What should *faith do?

EasyEnglish questions (LEE level B) on the letter of James

(includes a Bible text below)

www.easyenglish.info

G. Hibbs

A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them.

 

About These Questions

These are questions on the biblical text of: What *faith should do: An EasyEnglish Commentary (LEE level B) on the letter of James by Ian Mackervoy.

We hope that these questions will help you to understand the text. We also want to help you use the text in real life. These questions are not examination questions with right or wrong answers.

Chapter 1

1:1 What do you learn about the person who sent this letter? Whom did this person serve? To whom is he writing? What do you learn about the people to whom he is writing?

1:2-8. Make a dramatic story about this and act it, as a play.

1:2 To whom is James writing? What does James tell those people to do? What do you think about that? What will you do about that?

1:3 What would be different if you were to consider *trials to be ‘pure joy’? What will you do?

1:4 What do you need to keep on doing? What will the results be? What do you think about that?

1:5 What is it that God can give to people? Who is it that should ask? Why might it be just those people? What will you find out when you do ask God for this? What will God not tell you when you ask for this?

1:6 What must you do when you ask God for something? What do you learn to do when you need wisdom? What must you not do? When you doubt, what are you like? What do you think about that?

1:7, 8 What happens if you doubt? What would you think about that? How would you like to be?

1:9-18. Make up a dramatic story about this and act it, as a play. There could be three acts in your play: 1:9-11; 12-15; 16-18.

1:9 What should the poor person do? What will God do for that person?

1:10 What should the rich person be glad about? Why is that? What do you think about that?

1:11 What happens to flowers? In what way is a rich person like a wild flower? The rich person will ‘fall over and die like a wild flower’. What will the rich person be doing when that happens?

1:12 Whom does James say that God blesses? What reward will they receive? Use your own words to say or write a *word picture of the reward. When will they receive that reward?

1:13-15 What do you learn about *trials that tempt you? So, what tempts you? What is the order of events with *temptation and *sin? Think of a *sin that you did. What led you to do that *sin? What bad results might follow such a *sin?

1:16, 17 What is it that we must ‘not make a mistake’ about? What do you learn about differences between God and the sun, moon and stars? What do you think about that?

1:18 What is it that God chose to do for us? What do you think about that?

1:19-26. Make up a dramatic story about this and act it, as a play. There could be three acts in your play: 1:19-21; 22-25; 26-27.

1:19-21 What do you learn about how you should listen? When should we speak? When should we not speak?

What happens when you become angry? How do you change as you get angry? How might you change the way you behave when you are angry?

What particular bad things should you stop doing?

What should you accept from God, that he has already planted like a seed? What can the word of God do for you?

1:22 What mistake should you not make? How will you avoid that mistake? What will you do in a different way today?

1:23-25 What do you learn about what some people do? What does James say that those people are like? What about the other people? In what ways are they different? What will God do for those different people? What do you think about that? What will you do about that? What will God do?

1:26-27 What do you learn about being *religious? What connection do the things that you say have with being *religious? How does James describe the religion that our Father, God, accepts? What kind of religion is that? Who will benefit if you have true religion? How would someone know that you have true religion?

Chapter 2

2:1-13. Make a dramatic story out of this and act it, as a play. Your play might be in two acts: 2:1-7; 8-13. There might be sections in each act.

2:1 What do you learn about the Christian family? What makes you a part of that family? What do you learn about what you think about other people?

Who is in your family? What makes you a part of that family? How should you value other people?

2:2-4 How does James say that you receive a rich man? How does James say that you receive a poor man? What is the problem with this? Why does James say that this is wrong?

2:5-7 As part of God’s family, what do you find out about the way that your father looks at poor people? What will your father, God, do for them? What have you done to the poor man that you should not have done? What are the problems with rich people?

2:8 What does James say is ‘the royal law’? Why do you think that he said that?

2:9 How does James say that you may break the royal law? How easy is that for you to do? How do you break the royal law in your family? How do you break it where you work?

2:10-11 What are the most important rules to obey? Is that what you think that James is saying? What do you learn about God’s law? What do you learn about what God thinks about good sex? What do you learn about what God thinks about human life?

2:12 What do you learn about how God judges? How can that give you great hope? How will you be different?

2:13 What is God looking for in your behaviour towards other people? How will God reward you if you show *mercy to other people? If someone shows *mercy, what will God do about the law?

