came. “Master”, he said, “your money
has made 10 more pounds.”
17 The master was happy. “You have done well. You are a good servant that I can trust. You have used a small amount of money well. So you will rule over 10 cities.”
18 The second servant came. “Master, your money has made
5 more pounds.”
19 “You will rule over 5 cities”, the Master said to him.
20 Then another servant came. “Master”, he said, “here is
your money. I put it away in a piece of cloth. 21 I did this because I
was afraid of you. After all, you tell people what they should do all the time.
You take things that you did not work for. You do not put seeds in the ground,
but you take the plants from the fields.”
22 “You are a bad servant”, the Master replied. “I will
use your own words to show you that you have done the wrong thing. You said
that you know about me. That I tell people what they should do all the time.
That I take things that I did not work for. That I do not put seeds in the
ground, but I take plants from the fields. 23 You should have put my
money into the bank. When I came home, I might have had my money back again
with extra.” 24 Some other servants were standing near to their master.
“Take the money from this servant”, he said to them. “Give it to the servant
that has 10 pounds.”
25 “But, Master”, they replied, “that servant has 10
26 “Let me tell you this”, the Master said. “Some people
have something. To them I give more. Other people have nothing. From them I
take away even the small thing that they have. 27 Now I must punish these other people that did not want me to rule over them. Bring them here and kill them in front of me.” ’
Jesus was telling people that God gives gifts to us. We must
use the gifts that he gives to us. One day we will have to tell him how we used
them. Some people may not have used them. He will say that those people have
done the wrong thing.
In the picture story, Jesus also tells them that he is going
away. And he tells them that he will return. The people that do not want Jesus
to rule over them now will meet him again. Jesus was telling them what would
happen to those people.
Jesus goes into Jerusalem
28 When Jesus had said all this, he went on in front of
them. He was going up to Jerusalem. 29 And he was getting near to two villages called Bethphage and Bethany. They were at the hill called the Mount of Olives. So, he sent two of those that always followed him into one of the villages.
Bethphage and Bethany were on the east side of the hill called the Mount of Olives. The Mount of Olives is very near Jerusalem, on the east side of the city. Many olive trees grow on it.
30 ‘Go into the village that is in front of you. When you go in, you will find a young donkey. Someone has tied it up there. Nobody has ridden on it before. Remove the tie and bring the donkey here to me. 31 Someone may ask, “Why are you taking the donkey?” If they do, tell them: “The Master needs to use it.” ’
32 The two men that Jesus sent went into the village.
They found everything there that Jesus had told them about. 33 While they were taking the young donkey, some men spoke to them. It was their donkey. They asked, ‘Why are you taking the young donkey?’ 34 ‘The
Master needs to use it’, they replied. 35 They brought it to Jesus, and
they put their coats on top of it. Then they helped Jesus to get on to it. 36
While he was riding along, the people were putting their coats down on the road.
37 Jesus got near to the lowest part of the hill called the Mount of Olives. The whole crowd of those that followed him became very happy. ‘God, how great and powerful you are’, they were shouting out. ‘You are very powerful. Thank you for all the great things that we have seen. 38
Happy is the King that comes with the authority of God. We want all to be well
in the place above where God lives. We pray that it will be. He is beautiful.
He has all power and authority.’
39 Some of the Pharisees in the crowd spoke to Jesus. ‘Teacher’, they said, ‘stop those people that are following you from saying these things.’
40 ‘Let me tell you this’, replied Jesus. ‘If these
people were quiet, the stones of the city would shout out instead!’
41 When Jesus got near to the city, he looked at it in
front of him. He cried because he felt very sorry for the people in it. 42
‘You need to know what you should do, to live without trouble’, he said. ‘You
need to be well with God. But now, something is hiding these things from you. 43
As a result, bad days will come to you. Your enemies will build a wall round
you. They will shut you in completely, and they will not let you leave. 44
You did not understand that God had come to save you. So your enemies will kill
you and they will destroy your city. They will break down your walls and they
will not leave one stone in the right place.’
The people did not understand that Jesus had come from God with his authority. He had come to save them. Because they did not understand this, enemies would destroy their city. This happened about 40 years later. The Romans destroyed Jerusalem in the year AD 70.
Jesus teaches in the Great House of God
45 Jesus went into the Great House of God. Some people were selling things there. He began to cause them to leave. 46 ‘This is
what God has said in his book’, Jesus said. ‘God has said, “My house will be a
place where people come to pray.” But you have made it into a place where
people rob each other.’
47 Jesus was teaching every day in the Great House of God. The leaders of the priests and those that taught God’s rules wanted to kill him. The leaders of the people also wanted to kill him. 48 But all the people were listening to him.
They wanted to hear all that he was saying. So, the leaders did not know how to
kill him.Chapter 20
Jesus talks about his authority
1 One day, Jesus was teaching in the Great House of God. He was telling people the good news about how God rules. Then the leaders of the priests and the teachers of God’s rules came to him. With them were some other Jewish leaders. 2 They all came
to speak to him. ‘Tell us what authority you have to do these things’, they
said. ‘Who gave you this authority?’
3 ‘I also will ask you something’, he answered them.
‘Tell me this. 4 John had authority to baptise people. Did this authority come from God or did someone else give it to him?’
5 The Jewish leaders talked to each other about his question. ‘We could say that God gave John authority. But if we say that, Jesus will say to us, “So why did you not believe him?” 6 Or we could say that someone else gave him that authority. Then all the people would throw stones at us to kill us. After all, they are sure that John received messages from the Holy Spirit.’ 7 So they answered, ‘We do not know who gave John authority to baptise.’
8 ‘So, I will not tell you who gave me authority to do
these things’, Jesus replied.
Jesus tells a picture story about farmers
9 Then Jesus began to tell this story to the people in the Great House of God.
‘A man planted a field with vine plants. He let some farmers take care of the plants. Then he went away to another country and he stayed there for a long time.
