Who was the Good Shepherd?

Jesus said that he was the Good Shepherd and would die for his people:

Jesus said, I am like the good shepherd. The good shepherd is ready to die on behalf of his sheep. A worker who receives wages to look after the sheep is not like the shepherd. That worker does not own the sheep. So if he sees a wolf (wild dog), he will leave the sheep. He will run away. Then the wolf will attack the sheep. And the sheep will scatter. This is because such a worker only cares about his wages. He does not really care about the sheep.

I describe myself as the good shepherd. I know my sheep (my people) and my sheep know me. This is like my relationship with the Father. The Father knows me, and I know the Father. And I am ready to die on behalf of the sheep. I have other sheep, too. They belong to me, but they are not in this sheepfold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. Then there will be one flock (group of sheep) with one shepherd.

The Father loves me because I give my life. But I will receive my life back again. Nobody takes my life from me. I give my life because I want to give it. I have the authority both to give my life and to receive it back again. My Father has ordered me to do this.
John 10v11-18

King David talked about how God looked after his people like a shepherd see his most famous poem Psalm 23.

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