2:14-26. Make a dramatic story out of this and act it, as a play. Your play might be in two acts: 2:14-20; 21-26. There might be two or three sections in each act.

2:14 Use your own words to say or write this. What do you think about that? What are you going to do about that?

2:15, 16 What do you learn about the need to help people with their practical needs? Is it enough to tell someone to ‘be warmed and filled’?

2:17, 18 What do you learn about your *faith? How do *faith and actions belong together? What do your actions show about what you believe? If you do nothing, how can you show someone your belief?

2:19 What example does James give of belief shown by actions? James says that *demons show what they believe. What do you learn from that?

2:20 Why were people foolish? What evidence are those people giving about their *faith? What value is that?

2:21-23 You can read the full story of Abraham and how he offered Isaac, in Genesis chapter 22. Use your own words to say or write this. What do you think about this *word picture?

2:24 How do *faith and actions belong together? What does God look for?

2:25 You can read the full story of Rahab in Joshua 2:1-21. Use your own words to say or write this. Why was God pleased with Rahab?

2:26 How does James say what he has taught so far? Use your own words to say or write this. What are you going to do about what James taught?

Chapter 3

3:1-18. Make a dramatic story out of this and act it, as a play. Your play might be in three acts: 3:1-5a; 5b-12; 13-18.

3:1 What do you learn about teachers? Why do you think God demands more from teachers than other people?

3:2 Who makes mistakes? What do you have to achieve to be perfect?

3:3 Use your own words to say or write this *word picture. What other *word picture could you use for the same thing?

3:4 Use your own words to say or write this *word picture. What other *word picture could you use for the same thing?

3:5a What do you learn about the tongue? What do you think about what you learned? What examples do you have from your own experience?

3:5b Use your own words to say or write this *word picture.

3:6 How is the tongue dangerous? What experience do you have of the danger of your own tongue? How have other people hurt you, or to use James’s *word picture, ‘burned’ you, with their tongues? People’s tongues can damage relations with other people. Which examples have you heard for yourself?

3:7 What can *human beings do? What do you think about that?

3:8 What is the difficulty with the tongue? What do you need to do because of this?

3:9, 10 What do you learn? Use your own words to say or write this. What do you think about this?

3:11, 12 Explain the meaning of these *word pictures. Draw a picture of these examples. Why do you think that James says this to his Christian ‘brothers’ and ‘sisters’?

3:13 What does James say to the wise person? How would you know that someone was a wise person? What do you need to do in a different way?

3:14-16 What will you discover if you do not behave as a wise person? What would make you know that you behave in a jealous, bitter and selfish way? What are the results of jealous and selfish actions? How could someone come to deny the truth? What do you learn about wisdom that does not come from God? Write those things down.

3:17, 18 Many good things come from the wisdom that comes from heaven. What are they? What will you do in a different way when you use ‘the wisdom that comes from heaven’? What will God do for you that will help?

Chapter 4

4:1-17. Make a dramatic story out of this and act it, as a play. Your play might be in three acts: 4:1-10; 11-12; 13-17 The first act might have several sections.

4:1-3 What do you learn about fights and quarrels? Why do we want to fight? What would be a better way to get pleasure? Why do we not receive when we ask God?

4:4 Use your own words to say or write this *word picture. What do you think about what James says here? What difference does this knowledge make to you?

4:5, 6 Use your own words to tell ‘what the *Scripture says’. What do you learn about the help that God gives? How does God help us?

4:7, 8 What will you do? Why are those actions necessary? What will the results be? So, what are you going to do about what you have learned?

4:9 What could you do now? What could be your attitude to God? How will someone know that you are really sorry for your *sins?

4:10 What will God do for you if you are ‘humble in front of’ him?

4:11, 12 Use your own words to say or write this. Why is it bad to say bad things about other people? What do you think about that? Where does the law really come from?

4:13-14 Why should you not make a statement about what you will do? What do you learn to do when you make a plan for your future?

4:15-16 How ought we to speak when we plan for the future? Why is that?

4:17 What do you learn about *sin?

Chapter 5

5:1-20. Make a dramatic story out of this and act it, as a play. Your play might be in three acts 5:1-6; 7-12; 13-20

5:1-3 What will happen to us if we are rich? What will happen to stuff (clothing, gold, silver and other things) that we collect? Use your own words to say or write these *word pictures.