10 When it was time to pick the fruit, the man sent a
servant to the farmers. The servant said to them, “Please give me part of the
fruit for my master.”
But the farmers hit him with sticks and they sent him away with
11 The master then sent another servant to the field.
They also hit him with sticks and they did other bad things to him. They also
sent him away with nothing. 12 The master sent a third servant to the
field. The farmers hurt him badly too and they threw him out of the field.
13 Then the master of the field said to himself, “I must
think about what I should do. I know what I will do. I will send my son that I
love very much. Perhaps they will be kind to him.” 14 But the farmers
saw him coming. “This is the son of our master”, they said to each other. “When
our master dies, he will have the field. We should kill him and then the field
will be ours.”
15 So they threw him out of the field and they killed
‘This is what the master will do to the farmers’, said Jesus. 16
‘He will come to those farmers. He will kill them and he will give the field to
‘That must not happen!’ replied the people when they heard this. 17
Jesus then looked at the people. ‘You say that this must not happen. But this
is what is in God’s book.
“The builders refused to use one special stone.
But that stone is now the one that makes the corner
of the wall strong.
18 When a person falls on to that stone, it will break
their body into pieces. But when that stone falls on top of someone, it will
destroy him completely.” ’
The special stone that the Jews did not want to use means Jesus. ‘The builders’ means the leaders that would not let Jesus rule them.
In this story, God is the master of the field and Jesus is his Son. The people are like the vines. And their leaders who refused to obey God are like the farmers. The servants are the men that received messages from God for his people. Jesus said that God would destroy those important leaders. Those leaders did not like it when he said that.
The leaders ask Jesus a question
19 The teachers of God’s rules and the priests wanted to take hold of Jesus immediately. They knew that Jesus was talking against them in the story. But they did not do it, because they were afraid of the people.
20 So this is what they did to catch Jesus. They gave money to people to ask him a difficult question. These people seemed to be good, but they were not honest. Instead, they wanted to hear Jesus say something wrong. Then they would take him to the ruler of the city for him to punish Jesus. 21 This is what these people asked: ‘Teacher, everything that
you say is right. And everything that you teach is right. We know that. You do
not say something different to an important person to make him happy. Instead,
you teach everyone the same message. And you say what God really wants them to
do. 22 Should we pay money to the Roman leaders who rule us? Do God’s rules let us do this or not?’
23 Jesus knew that the men wanted him to say the wrong
thing. He knew that they only seemed to be good people. 24 ‘Show me a
coin’, he said to them. ‘Whose picture and name are on it?’
25 ‘They are the picture and the name of the Roman ruler’, they replied.
‘So give to the Roman ruler the things that are his’, said Jesus. ‘And give to God the things that are his.’
26 So the Jewish leaders could not cause Jesus to say wrong things about the Roman ruler. They were very surprised at his answer to their question. This caused them to stop speaking.
The Sadducees ask Jesus a question
27 Then some of the Sadducees came to see Jesus. These men did not believe that any dead people will become alive again.
28 They asked him a question. ‘Teacher’, they said,
‘Moses wrote this rule for us to obey. A man may die. If his wife has no
children, the brother of her husband must marry her. We should call their
children the children of the man that died. 29 But once there were 7
men that were brothers. One of the brothers married. Then he died but they had
no children. 30 Another brother then married this woman, but he also
died. 31 Then the third brother married the woman. The same thing
happened to all 7 brothers. None of them had any children before they died. 32
After this, the woman also died. 33 People say this about those that have
died. They say that one day they will live again. So, when that happens, whose
wife will she be? After all, she had been wife to all 7 of them.’
34 ‘Men and women that are alive on earth get married’,
said Jesus to them. 35 ‘But dead people that live again do not marry.
God has chosen some people to live again with him. He says that they are good.
They do not marry 36 and they cannot die any more. This is because they live as the angels live. They are children of God. He has made them alive again.
37 It is true that dead people live again. Moses showed
us this in the report about the burning bush. He told us that our God said
this: “I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.”
38 But God is not a God of dead people. He is God of
living people. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are alive to him. Really, he sees all
people as alive.’
We can read about this in Exodus, chapter 3.
39 Some of the teachers of God’s
rules agreed. ‘Teacher’, they said, ‘that was a very good answer.’ 40
They were afraid to ask him any more questions.
The Messiah is someone that David calls Master
41 Jesus said to them, ‘Why do people say this, “The Messiah will be someone from the family of David”? 42 After all, David himself said this in the book called Psalms:
“Our God said to my Master:
Sit at the place of importance, at my right side.
43 Remain there until I put your enemies under your feet.
You will rest your feet on them.”
44 So David calls him Master. So how can he also be from the family of David?’
Be careful not to do the same as those that teach the rules
45 All the people were listening. Jesus then spoke to
those that always followed him.
46 ‘Be careful not to do the same as the teachers of God’s rules. They
like to wear long clothes to show how important they are. They like people to
speak to them in front of many people, as they would speak to an important
person. They like to have the best seats at meetings. They like to sit in the
most important places at special meals. 47 They cause women whose husbands have died to supply them with money. They use this for themselves. They pray in front of many people for a long time. This causes people to think that they are good. Because they do these things, God will punish these people a lot. It will be worse for them than for people that have not done these things.’Chapter 21
Jesus talks about people who give things to God
1 Then Jesus looked at what was happening in the Great House of God. There was a box for money there. Many rich people were putting their gifts of money into it.
2 Then he saw a woman. Her husband had died. She was very
poor. She put two very small coins of little value into the box. 3 ‘Let
me tell you this’, said Jesus. ‘This poor woman has put more money into the box
than everyone else. 4 The rich people put in money that they do not
need. They have plenty more. This woman has less money than she needs. She
needs money to buy bread to eat. But she put all of that money into the box.’
