The *Lord is King!
(The first *royal psalm)
An EasyEnglish Translation with Notes (about 1200 word vocabulary) on Psalm 93
Words in boxes are from the Bible.
Words in brackets, ( ), are not in the Hebrew Bible.
The notes explain words with a *star by them.
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The Roman leader said to Jesus, "Are you the King of the *Jews?" And Jesus said to him, "(Yes), it is as you say". (Matthew 27:11)
This psalm has no words at the top to tell us about it. But there may be a story! Some Bible students think that the psalm is about God making (creating) the world. It describes what God did in Genesis 1:6-10. This is when God made the waters of the sea separate from the dry land. Here are the verses from Genesis 1.
But other Bible students tell us that in verse 3 the word is "rivers", not "waters" or "seas". They say the rivers are the River Tigris, the River Euphrates and the River Nile. So they say that the psalm has this meaning:
∑ God was always king (Exodus 15:18) but his people said, "We want a king to rule us" (1 Samuel 12:12). They meant a man on earth, not God. So, God gave them kings, Saul, David, Solomon and many other kings.
∑ Many of the kings were bad kings. They did not rule well. And Godís people did not obey Godís rules. God let foreign kings destroy them. These foreign kings came from Assyria, Egypt and Babylon. The rivers in these countries are the Euphrates, the Nile and the Tigris. Verse 3 says that the rivers rose up. That means this. The countries that would destroy Israel and Judah were attacking them. They took Israel and Judah away from their own country. We call this "the exile".
∑ But the exile ended in 538 B.C. (B.C. means "years Before Christ came to the earth")
The Jews (people that were born from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their children) went back to their own country. God had destroyed Assyria, Egypt and Babylon. He was more powerful than all these waters, (verse 4).
∑ The *Jews now had no king, so God became their king again. They were not ruled by human kings any more, but by God. The *LORD is king, (verse 1)! What Isaiah said in Isaiah 52:7 happened. "How beautiful on the mountains are the feet of him that brings good news. He says to *Zion 'Your God is king!'" Zion here is another name for Jerusalem.
Both meanings are true. We do not know if there was another meaning for the psalm. But it tells us one important thing: Whatever happens, God is still King over everything! We must remember this when bad things happen. Psalm 93 is the first of "The Royal Psalms". "Royal" is a word that describes kings. In Psalms 93 and 95-99, God is King of Everything.
Verse 1: In the *Hebrew Bible, "The *LORD is ruling" is "The *LORD is wearing". He wears his authority and his power as clothes. Everyone can see them. The word "great" in *Hebrew is really "belt". Nobody can take this power and authority away from God. This is because he has fastened the belt and nobody can undo it! LORD is a special name for God. It means that he will always be alive. He will always make his people safe. They are the people that love and work for him. The word "war" is not in the *Hebrew Bible. It is there to give us help to understand how the *Jews felt. Hebrew was the language that the *Jews spoke. They wrote the psalms in *Hebrew.
Verse 2: tells us that God has been king for a very long time. He was king of everything before he made (created) the world. It is this verse that suggests Genesis 1:6-10. He was king before there was a world!
Verse 3: Three times we read "the rivers rose up". This suggests rivers that get higher and higher ... until they drown people! This means "danger!" The loud noise and the storm also mean "danger!" That danger was maybe when Assyria, Egypt and Babylon attacked Judah and Israel. This happened many times between 750 and 590 B.C.
Verse 4: But God is stronger than Assyria, Egypt and Babylon. Or, if the first meaning is correct, stronger than the waters in Genesis 1:6-10.
Verse 5: The rules of God are in the Bible. Psalm 119 says a lot about Godís rules. The house of God is usually the temple in Jerusalem. The temple was a special house that Solomon built. When Babylon destroyed Jerusalem, they also destroyed the temple. But, after the *exile, the *Jews built it again. If the second meaning is the correct one, then this means the new temple. They believed that God lived in this house. And God is good. That made his house special. It made it beautiful.
1. Study Psalm 119 in this series of Psalms. It is in Book 5 of "The Psalms of David". Learn about the rules (or laws) of God.
2. Read Isaiah 8:7-8. This will tell you about Assyria and the River Euphrates.
3. Read Jeremiah 46:7-8. This will tell you about Egypt and the River Nile.
4. Read Psalm 46:3, Psalm 89:9 and Isaiah 17:12-13. This will tell you that the sea is a picture of Godís enemies.
© 2001-2002, Wycliffe Associates (UK)
This publication is written in EasyEnglish Level A (1200 words).
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