5:4-6 What does James say that we have done? Use your own words to say or write these *word pictures. Tell about those kinds of things that have happened in your own experience or in your own neighbourhood.

5:7-11 Use your own words to say or write this. Why do you need patience? What benefits come when you are patient? Where can you learn about the benefits of patience? How would you know if someone was patient? What will you do in a different way because you have studied about patience?

5:12 What do you learn here? What do you think about that? How will someone else know that you have learned this lesson?

5:13-18 How must you act when you are:

in trouble,

cheerful,

sick?

Who should do those actions? What do you think about that? Use your own words to say or write what James teaches about prayer.

5:19-20 What do you learn about a believer who acts on his own? What kind of responsibility do we have for other believers? What reward comes from God if you turn someone back to the truth?

Summary

Read again James’s book, ‘What *faith should do’. What things will you need to do that are different?

 

 

What *faith should do

An EasyEnglish Version (LEE level B) of the letter of James

Ian Mackervoy

This version has been through Advanced Theological Checking.

Words in boxes are from the Bible.

The word list at the end explains words with a *star by them.

 

Chapter 1

1:1 This letter is from James, who is a servant of God and of the *Lord Jesus Christ. I greet you who are from the 12 *tribes of the *Jews scattered among the nations of the world.

1:2 My Christian brothers and sisters, consider it pure joy when you have all kinds of *trials. 1:3 You know that, as you overcome these *trials, your *faith will grow stronger. 1:4 Go on overcoming so that it may work for your benefit. Then you will grow up to be mature Christians. You will be complete and you will lack nothing.

1:5 If any of you needs wisdom, ask God for it. God is generous. And he is ready to give to all that ask. He will never say that you are wrong to ask. He will give you what you need. 1:6 But when you ask for something, you must believe. You must believe that God will give it to you. You must not doubt that he will do it. Whoever doubts is like a wave in the sea that the wind drives and blows about. 1:7 If you are like that, you must not think that you will receive anything from the *Lord. 1:8 You are unable to make up your mind. And you are not sure in anything that you do.

1:9 But let the poor brother be glad because God values him. And he will make him great. 1:10 And let the rich person be glad that he or she will lose everything. He or she will pass away like the wild flowers do. 1:11 The sun rises and the hot winds dry the wild flowers. They fall and die and lose their beauty. Similarly, while the rich man is busy, he will fall and die like a wild flower.

1:12 God blesses those whose *faith does not fail during *trials. When they have overcome the testing, they will receive the crown of life. That is the life that God has promised to give to all who love him. 1:13 When *trials come to tempt you, do not say ‘These *trials have come from God.’ Nothing bad can tempt God and God will not tempt anyone. 1:14 But it is our own evil desires that tempt us. They lead us to do what is wrong. 1:15 When we do what our evil desires tempt us to do, we *sin. The end result of *sin is death.

1:16 Do not make a mistake, my dear brothers and sisters. 1:17 Every good and perfect gift comes down from God the Father. It is he who made the sun, moon and stars. As they change and turn, they throw shadows. But God never changes or turns. 1:18 He chose to make us his children by his true word. We must be the first among all that he has made.

1:19 Hear this, my dear brothers and sisters, we must all be careful to listen. We should only speak when we are sure that we are saying good things. We should not get angry easily. 1:20 When we are angry, we do not do what God says is right. 1:21 Therefore, stop doing all those bad things that so easily make you fall. Accept God’s word. He has planted it in your hearts. That word can keep you safe and save your *souls.

1:22 But do not just listen to the word of God. Do what it says. If you do not, you will be making a mistake. 1:23-24 Some people may listen to God’s word, but not do what it says. Anyone like that is like a man who looks at his face in a mirror. As soon as he goes away, he forgets what he is like. 1:25 But the persons who keep looking into the good law of God will be free, if they obey it. They will not forget what they hear. But they will do what it says. Then God will bless them in what they do.

1:26 If we think that we are *religious, (that is, doing the things that please God), we must not speak bad words. If we do, we are not right. We will not please God. Our religion is of no use. 1:27 The religion that God our Father accepts as true and pure is to do good things. It is to visit and to help widows. It is to look after *orphans in their need. It is to keep oneself pure from all that is wrong in the world.