Jesus talks about things that will happen
5 Some of those that followed Jesus were talking about the Great House of God. They spoke about the many beautiful and valuable stones in the walls. They pointed out the many beautiful gifts to God that people had put on it. 6 ‘You can see all these beautiful things just
now’, Jesus said. ‘But a day is coming when enemies will destroy it all. They
will throw down every stone. Not one will remain on top of another.’
7 ‘Teacher’, they asked, ‘so when will this happen? What
will we see just before this happens?’
8 ‘Be careful’, he replied. ‘Do not believe things that
are not true. After all, many people will come and they will say, “I am Jesus.”
They will say that the right time for God is soon.
Do not follow those people.
9 And when you hear about wars, do not be afraid. Also,
do not be afraid when people are fighting against their governments. These
things must happen first. But the end will not happen immediately.’
10 ‘Yes’, he was saying, ‘people from one country will
fight people from another country. And kings will send their people to fight
other kings and their people. 11 The ground will move so much that
people will be afraid. In many different places, plants for food will not grow;
so, many people will go hungry. Illnesses will go from one person to another;
so, many people will die. Many things will also happen in the sky that will
frighten people. 12 But before all those things happen, these things will happen: People that hate me will take hold of you. They will do bad things to you because you are obeying me. They will take you to their meeting places. They will bring you in front of kings and rulers. And they will ask them to put you in prison or to kill you. 13 This will be the moment to
tell them the Good News about me. 14 So prepare your minds. Do not
think about how to answer the questions of kings and rulers. 15 After
all, I will give you the right words to speak so that nobody can argue with
you. They will just be quiet. 16 Even your parents and other people in
your family will bring you in front of kings and rulers. They will kill some of
you. 17 Everybody will hate you, because you are obeying me. 18
But your life will be safe with me. You will not lose even one hair from your
head. 19 Yes, you will really live, if
you never stop obeying me.
20 One day you will see Jerusalem with armies all round
it. Then you will know that enemies will soon destroy Jerusalem. 21
People in Judea must then run to the hills and hide. People that are inside the
city must leave it. People that are outside the city must not go back into it. 22 This is when God will punish Israel’s people. Then all the things will happen that his servants wrote about. 23 That time will be a very bad time for
women that have a baby inside them! It will be very bad for those women that
have little babies! Yes, very bad things will happen to all the people of this
country. God will be very angry with them. 24 At that time, enemies will kill many people with sharp knives. They will take some people and they will cause them to leave their country. They will live in many other countries and they will not be free to return to this country. People that are not Jews will destroy Jerusalem. They will rule here until it is time for them to stop.’
People that were not Jews ruled Jerusalem until 1948.
25 ‘You will see strange things happen to the sun and
moon and stars. On earth, the things that happen will make people in many
countries very afraid. The sea will make a lot of noise and there will be big
storms at sea. 26 This will cause trouble. And it will frighten people
because they do not understand these things. The powerful things in the sky
will move from their usual places. Then people will be afraid about what will
happen next in the world. They will be so afraid that they will become very,
very weak. 27 It is then that they will see the Son of Man. I will come in a cloud with a lot of power. I will look very important and very beautiful. 28 When these things begin to happen, stand up. And look up.
God will soon save you.’
29 Jesus then explained to them what this time would be like. ‘Think about the fig tree or any other tree. 30 You see new
leaves on the tree. Then you know that summer will come soon. Nobody needs to
tell you that. 31 It will be the same when you see all these things
happening. You will then know that God will soon begin to rule.
32 Let me tell you this. Some of the people alive will
not die until all this has happened. 33 The sky and the earth will go
away. But my message will remain true. What I have said will happen.
34 But be careful. And watch how you live. Do not eat or
drink too much. Do not waste your time like that. Do not waste time by having
troubles in your mind about your life. If you do, that day will surprise you.
It will come when you are not looking. 35 And
it will surprise everyone who lives on earth. 36 So watch all the time!
Continue to pray for power to get out of all these things! So then you will
stand in front of me. And you will not be afraid of me.’ 37 Jesus was teaching every day in the Great House of God. Each night he went out of the city and he stayed on the Mount of Olives. 38 He returned to the Great House of God each morning. All the people were going there early to hear him.Chapter 22
Judas agrees to catch Jesus
1 The day was coming soon when the Jews would eat a special meal of bread without yeast. This time is called Passover.
We can read about the Passover meal in Exodus, chapter 12.
2 The leaders of the priests and the teachers of God’s rules wanted to kill Jesus. They were thinking about how they could do this. It was difficult because they were afraid of the people. They wanted to kill him secretly.
3 Then the devil began to live inside Judas Iscariot. He was one of the 12 men that Jesus had chosen. 4 Judas went away and he talked to the leaders of the priests. The police that worked at the Great House of God were also there. They talked about how Judas could give Jesus to them secretly. 5
They were very happy and they promised to give him money for this. 6 So
Judas said that he would do it. He then began to watch for the right moment to
catch Jesus. He wanted to do it when the crowd was not round Jesus.
Jesus eats his last meal with those that he had chosen
7 The day came for the meal of bread without yeast. The people had to kill the young sheep for the Passover meal on this day. 8 So Jesus sent Peter and John. ‘Go and prepare the Passover meal’, he said. ‘Then we can all come and eat it.’
9 ‘Where would you like us to prepare the meal?’ they
10 ‘Listen’, he replied, ‘When you start to go into the
city, a man will meet you. He will be carrying a jar of water. Follow him until
he goes into a house. 11 You must then say to the master of that house,
“Our Teacher sends this message to you:
‘Where is the room for visitors? I will eat the Passover meal there with those that always follow me.’ ”
12 The man will show you a large room upstairs. It will have all that you need in it. Prepare the Passover meal there for us all.’
13 So Peter and John went into the city. They found everything that Jesus had told them about. And they prepared the Passover meal.
14 When it was time to eat it, Jesus arrived. He sat
down. The men that he had chosen sat down with him. 15 ‘I have wanted very much to eat this Passover meal with you’, Jesus said to them. ‘It has to happen before I die. 16 Yes, I will not eat another Passover meal after this one. I will not eat it again until God begins to rule.’
17 Then he took a cup and he thanked God for the wine. ‘Take this cup’, he said to them. ‘Each of you drink some wine. 18 Let me tell you this. From now on, I will not drink wine until God begins to rule.’
19 Then he took a loaf of bread and he thanked God for
it. He broke the bread into small bits and he gave it to each of them. ‘This is
my body. I am offering it up to God for each of you. When you do this from now
on, remember me.’
20 Jesus did the same after the meal. He took a cup of wine and he gave it to them. ‘This is about the new promise. It is between God and his people. I will let people kill me and pour out my blood. Then this promise can start to happen.’
Most people that obey Christ still meet for special meals. They remember what Jesus did for them. They eat bread and they drink wine together. They are obeying him when they do that.
21 ‘But look! The hand of the person that will give me to
the rulers is on the table with me. 22 I shall die, as God wants me to.
That is true. But it will be very bad for the man that causes it to happen.’
23 ‘Who is the man that would do this thing?’ they asked
Jesus tells who is most important
24 Then they began to argue among themselves. They were
arguing about which of them was the most important. 25 ‘Kings of
countries have great authority over their people’, Jesus said to them. ‘Kings want people to say good things about them. And kings want people to say that they are their
friends. 26 You must be different. The most important person among you
must become the same as the least important person. The person that is master
must become the same as the servant. 27 After all, which person is the
most important? Is it the person that sits at the table? Or is it the servant
that puts out the meal? Yes, it is the person that sits at the table. But I am
here to be your servant.
28 You have never left me. You have been by my side when
I had difficult times. 29 And now, I say that you will rule with me. My
Father has said that I will rule with him. So, I also say to you that you will
rule with me. 30 You will be at my table where I rule. You will eat and drink with me. You will sit on rulers’ chairs. You will judge the people of the 12 families of Israel.’
Jesus tells Peter what will happen
31 ‘Simon, Simon, be careful to listen to me! The devil has asked to have you all. He wants to cause all of you to stop obeying me. He will shake you as a farmer shakes seeds.’
The devil wants to do bad things to those who obey Jesus. He wants them to stop obeying Jesus.
32 ‘But I have prayed for you, Simon, that you will continue to believe in me. And you, when you have turned back to me, you must help your brothers to be strong again.’
33 ‘Master’, said Simon, ‘I am even ready to go to prison
with you. I am ready to die with you!’
34 ‘Let me tell you this, Peter’, Jesus replied. ‘Three times tonight, you will say that you do not know me. You will say it before the cockerel makes a noise in the morning.’
35 Jesus then asked the men that he had chosen a
question. ‘When I sent you out without a purse, a bag or shoes, did you need
anything?’ ‘No’, they replied, ‘nothing.’
36 ‘Now it is different’, he said. ‘If you have a purse
or bag, take it with you. If you do not have a long sharp knife, sell your
coat. Use the money to buy a knife. 37 Let me tell you why. In the book
of God, people wrote down everything that will happen to me. It says, “People
will include me with other bad men.” And this must happen to me soon.’
38 ‘Master’, they said, ‘Look, we have two long sharp
‘It is enough’, he replied.
Jesus did not mean that they had enough sharp knives. They had
not understood him, so he said, ‘It is enough.’ He meant, ‘We have spoken
enough about this.’
Jesus prays on the hill called the Mount of Olives
39 Jesus left the city. And he went to the hill called the Mount of Olives. This is what he usually did. Those that always followed him went with him.
40 He arrived at the place where he wanted to go. Then he
said to them. ‘Ask God to keep you from wanting to do wrong things.’
41 He went away from them about as far as you can throw a
stone. He bent his knees to the ground and he prayed. 42 ‘Father’, he
said, ‘if you want, you can take away this time of pain from me. But do not let
me do what I want. I want to do what you want.’
43 An angel then came to him from God. The angel made him stronger. 44 Jesus began to have troubles in his mind. He prayed again even more strongly. The sweat on his head became like large amounts of blood that fell to the ground.
45 He then stopped praying and he stood up again. He
returned to the 11 men. And he found that they were sleeping. They were very
tired because they were so sad. 46 ‘You should not be sleeping’, he
said. ‘Get up and pray! Ask God to keep you from wanting to do wrong things.’
The soldiers catch Jesus
47 While Jesus was still
speaking, a crowd of people and soldiers came towards him. Judas led the crowd.
He was one of the 12 men that Jesus had chosen. He came near to Jesus to kiss
him. 48 ‘Surely you will not kiss me, Judas’, said Jesus, ‘to show the
soldiers which person to catch!’
49 Then those that followed Jesus saw what was happening.
‘Should we use our long sharp knives, Master?’ they asked him.
50 One of them hit the servant of the leader of the priests. He cut off his right ear. 51 ‘Enough!’ said Jesus, ‘Stop
doing this!’ He then touched the man and made his ear well again.
52 Then Jesus spoke to the people that had come to catch him. They were the leaders of the priests, and the leaders of the police in the Great House of God. Other important Jewish rulers were also there.
‘You seem to have come out here with sharp knives and heavy
sticks. You seem to have come to catch me as you would catch a dangerous
robber. 53 I was with you every day in the Great House of God. You did not try to get hold of me then. Yes, this really is the time and the place for you to work. Now it is dark, and the devil rules in the dark.’
Peter says that he does not know Jesus
54 Then they took hold of Jesus. They took him away and they brought him to the house of the leader of the priests. Peter was following, but he did not get near them. 55 People lit a fire outside
the house and they sat round it. Peter went and he sat among them. 56 A
servant girl then saw Peter in the light from the fire. She looked carefully at him. ‘This man was also one that
followed Jesus’, she said.
57 ‘Woman’, Peter replied, ‘I do not know him.’