Chapter 2

2:1 My Christian brothers and sisters, you trust the *Lord Jesus Christ who is full of *glory. So, do not value one person more than another. 2:2 Suppose that a rich man who is wearing gold rings and good clothes comes to your meeting place. A poor man who is wearing old clothes also comes in. 2:3 You show more respect for the man who is wearing good clothes than to the poor man. You say to the rich man, ‘Please sit in this good seat’. But to the poor man you say, ‘Stand there’, or, ‘Sit on the floor by my feet’. 2:4 If you do this, you are making a wrong distinction between them. You are judging them based on your own evil thinking. 2:5 My dear brothers and sisters, listen to me. God chose the poor people of this world to be rich because of their trust in him. They will possess the *kingdom that he promised to those who love him. 2:6 But you have insulted the poor man and made him feel ashamed. It is the rich who *persecute you. The rich drag you in front of the judges in the courts. 2:7 The rich speak evil of the good name of the one who called you to be his.

2:8 The royal law, found in the Bible, says, ‘You shall love your neighbour as yourself’ (Leviticus 19:18; Matthew 22:39). If you really obey this, you do well. 2:9 But if you show respect to one person and not to another, that is *sin. God’s law says that you are guilty of doing wrong. 2:10 We must obey every rule that the law tells us. If we fail to obey one small rule, we have failed to obey the whole law. 2:11 God has said in his law, ‘You must not have sex with another person who is not your husband or wife’ (Exodus 20:14). He has also said, ‘Do not kill another person’ (Exodus 20:13). If you do not have wrong sex, but you do murder, you have not obeyed the law of God. 2:12 God will *judge you by the law that can make you free. Speak and live as those who know that. 2:13 God will not have *mercy on those who have not shown *mercy to other people. God will have *mercy on those who show *mercy. And God’s *mercy overcomes the law when it says that a person like that is guilty.

2:14 My Christian brothers and sisters, you say that you believe in God. If you do not show this by doing good things, what you say is no use at all. If you believe like that, God will not save you. 2:15 Suppose a brother or sister needs clothes and does not have enough to eat. 2:16 You may say, ‘Go in peace, be warmed and filled.’ It is no good unless you give what the brother or sister needs. 2:17 It is the same with your *faith. You may say that you believe. But you do not do good things. That is no use at all. People show that they really believe in God by the good things that they do. 2:18 Someone will say, ‘You believe in God but I help people.’ Show me that you believe in God without doing good things. And I will show you that I believe in God by what I do. 2:19 You say that you believe that there is one God. Good! The *demons believe that, and it makes them tremble with fear. 2:20 You foolish people, you should not need me to show you these facts. You may say that you believe. But you do not do good things. That is no use at all. 2:21 Our father Abraham offered up his son Isaac on the *altar. God called him a *righteous man because of what he did. 2:22 You can see that Abraham believed God. You can see it because he did what God told him to do. When he obeyed, Abraham showed that he really believed in God. 2:23 This is just what the *Scriptures said would happen. ‘Abraham believed God, so God called him a *righteous man’ (Genesis 15:6). God also called him his friend. 2:24 You see, then, that it is by our actions that God makes us *righteous. It is not by our *faith alone. 2:25 It was the same with *Rahab. She was a woman who lived by sex. But when some men of Israel came to her, she let them stay in her house. And she kept them safe. Then she sent them away by a different route. 2:26 The body with no spirit is dead. Similarly, you may say that you believe in God. But you do not do good things. Then what you say is no use at all.

Chapter 3

3:1 My Christian brothers and sisters, not many of you should be teachers. God will demand more from teachers than from other people when he *judges them. 3:2 All of us often make mistakes. Anyone who is never at fault in what he or she says is perfect. That person is also able to control his or her whole being. 3:3 We put a *bit into the mouth of a horse to make it obey us. When we do this, we can turn the horse. We can make it go where we want. 3:4 For another example, look at ships that sail on the sea. They are large, and strong winds push them over the water. But a person can use a small *rudder to make the large ship turn where he or she wants it to go. 3:5a The tongue is like that too. It is a very small part of the body but it talks about big things.

3:5b Just think how a tiny flame can set a large forest on fire! 3:6 The tongue also is like a fire. It is a like a world of evil among the parts of the body. It is a small part of the body but it makes the whole person bad. It seems to set the whole of a person’s life on fire. It is the fire that comes from hell. That is what makes the tongue so dangerous. 3:7 *Human beings can make all kinds of animals, birds, snakes and fishes, do what they want them to do. 3:8 But no person can rule the tongue and stop it from saying evil things. It never rests and is full of poisons that can cause death. 3:9 We use the tongue to praise our *Lord and Father. We also use it to speak evil things against people. But God made people to be like himself. 3:10 So we use the same mouth to praise and to speak evil things. My Christian brothers and sisters, we should not do this. 3:11 Bitter water and sweet water cannot come from the same spring. 3:12 My Christian brothers and sisters, a *fig tree cannot grow *olives. A plant that grows *grapes cannot also grow *figs. Neither can a spring have both bitter and sweet water.