58 After a short time, a man looked at him. ‘You also are
in their group’, he said.
‘Man’, Peter replied, ‘I am not one of them.’
59 After about an hour, someone else spoke. ‘I am sure
that this man was also with Jesus. He also is from Galilee.’
60 ‘Man’, said Peter, ‘I do not know what you are talking
While Peter was still speaking, a cockerel made a noise. 61 Then the Master turned round and he looked at Peter. Peter remembered what the Master had said to him: ‘Three times you will say tonight that you do not know me. You will say it three times before the cockerel makes a noise in the morning.’
62 Peter went away and he cried a lot.
The soldiers laugh at Jesus and they hit him
63 The men that were holding Jesus were laughing at him. They were hitting him.
64 They tied a cloth round his head so that he could not
see. ‘You say that you get messages from God!’ they said. ‘Tell us, who is
hitting you now?’ 65 And they were saying many other bad things to him.
The leaders of the Jews ask Jesus questions
66 When it was day, the leaders of the Jews met together. The leaders of the priests were at the meeting. The teachers of God’s rules were also there. Then other men brought Jesus into the meeting. 67 ‘Are you the Messiah?’ they asked. ‘If you are, tell us.’
‘If I do tell you’, Jesus replied, ‘you will not believe me. 68
I could ask you, “Who do you think that I am?” But you will not answer me, if I
do that. 69 But from now on, I will be sitting in the most important
place. I will be sitting at the right side of God. He is all powerful.’
70 ‘So, are you the Son of God?’ they all said.
‘You say that I am. And you are correct’, he replied.
71 ‘We do not need anyone else to tell us what this man
says. We ourselves have heard what he has said about himself’, they said.Chapter 23
Pilate asks Jesus questions
1 All the people at the meeting stood up, and they took
Jesus to stand in front of Pilate.
Pontius Pilate ruled over this part of the land that the Romans ruled. He ruled over Jerusalem.
2 Then they all started to tell him that Jesus had done bad things. ‘We found this man when he was telling our people wrong things’, they said. ‘He said that we must not give money to the Roman government. He also said that he himself is the Messiah, a king.’
3 ‘Are you the king of the Jews?’ Pilate asked Jesus.
‘The words are yours’, he replied. ‘But you are correct.’
4 Pilate then spoke to the leaders of the priests and to all that were there. ‘I cannot find anything that this man has done wrong.’
5 But they continued to speak strongly to him. ‘He makes
the people angry and ready to fight. He has taught these things everywhere in
Judea. He started in Galilee and now he has come to Jerusalem.’
6 Pilate heard them say ‘Galilee’. So, he asked if Jesus
came from Galilee. 7 ‘Yes’, they replied, ‘he is from the country that
Herod rules.’ Herod was in Jerusalem at that time. So, Pilate sent Jesus to
stand in front of him.
Herod was a king and he ruled over the whole of Galilee. It was Herod that had killed John the Baptist.
Herod asks Jesus questions
8 Herod was very happy to see Jesus. He had heard about
him and he had wanted to meet him for a long time. He was hoping that he would
see Jesus do some powerful work. 9 He asked him many questions, but
Jesus did not answer any of them. 10 The rulers of the Jews stood there all the time. They were shouting out that Jesus had done many bad things. 11 Then Herod and his soldiers started to laugh at Jesus. They were saying things to make him feel bad. They put a beautiful coat on him. It was one that a ruler wears. Then they sent him back to Pilate. 12 Herod and
Pilate became friends on that same day. Until then, they had not liked each
Pilate and the leaders of the Jews argue about Jesus
13 Pilate then said that all the leaders of the priests and leaders of the Jews must come back to him. 14 ‘You brought this
man in front of me’, he said to them. ‘You said that he was causing the people
to be against their rulers. Listen! I have asked him some questions in front of
you. But I did not find that he has done anything wrong. 15 Herod also
did not find that he had done anything wrong. After all, he has sent him back
to me. So, you can see that this man has not done anything bad. There is no
reason for me to say, “Kill him.” 16 So I will order a soldier to whip him. Then I will let him go home.’
17 (Pilate had to let one person come out of the prison at Passover time.)
Verse 17 is not in many copies of Luke.
18 So the crowd shouted together, ‘Take this man away and
kill him. We want Barabbas to come out of prison.’
19 Barabbas had told the Jews that they should fight against the Roman rulers. He had also killed somebody in the fight. So, the rulers had put him in prison. 20 Pilate still wanted to let Jesus go.
So, he again spoke to the crowd. 21 But they started to shout, ‘Kill him on a cross, kill him on a cross.’
Roman rulers fixed bad people to a big cross made out of wood, to kill them.
22 Pilate asked them the same question for the third time. ‘Why do you want me to kill him on a cross? What wrong things has he done? You want me to say that he should die. I have not found anything wrong that would cause me to say that. So, I will order my soldiers to whip him. Then I will let him go.’
23 But they continued to shout at him. ‘Kill him on a cross. Kill him on a cross.’ They shouted very much. So, they got what they wanted. 24 Pilate said, ‘Fix him on a cross, as they want.’ 25 They had asked Pilate to let Barabbas out of the prison. He was the man that had caused Jews to be against the Roman rulers. He had also killed somebody while he was fighting the rulers. He was the man that Pilate let go free. As for Jesus, Pilate ordered his soldiers to take him away. And he ordered them to do what the crowd wanted.
26 So they started to take Jesus to the place where they would kill him. On the way, they took hold of a man called Simon. This man was from the town called Cyrene. He was coming in from outside the city. The soldiers took the cross that Jesus was carrying on his shoulders. They said to Simon, ‘Carry this for Jesus.’ So, Simon carried the cross and he walked behind Jesus.
Jesus tells what will happen to Jerusalem
27 A very large crowd of people were following Jesus.
There were many women among them. They were crying with loud voices. They were
hitting their own bodies because they were very sad. 28 So Jesus turned
round and he spoke to them. ‘You women that
live in Jerusalem, do not cry for me. Cry for yourselves and for your children.
29 Listen! Days will come when people will say, “Happy are those women
that could not have babies. Happy are those women that never had babies to
feed.” 30 Then people will begin to say, “It would be better if we were
dead.” They will ask the mountains to fall on top of them. They will ask the
hills to cover them up.
31 I am like a living tree, but
men are doing this to me. Much worse
things will happen! Those events will be like a fire that burns dry wood!’
Again, Jesus is telling the people that enemies will soon destroy Jerusalem. Jesus is like a tree that is alive. He has not done anything wrong. But still the Romans will kill him on a cross. The bad people in Jerusalem are like dry wood. They have done many wrong things. The Romans will do worse things to them.
The soldiers fix Jesus to a cross
32 The soldiers led two other men out of the prison.
These men had done some bad things. The soldiers would kill them when they
killed Jesus. 33 They brought them to the place that is called ‘The Skull’. There they fixed Jesus to a cross. They also fixed the two bad men to crosses. One of these men was on the right side of Jesus. The other was on the left side of Jesus.
The skull is the name of the bone inside a human head.
34 ‘Father’, Jesus was saying, ‘they do not know what they are doing. So please forgive them.’
The soldiers then picked up the clothes that he had worn. Each
soldier would have a part. So, they played a game among themselves, to know who
won each piece. 35 The people stood there. They were watching, but the rulers of the people were laughing at Jesus. ‘He saved other people, they say. He should save his own life! So then we will know that he is the Messiah. We will know that God has chosen him.’
36 The soldiers also laughed at him. They came up to him and they offered him cheap alcohol to drink. 37 ‘If you are the King of the Jews’, they said, ‘save your own life.’
38 There was also a notice at the top of the cross. ‘This is the King of the Jews’, it said.
39 One of the men on a cross at the side of Jesus started to speak badly to him.
‘If you are the Messiah’, he shouted, ‘save your own life and our lives too.’
40 But the other bad man told him that he should be quiet.
‘You should be more afraid of God. After all, all three of us will die. 41
Both of us have done very bad things. So, it is right that we die. But this man
has not done anything wrong.’ 42 Then the man spoke to Jesus. ‘Remember
me, Jesus’, he said, ‘when you become king.’
43 ‘I promise you’, Jesus replied, ‘today you will be with me in Paradise.’
44 It was now about midday, but the sun stopped shining.
So, the whole country was in the dark for three hours. 45 Then the curtain in the special room inside the Great House of God tore into two parts. 46 And Jesus shouted loudly, ‘Father, I give my spirit to you.’ After he shouted this, he died.
47 There was a captain there. He was watching the
soldiers while they were doing their job. He saw what had happened. ‘How great
and powerful God is’, he said. ‘I am sure that this man had not done anything
48 A very big crowd had come together to watch the men
die. They saw what had happened. Then they began to go home. They were very sad,
so they were hitting their own bodies with their hands. 49 The friends
of Jesus were standing a long way away. The women that had followed him from
Galilee were also there. All these people also saw what happened to him.
Joseph buries Jesus
50 A man called Joseph was also there. He was one of a special group of important Jewish leaders. He was a good man that wanted to do right things.
This was the same group that asked Jesus questions. They had
wanted Pilate to kill Jesus.
51 Joseph had not agreed with them that Jesus should die. He was from the Jewish town called Arimathea. He was waiting for God to begin to rule his people.
52 So he went to see Pilate. He asked to have the dead
body of Jesus. Pilate agreed to this. 53 Joseph then went to the place where Jesus died. He took the dead body down from the cross. He covered it in a long piece of good cloth. He put the body into a large hole in the rock. He had caused someone dig this hole in the rock. It was a place to bury a dead body. It was the first time that anyone had used it.
At that time, they buried a dead person in a hole in a rock.
Then the family and friends closed the front with a big stone.
54 This all happened on the day when people prepared meals for the Jewish day for rest. It was nearly time for the day for rest to begin.
For the Jews, the end of a day was when the sun went down, at about 6 in the evening. Then the next day began.
Jesus becomes alive again
55 So the women that had come with Jesus from Galilee
followed Joseph. They saw the place where the hole in the rock was. They also
saw Joseph put Jesus’ body into the empty hole. 56 Then they returned to the house where they were staying in Jerusalem. There they prepared seeds with a strong smell and expensive oil that had a beautiful smell. Then they stopped work because their day for rest was starting. They were obeying the rules in the book of God.Chapter 24
1 Very early on Sunday morning, they went to the place where Joseph had buried Jesus. They took with them the oil and seeds that they had prepared. 2 They arrived there. And they found that someone had
rolled the stone away from in front of the hole. 3 Then they went inside the hole in the rock, but they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus there. 4 They did not understand this at all. But, while they were
thinking about it, two men in bright clothes appeared. 5 So the women
became very afraid and they bent down towards the ground.
‘You should not be looking here for someone that is alive’, they
said to the women. ‘This is a place to bury dead people. 6 Jesus is not
here. He has become alive again. Remember what he said to you. He said it while
he was still in Galilee. 7 He said, “It is necessary that someone should give me to bad men. They will kill me on a cross. Three days later I will become alive again.” ’
8 Then the women remembered what Jesus had said. 9
They left the empty hole. They went to the 11 men that he had chosen. They then
told them what had happened. They also told all the other people that had
followed him. 10 It was Mary Magdalene and Joanna that told the news
about Jesus. Mary, the mother of James, and other women were with them. They
also told the news to the 11 men. 11 But they did not believe what the
women said. They thought that it was just a silly story.
12 But Peter got up and he ran to the hole in the rock.
He bent down and he looked inside. He saw only the cloth that they had put
round Jesus’ body. There was nothing else. So he went home again. He was thinking
about what might have happened.