3:13 Some of you are wise and understand these things. So, show your wisdom by the good things that you do. But be *meek and live quiet lives. 3:14 But if in your heart you are jealous, bitter and selfish, do not be proud of it. Do not be so proud that you deny the truth. 3:15 This is not the wisdom that comes down from above. It is not the wisdom that is from God. No, it is from the earth, from the bad parts of human nature. It is like the wisdom of *demons. 3:16 Where people are jealous and have selfish ambitions, there will be trouble. They will do all kinds of evil things. 3:17 But the wisdom that is from heaven is pure. It is also calm and quiet, gentle, and friendly. It is loving and kind, doing good to all. It values each person. And it is genuine and honest in all that it does. 3:18 Those who bring peace to other people help them to live at peace with everyone. Those who bring God’s peace to other people, God will make *righteous.


Chapter 4

4:1 You know where all the fights and quarrels among you come from. They come from your desires for pleasure, which are always fighting in you. 4:2 You want something, but you cannot have it. So you are ready to kill. You desire it so much that you quarrel and fight for it. But you cannot obtain it. You do not have what you want because you do not ask God for it. 4:3 When you do ask, you do not receive anything. This is because you ask for the wrong reason. 4:4 You are like a wife who has sex with other men. You ought to know that to be the world’s friend is to be God’s enemy. All who want to be friends of the world make themselves enemies of God. 4:5 The *Scripture with good reason says, ‘God has caused his Spirit to live in us. He wants very much to keep us for himself.’ 4:6 God gives us more loving help. That is why the *Scripture says, ‘God opposes the proud, but he gives his loving help to the humble.’ 4:7 So then, give yourself to God alone. Fight against the devil and he will run away from you. 4:8 Come near to God and he will come near to you. Wash away your *sins. Make your hearts and minds clean, you who want to go both ways. You cannot love *sin and God at the same time. 4:9 Be sorry and weep because of your *sins. Do not laugh but be sad. Do not be happy but be serious and sad. 4:10 Be humble in front of the *Lord God. Then he will make you great.

4:11 My Christian brothers and sisters, do not say bad things about one another. If you speak against another person you are *judging him or her. When you do this, you speak against the law. And you *judge it as well. If you *judge the law you do not obey it. You have made yourself its judge. 4:12 It is God who gave the law. And it is God who says what we should do. Therefore, only God can be the judge. He alone is able to save us or to destroy us. Who do you think you are, to *judge someone else?

4:13 Now then, you who say, ‘Today or tomorrow we will go to this city or to that one. We will stay a year there. We will buy and sell and get rich.’ Listen to me. 4:14 You do not know what will happen tomorrow. Your life is like a mist that appears for a little while and then disappears. 4:15 What you ought to say is, ‘If it is what God wants, we will live here or there. If he wants it, we will do this or that’. 4:16 As it is, you are proud. And you talk about what you will do. You speak as if you are able to make it happen. It is wrong to speak like this. Only God knows and can make things happen. 4:17 So, we all know the good things that we ought to do. If we do not do them, we are *sinning.

Chapter 5

5:1 Now, you rich people, weep and cry aloud. There are terrible troubles that will soon be coming to you. 5:2 Your riches have lost their value. Your beautiful clothes are as if *moths had eaten them. 5:3 Your gold and your silver have become dirty and stained. The dirt and stains will be evidence against you in the judgement. They are like poison that will eat up your bodies as with fire. That is because you have heaped up a lot of riches in these last days. 5:4 Listen! You have not paid the wages of those who worked in your fields. The money you kept from them cries out to God against you. The *Lord of all power has heard the cries of the workers. 5:5 You have lived on earth in luxury. And you have had all that you wanted. You lived to please yourselves. You have made yourself fat, like animals ready for men to kill. 5:6 You have accused. And you have caused the death of those who were innocent.