Jesus shows himself to two people that always followed Jesus
13 Later on that same day, two of those that had followed
Jesus were going to a village. The village was called Emmaus. This village was
about 7 miles from Jerusalem. 14 They were talking to each other about
all the things that had happened. 15 While they were talking about
everything, Jesus himself came near to them. He started to walk along with
them. 16 They saw him, but for some reason they did not recognise him. 17
‘What are you talking about while you walk along the road?’ he asked them.
They stood still and they seemed sad. 18 Then one of them
called Cleopas answered him. ‘Many things have happened in Jerusalem in the
last few days’, he said. ‘Are you the only visitor here that does not know
19 ‘What things have happened?’ he asked.
‘The things that happened to Jesus that was from Nazareth. The Holy Spirit gave him messages to speak. He did many very great things and he spoke powerful messages. God showed that his message was true. All the people believed him. 20 Then the leaders of the priests and our rulers caught him. They gave him to the Roman ruler. They told the ruler that Jesus had done wrong things. They said that he should die. So, they killed him by fixing him to a cross. 21 But we had hoped that God would use him to save Israel.
Yes, there are other things too. Today is the third day since he
died. 22 After all this, some women in our group surprised us today.
Early this morning, they were at the place where someone had buried him. 23 They did not find his body there. And they returned to us with a report. “Some angels appeared to us”, they said. “They have told us that Jesus is alive.” 24
So some people from our group went to the place where someone had buried him.
They found everything the same as the women had said. But they did not see
25 Jesus then spoke to them. ‘Oh, how silly you are! You
do not understand much. You are so slow to believe everything that God spoke by
his servants. 26 You should have known that the Messiah had to die. Only then would he start to show how great and powerful he really is.’ 27 He then began to explain what Moses had taught. Then he talked about the other men that had received messages from the Holy Spirit. He explained to them everything that the other men had written about him.
28 They came near to the village that they were going to.
It seemed that Jesus would continue his journey. 29 But they stopped
him from going on. ‘Please stay in our home with us’, they said. ‘It is getting
late, and it will soon be night.’
So, Jesus went into their house to stay with them. 30 He
sat down to eat with them. Then he took the bread and he thanked God for it. He
broke it up and then he gave it to them. 31 Then, their eyes became
clear and they recognised him. Then immediately they could no longer see him. 32
They spoke to each other. ‘It was like a fire that was burning in us. We felt
it while we were walking along the road. We also felt it when he was talking to
us about God’s book.’
33 They immediately got up and they returned to
Jerusalem. There they found the 11 men that Jesus had chosen. Other people were
together with them. 34 All the people gave them the news. ‘It is true!
The Master is alive again. He has appeared to Simon!’
35 Then the two that had seen Jesus spoke to the whole
group. They told them what had happened to them on the road. They also told how
they recognised Jesus. They recognised him when he broke the bread.
Jesus appears to the group
36 While they were still speaking, Jesus himself stood
among them. ‘Do not have troubles in your mind’, he said to them.
37 But the whole group was very surprised and afraid. They thought that they were seeing a spirit. 38 ‘You should not be so
afraid’, he said to them. ‘You seem to be not sure in your minds about what you
can see. 39 But look at my hands and my feet. It is I, myself. Touch me. So you will know that I am not a spirit. A spirit does not have a body with skin and bones as I do. You can see that I have.’
40 When he had said this, he showed them his hands and
his feet. 41 This was such good news that they could not believe it.
They were very happy.
‘Do you have anything that I could eat?’ he asked. 42 So
they gave him a piece of fish that they had cooked. 43 And while they
were watching, he took it. And he ate it.
44 ‘I told you about these things while I was still with you’, he then said. ‘Moses wrote about me in his book of rules. Other servants of God received messages about me. They then wrote in books what they heard. The book called Psalms also tells about me. Everything that they wrote had to happen. And it has become true.’
45 Then he helped them to understand the messages in
God’s book. 46 ‘This is what it says. The Messiah had to die. Then, after three days, he had to become alive again. 47 Now you must start to tell everyone the good news about me. Begin in Jerusalem and go to the people in every country of the world. Tell them that they should turn away from wrong things. Tell them that they should turn to God. When they do this, God will forgive them. He will forgive all the bad things that they have done. 48
You must tell people about everything that you have seen. And tell people about
everything that you have heard. 49 Now listen! I will send down to you
the gift that God my Father has promised you. So, you must stay in the city
until this happens. Then the power of God will cover you.’
Jesus goes up to where God lives above
50 Then he led the group out of the city. They all went
to a place near Bethany. He held up his hands over them all. He asked God to be
good and kind to them. 51 While he was praying for them, he went up
away from them. God lifted him up to his home above. 52 They all bent
down on their knees. ‘How great and powerful you are’, they all said to Jesus.
‘How great is your power. You are very beautiful and important.’ Then they
returned to Jerusalem and they were all very happy. 53 They spent all their time in the Great House of God. They were thanking God. And they were telling him how good he is.
- after the date when Jesus was born.
- a servant from God that brings his messages.
- 12 men that Jesus chose to tell people about
- Christians baptise a person that turns away from doing wrong things. He then turns to God. God promises to forgive the person that now wants to obey him. John baptised people. Some people think that he poured water over them. Other people think that they went right under the water.
- a man who baptises people.
- round thing in which you can keep oil or water.
- before Jesus was born.
- person that cannot see.
- a kind of bush; it has many long sharp things
- men or boys whose mother is also your mother; it can mean other people that obey Jesus; or it can mean other people who are in the family of God.
- care (take care of)
- be careful with.
- thing with wheels that people use to carry things.
- many metal rings that join to make something like a rope. People use it to stop a thing or person leaving.
- to cut off the skin from the end of the sex
part of a man or boy.
- (here) when something is right to use because God
is happy about it.
- male of a bird called a hen.
- a piece of wood that someone has fastened across
another piece. People put Jesus on a cross to kill him.
- a very dry place with very little water. People
do not usually live there.
- ruler of all the bad spirits, often called Satan.
- an animal like a small horse.
- very bad. There is nothing good in it.
- family included father, mother and children; it might also include grandfathers and those who had been born before them. The 12 families of Israel included everyone who belonged to Israel.
- people years ago that your parents came from.
- if you have a fever, you are ill and very hot.
- a fruit that is good to eat.
- men that catch fish.
- water with lots of air in it, on the top of the
- forgive, forgiven
- to choose not to remember bad things
against someone; God chooses not to remember the wrong things that someone has
- nobody has tied you up; you are not in prison.
- a fruit that people eat; or they make it into a
drink that has alcohol in it.
- Great House of God
- a building in Jerusalem where people met to worship God.
- not to like at all; to want to hurt someone.
- place of pain. The devil and all that refuse to obey God will go there.
- like God; different and better than all other
things; all good with nothing bad in it.
- Holy One
- Messiah, Jesus.
- Holy Spirit
- one person of the three persons who are God.
We cannot see him but he is there.
- something that makes a sweet smell when it is burning: people burnt it in the Great House of God.
- all the people born from Abraham, Isaac and
Jacob, and their children. God chose Israel to be his special people. The word
can also mean the land that God gave to these people.
- a person who is born from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob
and their children.
- a word that describes a Jew or anything that is a Jew’s.
- a person with authority to say if another person
is right or wrong.
- to say what is right or wrong, good or bad.
- something that contains burning oil. It gives
- laugh at
- laugh against someone to cause him to feel bad.
- a group of Roman soldiers. There were 6000 soldiers in a legion.
- illness of the skin and bones. The person with
this illness could not live with other people, but lived outside the town.
- a man from the family of Levi. Levi was one of the sons of Jacob. We can read about this family in Exodus and Leviticus, and in 1 Chronicles 23:28-32. Levites worked in the Great House of God, but they were not priests.
- light that you see in the sky during a storm.
- like water.
- how one can see a person or a thing; how a person
or thing seems to be.
- a name for God or for Jesus.
- love God
- obey God; let him rule in your life.
- the man that God had promised to send; he would
save his people.
- small mountain.
- a thin sharp piece of metal. It has a small hole
at one end.
- thin rope that you tie together; you use it to catch fish.
- not car oil, but from a fruit. People use oil to
cook or for medicine; or they burn it to give light. People use special oil for
a nice smell.
- Old Testament
- first part of God’s book, which the
writers wrote before Jesus was born.
- a tree with small fruits (or the fruits
themselves) that people used to make oil. They burned the oil to give them
light. They used it in other ways too.
- to say what another person must do.
- large animal like a cow.
- people who believe in Jesus go to Paradise.
They go there when they die.
- an important holiday for the Jews. Each year they remember the day when God saved them. He saved them from being slaves in Egypt. Each family eat a special meal together during Passover. All the Jews tried to get to Jerusalem for this special holiday.
- a group of Jews. Many of them thought that they were obeying all God’s rules. But they were also obeying many rules that men had made. Those Pharisees did not like the things that Jesus taught. They did not like him because he did not obey all their rules.
- you blow into it to make music.
- a man that gave gifts and burned animals as a sacrifice to God for the Jews; a man that God chose to do these things for him.
- something that people say about life.
- psalm, Psalms
- songs about God that tell how good and great he is; and they tell what he has done; one of the books of the Old Testament.
- hurt someone because they have done wrong things.
- a colour that kings and important people used;
like dark red.
- fruit or seeds that are ready to eat.
- a person or thing from Rome. Rome was a powerful
city; it had a strong army.
- part of plant in the ground.
- long thin piece of material.
- move a hand from side to side on a thing.
- to give something valuable; or, to die for
someone, or for God.
- a group of Jews. They did not believe that a dead person could become alive again. They only used the first 5 books of the Old Testament.
- make free from evil and its results.
- move things to remove the parts that you do not
- valuable metal.
- bone in head that gives it its shape.
- Son of David
- name for Jesus. Jesus was in the family of David.
- Son of God
- name for Jesus.
- Son of Man
- a name that Jesus called himself. See Daniel
- place without skin on the body.
- different, better than other people, very great.
- a human spirit is the part of a person that is alive, that we cannot see. Our spirit can speak to God and God can speak to our spirit. Bad spirits (also called evil spirits or demons) are spirits that live in the air round us. The devil is their leader.
- send water out of the mouth.
- water that comes out of the skin.
- water that comes from the eyes when someone is
- say what another person must do.
- a part of a plant; it is long and sharp.
- large red part (of the body) in the mouth.
- to believe that someone will do the right thing.
- a plant that has fruit called grapes. It is a plant that climbs.
- large bird that eats dead animals.
- a path to follow, or words to obey.
- plant; people make bread with the seeds.
- round things that help things like cars to move.
- thing made out of very long and very thin pieces of material with something sharp tied at the end. People hit a person with it to punish them.
- a woman that had a husband that died.
- a drink that has alcohol in it; people make it from
small, sweet fruit called grapes. You can use it as medicine.
- a wise person understands and does the right thing.
- to show God that we love him very much.
- people put it into flour and water to make bread.
It grows in the bread. It causes the bread to rise before you bake it. Jesus used
the word to show how people copy each other.
- one of a group of people who fought against the Roman rulers in Israel.
William Barclay ~ The Gospel of St Luke ~ Daily Study Bible
G B Caird ~ St Luke ~ Pelican Gospel Commentary
Leon Morris ~ Luke ~ Tyndale Bible Commentaries
J Reiling and J L Swellengrebel ~ A translator’s handbook on the
Gospel of Luke ~ United Bible Societies
Bibles ~ NIV, RSV, GNV, CEV
© Wycliffe Associates (UK), 1997-2007
This version published December 2007
The translated Bible text has been through Advanced Checking.