5:7 Be patient then, my brothers and sisters, until the *Lord comes. See how patient farmers are as they wait for the precious crops to grow on their land. They go on waiting for the rain to come in the autumn and in the spring. 5:8 You too be patient and be strong in your hope because the *Lord is coming soon. 5:9 Do not complain against one another, my brothers and sisters. If you do this, God will be your judge and he is already standing at the door! 5:10 The *prophets who brought messages from God showed us how to be patient, my brothers and sisters. They were patient even when they had to go through times of much suffering. 5:11 We know that God has blessed people like that. They kept doing what God wanted even when they were in trouble. For example, you have heard of Job and how he kept looking to God for help. You have heard how, in the end, the *Lord blessed him. The *Lord is kind, very loving and does very many good things to us.

5:12 Above all, my brothers and sisters, do not use an *oath when you make a promise. Do not call on heaven, or earth, or anything else, as witnesses to what you say. Say only, ‘Yes’ when you mean yes. And say only ‘No’ when you mean no. Then you will not come under God’s judgement.

5:13 If anyone among you is in trouble, that person should pray to God. If anyone among you is cheerful, that one should sing praises to God. 5:14 If one of you is sick, let him ask for the church *elders to come. They will put oil on the sick person, and pray in the name of the *Lord. 5:15 The prayer offered in *faith will make the sick person well. The *Lord will heal that person. And he will forgive any *sins that he or she has done. 5:16 So then, confess your *sins to one another. Pray for one another, that the *Lord will heal you. God does powerful things when a good person asks him. 5:17 Elijah was a person who, by nature, was just like us. He really prayed to God that it would not rain. So, it did not rain on the land for three years and six months. 5:18 Then he prayed again and he asked God to send the rain. Rain poured from the sky, and the seeds in the earth began to grow again.

5:19 My Christian brothers and sisters, if any among you wanders from the truth, you should try to bring him or her back to God. 5:20 You know that whoever turns a person back to the truth, will save his or her *soul from death. Then God will forgive that person the many *sins that he or she has done.

Word List

Albinus ~ a *Roman ruler. He came after *Festus and after James, the *Lord’s brother, died.

altar ~ the special table on which to offer gifts to God.

Ananus II ~ the chief priest of the *Jews who was responsible for the death of James the *Lord’s brother.

angel ~ a servant of God. He brings messages from God to people on earth.

anoint ~ to put oil put on someone’s head. This shows that God has chosen the person for a special task.

apostle ~ one whom God sends; especially one of the 12 that Jesus chose to be his helpers.

baptism ~ to put a person under water or to put water on a person to show that they want to follow Jesus.

Barnabas ~ one of the early church leaders who worked with the *apostle Paul.

believers ~ Christians.

bit ~ a piece of metal put into the mouth of a horse so the rider can control the horse.

bridle ~ attached to the ends of the bit to help the rider to control the horse.

covenant ~ when people agree something together; when God and a person or people agree to a special thing.

demons ~ bad or evil spirits that work for the devil.

disciples ~ the 12 helpers that Jesus chose to be with him.

elders ~ leaders in the church.

eternal ~ what has always been and will always be.

faith ~ belief that something is true; trust in someone or something; belief and trust in God and in Jesus Christ his Son.

faithful ~ true and loyal to someone.

Festus ~ the *Roman ruler in *Jerusalem who died before James was killed.

fig ~ kind of sweet fruit that grows on a tree. The tree is called a fig tree.

Gehenna ~ a valley near *Jerusalem where the *Jews burned their rubbish.

Gentiles ~ people who are not *Jews.

glory ~ everything that makes God beautiful and great. It is like a bright light that is shining round God or Jesus.

grape ~ fruit of a *vine (a climbing plant). You can make it into wine.

Greek ~ the language that James used to write this letter.

Hebrew ~ the language of the *Jews.

Herod ~ a king of the *Jews who killed James the son of *Zebedee.

human being ~ a human person.

humans ~ people.

Israel ~ the country of the *Jews; another name for Jacob, the first father of the *Jews.

Israelites ~ the people of *Israel.

Jericho ~ the city where *Rahab lived.

Jerusalem ~ the capital city of *Israel.

Jewish ~ people or things that are from the *Jews.

Jews ~ people who were born from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their children.

Josephus ~ a *Jewish man who wrote a history of the *Jewish nation.

Joses ~ a son of Joseph and Mary and so a half-brother to Jesus.

Judas ~ a son of Joseph and Mary and so a half-brother to Jesus.

judge ~ to judge is to do the work of a judge; to test and decide what is right or wrong.

justice ~ fair and right decisions and actions.

kingdom ~ the place or territory where a king rules. The Kingdom of Heaven is the people who are under God’s rule.

Lord ~ a title for God, or Jesus, to show that he is over all people and things. The name that God gave to himself in the *Old Testament. He was the One who had made a *covenant with the *Jews.

meek ~ strong but humble.

mercy ~ kindness and help to a person who does wrong, to show love to that person.

Messiah ~ God promised the *Jews that a special person would come to save them. That person is the Messiah. Jesus is that Messiah but the *Jews did not believe it. Messiah is a Hebrew word. It means an *anointed person. In the Greek language, the word is Christ.

moths ~ flying insects whose young eat clothes.

New Testament ~ the last part of the Bible, which the writers wrote after the life of Jesus. It is about the things that Jesus did and taught and about the church.

oath ~ to make an oath is to use the name of a person, thing or God to witness that what someone says is true.

Old Testament ~ the first part of the Bible; the holy things that the writers wrote before Christ’s birth.

olive ~ tree or its small fruit with a stone. People make oil from olives. They use the oil to cook food.

orphan ~ a child that has no parents alive.

pastor ~ a church leader who cares for the *believers.

persecute ~ to hurt people because they believe in Christ.

persecution ~ when enemies of God hurt people because they believe in Christ.

preach ~ to speak out the message from God and to teach his word.

prophet ~ person who speaks for God. He can sometimes say what will happen in the future.

psalm ~ a song for when we are praising God; one of the books of the *Old Testament.

Rahab ~ a woman of *Jericho who trusted in God.

religious ~ describes a person who believes in a god or gods. True religion is to trust in the one true God. We show it when we obey God.

repent ~ to change your mind; to turn away from *sin and turn to God.

repentance ~ a change of mind and heart, to turn away from *sin and turn to God. To turn one’s mind and life away from *sin is to repent.

riches ~ the wealth that rich people have.

righteous ~a righteous person is right in what he does; or a person whom God says is right.

righteousness ~ the quality of being *righteous.

Roman ~ *Rome was the capital city of the rulers at that time. That which belonged to *Rome was Roman.

Rome ~ the capital city of the rulers at that time. They were the Romans.

rudder ~ a piece of wood or an oar fixed to the back of a ship. You can turn it to change the direction that the ship is going.

salvation ~ the result after God saves us from *sin and its punishment; the new life that God gives to those believe in the *Lord Jesus.

Samaritan ~ a person from the country of Samaria.

Scripture ~ the books of the Bible.

Simon ~ a son of Joseph and Mary and so a half-brother to Jesus.

sin ~ to sin is to do wrong, bad or evil; not to obey God; sins are the wrong things that we do.

sinner ~ a person who does *sins.

soul ~ the part of a person that we cannot see; or the mind.

Stephen ~ the first person to be killed because he believed in Jesus Christ.

synagogue ~ the place where the *Jews met to *worship God.

temple ~ the special building in *Jerusalem where the *Jews went to *worship God.

temptation ~ something that tries to make us do wrong things.

trials ~ troubles and difficulties that come to us.

tribe ~ family from one man. The first *Jews were the 12 sons of Jacob. The family of each son became one of the 12 tribes of *Israel.

vine ~ a plant that climbs. Its fruits are called *grapes.

word picture ~ a description in words that helps someone to imagine a physical place or object.

worship ~ show honour to God with praise, thanks and respect.

Zebedee ~ the father of the *disciples James and John.


Book List

W Barclay ~ The Letter of James ~ Daily Study Bible

D W Burdick ~ in The Expositor’s Bible Commentary

C S Keener ~ Background Commentary ~ IVP

R P Martin ~ in World Biblical Commentary

J B Mayor ~ in Dictionary of the Bible, edited by J Hastings

A McNab ~ The New Bible Commentary (IVF)

R V G Tasker ~ James ~ The Tyndale New Testament Commentaries.

W E Vine ~ Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Exegetical Summaries ~ SIL

Bibles:

NIV, RSV, TEV, AV,

A Marshall ~ The Interlinear Greek New Testament

Friberg & Friberg ~ Analytical Greek New Testament

 

© 1997-2003, Wycliffe Associates (UK)

This publication is written in EasyEnglish Level B (2800 words).

October 2003

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